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Haller, H., Jonsson, A. & Fröling, M. (2018). Application of ecological engineering within the framework for strategic sustainable development for design of appropriate soil bioremediation technologies in marginalized regions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 2415-2424
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Application of ecological engineering within the framework for strategic sustainable development for design of appropriate soil bioremediation technologies in marginalized regions
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 172, p. 2415-2424Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores a systematic strategy to design appropriate bioremediation projects for marginalized regions that have the potential to contribute to sustainable development in that region. Ecological Engineering (EE) is of particular value for the development of appropriate bioremediation technology for such regions but a stricter planning tool than provided by EE itself, is also needed when the goal of the project goes beyond remediation targets. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) applies basic principles for sustainability and includes a stepwise strategic planning mechanism for their application. The inclusion of EE within the FSSD may steer soil bioremediation projects in rural areas in developing countries and sparsely populated regions in industrialized countries towards sustainability. The utility of the approach was tested on two cases of soil pollution in marginalized regions: the Chinandega region in Nicaragua (pesticide polluted agricultural soil) and a former filling station (diesel polluted residual area) in Gäddede, northern Sweden. The study demonstrates how the inclusion of the EE key concepts within the FSSD may increase the utility of EE for strategic sustainable development within the region. No difficulties in terms of conflicting suggestions were found in the proposed integrated approach; the two tools were found to contribute on different aspects to provide support to project management and decision making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Framework for strategic sustainable development, Sustainability principles, Ecological engineering, Bioremediation, Developing countries, Sparsely populated regions
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32548 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.169 (DOI)000423002200099 ()2-s2.0-85038810670 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved
Haller, H., Jonsson, A., Lacayo Romero, M. & Jarquín Pascua, M. (2017). Bioaccumulation and translocation of field-weathered toxaphene and other persistent organic pollutants in three cultivars of amaranth (A. cruentus 'R127 México', A. cruentus 'Don León' y A. caudatus 'CAC 48 Perú') thomam. Ecological Engineering: The Journal of Ecotechnology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bioaccumulation and translocation of field-weathered toxaphene and other persistent organic pollutants in three cultivars of amaranth (A. cruentus 'R127 México', A. cruentus 'Don León' y A. caudatus 'CAC 48 Perú') thomam
2017 (English)In: Ecological Engineering: The Journal of Ecotechnology, ISSN 0925-8574, E-ISSN 1872-6992Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Soils polluted by persistent organic pollutants threatens habitats for plants and animals as well as basic human needs such as food security and provision of potable water. Toxaphene is a persistent organic pollutant that was heavily used as a pesticide in Central America, Brazil, Soviet Union etc. until it was banned in 1993. The objective of this study was to determine the bioaccumulation and translocation characteristics of three different cultivars of amaranth in soils contaminated with field-weathered toxaphene and other POPs in former cotton fields in Chinandega, Nicaragua to identify safety issues for human consumption and/or potential for phytoremediation. The concentration of toxaphene and other POPs in the edible parts of the amaranth (leaves and seeds) exceeded the maximum residue level for human consumption established by the European Union for most of the tested compounds. Concentrations of toxaphene congeners and other POPs were found in all vegetative organs. Many substances were accumulated to concentrations more than 10 times higher than in the soil. Of the three cultivars, A. caudatus 'CAC48 Perú' and A. cruentus 'Don Leon' presented the highest average BAF. None of the 3 cultivars can be considered a panacea hyperaccumulator for either toxaphene alone or in conjunction with other POPs but since many agricultural soils comprise a range of different contaminants, the broad-spectrum bioaccumulating capacity of amaranth can make it an interesting candidate for phytoremediation.

