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Olofsdotter, Gunilla
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Publications (10 of 50) Show all publications
Mathiassen, S. E., Bolin, M., Olofsdotter, G. & Johansson, E. (2020). Equal health at work?: Protocol for an observational study of work organisation, workload and musculoskeletal complaints among women and men in grocery retail. BMJ Open, 10(1), Article ID e032409.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equal health at work?: Protocol for an observational study of work organisation, workload and musculoskeletal complaints among women and men in grocery retail
2020 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 10, no 1, article id e032409Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Women generally report more work-related musculoskeletal complaints than men and have higher rates of sickness absence, even within occupations. One likely reason is that work tasks within the occupation are gendered, that is, women and men have different tasks, even when sharing the same job title. Retail is an appealing sector for studying working conditions and work environment in a gender context. The prevalence of work-related complaints is high, physical loads may differ considerably between tasks and the distribution of tasks is likely gendered. The overall aim of this study in retail is to examine factors at the organisational and individual level that may, in a gender perspective, explain working conditions, work tasks, workloads and musculoskeletal health. METHODS AND ANALYSES: Data will be collected in two grocery stores, each with 50-70 workers, at two occasions interspersed by about 1 year. In each of these four waves, data collection will include a web-based questionnaire to all workers addressing, for example, work tasks, psychosocial factors, fatigue and pain; semistructured interviews with managers and approximately 10 workers addressing, for example, competences and decision levels; and technical measurements of postures, movements and heart rate in about 30 workers. The study is novel in combining an organisational gender perspective addressed through qualitative methods with a quantitative analysis of tasks, workload and health. The design allows an examination of both how genders may differ, and why they may differ, as well as analyses of the extent to which gendered working conditions change over time in the two participating stores. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Approval of the study by the Swedish Ethical Review Authority (reference number 2017/404) has been obtained. This work will be disseminated by publication of peer-reviewed papers in scientific journals, presentations at scientific conferences and in meetings with representatives from Swedish retail, including unions and employers' organisations. 

Keywords
musculoskeletal, occupational & industrial medicine, public health, work environment
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38282 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032409 (DOI)2-s2.0-85077884610 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-01-27 Created: 2020-01-27 Last updated: 2020-01-27Bibliographically approved
Bolin, M. & Olofsdotter, G. (2019). Bringing Organizations Back in: Going from Healthy Work to Healthy Workplaces. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 9(4), 3-17
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bringing Organizations Back in: Going from Healthy Work to Healthy Workplaces
2019 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 3-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to discuss how the concept of inequality regimes can contribute to theoretical and methodological advances in occupational health research. We posit the mutual advantages of bringing together feminist intersectional analysis of inequality in working life with studies of working conditions and health. The job demands and control model (JDC) is used as a starting point for the discussion. Reintegration of organizational analysis into studies of working conditions and health is warranted, as organizations influence how working conditions are distributed and individuals are stratified in the labor market. We refer to that development as going from healthy work to healthy workplaces. We discuss how the concept of inequality regimes is open for mixed method analysis and how it can be used as a theoretical framework for unraveling the ways in which inequalities in working conditions and health are (re)created in different types of organizations.

