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Ahlin, Karin
Publications (10 of 25) Show all publications
Mozelius, P., Ahlin, K. & Ahmad, A. (2019). A game-based approach for motoric stroke rehabilitation: defining the requirements. In: Lars Elbaek and Gunvor Majgaard (Ed.), Proceedings of ECGBL 2019: . Paper presented at ECGBL 2019, 13th European Conference on Games Based Learning, Odense, Denmark, 3-4 October, 2019. Reading, UK, 13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A game-based approach for motoric stroke rehabilitation: defining the requirements
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of ECGBL 2019 / [ed] Lars Elbaek and Gunvor Majgaard, Reading, UK, 2019, Vol. 13Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The global phenomenon with an increased percentage of older adults is clearly identified in the Mid Sweden region. With a population that is older than the average, the need for medical care and rehabilitation is also higher. All diseases have their specialised treatments and rehabilitation requirements, and this study has a focus on defining requirements for game-based motoric stroke rehabilitation. The important research question to answer was: How might a game-based approach to motoric stroke rehabilitation support the idea of independent living?

This study was carried out as a Requirement-Focused Design Science project, with the aim to define requirements for a stroke rehabilitation testbed. Requirements have been outlined with the Design science idea of asking the experts to explain their predictions of what they think will produce the effects. Eight domain experts with different professional roles were interviewed to obtain a multi-stakeholder perspective on technology enhanced and game-based stroke rehabilitation. Patterns and themes in the interview answers created categories in a thematic analysis. Furthermore, the concept was discussed with research colleagues with rich experience of e-health.

All of the interviewed experts had a surprisingly positive attitude toward the game-based approach, but with the strong recommendation of an individualised rehabilitation schedule. There are large variations in both the rehabilitation needs and the stroke patients’ digital skills. An interesting comment from one of the informants was to involve dancing activities, as a complement to the game-based rehabilitation. Out of the three discussed stroke rehabilitation categories: cognitive, motoric and speech rehabilitation, motoric stroke rehabilitation seems to be the one with the highest potential for a game-based approach to support independent living. The outlined requirements could be an important part in the future implementation of a testbed for stroke rehabilitation

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reading, UK: , 2019
Series
Proceedings of the European Conference on Game Based Learning, ISSN 2049-100X
Keywords
Game-based learning, Game-based relearning, Stroke rehabilitation, Motoric stroke rehabilitation, Game-based stroke rehabilitation
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37469 (URN)978-1-912764-37-2 (ISBN)
Conference
ECGBL 2019, 13th European Conference on Games Based Learning, Odense, Denmark, 3-4 October, 2019
Available from: 2019-10-04 Created: 2019-10-04 Last updated: 2019-11-13Bibliographically approved
Ahlin, K., Ahmad, A. & Mozelius, P. (2019). Determining Testbed Requirements for Technology Enhanced Speech Rehabilitation after Stroke -the Informed Co-workers' View Point. In: Hassan Khachfe (Ed.), GLOBAL HEALTH 2019: The Eighth International Conference on Global Health Challenges. Paper presented at IARIA GLOBAL HEALTH International Conference on Global Health Challenges (pp. 20-27). International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Determining Testbed Requirements for Technology Enhanced Speech Rehabilitation after Stroke -the Informed Co-workers' View Point
2019 (English)In: GLOBAL HEALTH 2019: The Eighth International Conference on Global Health Challenges / [ed] Hassan Khachfe, International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2019, p. 20-27Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses and discusses the identified requirements for technology enhanced systems for speech rehabilitation after a stroke. To stroke patients, a speech injury can be devastating, impacting their abilities to speak, listen, read, and write. Therefore, speech therapy is recommended as early as possible. To address the challenge with a growing percentage of older adults, therapy should include a variety of Technology Enhanced Systems (TES) to support the idea of independent living. These systems must be adapted to the patients' needs and speech therapy requirements. Based on a design science approach, requirements were determined from an analysis of ten semi-structured interviews with knowledgeable informants. Findings indicate several important requirements, such as: TES should be motivating, joyful, individualised and built on patients' needs and on speech therapists' professional knowledge. Furthermore, TES services must be user-friendly and provide training in each patient's mother tongue. Added to these requirements are ease of including close relatives as supporting persons, as well as accessibility through portable devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2019
Keywords
e-health, HCI, stroke rehabilitation, independent living, speech therapy, requirements
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37336 (URN)978-1-61208-742-9 (ISBN)
Conference
IARIA GLOBAL HEALTH International Conference on Global Health Challenges
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved
Ahlin, K. (2019). Measuring the Immeasurable?  The Intangible Benefits of Digital Information. In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  2019: . Paper presented at Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (pp. 6176-6185). Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring the Immeasurable?  The Intangible Benefits of Digital Information
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  2019, Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences , 2019, p. 6176-6185Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The benefits of digital information are mostly viewed as intangible, meaning that they can be hard to measure. This lack of measurements makes the benefits difficult to compare and communicate, creating problems for e.g. decision-making and the strategic development of specific digital information. Therefore, I conducted a literature review to find out how the combination of intangible benefits and measurements are dealt with in the information systems field. I found that we measure the intangible benefits of information systems or information technology. Here, the measurement method is divided into input, rule, and output. The input consists of predetermined individual benefits, areas of predetermined benefits, or interpreted benefits from respondents. The rule follows an accepted theory or contextual adjusted rules, and the output (benefit) can be seen as either financial or non-financial. The avenue for further research focuses on the digital information as the primary resource, not information systems or information technology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2019
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35232 (URN)hdl.handle.net/10125/60052 (DOI)978-0-9981331-2-6 (ISBN)
Conference
Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Available from: 2018-12-15 Created: 2018-12-15 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Ahmad, A., Mozelius, P. & Ahlin, K. (2019). Testbed requirements for technology enhanced stroke rehabilitation to support independent living. In: : . Paper presented at ICT4AWE 2019 - 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Ageing Well and e-Health, Heraklion, Greece, 2-4 May, 2019 (pp. 174-182). INSTICC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Testbed requirements for technology enhanced stroke rehabilitation to support independent living
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