Keywords
Amaranth, Bioaccumulation, Nicaragua, Pesticides, Phytoremediation, POP, Toxaphene, Translocation
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31921 (URN)10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.07.019 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, A. P. (2016). Entropy, Free Energy and the Creation of Order out of Chaos. In: E. Grönlund & A. Longueville (Ed.), Society’s steering systems – a Friend book to Inga Carlman : (pp. 57-73). Östersund: Avdelingen för Ekoteknik och Hålbart Byggande
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entropy, Free Energy and the Creation of Order out of Chaos
2016 (English)In: Society’s steering systems – a Friend book to Inga Carlman / [ed] E. Grönlund & A. Longueville, Östersund: Avdelingen för Ekoteknik och Hålbart Byggande , 2016, p. 57-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Avdelingen för Ekoteknik och Hålbart Byggande, 2016
Keywords
Entropy, Free energy, Exergy, Work energy, Infromation, Thermodynamics
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29639 (URN)978-91-88025-97-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-17 Created: 2016-12-17 Last updated: 2016-12-28Bibliographically approved
Haller, H., Jonsson, A., Montenegro Rayo, K. & Dávila López, A. (2016). Microbial transport of aerated compost tea organisms in clay loam and sandy loam: A soil column study. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 106(January), 10-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microbial transport of aerated compost tea organisms in clay loam and sandy loam: A soil column study
2016 (English)In: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, ISSN 0964-8305, E-ISSN 1879-0208, Vol. 106, no January, p. 10-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Soil bioaugmentation is a promising approach with applications in agriculture and in bioremediation of polluted soil. One way of supplying microorganisms to the soil that has received increasing attention during the last decade is by the addition of compost teas. The success of such strategies depends on whether the organisms are capable of migrating through the soil and reaching its target, i.e. the pollutants or soil pathogens. The structural conditions of the soil affect the microbial migration rate and this study aims to determine the migration rates of microorganisms found in aerated compost tea through both a sandy loam and a clay loam in soil columns. A considerably higher proportion of the microorganisms from the aerated compost tea were deposited at 2 cm in the sandy loam compared to the clay loam. Microbial deposition was concentrated to the top 2 cm in the sandy loam and then decreased abruptly at 10 cm whereas the clay loam presented an irregular pattern. Despite a favourable particle size distribution for microbial transport, the sandy loam retained a greater proportion of the microorganisms present in the aerated compost tea in the top 2 cm, presumably because the lower bulk density and higher soil organic matter in the clay loam aided transport and growth of microorganisms. The limited migration of aerated compost tea microorganisms in sandy soil suggests that its efficiency for bioremediation or pathogen control may be limited below 2 cm depth in similar soils. Our results indicate that in less dense soil with higher soil organic matter content the efficiency may be higher.

Keywords
Bioaugmentation, Bioremediation, Microbial transport, Clay loam, Sandy loam, Bulk density, Soil organic matter
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26134 (URN)10.1016/j.ibiod.2015.10.002 (DOI)000366770600002 ()2-s2.0-84944096944 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Bioremediering
Funder
The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT), 202100-4524
Available from: 2015-10-24 Created: 2015-10-24 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Pronoza, L., Dyer, M., Haller, H., Jonsson, A. & Lacayo Romero, M. (2016). The use of an integrated planning guide to steer phytoremediation projects towards sustainability using the example of Amaranth (Amaranthus) to remediate toxaphene polluted soils in a tropical region. In: William Hogland (Ed.), Proceedings of the Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2016 International Conference on Natural Sciences and Technologies for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Remediation, Emissions Related to Climate, Environmental and Economic Effects.: The Tenth International Conference on the Establishment of Cooperation between Companies and Institutions in the Nordic Countries, the Baltic Region and the World. Paper presented at Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2016. Kalmar: Linnaeus University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The use of an integrated planning guide to steer phytoremediation projects towards sustainability using the example of Amaranth (Amaranthus) to remediate toxaphene polluted soils in a tropical region
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2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2016 International Conference on Natural Sciences and Technologies for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Remediation, Emissions Related to Climate, Environmental and Economic Effects.: The Tenth International Conference on the Establishment of Cooperation between Companies and Institutions in the Nordic Countries, the Baltic Region and the World / [ed] William Hogland, Kalmar: Linnaeus University , 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Soil pollution by pesticides is a serious problem, especially in developing countries where incentives are limited to remediate these soils. Toxaphene was a widely used insecticide during the 1950s – 1980s, but even after a total ban on its use in 2001 there are still many harmful consequences that can be observed. High levels of toxaphene on agriculture fields in Nicaragua continues to be a threat to local inhabitants and wildlife and to the surrounding ecosystems. Phytoremediation is one of the methods used for cleaning polluted soils. It requires growing plants in-situ and relies on their ability to absorb and accumulate or degrade toxic elements. Some advantages are environmental safety and cost-effectiveness.

Amaranth (Amaranthus) was investigated as a primary candidate for the phytoremediation project. Beside this, some other plants, such as Cucurbita pepo, Spinacia oleracea, Medicago sativa, were reported to be able to successfully absorb common persistent organic pollutants. In addition, uptake mechanisms and patterns of distribution of toxic elements in plants were studied to determine further use of plants.

