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Richard, Ahlström
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Holmgren, R., Nilsson Sundström, E., Levinsson, H. & Ahlström, R. (2019). Coping and financial strain as predictors of mental illness in over-indebted individuals in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 60(1), 50-58
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coping and financial strain as predictors of mental illness in over-indebted individuals in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 50-58Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This cross-sectional study examined psychological mechanisms in order to increase knowledge regarding mental illness amongst 561 over-indebted individuals in Sweden. Differences were explored between individuals with probable clinical depression and/or anxiety and individuals without probable clinical depression and/or anxiety, considering objective measures of the debt, financial strain, coping strategies as well as sociodemographic variables. Furthermore, binary logistic regression analyses were performed in order to construct a model of predictors of mental illness. In order to collect the data, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Brief Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (COPE_, as well as questions formulated by the research team, were used as measures. Prominent results showed that over-indebted individuals with probable clinical depression and/or anxiety were younger, showed greater levels of financial strain, used adaptive coping strategies to a lesser extent, and maladaptive coping strategies to a greater extent. Additionally, financial strain, use of maladaptive and emotion-focused coping, age and employment status were significant predictors of mental illness. These results put emphasis on the importance of adaptive coping as well as the psychological exposure of over-indebted individuals. 

Keywords
anxiety, coping, depression, financial strain, Over-indebtedness
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35414 (URN)10.1111/sjop.12511 (DOI)000459578300007 ()30585328 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-08-07Bibliographically approved
Weimer, K., Richard, A. & Lisspers, J. (2018). Challenges in evaluating intervention effects of feedback on residential energy conservation in a field setting. Göteborg: Centre for Consumer Science School of Business, Economics and Law at University of Gothenburg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges in evaluating intervention effects of feedback on residential energy conservation in a field setting
2018 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A field intervention investigated the effect of feedback on residential electricity use in households in Sweden. For a period of eight weeks differentiated energy use for daily domestic behaviors was monitored by 15 residents via an internetbased system. Feedback designed based on Relational Frame Theory was convened to enhance motivation for energy conservation and follow-up studies analysed the maintenance of change for another 3 months. Psychological factors including values, attitudes, moral judgment competence, locus of control and sense of coherence were assessed by web surveys. No significant effects of the feedback on reduction of energy use were found. The small sample size and not monitoring warm water energy use were discussed as explanatory factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Centre for Consumer Science School of Business, Economics and Law at University of Gothenburg, 2018. p. 26
Series
CFK-rapport, ISSN 1653-7491 ; 2018:1
Keywords
energy conservation, feedback, Relational Frame Theory
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35435 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-04-01Bibliographically approved
Weimer, K., Richard, A., Lisspers, J. & Lipsanen, J. (2017). Values, attitudes, moral judgment competence, locus of control and sense of coherence as determinants of pro-environmental behaviors and behavioral intentions. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, 4(5), 2568-2583
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Values, attitudes, moral judgment competence, locus of control and sense of coherence as determinants of pro-environmental behaviors and behavioral intentions
2017 (English)In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, ISSN 2458-9403, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 2568-2583Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on a survey completed by 463 residents in two Swedish cities, the predictive power of value orientations, awareness of consequences, environmental concern, moral judgment competence, locus of control and sense of coherence were examined on eight types of pro-environmental behaviors and behavioral intentions. The best fitting causal model confirms partly the hypothetical model. Values indirect and direct affect pro-environmental behaviors and behavioral intentions with awareness of consequences and environmental concern as intermediate or transmitting variables. Neither pro-environmental behaviors nor behavioral intentions are affected by awareness of consequences, environmental concern, locus of control, moral judgment competence or sense of coherence. The need of more environmentally specific measures of the predictors in relation to specific behaviors is discussed.