An identified global phenomenon is that, as the percentage of older adults increases, new challenges arise for medical care and rehabilitation. Several research studies have presented e-health as a promising concept to support the idea of independent living among patients with chronic diseases. The Mid Sweden region has a relatively old population and is a region where people live with long distances to the nearest hospital or health care centres. This study had a focus on defining testbed requirements for a technology enhanced stroke rehabilitation adapted to the specific region. The focal research question to answer in this study was: What are the requirements and their associated benefits and barriers of using technology-enhanced systems instead of traditional techniques for stroke rehabilitation in the Mid Sweden region? With Design Science as the overall research strategy, data was collected by semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders in the field of stroke rehabilitation. A deductive thematic analysis was conducted where important themes were grouped into the four main requirement categories of: Technical, Human-computer-interaction, Clinic and Sustainability. Beside the more specific requirements, an interesting finding was the division of stroke rehabilitation into the categories motoric, cognitive and speech rehabilitation; also, how technology enhanced solutions might be used in these categories. Each category has a potential for a successful use of technology enhanced services, but as the standard procedure in traditional stroke rehabilitation each patient needs a personalised treatment.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
INSTICC Press, 2019
Keywords
e-health, Stroke rehabilitation, Independent living, Ageing well, Testbed requirements.
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36118 (URN)2-s2.0-85067518023 (Scopus ID)
Conference
ICT4AWE 2019 - 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Ageing Well and e-Health, Heraklion, Greece, 2-4 May, 2019
Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-07-09Bibliographically approved
Crusoe, J. & Ahlin, K. (2019). Users’ activities and impediments from motivation to deployment in Open Government Data – a process framework. In: : . Paper presented at Scandinavian Workshop of e-Government SWEG 2019, the University of South-Eastern Norway (USN), Campus Vestfold, 30 - 31 January, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Users’ activities and impediments from motivation to deployment in Open Government Data – a process framework
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35233 (URN)
Conference
Scandinavian Workshop of e-Government SWEG 2019, the University of South-Eastern Norway (USN), Campus Vestfold, 30 - 31 January, 2019
Available from: 2018-12-15 Created: 2018-12-15 Last updated: 2019-02-13Bibliographically approved
Crusoe, J. & Ahlin, K. (2019). Users' activities for using Open Government Data: A process framework. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Users' activities for using Open Government Data: A process framework
2019 (English)In: Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, ISSN 1750-6166, E-ISSN 1750-6174Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose - This research aims to develop a user process framework with activities and their variations for the use of open government data (OGD) based on empirical material and previous research. Open government data (OGD) is interoperable data that is shared by public organisations (publishers) for anyone (users) to reuse without restrictions to create new digital products and services. The user process was roughly identified in previous research but lacks an in-depth description. This lack can hamper the ability to encourage the use and the development of related theories.

Design/methodology/approach - A three-stage research approach was used. Firstly, a tentative framework was created from previous research and empirical material. This stage involved three different literature reviews, data mapping, and seven interviews with OGD experts. The empirical material was analysed with inductive analysis, and previous research was integrated into the framework through concept mapping. Secondly, the tentative framework was reviewed by informed OGD experts. Thirdly, the framework was finalised with additional literature reviews, eight interviews with OGD users, and a member check, including all the respondents. The framework was used to guide the data collection and as a tool in the analysis.

