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Haller, H., Flores-Carmenate, G. & Jonsson, A. (2020). Governance for Sustainable Remediation of Polluted Soil in Developing Countries. In: Sustainability Concept In Developing Countries: . London: IntechOpen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governance for Sustainable Remediation of Polluted Soil in Developing Countries
2020 (English)In: Sustainability Concept In Developing Countries, London: IntechOpen , 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Environmental governance is a challenge for many developing countries, and soil pollution is typically overlooked by authorities in the Global South. Soil governance should protect people and environment from the hazards of pollution and promote sustainable remediation of polluted sites through legislation and soil policies that facilitate the use of appropriate technology. Today, however, the soil governance landscape is highly fragmented and often fails to adequately address these concerns. Combining soil remediation with profitable activities (alone or in combination) such as food and fiber production, biomass energy production, erosion control, carbon sequestration, favoring biodiversity, etc. is potentially an appropriate strategy to promote the decontamination of polluted agriculture soil in low-income countries. Many potential pitfalls follow such a strategy but decision support tools may provide insights from the latest scientific remediation findings to stakeholders in their exploration of policy options. This chapter explores challenges and opportunities for sustainable soil governance in developing countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: IntechOpen, 2020
Keywords
soil governance, developing countries, soil pollution, bioremediation, DPSIR, phytoremediation
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38246 (URN)10.5772/intechopen.90744 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-01-16 Created: 2020-01-16 Last updated: 2020-01-17Bibliographically approved
Norgren, R., Björkqvist, O. & Jonsson, A. (2019). Bio-sludge from the pulp and paper industry as feed for black soldier fly larvae: A study of critical factors for growth and survival. Waste and Biomass Valorization
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bio-sludge from the pulp and paper industry as feed for black soldier fly larvae: A study of critical factors for growth and survival
2019 (English)In: Waste and Biomass Valorization, ISSN 1877-2641, E-ISSN 1877-265XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Pulp and paper bio-sludge (PPBS) has low economic value and is therefore often composted or incinerated. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the feasibility of using PPBS to breed black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae (BSFL), so improving resource efficiency and supplying protein and fat to the animal feed market. BSFL were reared on PPBS in a climate chamber on a laboratory scale in order to assess nutrient deficiency, inhibition and whether the BSFL recycle the PPBS well or not. The PPBS used came from a chemi-thermomechanical pulp/groundwood pulp mill. The effect of supplementing nutrient solution added either into the PPBS or as a free liquid surface were studied. Prepupae dry weight, survival rate until prepupae stage and residual dry PPBS were measured. The addition of reference diet leachate into the PPBS did not have a significant impact on the weight of the prepupae (2.0 mg) but the survival rate was significantly higher (16.0 %). On the other hand, the addition of reference diet leachate as a free liquid surface had a significant impact on both the weight of the prepupae (4.8 mg) and the survival rate (25.7 %). The bio – conversion and PPBS – reduction was as best 0.4 % and 3.2 % respectively. This study has proven that the nutrients in PPBS are not readily available to the larvae. Addition of reference diet leachate increase the survival rate which opens up for possibilities of co-digestion. However, it is clear that under the tested conditions, BSFL is not recycling PPBS well and BSFL as a method for recycling of PPBS need further research.

