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Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, Sofie, phd, senior lecturerORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7477-3071
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Publications (10 of 25) Show all publications
Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. & Jönsson, J. H. (2019). Forced migration, older people and displacement. In: : . Paper presented at Social Protection & Human Dignity IFSW European Conference, Vienna, Austria, September 8-11, 2019..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forced migration, older people and displacement
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37225 (URN)
Conference
Social Protection & Human Dignity IFSW European Conference, Vienna, Austria, September 8-11, 2019.
Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-16 Last updated: 2019-09-17Bibliographically approved
Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. (2019). Looking for elderly people´s needs: teaching critical reflection in Swedish social work education. Social Work Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Looking for elderly people´s needs: teaching critical reflection in Swedish social work education
2019 (English)In: Social Work Education, ISSN 0261-5479, E-ISSN 1470-1227Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on how to use critical reflection in social work education in order to encourage students to critically reflect on their standards regarding assessment, opinions and values about aging. Material, both oral and written, from needs assessments of older persons conducted by 106 social work students was analyzed. The result shows that the students initially interpreted needs based on prejudice and assumptions about aging. However, when using Schön´s three steps of reflection in the exercise, together with knowledge of critical social work theories, students became more concerned and reflected more critically on their assessments. This study shows the possibilities of working with pedagogical exercises in order to increase the awareness and critical knowledge of social work students in order to attempt to reduce discrimination. Educating students in critical social work enables them to learn how to comment on and transform the profession of social work and our unjust society, while questioning their own as well as society’s prejudice regarding the needs of elderly persons. 

Keywords
critical reflection, elder care, need assessments, Social work education, vignettes
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36673 (URN)10.1080/02615479.2019.1617846 (DOI)
Note

Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. (2019). Social work students perception of vulnerability and needs among the elderly: A question of experience and ability to use critical self-reflection?. In: : . Paper presented at European association of schools of social work, Conference Madrid 2019 - Meaning of quality of social work education in a changing Europe, Madrid, Spain, 4-7 July, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social work students perception of vulnerability and needs among the elderly: A question of experience and ability to use critical self-reflection?
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36950 (URN)
Conference
European association of schools of social work, Conference Madrid 2019 - Meaning of quality of social work education in a changing Europe, Madrid, Spain, 4-7 July, 2019
Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-08-29Bibliographically approved
Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. (2018). Looking for needs.Teaching critical reflection in social work with the elderly. In: : . Paper presented at ESWRA, 8 th Euorpean Conference for Social Work Research, Edinburgh, Scotland, April 18-20.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Looking for needs.Teaching critical reflection in social work with the elderly
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In recent decades, neoliberal reorganisation of the welfare state has influenced both the practices in social work and the organisation and context of social work education. This has resulted in social work emphasising managerial goals, strongly influenced by New Public Management, and social work reduced to a reified set of skills devoid of theory, context and critical analysis.

Developing pedagogical tools in order to improve students’ self-reflexivity and critical knowledge is thus crucial to social work education, if we want to live up to the crucial values of social work; promoting social change and social development and understanding vulnerability.

The focus of the current study was on uncovering and challenging power dynamics in 106 social work students’ aid assessments in elder care at a university in Sweden. How do students, with a focus on critical reflection, understand and interpret the concept of social rights and assess needs in three vignettes of senior citizens? The reflexive process was conducted in three steps, according to Schön (1987) and the results from the written and group discussions of the study were analysed by means of a content analysis by focusing on repetitions, dominant themes, similarities and differences in response.

Findings show that in the first two steps of reflection, students interpreted needs expressed in the vignettes out of prejudice and assumptions on ageing taken for granted. This resulted in a majority of the students interpreting the older persons’ expressed needs and obvious living conditions in an unintended or unnoticed way.  In the third and final step of the reflection, taking part in the group discussions, where students tried to adopt an aware critical self-reflection approach, they became concerned and reflexive about their interpretations, as they used both their knowledge of intersectional approach and theories of critical social work.

