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Engvall, Tove
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Klareld, A.-S., Forsström, S. & Engvall, T. (2019). Blockchainteknologi och arkiv. Nordisk Arkivnyt (1), 46-47
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Blockchainteknologi och arkiv
2019 (Swedish)In: Nordisk Arkivnyt, ISSN 0546-2851, no 1, p. 46-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Blockchain, främst känd som teknologin bakom Bitcoin, kan användas till mycket mer än kryptovalutor. World Economic Forum har nyligen listat 65 exempel på hur tekniken kan bidra till att lösa olika miljöutmaningar och MIT:s tidskrift Technology Review har beskrivit hur blockchain används i ett flyktingläger för att människor ska kunna köpa förnödenheter utan att behöva vare sig identitetshandlingar eller kontanter. Med nya tekniker för att hantera mänskliga aktiviteter följer också nya former för dokumentation av dessa. I denna artikel kommer vi därför ge en översiktlig bild av hur blockchain kan användas inom arkivsektorn.

Keywords
arkiv blockchain
National Category
Engineering and Technology Computer Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36001 (URN)
Available from: 2019-04-11 Created: 2019-04-11 Last updated: 2019-04-26Bibliographically approved
Engvall, T. (2019). Situating trust challenges of online trade. Records Management Journal, 29(1-2), 272-286
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Situating trust challenges of online trade
2019 (English)In: Records Management Journal, ISSN 0956-5698, E-ISSN 1758-7689, Vol. 29, no 1-2, p. 272-286Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This paper aims to offer an improved understanding of trust challenges in online trade, providing examples of issues that should be addressed for a trustworthy online environment. It also aims to illustrate how records and recordkeeping can contribute in terms of enabling trust and accountability. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on results from a self-ethnographic study of online trade (Engvall, 2017); the results are analyzed further. Kelton, Fleischmann and Wallace’s (2008) model for trust is used to gain a better understanding of the characteristics of the challenges and where they should be addressed. Findings: This paper recognizes that there are different types of trust challenges at different levels – individual, between clients and businesses and at a societal level – that should be addressed at these levels in different ways. Originality/value: This paper provides an understanding of trust challenges in the online environment. 

Keywords
Accountability, Online trade, Sustainability, Trust
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35811 (URN)10.1108/RMJ-07-2018-0019 (DOI)000460540800018 ()2-s2.0-85059519531 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Engvall, T., Anderson, K., Bunn, J., Flinn, A., Michetti, G., Gänser, G., . . . Henttonen, P. (2019). The role of the records professional (1ed.). In: Luciana Duranti & Corinne Rogers (Ed.), Trusting Records in the Cloud: (pp. 223-244). London: Facet Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of the records professional
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Trusting Records in the Cloud / [ed] Luciana Duranti & Corinne Rogers, London: Facet Publishing, 2019, 1, p. 223-244Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With digitalization, professional roles changes. New tasks, skills and collaboration with other professions are needed. This chapter highlight core responsibilities and expertise that records professionals contribute. It also highlight examples from initiatives with open data in Sweden and United Kingdom, as well as development of digitization of accounting in China. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Facet Publishing, 2019 Edition: 1
Keywords
Trust; records; records professional, Open data
National Category
Other Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36927 (URN)978-1-78330-402-8 (ISBN)
Projects
InterPARES Trust
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Engvall, T. (2019). User participation: what can be learned from the information systems domain?. Records Management Journal, 29(3), 320-332
Open this publication in new window or tab >>User participation: what can be learned from the information systems domain?
2019 (English)In: Records Management Journal, ISSN 0956-5698, E-ISSN 1758-7689, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 320-332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Many records professionals are involved in the design and development of recordkeeping systems. To design recordkeeping systems that meet user needs, their perspectives have to be included in the design process. The purpose of this paper is to explore what can be learned from the domain of information systems (IS) regarding user participation in design, and then to reflect on what related to the recordkeeping dimension should be further considered. Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on a review of literature in the IS development field about user participation. Findings: Analysing how users participate in IS development reveals several aspects of interest for records professionals. There are different approaches to, purposes of and driving values in user participation, which should be transparent. For user participation to be successful, an infrastructure has to be in place. The idea of user participation may be a way to include the secondary values of records in the near term, but it may also challenge traditional roles. New issues, such as the archivist’s role as a trusted third party, should be analysed further. Originality/value: This study uses knowledge from the information system field to acquire new knowledge about user participation in design, and relate it to the recordkeeping domain. This study addresses issues surrounding user participation, which has been indicated as an area in need of further development in archives and information science.