Keywords
Pulp and paper bio-sludges, Valorization, Black Soldier Fly larvae
National Category
Environmental Sciences Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37565 (URN)10.1007/s12649-019-00864-x (DOI)000493766400001 ()2-s2.0-85074726395 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2019-10-22 Created: 2019-10-22 Last updated: 2020-02-21
Haller, H. & Jonsson, A. (2019). Phytoremediation and Agroforestry- mitigation of climate change, poverty reduction and cleaning of soils. In: : . Paper presented at 4th World Congress on Agroforestry, Montpellier, France, 20-22 May, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Phytoremediation and Agroforestry- mitigation of climate change, poverty reduction and cleaning of soils
2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36225 (URN)
Conference
4th World Congress on Agroforestry, Montpellier, France, 20-22 May, 2019
Available from: 2019-05-29 Created: 2019-05-29 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Haller, H., Jonsson, A. & Fröling, M. (2018). Application of ecological engineering within the framework for strategic sustainable development for design of appropriate soil bioremediation technologies in marginalized regions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 2415-2424
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Application of ecological engineering within the framework for strategic sustainable development for design of appropriate soil bioremediation technologies in marginalized regions
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 172, p. 2415-2424Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores a systematic strategy to design appropriate bioremediation projects for marginalized regions that have the potential to contribute to sustainable development in that region. Ecological Engineering (EE) is of particular value for the development of appropriate bioremediation technology for such regions but a stricter planning tool than provided by EE itself, is also needed when the goal of the project goes beyond remediation targets. The Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development (FSSD) applies basic principles for sustainability and includes a stepwise strategic planning mechanism for their application. The inclusion of EE within the FSSD may steer soil bioremediation projects in rural areas in developing countries and sparsely populated regions in industrialized countries towards sustainability. The utility of the approach was tested on two cases of soil pollution in marginalized regions: the Chinandega region in Nicaragua (pesticide polluted agricultural soil) and a former filling station (diesel polluted residual area) in Gäddede, northern Sweden. The study demonstrates how the inclusion of the EE key concepts within the FSSD may increase the utility of EE for strategic sustainable development within the region. No difficulties in terms of conflicting suggestions were found in the proposed integrated approach; the two tools were found to contribute on different aspects to provide support to project management and decision making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Framework for strategic sustainable development, Sustainability principles, Ecological engineering, Bioremediation, Developing countries, Sparsely populated regions
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32548 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.11.169 (DOI)000423002200099 ()2-s2.0-85038810670 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved
Haller, H., Jonsson, A., Lacayo Romero, M. & Jarquín Pascua, M. (2018). Bioaccumulation and translocation of field-weathered toxaphene and other persistent organic pollutants in three cultivars of amaranth (A. cruentus ‘R127 México’, A. cruentus ‘Don León’ y A. caudatus ‘CAC 48 Perú’) – A field study from former cotton fields in Chinandega, Nicaragua. Ecological Engineering: The Journal of Ecotechnology, 121, 65-71
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bioaccumulation and translocation of field-weathered toxaphene and other persistent organic pollutants in three cultivars of amaranth (A. cruentus ‘R127 México’A. cruentus ‘Don León’ y A. caudatus ‘CAC 48 Perú’) – A field study from former cotton fields in Chinandega, Nicaragua
2018 (English)In: Ecological Engineering: The Journal of Ecotechnology, ISSN 0925-8574, E-ISSN 1872-6992, Vol. 121, p. 65-71Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Soils polluted by persistent organic pollutants threatens habitats for plants and animals as well as basic human needs such as food security and provision of potable water. Toxaphene is a persistent organic pollutant that was heavily used as a pesticide in Central America, Brazil, Soviet Union etc. until it was banned in 1993. The objective of this study was to determine the bioaccumulation and translocation characteristics of three different cultivars of amaranth in soils contaminated with field-weathered toxaphene and other POPs in former cotton fields in Chinandega, Nicaragua to identify safety issues for human consumption and/or potential for phytoremediation. The concentration of toxaphene and other POPs in the edible parts of the amaranth (leaves and seeds) exceeded the maximum residue level for human consumption established by the European Union for most of the tested compounds. Concentrations of toxaphene congeners and other POPs were found in all vegetative organs. Many substances were accumulated to concentrations more than 10 times higher than in the soil. Of the three cultivars, A. caudatus 'CAC48 Perú' and A. cruentus 'Don Leon' presented the highest average BAF. None of the 3 cultivars can be considered a panacea hyperaccumulator for either toxaphene alone or in conjunction with other POPs but since many agricultural soils comprise a range of different contaminants, the broad-spectrum bioaccumulating capacity of amaranth can make it an interesting candidate for phytoremediation.