This study shows the possibilities social work education has in terms of working with pedagogical exercises to increase students’ awareness, insight and critical knowledge, and how important this is, as it can help us and the people we encounter in social work reduce oppression and counteract neoliberal changes. In a time when social work is affected by neoliberal managerial solutions to social problems, working with a critical self-reflection approach in social work education is more important than ever.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34725 (URN)
Conference
ESWRA, 8 th Euorpean Conference for Social Work Research, Edinburgh, Scotland, April 18-20
Available from: 2018-10-16 Created: 2018-10-16 Last updated: 2018-10-17Bibliographically approved
Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. (2018). Neoliberalism and social work education. Students’ ability to identifythe elderly’s rights and needs. (1 sted.). In: M. Kamali & J.H. Jönsson (Ed.), Neoliberalism,Nordic Welfare States and Social Work: Current and Future Challenges. (pp. 193-202). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neoliberalism and social work education. Students’ ability to identifythe elderly’s rights and needs.
2018 (English)In: Neoliberalism,Nordic Welfare States and Social Work: Current and Future Challenges. / [ed] M. Kamali & J.H. Jönsson, New York: Routledge, 2018, 1 st, p. 193-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018 Edition: 1 st
Series
Routledge Advances in Social work
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34840 (URN)9781138084308 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-10-31 Created: 2018-10-31 Last updated: 2018-10-31Bibliographically approved
Hoppstadius, H. & Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. (2018). What’s the problem represented to be?: Swedish public policy constructions of violence against women. In: Social work in transition:: Challenges for social work research in a changing local and global world. Paper presented at 8th European Conference for Social Work Research, Edinburgh, April 18-20, 2018..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What’s the problem represented to be?: Swedish public policy constructions of violence against women
2018 (English)In: Social work in transition:: Challenges for social work research in a changing local and global world, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Traditionally, in Sweden as well as in many other countries there has been a great tolerance of men’s violence against women. In modern time, this violence has been criminalized and defined as a social problem. Since 2007, the work of combatting domestic violence has intensified in Sweden, using as a starting point an action plan adopted by the Swedish government 2007. The plan is called: ‘Action plan for combating men’s violence against women, violence and oppression in the name of honour and violence in same-sex relationships’ (Skr 2007/08:39). As a result of this action plan, several authorities have published different materials with the purpose of increasing the knowledge within social service about violence against women, to better meet the needs of women subjected of violence. How polices in social work are produced has practical significance at several levels; in addition to clarifying society’s responsibility, these also highlight how to draw attention to and address a particular problem. However, instead of just considering policies as possible solutions to predefined issues, we also need to consider how policies represent a problem, and what effects these representations may have. How violence against women is named, framed and conceptualized is important, since explanations that are put forward can affect both policy and practice. The purpose of this study is to investigate how violence against women is conceptualized discursively in one public manual on violence, and five public educational materials originating from the action plan, through Bacchi’s policy approach ‘What’s the Problem Represented to be?’. The study revealed that many acts are considered to be violence in a Swedish context, where certain acts are punishable, for example battery, while other acts are not, such as neglect. How we understand violence against women and how it can be predicted, prevented and treated may differ depending on which theory social workers adopt. In the material, several theories are mentioned; however, it is hard to say whether any particular theory is advocated. Special attention is given to the situation of so called ‘honour-related violence and oppression’. The study also revealed a representation of abusers in a gender-neutral way, which may disregard women’s specific vulnerability to violence. How violence is conceptualized, named and framed discursively may affect those women subjected to violence, depending on how social workers interpret and apply the materials.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34342 (URN)
Conference
8th European Conference for Social Work Research, Edinburgh, April 18-20, 2018.
Available from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2018-12-06Bibliographically approved
Connidis, I. A., Borell, K. & Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. (2017). Ambivalence and Living Apart Together in Later Life: A Critical Research Proposal. Journal of Marriage and Family, 79(5), 1404-1418
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ambivalence and Living Apart Together in Later Life: A Critical Research Proposal
2017 (English)In: Journal of Marriage and Family, ISSN 0022-2445, E-ISSN 1741-3737, Vol. 79, no 5, p. 1404-1418Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Most unattached older persons who would like an intimate partnership do not want to remarry or be in a marriage-like relationship. A growing trend is to live apart together (LAT) in an ongoing intimate relationship that does not include a common home. We address the debate about whether LAT constitutes a new form of intimate relationship in a critical assessment of research on LAT relationships that applies ambivalence and concepts from the life course perspective. We conclude that among older but not younger adults, LAT relationships are generally a stable alternative to living with a partner, negotiated in the context of current social institutions and arrangements. We propose research questions that address later life living apart together as an innovative alternative intimate relationship. We encourage comparative work on the unique challenges of later life living apart together, their implications for other family ties, and their connection to social and cultural arrangements.