Keywords
Information system design, Participation, Power, Records professionals, User
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37301 (URN)10.1108/RMJ-04-2018-0008 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-10-25Bibliographically approved
Engvall, T. (2018). Arkivariers roll och perspektiv i arbete med öppna data. Arkiv, Information, Teknik (2), 12-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arkivariers roll och perspektiv i arbete med öppna data
2018 (Swedish)In: Arkiv, Information, Teknik, no 2, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Digitaliseringen ses ofta som en ytterligare industriell revolution, där informationen är den centrala råvaran. Öppna data möjliggör att information från olika källor kan kombineras och analyseras och tanken är att det kan ligga till grund för ny kunskap, innovativa tjänster och ökad öppenhet som kan skapa förbättringar i samhället på olika sätt. Men det medför också risker och etiska ställningstaganden som är viktigt att beakta och där har arkivarier en viktig roll. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sverige: , 2018
Keywords
öppna data; arkiv; arkivarie
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36920 (URN)
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Engvall, T. (2018). In-equalities, Regulation, Ethics & Records - reflections from a case in Online Trade. Archives of Business Research, 6(8), 135-147
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In-equalities, Regulation, Ethics & Records - reflections from a case in Online Trade
2018 (English)In: Archives of Business Research, ISSN 2054-7404, Vol. 6, no 8, p. 135-147Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In an ethnographic study in online trade at the financial market, different forms of inequalities in client-broker/business relations have been found. It takes expression in for example design of technology, control of and access to information, competence and misuse of trust. Trust is at the center of concern, since that is crucial both to success and a risk for being taken advantage of. This relates to power between actors, responsibilities and accountability. This is where records role as evidence of human acts and conducts have a central role, both in relation to regulation and business ethics. As established structures for ensuring rights and obligations throughout societies are challenged by digitalization and globalization, this has to be recreated in the online context. The article conclude that both regulation and ethics are crucial in forming common values, behaviours and understanding of trust. If not, trust is easily violated which set people in trouble.

In order to ensure trust, accountability is an important factor to consider, as well as informal means for ensuring fair behaviours that promotes the building and maintenance of trust among actors. As the technological development challenge processes and means for trust and accountability, new tools ought to be developed. As well as people-related aspects at both personal, business and societal level have to be considered.

Keywords
online trade; ethics; inequality; records; evidence
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36923 (URN)10.14738/abr.68.5033 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Engvall, T. & Hellmer, E. (2017). As money turns digital and trust turns algorithmic: what ought to be considered?. In: : . Paper presented at Maintaing the Facts Infrastructure in the Era of Post-Truth Politics 19-20 september 2017, National Swedish heritage board, storgatan 41, Stockholm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>As money turns digital and trust turns algorithmic: what ought to be considered?
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the paper is to raise questions and challenges regarding construction of trust in the global online context, using the rapidly growing use of digital currencies as an example of concern. The study raises questions related to cultural values and relations of power, and how that relates to trust, when money is digital and monetary processes are performed by technology. The paper is based on a qualitative study, using semi structured interviews with key personnel related to three different cryptocurrencies. Results indicate that cultural values affect how trust is constructed and perceived. Trust is placed primarily in technology and its algorithms, and is identified as an expression of a technocratic utopian approach, which might be in need of being balanced with accountability concerns. Instead of authoritative institutional processes with assigned roles and responsibilities, decentralized forms with users involvements and users control of their money, are important in establishing trust. Cultural influences from globalization and marketization affects how trust is created. The findings contributes by elucidating a need for further research if blockchain technology is to be used in a domain where requirements of trust, responsibilities and rights, long-term preservation, and long-term accessibility are of high concern.

