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Biography [eng]

I did my Ph.D. thesis on the processing of emotional facial expressions, particularly regarding automatic (non-conscious) autonomic physiological responses. In general, I can consider my main area of research to be in the field of psychology of emotions, principally in the relationship between basic cognitive processes (attention, memory, and learning) and affective reactions. A central topic has been the study of attentional biases to emotionally relevant stimuli, both threatening (angry faces, snakes and spiders) and with positive valence (e.g., food).

Biography [swe]

Min avhandling handlade om kognitiv bearbetning av emotionella ansiktsuttryck, särskilt när det gäller automatiska (icke-medvetna) autonoma fysiologiska responsen. Allmänt kan jag betrakta mitt forskningshuvudområde inom emotionspsykologi, främst i studie av sambandet mellan grundläggande kognitiva processer (uppmärksamhet, minne och inlärning) och affektiva reaktioner. Ett centralt tema har varit studie av uppmärksamhetsbias till emotionella relevanta stimuli, både hotande (arga ansikten, ormar och spindlar) och med positiv valens (t ex mat).

Publications (10 of 89) Show all publications
Silva, C., Jover, C., Da Fonseca, D., Esteves, F. & Deruelle, C. (2019). Acting on observed social exclusion and pro-social behaviour in autism spectrum disorder. Autism
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acting on observed social exclusion and pro-social behaviour in autism spectrum disorder
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2019 (English)In: Autism, ISSN 1362-3613, E-ISSN 1461-7005Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Humans are commonly motivated towards cooperation and prosociality. In this study, we examined this motivational predisposition in autistic individuals. Using an adaptation of the Cyberball paradigm, we investigated subsequent pro-social behaviour after witnessing social exclusion. Participants witnessed and played a series of Cyberball games, rated their affective state and valued emotional faces with respect to their approachability. Results showed that participants from both groups were aware of the social exclusion. However, while neurotypically developing participants engaged in pro-social behaviour in reaction to the exclusion, autistic participants showed less alterations, in terms of either behaviour or affective state. The current findings suggest a distinct motivational drive and processing of social reward stimuli in autism, which may result in behavioural responses divergent from typical development when engaging in the social world.

Keywords
autism spectrum disorder, motivation drive, observed social exclusion, pro-social behaviour, social reward
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36833 (URN)10.1177/1362361319857578 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-12 Created: 2019-08-12 Last updated: 2019-08-12Bibliographically approved
Margalhos, P., Esteves, F., Vila, J. & Arriaga, P. (2019). Emotional Impact and Perceived Effectiveness of Text-Only versus Graphic Health Warning Tobacco Labels on Adolescents. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 22
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emotional Impact and Perceived Effectiveness of Text-Only versus Graphic Health Warning Tobacco Labels on Adolescents
2019 (English)In: The Spanish Journal of Psychology, ISSN 1138-7416, E-ISSN 1988-2904, Vol. 22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study of smoking in adolescence is of major importance as nicotine dependence often begins in younger groups. Tobacco health warnings have been introduced to inform people of the negative consequences of smoking. This study assessed the emotions and perceived effectiveness of two formats of tobacco warnings on adolescents: Text-only versus graphic warning labels. In addition, we analyzed how emotions predicted their perceived effectiveness. In a cross-sectional study, 413 adolescents (131 smokers, 282 non-smokers) between 13-20 years of age rated their emotions (valence and arousal) and perceived effectiveness towards a set of tobacco warnings. Results showed that graphic warnings evoked higher arousal than text-only warning labels (p =.038). Most of the warning labels also evoked unpleasantness with smokers reporting higher unpleasantness regarding text-only warnings compared to non-smokers (p =.002). In contrast, perceived effectiveness of the warnings was lower in smokers than in non-smokers (p =.029). Finally, high arousal and being a non-smoker explained 14% of the variance of perceiving the warnings more effective. Given the role that warnings may play in increasing health awareness, these findings highlight how smoking status and emotions are important predictors of the way adolescents consider tobacco health labels to be effective.

Keywords
adolescents, emotions, perceived effectiveness, tobacco health labels
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36196 (URN)10.1017/sjp.2019.20 (DOI)000466306000002 ()30994083 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
Champoux-Larsson, M.-F., Dylman, A., Örnkloo, H. & Esteves, F. (2019). Identification of facial expressions of emotion by 4-year-old children from different linguistic environments. International Journal of Bilingualism, 23(5), 1208-1219
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identification of facial expressions of emotion by 4-year-old children from different linguistic environments
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0069, E-ISSN 1756-6878, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 1208-1219Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current study investigated the identification of facial expressions of emotion, a socio-emotional task that has not previously been examined in children from different linguistic environments. Eighty-four 4-year-olds growing up in one of three linguistic environments (monolingual, dominant bilingual, balanced bilingual) performed a task where they identified facial expressions (happiness, anger, sadness, fear). Accuracy was analysed with a mixed-design analysis of variance using group (monolinguals, dominant bilinguals and balanced bilinguals) and emotion (happy, angry, sad and scared) as between- and within-group variables, respectively. Our results showed a main effect of emotion, but there was no main effect of group. This suggests that 4-year-olds’ linguistic environment does not affect performance on an identification of facial expressions task. This study was the first to investigate the identification of facial expressions of emotion in children coming from different linguistic environments. As the socio-emotional development of bilinguals is not yet well understood, especially regarding the visual perception of emotions, this study is amongst the first to contribute to this area of research. Our results are therefore of significance as a building block for additional studies that should explore the visual perception of emotions in other types of tasks and populations.

