miun.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Pierre, A. (2017). Local small business development in two Swedish northern rural areas: A matter of synergy, social capital and trust?. Journal of Rural and Community Development, 12(2/3), 143-167
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local small business development in two Swedish northern rural areas: A matter of synergy, social capital and trust?
2017 (English)In: Journal of Rural and Community Development, ISSN 1712-8277, E-ISSN 1712-8277, Vol. 12, no 2/3, p. 143-167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This exploratory paper examines the synergy between small businesses and the municipality in rural areas in northern Sweden, by exploring whether the degree of social capital and trust influences local small business development. Previous research shows that municipal policy tools, initiatives, and state-society synergy are crucial for local small business development in rural areas. This study challenge popular assumptions about how state-society synergy is imperative for local small business development by saying that a lack of vertical trust has in fact encouraged the entrepreneurial force and increased small business development in the rural areas studied. A qualitative case-study method was used including interviews, observations and studying of documents. Results show, by using the indicator ‘extent of trust in the municipality’ as measurement, that when there is strong horizontal social capital, it may in fact inhibit the possibility of creating strong vertical social capital, and the extent of trust towards the municipality is insignificant in promoting small business development in a rural area if the horizontal social capital is strong.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brandon, Canada: , 2017
Keywords
Small business development, rural, synergy, social capital, trust
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32666 (URN)000431254200010 ()
Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2018-05-30Bibliographically approved
Pierre, A. (2017). The influence of wicked problems on community-based entrepreneurship in rural Sweden. (Doctoral dissertation). Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The influence of wicked problems on community-based entrepreneurship in rural Sweden
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurship research has, since the 1930’s, mainly focused on so-called traditional entrepreneurship and studies have to a large part discussed management processes. During the past 40 years social entrepreneurship research and research into community-based entrepreneurship and practice has emerged, as a response to changes in society due to global, regional and local events that affect local development. Such changes often affect rural areas severely, for instance depopulation, which often leads to a decrease in small business development, a decrease in social services such as healthcare, schools, banks and road maintenance, and a decrease in local and regional economic health. These structural changes are usually due to political decisions taken at a governmental level, which trickle down through society and affect local economic development and, indirectly, small business development. Local enthusiasts, business associations and in particular entrepreneurs often try to meet these structural changes through community-based entrepreneurship, which involves processes through which new businesses are created and can operate within the existing social structure of the local community. However, the practical problem is that there are factors influencing communitybased entrepreneurship and hence the establishment of small businesses and local development, such as wicked problems, which in the rural context in this thesis refers to structural changes and complex relations. The theoretical and practical research gap is found in that there is a lack of studies exploring how wicked problems influence community-based entrepreneurship in rural contexts. Complex relations can be found in the three pillars of institutions based on regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive elements, where the same person can have many different roles, hence influencing local rural development. For this thesis, the theories of community-based entrepreneurship, state-society synergy, and small business development have been used to explore how wicked problems (structural changes and complex relations) influence community-based entrepreneurship in rural Sweden. Two literature studies were made on social entrepreneurship and community-based entrepreneurship, followed by three case-studies. The context of the first case-study was rural areas in the county of Jämtland and is based on results from the findings in the cross-disciplinary project on societal entrepreneurship in sparsely populated areas (SESPA). The context of the second case-study is the municipalities of Berg, Krokom and Östersund in the county of Jämtland, where a total of 23 interviews were conducted with farm owners, participants in the service social farming and municipal officials and politicians. The context of the third casestudy is the municipality of Sorsele in the county of Västerbotten and the municipality of Berg in the county of Jämtland, which are both situated in rural areas, where a total of 39 interviews were conducted with owners of small businesses, municipal officials and politicians. Results show that the development of community-based entrepreneurship research has furthered the possibilities to better understand the processes of entrepreneurship in local rural contexts. Furthermore, results indicate that the complex relations influencing communitybased entrepreneurship that appear in this thesis call for caution. The structural changes that are interrelated with community-based entrepreneurship are, in spite of facilitating increased interest, not necessarily positive for local rural development. It was also seen that the rural context studied is a semi-stable institution, indicating that local rural development, and thereby small business development, is incoherent. If a municipality and the owners of small businesses are well in tune with the regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive elements in their rural context, have an understanding of what wicked problems are, and if they are properly understood and dealt with, then there is a chance that, although experiencing a semistable institution, local rural development can be attained. The theoretical contributions of this thesis pertain to entrepreneurship in rural contexts, community-based entrepreneurship, and wicked problems. This thesis concludes that wicked problems, in the shape of structural changes and complex relations, are present in the rural contexts studied. These wicked problems influence communitybased entrepreneurship by being disruptive factors, affecting policy creation and implementation by the municipality. A flow-chart model has been created in order to show how wicked problems influence community-based entrepreneurship and hence local rural development. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2017. p. 97
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 273
Keywords
Social entrepreneurship, community-based entrepreneurship, wicked problems, small business development, rural local development, state-society synergy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31854 (URN)978-91-88527-32-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-24, F229, Kunskapens Väg 8, Östersund, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Vid tidpunkten för disputationen var följande delarbeten opublicerade: delarbete 4  inskickat, delarbete 5 accepterat.