National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32612 (URN)
Conference
Maintaing the Facts Infrastructure in the Era of Post-Truth Politics 19-20 september 2017, National Swedish heritage board, storgatan 41, Stockholm
Available from: 2017-12-22 Created: 2017-12-22 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
Engvall, T. & Samuelsson, G. (2017). Ekonomiskt värde av information. Trafikverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ekonomiskt värde av information
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Information är en av Trafikverkets resurser och dess värde kan uttryckas på olika sätt och ha olika innebörd för olika aktörer vid olika tidpunkter. Informationen kan ha direkta ekonomiska värden, men värdet kan också uttryckas i dess betydelse för en långsiktig resursplanering och ekonomihantering.  Informationen  kan även bidra till arbetssätt som hushållar med skattemedel, och skapa  samhällseffekter inom t.ex  säkerhet och miljö. Vi har i den befintliga studien bland annat utgått ifrån standarden ISO 30300 som menar: 

”Att skapa och hantera verksamhetsinformation ingår i varje organisations aktiviteter, processer och system. Detta bidrar till effektivitet i verksamheten, ansvarstagande och riskhantering och till att verksamheten upprätthålls. Det gör det även möjligt för organisationer att se det värde som finns i informationsresurser som verksamhetstillgångar, kommersiella tillgångar och kunskapstillgångar, och bidra till att bevara det kollektiva minnet, som svar på utmaningar från den globala och digitala omvärlden” (ISO 30300, sid. iv). 

I denna studie har vi valt att undersöka hur informationshanteringen, med fokus på ekonomirelaterad information, stödjer det pågående arbetet med ett livscykelperspektiv på anläggningen. Bakgrunden är Trafikverkets ambitioner att skapa en helhetssyn över anläggningens kostnader genom hela livscykeln. Och därmed också hur den ekonomiska redovisningen relaterar till annan information. Studien baseras på intervjuer med i huvudsak medarbetare på Trafikverket, men även vissa andra nyckelpersoner. Personer från följande funktioner och arbetsfält har intervjuats:  CoClass, BIM, ANDA/GUS, Öppna data, Informationsutbyten, Informationsförvaltning, Ekonomi, Ledningssystem, IT-strategi, Kontrakt och juridik, LCC, Internrevision, Riksrevisionen, Transportstyrelsen och Näringsdepartementet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trafikverket, 2017. p. 28
Keywords
information; livscykel; informationsvärdering
National Category
Other Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36926 (URN)
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved
Engvall, T. (2017). Fear, Greed and Lack of Trust in Online Financial Trade. Journal of Administrative Sciences and Technology, Article ID 106163.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fear, Greed and Lack of Trust in Online Financial Trade
2017 (English)In: Journal of Administrative Sciences and Technology, ISSN 2165-9435, article id 106163Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Trust is a crucial component in business relations, and also a precondition for people’s adoption of electronic services. This study addresses challenges regarding trust in online financial trade. Results indicate that brokerage companies acting in a dishonest way, along with dominant patterns of fear, greed and lack of knowledge and awareness among clients, lead to frequent losses of money. Which leads to a lack of trust in brokers, brokerage companies and the business domain. The way technology is used increases the challenges of risk and an unequal relation between client and brokerage companies. Self-ethnography has been used as a method, where observations, interviews and conversations were performed. Suggestions are to do further research in order to identify how mechanisms for trustworthiness, accountability and transparency can be created in the business domain, in which management of records will play a central role.

Keywords
online trade; trust; records; fintech
National Category
Social Sciences Other Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36924 (URN)10.5171/2017.106163 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-23Bibliographically approved
Engvall, T. (2017). The data dilemma: who is in control?. In: The data dilemma: a risk or an asset? eabh international workshop in cooperation with InFuture conference, Zagreb, Croatia, 10 November, 2017: . Paper presented at eabh international workshop in cooperation with InFuture conference, Zagreb, Croatia, 10 November, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The data dilemma: who is in control?
2017 (English)In: The data dilemma: a risk or an asset? eabh international workshop in cooperation with InFuture conference, Zagreb, Croatia, 10 November, 2017, 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Keywords
Big data, control, trust, machine learning, computational archival science, financial market
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32601 (URN)
Conference
eabh international workshop in cooperation with InFuture conference, Zagreb, Croatia, 10 November, 2017
Available from: 2017-12-22 Created: 2017-12-22 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved
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