Keywords
Health, Working Environment & Wellbeing, Gender, Ethnicity, Age and Diversity, Organization & Management
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38142 (URN)10.18291/njwls.v9i4.117779 (DOI)000505212900002 ()
Available from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved
Bolin, M., Olofsdotter, G. & Jonsson, F. (2019). Heltid som norm -  en arbetstidsmodell för hållbara arbetsvillkor inom välfärdssektorn?. Sundsvall
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heltid som norm -  en arbetstidsmodell för hållbara arbetsvillkor inom välfärdssektorn?
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Möjlighet till heltidsarbete för alla anställda är ett uttalat mål i det avtal som slutits mellan Kommunal och Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting. Den stora andelen deltidsarbete inom välfärdssektorn beskrivs som problematiskt ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv och en försvårande omständighet vid rekrytering och för kontinuitet i bemanning. Inom Sundsvalls Kommun inleddes 2018 ett projekt för att införa ”Heltid som norm” för både befintliga tjänster och nyanställningar. Den lösning som har valts är en arbetstidsmodell som gå under beteckningen ”85/10/5”, där siffrorna representerar arbetstid i procent. Åttiofem procent av arbetstiden är förlagd till den anställdes ordinarie arbetsplats. Tio procent utgör vikarietid inom den egna, eller en annan verksamhet. De resterande fem procenten avsätts för APT och kompetensutveckling. Totalt omfattades sju av kommunens verksamheter inom Socialtjänsten, tre äldreboenden och fyra gruppboenden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: , 2019. p. 44
Keywords
Heltidsarbete, jämställdhet, arbetsmiljö, arbetsvillkor, omsorgsyrken
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37493 (URN)978-91-88947-20-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-10-08 Created: 2019-10-08 Last updated: 2019-10-29Bibliographically approved
Mathiassen, S. E., Johansson, E., Bolin, M. & Olofsdotter, G. (2019). Jämställd arbetshälsa? genus, arbetsorganisation och fysisk belastning inom detaljhandeln. In: Arbetsmiljöverket (Ed.), Arbetsmiljö och ohälsa i ett genusperspektiv: Uppdragsforskning med relevans ör tillsynsverksamhet (pp. 22-36). Stockholm: Arbetsmiljöverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Jämställd arbetshälsa? genus, arbetsorganisation och fysisk belastning inom detaljhandeln
2019 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmiljö och ohälsa i ett genusperspektiv: Uppdragsforskning med relevans ör tillsynsverksamhet / [ed] Arbetsmiljöverket, Stockholm: Arbetsmiljöverket , 2019, p. 22-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Arbetsmiljöverket, 2019
Series
Arbetsmiljöverket Rapport, ISSN 1650-3717 ; 2019:7
Keywords
arbetsmiljö, belastningskador, arbetsvillkor, genus
National Category
Sociology Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37497 (URN)
Available from: 2019-10-08 Created: 2019-10-08 Last updated: 2019-10-21Bibliographically approved
Zampoukos, K., Knutsen, H. M., Kiil, M. B. & Olofsdotter, G. (2018). Mobile with an agency: Negotiating the spatiotemporalities of the temp migrant worker. Geoforum, 93, 40-47, Article ID GEOF_2541.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobile with an agency: Negotiating the spatiotemporalities of the temp migrant worker
2018 (English)In: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 93, p. 40-47, article id GEOF_2541Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several calls have been made by labour geographers in support for a more thorough investigation and theorization of labour as an active agent in the production of economic geographies. The present paper responds to this challenge by examining how Swedish agency warehouse workers and temp nurses working in Norway act and think in relation to mobility and how certain spatiotemporalities come into play in the mobility agency of individual workers. Though we are particularly concerned with the ambiguities involved in the relationship between mobility, agency and power, a second objective is to contribute to the theorization of how space and time matters to mobile workers. Drawing on data from twenty interviews with Swedish temp nurses and six focus group interviews with Swedish agency warehouse workers, and by combining several strands of literature ranging from current research on mobilities and migration to the work of classical scholars in geography and sociology, we propose that a ‘trialectics of spatiotemporalities’ is part and parcel of workers’ mobility agency. Furthermore, our findings suggest that the purposive agency as emphasized for instance by the notion of ‘mobility strategy’ needs to be complemented by a conceptualization of agency that includes what we term (erratic) probing. We conclude that labour mobility may be strategic and a sign of power, but not always and everywhere, and not in any pure sense.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
labour mobility, agency, spatiotemporalities, migrant worker, Norway, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33615 (URN)10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.05.003 (DOI)000441117400005 ()2-s2.0-85046693447 (Scopus ID)ETOUR (Local ID)ETOUR (Archive number)ETOUR (OAI)
Projects
The Impact of Temporary Work Agencies on the Politics of Work
Funder
The Research Council of Norway, 227021
Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2018-09-26Bibliographically approved
Bolin, M. & Olofsdotter, G. (2018). ”Our culture can be described as ‘Management by excel’”: Challenging inequality in the forestry industry. In: : . Paper presented at 9th Nordic Working Life Conference: Creating a sustainable future of work in the Nordic countries, Oslo, 13-15 juni, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Our culture can be described as ‘Management by excel’”: Challenging inequality in the forestry industry
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Despite the increasing proportion of women in traditionally male-dominated occupations, the Swedish labor market is still highly gender- segregated. An example is the Swedish forest industry in which about 90 percent of the labor force are men. The male dominance is identified as a barrier for development and has resulted in aspiration for gender equality. Social justice, increased competitiveness, and improved legitimacy as a modern and contemporary industry are examples of arguments used (Johansson). Earlier studies have found that the masculine coded culture within   forestry might obstruct development as well as recruitment of employees. The industry is described as unmodern and old-fogeyish which may result in loss of competence if qualified staff decides to leave the forest industry. Difficulties to recruit and keep staff are put forward as contributing causes to the later years increased endeavor for gender equality. It was based on such a problem description one of the major forest companies initiated their work with the goal of creating a gender equal organization.  A first step was to carry out a quantitative and qualitative status report of attitudes and experiences of employee’ working conditions and work environment from a gender perspective.  

Our aim is to problematize the gendered implications of employees and managers working conditions and work environment. The theoretical framework of ´inequality regimes´, as presented by Acker (2006) inspires the analysis. The concept was developed as a means of examining the production and reproduction of complex inequalities based on class, gender and race in organizations. The empirical material that is presented in this article is based on focus group interviews and a questionnaire that was completed by personnel and managers employed in a company in the forest industry. The paper contributes with new insights on women’s labor market (dis)advantage in Nordic welfare states by discussing how particular patterns of inequality are (re)produced by emphasizing a description of inequalities, based on a quantitative analysis, and the experiences of inequalities based on a qualitative analysis.