Findings -The user process framework covers activities and related variations, where the included phases are: start, identify, acquire, enrich, and deploy. The start varies relating to the intended use of the OGD. In the identify phase, the user is exploring the accessible data to decide if the data is relevant. In the acquire phase, the user is preparing for the delivery of the data from the publisher and receiving it. In the enrich phase, the user is concocting and making something. In the final deploy phase, the user has a product or service that can be provided to end-users.

Research limitations/implications - The framework development has some limitations: the framework needs testing and development in different contexts and further verification. The implications are that the framework can help guide researchers towards relevantand essential data of the user process, be used as a point of compari-son in analysis, and be used as a skeleton for more precious theories.

Practical implications - The framework has some practical implications for users, publishers, and portals. It can introduce users to the user process and help them plan for the execution of it. The framework can help publishers understand how the users can work with their data and what can be expected of them. The framework can help portal owners to understand the portal's role between users and publishers and what functionality and features they can provide to support to the user.

Originality/value - In previous research, no user process with an in-depth description was identified. However, several studies have given a rough recall. Thus, this research provides an in-depth description of the user process with its variations. The framework can support practice and leads to new research avenues.

Keywords
Open Government Data, User, Process, Phase, Activity, Framework, Reuse, Use, Concept Mapping, Descriptive Theory
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37513 (URN)10.1108/TG-04-2019-0028 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-10-10Bibliographically approved
Ahlin, K. (2018). Design and test of a measurement method for the benefits of technical information. In: : . Paper presented at IRIS/SCIS Conference 2018, Denmark, 5-8 August 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design and test of a measurement method for the benefits of technical information
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Keywords
benefit model, measurement method, technical information
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34211 (URN)
Conference
IRIS/SCIS Conference 2018, Denmark, 5-8 August 2018
Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-08-06 Last updated: 2018-08-16Bibliographically approved
Ahlin, K. (2018). Open Data and its Benefits. In: : . Paper presented at Scandinavian Workshop of e-Government SWEG 2018, Frederiksberg, Denmark, January 31 - Feb 1, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Open Data and its Benefits
2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32796 (URN)
Conference
Scandinavian Workshop of e-Government SWEG 2018, Frederiksberg, Denmark, January 31 - Feb 1, 2018
Available from: 2018-02-04 Created: 2018-02-04 Last updated: 2018-03-21Bibliographically approved
Ahlin, K. (2018). Rätt teknikinformation är hårdvaluta som går att mäta.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rätt teknikinformation är hårdvaluta som går att mäta
2018 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Publisher
p. 1
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33971 (URN)
Available from: 2018-06-28 Created: 2018-06-28 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved
Lilja, J., Snyder, K., Ahlin, K. & Persson Slumpi, T. (2018). Why Action Research and Quality Management is such a Nice Match: And How to Make them Dance without Falling. In: Proceedings of the 21st QMOD conference: The Quality Movement, Where are we going ? - Past Present and Future. Paper presented at 21st QMOD-ICQSS conference, August 22-24, 2018 Cardiff, Wales, UK.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Why Action Research and Quality Management is such a Nice Match: And How to Make them Dance without Falling
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of the 21st QMOD conference: The Quality Movement, Where are we going ? - Past Present and Future, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose

For anyone digging into the concepts, it becomes obvious that action research and quality management are a really nice match. They share many of their conceptual roots, intentions, core principles/dimensions and processes. Current best practice of quality management can even be understood as doing and strengthening action research processes, in terms of the Plan-do-study-act cycle (PDSA), in organizations. However, the choice, design and application of action research within quality management research is surprisingly seldom discussed or shared. The purpose of this paper is hence to elaborate on how action research and quality management are closely interrelated and how action research can be used more frequently and successfully in quality management research. In addition, the paper hopes to contribute to revitalizing what could be considered the most fundamental practice of quality management: the PDSA cycle.    

Method

The paper is based on a conceptual discussion combined with illustrative experiences and learnings from several research projects that have applied action research to develop the field of Quality Management. The projects and examples illustrate and share both experiences of dancing at its best and a few uncomfortable falls.

 

Findings

The paper identifies several critical factors to consider when designing and applying action research within quality management research. 

 

Practical Implications

As action research is defined by its double aim, developing both scientific knowledge and practice, the ability to successfully design and apply action research in quality management research has large practical implications. One obvious risk if this dance fails is that academic researchers draw back from practice and their ambitions of developing and contributing to practice in their research. The findings of the paper are hoped to increase the number of successful future applications of action research within quality management.

 

Originality

The study provide insights in an area sparsely discussed in previous academic work.

Keywords
Action research, Quality Management, Research design, Total Quality Management, Lean
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34479 (URN)
Conference
21st QMOD-ICQSS conference, August 22-24, 2018 Cardiff, Wales, UK
Projects
SMICE
Funder
Interreg Sweden-Norway
Available from: 2018-09-24 Created: 2018-09-24 Last updated: 2018-09-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations

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