To assess the viability and sustainability potential of implementing amaranth for phytoremediation, an Integrated Planning Guide (IPG) was used. The IPG uses a number of principles and concepts to provide guidelines for bioremediation actions. As a result, several conclusions and suggestions were produced, the most important being: amaranth has a potential for toxaphene uptake and has a high yield and historical significance; locally available poultry manure can be used as a fertilizer for amaranth; a monoculture should be avoided while growing amaranth; local community is the main driver of success and beneficiary of the project. Further research should be undertaken on this matter to improve the understanding of key factors for the success of the project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kalmar: Linnaeus University, 2016
Keywords
Phytoremediation; Toxaphene; Amaranthus; Integrated Planning Guide; developing countries; Nicaragua
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29331 (URN)978-91-88357-41-0 (ISBN)
Conference
Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2016
Available from: 2016-11-23 Created: 2016-11-23 Last updated: 2017-01-11Bibliographically approved
Iraguha, G., Simons, S., Haller, H., Jonsson, A. & Montenegro, K. (2016). Using an integrated planning guide for the selection and design of a multi-process strategy for bioremediation of toxaphene and heavy metal contaminated soil in a tropical region. In: William Hogland (Ed.), Proceedings of the Linnaeus Eco-Tech Conference on Natural Sciences and Technologies for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Remediation, Emissions related to Climate, Environmental, and Economic Effects.: The Tenth International Conference on the Establishment of Cooperation between Companies and Institutions in the Nordic Countries, the Baltic Sea Region and the World.. Paper presented at Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2016. Linnaeus University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using an integrated planning guide for the selection and design of a multi-process strategy for bioremediation of toxaphene and heavy metal contaminated soil in a tropical region
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2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the Linnaeus Eco-Tech Conference on Natural Sciences and Technologies for Waste and Wastewater Treatment, Remediation, Emissions related to Climate, Environmental, and Economic Effects.: The Tenth International Conference on the Establishment of Cooperation between Companies and Institutions in the Nordic Countries, the Baltic Sea Region and the World. / [ed] William Hogland, Linnaeus University , 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The application of pesticides and inappropriate soil management during intensive cotton farming in Chinandega, Nicaragua has left the soil with high residues of toxaphene and potentially several toxic metalloids and heavy metals from the overuse of mineral fertilizers. Most effective remediation approaches are relatively expensive and use technologies that are energy-intensive and hence not applicable in regions with low economic incentives for remediation.

 

The selection of appropriate and low-cost approaches for soil remediation requires a structured and systematic process to ensure reliable outcomes with low environmental impact. The ideal situation is if such projects could contribute to a sustainable development in the region where the remediation is taking place. An Integrated Planning Guide which includes the key concepts of Ecological Engineering within the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development was used in the identification and design of some applicable and efficient approaches for the clean-up of soil in Chinandega.

 