Keywords
Amaranth, Bioaccumulation, Nicaragua, Pesticides, Phytoremediation, POP, Toxaphene, Translocation
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31921 (URN)10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.07.019 (DOI)000444920400009 ()2-s2.0-85025103850 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Bergkvist, L., Jonsson, E., Haller, H. & Jonsson, A. (2018). Carbon Sequestration Potential f Agroforestry Systems For Phytoremediation In Chinandega, Nicaragua. In: William Hogland (Ed.), Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2018: 11th International Conference on the Establishment of Cooperation among Companies and Institutions in the Nordic Countries, the Baltic Sea Region and the World. Paper presented at Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2018 international conference, Kalmar, November 19-21, 2018 (pp. 211-211).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Carbon Sequestration Potential f Agroforestry Systems For Phytoremediation In Chinandega, Nicaragua
2018 (English)In: Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2018: 11th International Conference on the Establishment of Cooperation among Companies and Institutions in the Nordic Countries, the Baltic Sea Region and the World / [ed] William Hogland, 2018, p. 211-211Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have increased to earlier unrecorded levels, causing global climate change that increases GMT and threaten ecosystems and livelihoods. IPCC report suggest that agroforestry offers considerable carbon sequestration (c seq.) potential, especially for developing countries. The purpose of this study is to estimate the c seq. potential in different agroforestry systems suitable in Chinandega, Nicaragua - a deforested region where the ground is polluted by toxaphene and other POP:s. Three scenarios where studied; Shading system using Tectona grandis and Pogostemon cablin; Alley cropping using Erythrina poeppigiana and Ricinus communis and Silvopasture using Cordia alliodora and Brachiaria ruziziensis, the last scenario being divided into two subscenarios; unmanaged (grazed) and managed (harvested) grass. Calculations were performed using the modelling program CO2FIX v. 3.2, with a runtime of 100 years and assuming deforested area with no previous land use. Results show a significantly higher c seq. potential in Shading system (168/217 MgC/ha). Alley cropping yields 71 MgC/ha and Silvopasture results in 80/84 MgC/ha unmanaged and 65/70 MgC/ha managed. The higher number includes products from harvest. All scenarios show fluctuations over time due to thinning and harvesting practices. Phytoremediation potential of POPs has been shown in Ricinus communis and grass species. Soil c seq. is especially important to consider in longterm scenarios as this c seq. can be sustained over longer time. The inclusion of crop residue, the effect of grazing animals or changes in density of trees and crops and environmental fate of the toxic compounds need further assessment before considering large scale applications. Agroforestry practices could contribute to several benefits, including climate change mitigation and phytoremediation.

Keywords
Carbon sequestration, Phytoremediation, Agroforestry, Climate change mitigation
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34949 (URN)
Conference
Linnaeus Eco-Tech 2018 international conference, Kalmar, November 19-21, 2018
Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-26 Last updated: 2018-12-18Bibliographically approved
Waller, J., Andersson, A., Jonsson, A., Wallin, M. & Sahlée, E. (2018). Measurements of carbon dioxide fluxes over an oligotrophic Boreal river in northern Scandinavia. In: Yahya Jani, Jelena Lundström, Viveka Svensson, William Hogland (Ed.), Book of abstracts : Linnaeus ECO-TECH '18: 11th  International conference on establishment of cooperation between companies and institutions in the Nordic countries, the Baltic Sea region and the world. Paper presented at Linnaeus Eco-Tech18, Kalmar, Sweden, November 19-21, 2018. Kalmar: Linnaeus University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measurements of carbon dioxide fluxes over an oligotrophic Boreal river in northern Scandinavia
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2018 (English)In: Book of abstracts : Linnaeus ECO-TECH '18: 11th  International conference on establishment of cooperation between companies and institutions in the Nordic countries, the Baltic Sea region and the world / [ed] Yahya Jani, Jelena Lundström, Viveka Svensson, William Hogland, Kalmar: Linnaeus University , 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Carbon dioxide (CO2), as one of the major anthropogenic greenhouse gases, is widely acknowledged to contribute to global warming and climate change. Historically, the major focus on the role of the aquatic environment in the carbon cycle has been on the atmosphere-ocean exchange. More recent findings suggest the importance of freshwater (lakes, rivers and streams) as a source for atmospheric CO2. The freshwater contribution is, however, poorly understood, mainly due to a paucity of data, especially from running waters.

To address this issue, eddy covariance (EC) measurements in a large boreal river in Northern Sweden (Indalsälven), are being made as part of a two-year long continual study of the carbon dioxide emissions between the air and water. This is one of the first known studies of its kind where EC measurements are conducted in a river setting. Continual data acquisition began in April 2018, monitoring a variety of general meteorological parameters, turbulent emissions of carbon dioxide, latent, and sensible heat, together with water-side measurements of CO2. The aim of the study is to investigate the temporal control on river carbon dioxide emissions covering timescales from hours to seasons.