At the time of the doctoral defence the following papers were unpublished: paper 4 submitted, paper 5 accepted.

Available from: 2017-10-18 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
Pierre, A., von Friedrichs, Y. & Wincent, J. (2014). A review of social entrepreneurship research. In: Lundström, A; Zhou, C; von Friedrichs, Y; Sundin, E (Ed.), Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions (pp. 43-70). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A review of social entrepreneurship research
2014 (English)In: Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions / [ed] Lundström, A; Zhou, C; von Friedrichs, Y; Sundin, E, Springer, 2014, p. 43-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014
Series
International studies in entrepreneurship ; Vol 29
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-21075 (URN)978-3-319-01395-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-01396-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-01-17 Created: 2014-01-17 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved
Pierre, A., von Friedrichs, Y. & Wincent, J. (2014). Entrepreneurship in society: a review and definition of community-based entrepreneurship research. In: A Lindström; C Zhou; Y von Friedrichs; E Sundin (Ed.), Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions (pp. 239-258). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship in society: a review and definition of community-based entrepreneurship research
2014 (English)In: Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions / [ed] A Lindström; C Zhou; Y von Friedrichs; E Sundin, Springer, 2014, p. 239-258Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-21168 (URN)978-3-319-01395-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-01-28 Created: 2014-01-28 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved
Pierre, A. (2014). Grön omsorg: Ett samhällsentreprenöriellt företagskoncept. In: Yvonne von Friedrichs, Malin Gawell, Joakim Wincent (Ed.), Samhällsentreprenörskap: Samverkande för lokal utveckling (pp. 69-84). Östersund: Mittuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Grön omsorg: Ett samhällsentreprenöriellt företagskoncept
2014 (Swedish)In: Samhällsentreprenörskap: Samverkande för lokal utveckling / [ed] Yvonne von Friedrichs, Malin Gawell, Joakim Wincent, Östersund: Mittuniversitetet , 2014, p. 69-84Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

I det här kapitlet diskuteras Grön Omsorg (G.O.) som ett samhällsentreprenöriellt företagskoncept på landsbygden i Sverige. Konceptet innebär meningsfull sysselsättning i lantlig miljö för människor i behov av särskilt stöd. Säljare av dessa tjänster är gårdsägare. Köpare är oftast kommuner och de som besöker gårdarna, brukarna, kan vara ungdomar, före detta missbrukare, personer med funktionsnedsättningar med flera. Kapitlet tar sin utgångspunkt i teorier  som berör samarbetet mellan den offentliga och den privata sektorn samt de utmaningar som kan uppstå i en samhällsentreprenöriell etableringsprocess.

I kapitlet presenteras en genomgång av den forskning som gjorts om G.O. Den visar hur etableringen ser ut i 11 länder runt om i världen. Det jämtländska LRF projektet Grön Omsorg – Från Tanke Till Handling presenteras också för att koppla ett konkret fall till teorin.

Det huvudsakliga resultatet tyder på att många hinder och utmaningar kan uppstå och att det krävs av de både, den privata och den offentliga sektorn att de bygger upp ett förtroende för varandra. Det krävs även ett genuint engagemang, att behov finns för ömsesidig förståelse och framförallt ett tålamod från de båda parterna för att nå fram till fungerande avtal som gynnar alla involverade.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mittuniversitetet, 2014
Series
Social Science Reports from Mid Sweden University ; 2014:5
Keywords
Landsbygdsutveckling, privatisering, grön omsorg, synergi
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26257 (URN)978-91-87557-33-0 (ISBN)
Projects
SESPA
Available from: 2015-11-16 Created: 2015-11-16 Last updated: 2015-11-27Bibliographically approved
Gawell, M., Pierre, A. & von Friedrichs, Y. (2014). Societal entrepreneurship: a cross-boundary force for regional and local development cherished for multiple reasons. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, 18(4), 109-130
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Societal entrepreneurship: a cross-boundary force for regional and local development cherished for multiple reasons
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 109-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper is based on results from the findings in the cross-disciplinary project on societal entrepreneurship in sparsely populated areas (SESPA). Studies within this project that take their point of departure in the societal or community-based entrepreneurship literature demonstrate how different contextual aspects as well as different perspectives enhance the understanding of why societal entrepreneurship is important for regional and local surroundings and development. The analysis of the studies within the SESPA project reveals societal entrepreneurship as a multifaceted and complex phenomenon interrelated with the local context as well as with national and even global developments. It is a cross-boundary force for local and regional development. The sub studies emphasize different aspects in which societal entrepreneurship in conclusion can be understood as local responses to local challenges, the multiplication of organizational missions, as well as collective solutions to diverse goals. The analysis emphasizes an intertextual vision of a ‘positive development’ in which societal entrepreneurship combines entrepreneurial drives with societal aims. Furthermore, the analysis reveals different, even multiple, reasons why societal entrepreneurship is cherished by different actors engaged in or related to the development – in this case of a sparsely populated region.

National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-24037 (URN)
Projects
SESPA
Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-9499-0046

Search in DiVA

Show all publications