Keywords
values;environmental concern; moral judgment competence; locus of control;sense of coherence; pro-environmental behavior and pro-environmental intention
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32357 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-09 Created: 2017-12-09 Last updated: 2019-04-01Bibliographically approved
Ahlström, R. (2011). Debt (1ed.). In: Southerton, Dale (Ed.), Encyclopedia of consumer culture. New York: Sage Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Debt
2011 (English)In: Encyclopedia of consumer culture / [ed] Southerton, Dale, New York: Sage Publications, 2011, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Sage Publications, 2011 Edition: 1
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-15558 (URN)9780872896017 (ISBN)
Available from: 2011-12-20 Created: 2011-12-20 Last updated: 2011-12-20Bibliographically approved
Richard, A. (2011). Debt. In: Dale Southerton (Ed.), Encyclopedia of consumer culture. Los Angeles: Sage Publications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Debt
2011 (English)In: Encyclopedia of consumer culture / [ed] Dale Southerton, Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2011
Keywords
Applied economy, economy history, debt problems
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-15842 (URN)0-87289-601-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2012-02-03 Created: 2012-02-03 Last updated: 2012-02-06Bibliographically approved
Ahlström, R. & Savemark, M. (2010). Dödsfall under och efter skuldsanering. KO-Konsumentverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dödsfall under och efter skuldsanering
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Konsumentverket har enligt skuldsaneringslagen (SFS 2006:548) uppdrag att stödja och vägleda den budget- och skuldrådgivning som kommunerna skall svara för. Detta innefattar bland annat utbildning, metodutveckling, kunskapsbyggande och information samt utvärdering. Som ett led i detta har verket initierat en utvärdering av verksamheten från, såväl ett gäldenärsperspektiv som ur ett samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv. Föreliggande rapport är en del av en kommande större rapport rörande bl.a. ekonomi och hälsoaspekter i samband med överskuldsättning och skuldrådgivning i kommunerna. Författare är docent Richard Ahlstöm och forskningsassistent Mattias Savemark. De slutsatser och ståndpunkter som redovisas här är författarnas egna och de ansvarar för delrapportens riktighet och innehåll.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KO-Konsumentverket, 2010. p. 8
Series
Konsumentverkets Rapportserie ; 2010:18
Keywords
Skulsanering, rehabilitering, dödsfall, hälsa
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-12847 (URN)
Available from: 2010-12-15 Created: 2010-12-15 Last updated: 2011-05-06Bibliographically approved
Savemark, M., Ahlström, R. & Sundin, K. (2010). Ändra skuldsaneringslagen. Dagens Industri (27/4)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ändra skuldsaneringslagen
2010 (Swedish)In: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, no 27/4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-13759 (URN)
Available from: 2011-05-06 Created: 2011-05-06 Last updated: 2013-02-11
Igna, C., Julkunen, J. & Ahlström, R. (2008). Sense of coherence relates with smoking. Journal of Health Psychology, 3(8), 996-1001
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sense of coherence relates with smoking
2008 (English)In: Journal of Health Psychology, ISSN 1359-1053, E-ISSN 1461-7277, Vol. 3, no 8, p. 996-1001Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated the relationship between sense of coherence (SOC) and smoking. This study is a sub-study of the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial. SOC was assessed with a short form self-report questionnaire at baseline and at two-year follow-up. Smoking behaviour was self-reported at both dates. The sample consisted of 841 hypertensive participants, (women 22.1%) at baseline, and 697 (women 23.0%) participants at the follow-up. At baseline the age range was 40-79. Results showed that smoking behaviour was associated with levels of SOC. Current-smokers had a lower mean of SOC. Gender had no statistically significant influence on these results.

 

Keywords
Smoking, sense of coherence and health
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-6322 (URN)10.1177/1359105308097962 (DOI)000260739400004 ()18987071 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-54949130643 (Scopus ID)5313 (Local ID)5313 (Archive number)5313 (OAI)
Available from: 2008-12-10 Created: 2008-12-07 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Ahlström, R. (2007). The emotional impact of severe debts on the individual. In: Proceedings of the Nordic Policy Research Conference 2007: .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The emotional impact of severe debts on the individual
2007 (English)In: Proceedings of the Nordic Policy Research Conference 2007, 2007Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keywords
överskuldsättning, emotionspsykologi, hälsa
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-3636 (URN)5312 (Local ID)5312 (Archive number)5312 (OAI)
Available from: 2008-12-16 Created: 2008-12-16Bibliographically approved
Julkunen, J. & Ahlström, R. (2006). Hostility, anger and sense of coherence as predictors of health-related quality of life: Results of an ASCOT substudy. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61(1), 33-39
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hostility, anger and sense of coherence as predictors of health-related quality of life: Results of an ASCOT substudy
2006 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 33-39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of hostility and anger expression to sense of coherence (SOC)and their role as predictors of health-related quality of life (HQL). It was hypothesised tht SOC would mediate the impact of hostility and anger on HQL. Methods: This is a substudy of the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial, which evaluates different treatment strategies to prevent cardiovascular disease in hypertensive patients. At baseline, SOC was assessed with a short form measure, and hostility-anger with the Cynical Distrust scale and with the Anger Expression scales. HQL was assessed at 6 months with the RAND-36. The sample comprised of 774 subjects (77.5% men). Results: Results showed that strong SOC associates with ability to control expression of anger and with low levels of suppressed or openly expressed anger. Anger control and SOC were related to good HQL; cynicism, anger-out,and anger-in correlated negatively with HQL. Path models revealed that SOC was the strongest predictor of HQL while hostility and anger lost their direct impact on HQL. Conclusions: Given the significant associations of hostility and anger with SOC, it is concluded that the salutogenic theory of Antonovsky should be extended to include hostility-related constructs. The impact of hostility and anger on HQL is, to a great extent, mediated through SOC, which implies that in future studies, the role of hostility as a risk factor should be reconsidered from the SOC theory perspective.

Keywords
Anger expression, Cardiovascular diseases, Health-related quality of life, Hostility, Sense of Coherence
National Category
Nursing Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-3126 (URN)10.1016/j.jpsychores.2005.12.005 (DOI)4679 (Local ID)4679 (Archive number)4679 (OAI)
Available from: 2008-09-30 Created: 2008-09-30 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
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