The results unfolds a gendered logic of the company that includes certain norms that are built on the image of the ideal, abstract worker, in this case a white male working full time, who enjoys hunting, has a hunting dog, feels at home in the woods and has an educational background in forestry. The organizational culture is characterized by a hegemonic masculinity based on rationality and competitiveness, a “management by excel”. This also highlight a culture where quantitative measurements has the upper hand and obstruct the possibilities to challenge inequalities. Such normalization of the hegemonic masculinity places women as something deviant, an exception from the normal. These masculine norms and culture highlights how gendered inequalities are reproduced in everyday activities, practices and processes in this company.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35313 (URN)
Conference
9th Nordic Working Life Conference: Creating a sustainable future of work in the Nordic countries, Oslo, 13-15 juni, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2018-12-21Bibliographically approved
Ek, Å. & Olofsdotter, G. (2017). Genusperspektiv på olycksfall och dödsolyckor i arbetslivet. Stockholm: Arbetsmiljöverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Genusperspektiv på olycksfall och dödsolyckor i arbetslivet
2017 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Arbetsmiljöverket, 2017. p. 57
Series
Arbetsmiljöverkets kunskapssammanställning, ISSN 1650-3171 ; 2017:4
Keywords
Arbetsmiljö, genus, dödsolyckor, maskuliniteter
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32392 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
Olofsdotter, G. & Bolin, M. (2017). Jämställdhetskartläggning SCA Skog AB. Sundsvall
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Jämställdhetskartläggning SCA Skog AB
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: , 2017. p. 51
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32395 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-11 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2018-01-04Bibliographically approved
Zampoukos, K., Knutsen, H. M., Bjerga Kiil, M. & Olofsdotter, G. (2017). Swedish temp nurses and agency warehouse workers in Norway: Negotiating and strategizing the spatiotemporalities of the migrant worker. In: : . Paper presented at Nordic Geographers Meeting (NGM), 18-21 of June, 2017 in Stockholm.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish temp nurses and agency warehouse workers in Norway: Negotiating and strategizing the spatiotemporalities of the migrant worker
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we seek to contribute to the theorization of migrant workers’ ability to strategize around their mobility by exploring the labour mobilities of Swedish agency warehouse workers and temp nurses working in Norway. Nurses and warehouse workers obviously differ in terms of for instance skills and market power, and these differences clearly impact on their mobility strategies. However, our findings also point to the plasticity of workers’ mobility strategies, with workers who make up their pathways as they go and/or as circumstances change. In this paper, therefore, we argue that the intentional, purposive agency as emphasized by the notion of ‘strategy’ (as in ‘mobility strategy’) needs to be complemented by a conceptualization of agency that includes (erratic) probing.  Mobility strategies evolve as workers negotiate the spatiotemporalities typically involved in the existence of the migrant worker, i. e. the lives and places that they have (temporarily) left behind, the present situation as temps/agency workers in the host country, and the future that lies ahead. Following from this, we argue that workers mobility agency is imbued as well as informed by the spatiotemporalities of the ‘past-space’, the ‘now-space’ and the ‘may-be space’.   

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31657 (URN)
Conference
Nordic Geographers Meeting (NGM), 18-21 of June, 2017 in Stockholm
Projects
The impact of temporary work agencies on the politics of work
Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-21 Last updated: 2017-09-22Bibliographically approved
Olofsdotter, G. & Randevåg, L. (2016). Doing masculinities in construction project management: "We understand each other, but she.....". Gender in Management, 31(2), 134-153
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Doing masculinities in construction project management: "We understand each other, but she....."
2016 (English)In: Gender in Management, ISSN 1754-2413, E-ISSN 1754-2421, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 134-153Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - This study aims to examine how masculinities are (re) producedin project- based organizations. The authors first investigate the doingof masculinities in everyday work practices in construction projectmanagement. Second, the authors investigate whether there areopportunities to perceive, or do, gender differently in this specificcontext.

Design/methodology/approach - Data are elicited from a case study ofconstruction project managers working on a infrastructure project. Theproject managers were interviewed through semi-structured informalinterviews regarding their experiences of project work. The analysis wasinspired by the competing discourses and practices of masculinity inorganizations outlined by Collinson and Hearn (1994).

Findings - The results showed how multiple masculinities coexist andoverlap in the project organization and in the everyday practices ofproject management. Both male and female project managers must adjust tothese masculine discourses and act in accordance with a particularcontext. But the results also showed opportunities to challenge themasculine norms by doing gender differently.

Practical implications - The results of this study highlightsopportunities for creating a more gender-equal work environment in theconstruction industry. The multiple ways of doing masculinity, by bothmen and women, highlights the possibilities to balance between doing itwell and differently. Such knowledge can be used in policy andstrategies for equal opportunities for men and women in organizations.

Originality/value - This study provides insights into the (re)production of multiple masculinities in construction project management.This study contributes to the criticism of the normative conceptionsthat have characterized the literature on project management. Theauthors add to the tradition of organization studies by arguing that thegender analysis of project management is important to increaseunderstandings of how projects are managed and, in this case, howmasculine discourses affect everyday work.

Keywords
Gender, Construction industry, Doing gender, Project management, Masculinities
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-27673 (URN)10.1108/GM-04-2015-0030 (DOI)000381907500004 ()2-s2.0-85013498460 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Personaluthyrningens betydelse, omställdningsförmåga, kompetensöverföring
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2016-05-17 Created: 2016-05-17 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
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