Keywords
aging, ambivalence, dating, family dynamics, gender, intimate relationships
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31873 (URN)10.1111/jomf.12417 (DOI)000409317900012 ()2-s2.0-85028866633 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved
Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. (2017). Intimitet, förpliktelser och attityder till personlig service och omsorg i äldres särborelationer. In: Stina Johansson (Ed.), Social omsorg i socialt arbete: Grunder och fördjupningar: (pp. 187-202). Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intimitet, förpliktelser och attityder till personlig service och omsorg i äldres särborelationer
2017 (Swedish)In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete: Grunder och fördjupningar / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, p. 187-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32291 (URN)978-91-40-69623-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved
Jönsson, J. H. & Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. (2017). Marginalization and social work in a changing society: Older refugees and social work. In: : . Paper presented at IFSW European Conference 2017 – Marginalization and Social Work in a Changing Society, 28-30 May, 2017, Reykjavik, Island.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Marginalization and social work in a changing society: Older refugees and social work
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The recent “refugee crisis” is due to global inequalities, wars and conflicts, political and social instabilities which have led to deterioration in the living conditions of many people in non-Western countries; resulting in displacement of millions of people on a global scale. A “substantial number” of people who flee to European countries are older refugees who loose their social networks in times of crises and large-scale emmigration. Given the lack of job opportunities for older people they become socioeconomically and culturally marginalised in the host countries. Older refugees and their living conditions have been overlooked in global social problems such as forced migration and rarely addressed by social work programs or professionals, although social workers play a key role in in supporting the rapidly ageing world. This presentation critically examines the hindrances and opportunities for the inclusion of older persons in the host society. The preliminary results of the study show the structural hindrances such as the pension system and the advanced labour market but also possibilities of receiving a relatively good health care and public economic support. It is argued that social work should actively be engaged in structural reforms to improve the living conditions of older refugees.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31394 (URN)
Conference
IFSW European Conference 2017 – Marginalization and Social Work in a Changing Society, 28-30 May, 2017, Reykjavik, Island
Available from: 2017-08-14 Created: 2017-08-14 Last updated: 2017-08-24Bibliographically approved
Ghazanfareeon Karlsson, S. & Espvall, M. (2016). Intimacy and obligations in LAT relationships in late life. In: Jamila Bookwala (Ed.), Couple relationships in the middle and later years: Their nature, complexity, and role in health and illness (pp. 77-94). Washington: American Psychological Association (APA)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intimacy and obligations in LAT relationships in late life
2016 (English)In: Couple relationships in the middle and later years: Their nature, complexity, and role in health and illness / [ed] Jamila Bookwala, Washington: American Psychological Association (APA), 2016, p. 77-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter, we discuss how new forms of intimate relationships among older adults, exemplified by living-apart-together relationships (LAT) relationships, challenge family obligations, especially under Swedish conditions and its welfare state arrangement of eldercare. By analyzing motives and social constructions of LAT relationships, the overall aim is to explore how expectations of informal caring affect intimacy and obligations in older adults’ LAT relations. Consistent with our aim we give particular emphasis to strategies involved when partners are dealing with expectations of care and support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington: American Psychological Association (APA), 2016
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29518 (URN)10.1037/14897-005 (DOI)9781433822094 (ISBN)1433822091 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-12-12 Last updated: 2018-08-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7477-3071

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