This resulted in the design of a multi-process bioremediation strategy that meets the sustainability criteria of the Integrated Planning Guide and that has the potential to degrade toxaphene and remediate heavy metals and metalloids in the soil using Jatropha curcas L. for phytoremediation in combination with Bio-augmentation, biochar as a soil amendment, and the use of biochar and alginate as carriers of toxaphene degrading inocula.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University, 2016
Keywords
Ecological Engineering, Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development, Toxaphene, Bio-augmentation, Phytoremediation, Jatropha curcas L., Biochar
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29332 (URN)978-91-88357-41-0 (ISBN)
Conference
Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2016
Available from: 2016-11-23 Created: 2016-11-23 Last updated: 2017-05-08Bibliographically approved
Skytt, T., Nielsen, S. N., Ståhl, F., Jonsson, A., Grönlund, E., Carlman, I. & Fröling, M. (2015). A strategic tool to find out regional sustainability methodologies helpingindividuals to make long term decisions. In: Proceedings of Global Cleaner Production and Sustainable Consumption, Barcelona Sitges, November 1-4, 2015: . Paper presented at Global Cleaner Production and Sustainable Consumption, Barcelona Sitges, Novmenber 1-4, 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A strategic tool to find out regional sustainability methodologies helpingindividuals to make long term decisions
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2015 (English)In: Proceedings of Global Cleaner Production and Sustainable Consumption, Barcelona Sitges, November 1-4, 2015, 2015Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is a variety of definitions of the concept ‘sustainable’ to be found, and many interestingideas how to measure and evaluate what can be regarded as ‘sustainability’. Meanwhile,whatever the definition is used it must have a strong physical background. There is also acontinuous flow of information and a general awareness about the necessity of taking action,thereby reducing the negative anthropocentric contribution to global warming and ecologicalsystems depletion. A number of visions about (for example) future emission values typically 15-30 years from today are often presented. At the same time there is a continuous political debateabout the balance between individual freedom vs political regulations. The typical individual -standing in the intersection of all this - still seldom gets practical guidelines on how to act in thedaily life to meet future visions. This paper argues that it is necessary to simplify the indicatorsused to evaluate sustainability and at the same time ensure clear instructions of action therebyincreasing the communicability. This is believed to be possible through the application of aholistic approach based upon a detailed mapping, thus making it possible to find out an over-allstrategy and then transform it into specific guidelines for the individual to apply, taking anentrance point in a realistic description of individual everyday life. The regional level is chosenas the most suitable level to work with to keep in touch with the individual level without losingthe strategic possibilities and over-all view when attacking the problem. Without a deep andcommon understanding of the ‘daily life’ in the region, visions and guidelines might show to becounterproductive.For the Swedish region Jämtland, a sparsely populated area with large forests, a lot of hydropower, and one major city (Östersund with about 60.000 inhabitants), some industries and skiresorts (the largest being Åre), the method developed by Nielsen and Jørgensen for the minorisland named Samsø in Denmark has been chosen. By building a model for evaluating thecarbon balance and the work energy balances we are able to focus the strategies and make aguideline for individuals. It seems necessary to accept some usage of fossil fuels also in thefuture but we need to see how this usage can be steered to applications where non-fossilalternatives are less realistic. By working with sectors, built together, we are able to work withsub-models without having to compromise on either lower or higher level of societal activities.Compared to the Samsø case, Jämtland is more complex and also much larger (127.000inhabitants compared to Samsø’s 4.000 and with an area about 20% larger than theNetherlands). The sectors chosen are Industry (Businesses other than those covered in othersectors), Agriculture, Forestry, Tourism, Nature, Public, Private (households), Reindeerherding, Wastes and Energy. The budget of each sector is mapped in terms of carbon and workenergy balances as a sub-model of an over-all model of Jämtland. By finding out the limits(constrains) from simulations carried out on the region it is possible to set for example carbonand energy budgets as basis for personal guidelines for the citizens of the region.The major idea is that most citizens of the region will understand and adapt to such guidelinesto an extent that may induce a change of individual behavioral patterns thus turning the regiontowards sustainability. Jämtland has a specific “culture” which can be used to create proudnessand interest for the sustainability aims. It is important to arrange a platform that serves to shapea fruitful dialogue between all stakeholders – from individual to groups – that will make itpossible to create a common plan for measurements to be implemented, i.e. a concertedgovernance which ensure and guarantee a future of optimal existence for ecosystems as wellas human beings.

Keywords
Sustainability evaluation, Carbon balance, Work energy, Societal transition
National Category
Environmental Sciences Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26231 (URN)
Conference
Global Cleaner Production and Sustainable Consumption, Barcelona Sitges, Novmenber 1-4, 2015
Available from: 2015-11-08 Created: 2015-11-08 Last updated: 2015-11-11Bibliographically approved
Mikaelsson, L.-Å., Carlman, I., Fröling, M., Jonsson, A., Danielski, I., Grönlund, E., . . . Nilsson, N. (2015). Hållbara utvecklingsprocesser. Projektrapport 2015-03-31. Mittuniversitetet/Tillväxtverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hållbara utvecklingsprocesser. Projektrapport 2015-03-31
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2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mittuniversitetet/Tillväxtverket, 2015. p. 56
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26283 (URN)
Available from: 2015-11-20 Created: 2015-11-20 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved
Skytt, T., Nielsen, S. N., Grönlund, E., Ståhl, F., Jonsson, A., Carlman, I. & Fröling, M. (2015). Interdisciplinary Cooperation And System Modelling As Means To Govern The Anthropocene. In: Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences: . Paper presented at 59th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences; Scandic Berlin Potsdamer PlatzBerlin; Germany; 2 August 2015 through 7 August 2015; Code 121844. international society for the systems sciences (ISSS)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interdisciplinary Cooperation And System Modelling As Means To Govern The Anthropocene
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2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences, international society for the systems sciences (ISSS) , 2015Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The global development has now come to a critical state where humanity act as a new geological force and it is obvious that there are numerous of environmental problems which arise from the present geosphere-biosphere-anthroposphere interactions which urgently need to be addressed. This paper argues that systems analysis and modelling of environmental systems is one necessary part in successful governing of societies towards sustainability. In the 1960th many observations and data made it evident that the environment in most countries was in a bad state. To get a holistic view of the complex problems and to clarify the relationships of structure and function, systems thinking was applied e.g. modelling, cybernetics, systems analysis, life cycle assessment and energy and material flow analysis. Such tools used collectively, conceptualized as ‘integrated assessment’, can help to communicate fundamental knowledge, and to support decision-making when identifying, developing and implementing precautionary measures and solutions. There are good examples demonstrating the strength of such approaches; Solutions to the ozone depletion by replacing CFC’s with more chemically reactive compounds that are degraded within the troposphere. Acidification of European low buffer soils and lakes, sensitive to acid rain, has decreased due to concerted action on Sulphur emission control in large parts of Europe. The handling and recycling of solid waste has resulted in a considerable reduction of deposits in large parts of the world. This basically natural scientific knowledge has also influenced the development within e.g. economy and jurisprudence and today ecological economy and environmental law assume ecological systems as fundamental.

