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Viitasara, Eija, DocentORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3664-8290
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Publications (10 of 43) Show all publications
Ziaei, R., Shahi, H., Dastgiri, S., Mohammadi, R. & Viitasara, E. (2019). Fruit and vegetable intake and its correlates among high-school students in Iran: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Public Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fruit and vegetable intake and its correlates among high-school students in Iran: a cross-sectional study
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Public Health, ISSN 2198-1833, E-ISSN 1613-2238Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Background

Two important components of a healthy diet are fruits and vegetables (F&V), which are essential for maintaining physical health. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of F&V intake among high school adolescents in the city of Tabriz.

Methods

The Global School-based Student Health Survey self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection among 1517 adolescents.

Results

The prevalence of fruit intake was 76.1% (≥ 2 times/day) and vegetable intake 23% (≥ 3 times/day). Being at the third level of high school and having sedentary behavior, low intake of vegetables, low or lack of parental support, lack of peer support and lack of enough food at home were significantly associated with low consumption of fruit among students. Also, being overweight or obese and having low intake of fruit, low or lack of peer support, and being physically inactive were significantly associated with low intake of vegetables.

Conclusion

Results suggest that interventions targeting personal, interpersonal and environmental factors for increased F&V consumption should be given more priority by the public health authorities.

Keywords
Fruit intake, Vegetable intake, Physical activity, Students, Global school-based student health survey, Iran
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35002 (URN)10.1007/s10389-019-01084-2 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2019-05-29
Carlerby, H., Svanholm, S. & Viitasara, E. (2018). Authority officials' views on health promotion and power relations among new arrivals in northern Sweden. European Journal of Public Health, 28, 115-115
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Authority officials' views on health promotion and power relations among new arrivals in northern Sweden
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 115-115Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33736 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/cky048.010 (DOI)000432430700325 ()
Available from: 2018-06-10 Created: 2018-06-10 Last updated: 2018-06-10Bibliographically approved
Svanholm, S., Carlerby, H. & Viitasara, E. (2018). Authority officials' views on organisation and collaboration in health promotion for new arrivals in Sweden. European Journal of Public Health, 28, 129-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Authority officials' views on organisation and collaboration in health promotion for new arrivals in Sweden
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 129-129Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33737 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/cky048.053 (DOI)000432430700368 ()
Available from: 2018-06-10 Created: 2018-06-10 Last updated: 2018-06-10Bibliographically approved
Viitasara, E., Svanholm, S. & Carlerby, H. (2018). Health promoting factors for newly arrived migrants - Experiences from rural and urban municipalities. European Journal of Public Health, 28, 475-476
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health promoting factors for newly arrived migrants - Experiences from rural and urban municipalities
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 475-476Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36161 (URN)000461384202183 ()
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Carlerby, H., Svanholm, S. & Viitasara, E. (2018). How population density and type of the municipality in Sweden influences health promotion activities for newly arrivals. European Journal of Public Health, 28, 146-146
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How population density and type of the municipality in Sweden influences health promotion activities for newly arrivals
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 146-146Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33735 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/cky048.106 (DOI)000432430700422 ()
Available from: 2018-06-10 Created: 2018-06-10 Last updated: 2018-06-10Bibliographically approved
Svanholm, S., Carlerby, H. & Viitasara, E. (2018). Local authority officials' collaboration in health promotion activities for newly arrived migrants. Paper presented at 11th European Public Health Conference. Ljubljana, Slovenia, 28 November - 1 December, 2018. European Journal of Public Health, 28, 469-470
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local authority officials' collaboration in health promotion activities for newly arrived migrants
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 469-470Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36158 (URN)000461384202165 ()
Conference
11th European Public Health Conference. Ljubljana, Slovenia, 28 November - 1 December, 2018
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Carlerby, H., Svanholm, S. & Viitasara, E. (2018). Officials' reflections about health promotion and power relations among newly arrived migrants. European Journal of Public Health, 28, 474-475
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Officials' reflections about health promotion and power relations among newly arrived migrants
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 474-475Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36163 (URN)000461384202180 ()
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Begum, A., Viitasara, E., Soares, J., Rahman, A. F. & Macassa, G. (2018). Parental socio-economic position and suicidal ideation among adolescents in Rural Bangladesh. Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (4), Article ID 1018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental socio-economic position and suicidal ideation among adolescents in Rural Bangladesh
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 2637-8027, no 4, article id 1018Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:  Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide and becoming a public health concern among adolescents. However, adolescent suicidal behaviour is a neglected public health issue, especially in low-income countries such as Bangladesh. Of great importance is the understanding of which factors might be related to this growing public problem. 

Objective: To examine the relationship between parental socio-economic position and suicide ideation among adolescents in rural Bangladesh

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2013 among 2,476 adolescents, aged 14-19 years, selected randomly from a rural community of Bangladesh. An adapted version of the WHO/SUPRE-MISS questionnaire was used to collect data in the Raiganj sub-district, which is a surveillance area of the Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB).

Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the data. Comparisons of proportions between groups were carried out using the χ2 test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between parental co-variants and suicidal thoughts among adolescents. The significance level was set atp <0.05. All analyses were performed using SPSS 20.