This paper describes the ongoing work, and reports on the present status of the project. The primary focus lies on data that indicates a dependence of carbon dioxide flux on wind-speed. Wind speed demonstrates a positive correlation with the measured emissions, with the highest emissions measured corresponding to the directions where the upwind distance to land was greatest, indicating that the wind-generated turbulence has a strong influence on the carbon dioxide emissions over a boreal river.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kalmar: Linnaeus University, 2018
Keywords
Carbon flux, Eddy covariance measurements, Boreal river
National Category
Environmental Sciences Climate Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35024 (URN)978-91-88898-28-9 (ISBN)
Conference
Linnaeus Eco-Tech18, Kalmar, Sweden, November 19-21, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Haller, H. & Jonsson, A. (2016). Amaranth for phytoremediation of toxaphene-contaminated soil in Nicaragua - assessment of translocation in three cultivars. In: : . Paper presented at 5th International Ecosummit; Ecological Sustainability, Engineering Change, Montpellier, France, 29 Aug-1 Sep, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Amaranth for phytoremediation of toxaphene-contaminated soil in Nicaragua - assessment of translocation in three cultivars
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36226 (URN)
Conference
5th International Ecosummit; Ecological Sustainability, Engineering Change, Montpellier, France, 29 Aug-1 Sep, 2016
Available from: 2019-05-29 Created: 2019-05-29 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Jonsson, A. P. (2016). Entropy, Free Energy and the Creation of Order out of Chaos. In: E. Grönlund & A. Longueville (Ed.), Society’s steering systems – a Friend book to Inga Carlman : (pp. 57-73). Östersund: Avdelingen för Ekoteknik och Hålbart Byggande
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entropy, Free Energy and the Creation of Order out of Chaos
2016 (English)In: Society’s steering systems – a Friend book to Inga Carlman / [ed] E. Grönlund & A. Longueville, Östersund: Avdelingen för Ekoteknik och Hålbart Byggande , 2016, p. 57-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Avdelingen för Ekoteknik och Hålbart Byggande, 2016
Keywords
Entropy, Free energy, Exergy, Work energy, Infromation, Thermodynamics
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29639 (URN)978-91-88025-97-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-17 Created: 2016-12-17 Last updated: 2016-12-28Bibliographically approved
Haller, H., Jonsson, A., Montenegro Rayo, K. & Dávila López, A. (2016). Microbial transport of aerated compost tea organisms in clay loam and sandy loam: A soil column study. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 106(January), 10-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microbial transport of aerated compost tea organisms in clay loam and sandy loam: A soil column study
2016 (English)In: International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, ISSN 0964-8305, E-ISSN 1879-0208, Vol. 106, no January, p. 10-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Soil bioaugmentation is a promising approach with applications in agriculture and in bioremediation of polluted soil. One way of supplying microorganisms to the soil that has received increasing attention during the last decade is by the addition of compost teas. The success of such strategies depends on whether the organisms are capable of migrating through the soil and reaching its target, i.e. the pollutants or soil pathogens. The structural conditions of the soil affect the microbial migration rate and this study aims to determine the migration rates of microorganisms found in aerated compost tea through both a sandy loam and a clay loam in soil columns. A considerably higher proportion of the microorganisms from the aerated compost tea were deposited at 2 cm in the sandy loam compared to the clay loam. Microbial deposition was concentrated to the top 2 cm in the sandy loam and then decreased abruptly at 10 cm whereas the clay loam presented an irregular pattern. Despite a favourable particle size distribution for microbial transport, the sandy loam retained a greater proportion of the microorganisms present in the aerated compost tea in the top 2 cm, presumably because the lower bulk density and higher soil organic matter in the clay loam aided transport and growth of microorganisms. The limited migration of aerated compost tea microorganisms in sandy soil suggests that its efficiency for bioremediation or pathogen control may be limited below 2 cm depth in similar soils. Our results indicate that in less dense soil with higher soil organic matter content the efficiency may be higher.

Keywords
Bioaugmentation, Bioremediation, Microbial transport, Clay loam, Sandy loam, Bulk density, Soil organic matter
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26134 (URN)10.1016/j.ibiod.2015.10.002 (DOI)000366770600002 ()2-s2.0-84944096944 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Bioremediering
Funder
The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT), 202100-4524
Available from: 2015-10-24 Created: 2015-10-24 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3204-4089

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