The complexity of ecosystems and environmental issues can only be understood by use of advanced scientific tools such as modelling as a base for establishing interdisciplinary co-operation. Each component of such models will of course be an approximation, but validation and verification of the models will serve to make them useful. An ongoing research project at Mid Sweden University aims at building a complete carbon and energy balance model of an entire Swedish region, based on the Danish Samsø-model. Such models will make it possible to refer to a robust scientific base, thereby making it easier to argue for appropriate measures and actions. At the same time it will be clear what data these actions rest upon thereby making it easier to identify possible errors or limitations.

Systems analysis and subsequent modes are constructs. According to systems theory and model development they are strategies as the best representations of nature, we can make. At the same time it must be assured, that a continuous adaptation and improvement in a studied area is possible - i.e. that model outcomes are matched with phenomenological observations and that empirical work also is carried out. Model development can therefore be characterized as a dynamic and iterative process.

Governance in the Anthropocene must be based on an understanding of the problem picture at hand, and learning how to appropriately address increasingly complex issues. For identifying potential solutions and consequences of policy implementation, systems modelling on relevant levels will be one necessary tool. The current project developing an environmental regional model, illustrates how modelling can provide decision support for the county of Jämtland regarding management of energy resources and planning of future infrastructure, as well as serving regional and national information purposes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
international society for the systems sciences (ISSS), 2015
Keywords
Integrated Assessment, Regional sustainability, Governing Anthropocene, Ecological modelling, Interdisciplinary cooperation
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-25797 (URN)2-s2.0-84976466711 (Scopus ID)978-151082337-2 (ISBN)
Conference
59th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences; Scandic Berlin Potsdamer PlatzBerlin; Germany; 2 August 2015 through 7 August 2015; Code 121844
Available from: 2015-08-27 Created: 2015-08-27 Last updated: 2016-07-21Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, A. & Agerberg, S. (2015). Modelling of E. coli transport in an oligotrophic river in northern Scandinavia. Paper presented at 19th Biennial Conference of the International-Society-for-Ecological-Modelling (ISEM). Ecological Modelling, 145-151
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelling of E. coli transport in an oligotrophic river in northern Scandinavia
2015 (English)In: Ecological Modelling, ISSN 0304-3800, E-ISSN 1872-7026, p. 145-151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the development of a model for calculation of Escherichia coli transport in oligotrophic river waters, using temperature dependent inactivation rate for E. coli and flow velocity characteristics of the river and lakes. A total of 209 temperature measurements from 11 years surveillance were used to calculate transport distances until 90% inactivation of the E. coli. Three scenario sets of different site specific values for the first order reference inactivation rate constant k20 (0.145, 0.230 and 0.555 day−1) and temperature coefficient of the rate constant Q10 (2.07, 1.50 and 1.86) were tested in the upper parts of river Indalsälven, in northern Scandinavia. The first and third parameter sets represented respectively pristine water and lake water while the second setting was considered most representative of river Indalsälven. All three scenarios demonstrated considerable transport distances of E. coli with a clear and structured seasonal variation. The longest transport distances observed during late winter and spring are caused by a combination of low water temperature and high water velocity. The results have implications for water management decisions within the watersheds of oligotrophic rivers in cold and temperate climate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keywords
E. coli inactivation;Fecal pollution; Oligotrophic water; Sustainable Water Management
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-24377 (URN)10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.10.021 (DOI)000355708000016 ()2-s2.0-84929174304 (Scopus ID)
Conference
19th Biennial Conference of the International-Society-for-Ecological-Modelling (ISEM)
Projects
Hållbara Utvecklingsprocesser HUP
Note

Publ online Oct 2014

Available from: 2015-02-11 Created: 2015-02-11 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3204-4089

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