Results: The majority of parents had education only up to primary school (mothers 58.7% and fathers 49.5%). Most of them were farmers (53.3% of fathers) and housewives (96.5% of mothers). Monthly income and expenditure of the adolescent’s parents were mainly upto 10,000 taka only. Suicidal ideation is more common among adolescents of low income group parents 104 (5.5%) and who were not living with their parents 18 (8.2%). Adolescent’s suicidal ideation was found to be significantly associated with education, marital status and house ownership of their parents. Not being able to live with their parents was also a significant factor. Parents who received education up to SSC had odds ratio of 2.10 (1.21,3.64) and 1.92 (1.15, 3.23) for mothers and fathers respectively. Parent’s income or expenditure was not associated with adolescent’s suicidal ideation. Adolescent’s suicidal ideation of single parents had higher odds (OR 3.00, CI 1.75-5.19) in comparison to adolescents who had both parents. Adolescents whose parents owned a house and who weren’t living withtheir parents had odds ratios of 0.14 (0.05,0.35), and 1.80 (1.07,3.03) respectively. After adjusting for other covariates parents’ marital status and house ownership significantly associated with the adolescent suicide ideation.

Conclusion: Parental socio-economic position was associated with suicidal ideation. Adolescent with single parents were more likely to report suicidal ideation. Low parental education and socio-economic status, marital status, house ownership, not living with parents at home as well as adolescent loneliness were the important factors for suicidal ideation.

Keywords
Parents; Socio-economic; Suicidal ideation; Rural; Adolescents
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36045 (URN)10.33582/2637-8027/1018 (DOI)
Projects
Suicide ideation among adolescents in Rural Bangladesh
Note

Open Access/ Research Article

Available from: 2019-04-25 Created: 2019-04-25 Last updated: 2019-05-07Bibliographically approved
Hashemi, E., Zangi, M., Sadeghi-Bazargani, H., Soares, J., Viitasara, E. & Mohammadi, R. (2018). Population-based epidemiology of non-fatal injuries in Tehran, Iran. Health Promotion Perspectives, 8(2), 127-132
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Population-based epidemiology of non-fatal injuries in Tehran, Iran
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2018 (English)In: Health Promotion Perspectives, ISSN 2228-6497, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 127-132Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Our aim in this survey was to explore descriptive epidemiology of injuries in Tehran in 2012 and to report the recalled estimates of injury incidence rates.

Methods: A population survey was conducted in Tehran during 2012, within which a total of 8626 participants were enrolled. The cluster sampling was used to draw samples in 100 clusters with a pre-specified cluster size of 25 households per cluster. Data were collected on demographic features, accident and injury characteristics based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD10).

Results: A total of 618 injuries per 3 months were reported, within which 597 cases (96.6%)were unintentional injuries. More than 82% of all injuries were those caused by exposure to inanimate mechanical forces, traffic accidents, falls and burns. Above 80% of the traffic injuries happened among men (P<0.001). About 43% of the unintentional injuries were mild injuries.After the age of 40, women, unlike men, had higher risks for being injured. The estimated annual incidence rate for all types of injuries was 284.8 per 1000 (95% CI: 275.4-294.4) and for unintentional injuries was 275.2 per 1000.

Conclusion: Injuries are major health problems in Tehran with a highly reported incidence. The status is not substantially improved over the recent years which urges the need to be adequately and emergently addressed. As the incidence rate was estimated based on participant recalls, the real incidence rate may even be higher than those reported in the current study.

National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34218 (URN)10.15171/hpp.2018.16 (DOI)000436136100005 ()29744308 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85061202827 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-08-10 Created: 2018-08-10 Last updated: 2019-03-19Bibliographically approved
Sotoudeh, G. R., Reza, M., Zahra, M., Viitasara, E. & Soares, J. J. .. (2018). The prevalence, circumstances and consequences of unintentional falls among elderly Iranians: A population study. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Print), 79, 123-130
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The prevalence, circumstances and consequences of unintentional falls among elderly Iranians: A population study
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2018 (English)In: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics (Print), ISSN 0167-4943, E-ISSN 1872-6976, Vol. 79, p. 123-130Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and aim

Falling threatens the health, independence and quality of life of older adults. Information about characteristics and predisposing factors of falls is essential to develop and implement effective preventing measure. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence, circumstances and consequences of falls among community-dwelling older adults in Tehran, Iran, and scrutinize factors (e.g. demographics) associated with falls.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehran. A total of 653 individuals aged 65 years and over were selected by a stratified random sampling as representing older adults in Tehran. All required data were collected through face-to-face interviews using questionnaires.

Results

The prevalence of falls was 39.7% and higher in women than in men. For both sexes, most of the falls occurred in the afternoon (n = 135, 52.1%) and at home (n = 209, 80.7%). One-fourth of the falls (23.2%) occurred in a forward direction, mostly among women (60%). For both sexes, one-third of the causes of falls were loss of balance, mostly among women and the oldest persons. Two-hundred and twelve of the fallers reported injuries. The logistic regression showed that female gender, low education and constant worries about living expenses were significantly associated with falls.

Conclusions

This study may have provided new insights into the characteristics/ circumstances/ consequences of injurious falls and their relation with age, gender and injury severity in Iran. It may be useful for health policy makers and health providers when designing falls intervention and prevention programs at the community level.

Keywords
Falls, Prevalence, Older adults, Circumstances, Consequences
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34471 (URN)10.1016/j.archger.2018.08.001 (DOI)000447149300020 ()30205318 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85053056987 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-09-21 Created: 2018-09-21 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3664-8290

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