Keywords
Facial expression of emotion, socio-emotional development, linguistic environment, language exposure, emotion perception
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33781 (URN)10.1177/1367006918781069 (DOI)000485962600020 ()2-s2.0-85048768132 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2019-11-12Bibliographically approved
Champoux-Larsson, M.-F., Dylman, A. & Esteves, F. (2018). Bilingualism and social flexibility. In: : . Paper presented at Social Communication Across the Lifespan, University of Kent, Canterbury, England, 27th-29th June, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bilingualism and social flexibility
2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34043 (URN)
Conference
Social Communication Across the Lifespan, University of Kent, Canterbury, England, 27th-29th June, 2018
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved
Champoux-Larsson, M.-F., Dylman, A. & Esteves, F. (2018). Bilinguals' social flexibility. In: : . Paper presented at International Conference on Bilingualism and Cognition, Pilani Goa Campus, India,November 1-3, 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bilinguals' social flexibility
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34848 (URN)
Conference
International Conference on Bilingualism and Cognition, Pilani Goa Campus, India,November 1-3, 2018
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-11-02 Last updated: 2018-11-14Bibliographically approved
Santos, I. F., Machado, P. P. & Esteves, F. (2018). Development and validation of the Portuguese version of the Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale. Ansiedad y Estres, 24(2-3), 81-89
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development and validation of the Portuguese version of the Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale
2018 (English)In: Ansiedad y Estres, ISSN 1134-7937, Vol. 24, no 2-3, p. 81-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents the psychometric properties for the Portuguese population of a brief self-report scale for diagnosing anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED): the Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale (Stice et al., 2000). Method: To study the psychometric properties of EDDS, an exploratory factor analysis was done first, followed by a confirmatory factor analysis. Results: The results of the exploratory factor analysis revealed the existence of three components and the confirmatory factor analysis showed a structure with three latent variables (Body and Weight Concerns, Binge Eating Behaviour and Compensatory Behaviours), with a second order variable (Eating Disorder Symptoms) with a good adjustment fit. The internal consistency and the test–retest correlations revealed an adequate reliability and the inter-correlations of the EDDS subscales with other measures of the same and different constructs, supported the convergent and discriminant validity of this measure. Conclusions: Summing up, the EDDS seems to be a useful measure to assess eating disorders symptomatology in the Portuguese population. 

Keywords
Eating disorders, EDDS, Psychometric properties
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34597 (URN)10.1016/j.anyes.2018.07.002 (DOI)000454357400005 ()2-s2.0-85052726752 (Scopus ID)
Note

[Desarrollo y validación de la versión portuguesa de la Escala de Diagnóstico del Trastorno Alimentario]

Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2019-03-27Bibliographically approved
Ruiz Padial, E., Esteves, F., Thayer, J., Mata Martin, J. L. & Reyes del Paso, G. (2018). Relationship Between Brain And Heart Responses In Exogenous Attention To Humor And Incongruence: Preliminary Results. Paper presented at 58th Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Psychophysiological-Research, Quebec City, CANADA, OCT 03-07, 2018. Psychophysiology, 55(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Relationship Between Brain And Heart Responses In Exogenous Attention To Humor And Incongruence: Preliminary Results
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2018 (English)In: Psychophysiology, ISSN 0048-5772, E-ISSN 1469-8986, Vol. 55, no 1Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018
Keywords
Humor; Attention; Event-related Potentials
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35856 (URN)000453539300486 ()
Conference
58th Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Psychophysiological-Research, Quebec City, CANADA, OCT 03-07, 2018
Available from: 2019-03-25 Created: 2019-03-25 Last updated: 2019-03-25Bibliographically approved
Esteves, F., Bernhardsson, J., Jansson, B. & Sundin, Ö. (2017). Emotional arousal and attention bias to female body shapes. In: : . Paper presented at 57 Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Vienna, Austria, October 11-15, 2017 (pp. s151-s151). , 54
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emotional arousal and attention bias to female body shapes
2017 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33459 (URN)000415045300606 ()
Conference
57 Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Vienna, Austria, October 11-15, 2017
Available from: 2018-04-08 Created: 2018-04-08 Last updated: 2019-05-28Bibliographically approved
Dylman, A., Champoux-Larsson, M.-F. & Esteves, F. (2017). Gender differences in the generation of emotional words in children and adults. In: : . Paper presented at 13th International Symposium of Psycholinguistics, Braga, Portugal, April 5-8, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender differences in the generation of emotional words in children and adults
2017 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Studies have traditionally shown that there are differences between the number of words that men and women produce, where females generally produce more words than males. The same has been found for emotional words. However, it is unclear when during development, and why those differences arise. In order to understand this issue better, we replicated a study by Neshat Doost et al. (1999) on a Swedish population. Not only did we study emotional word generation in children (n = 127, age range 8-10 years) as in the original study by Neshat Doost et al. (1999), but we also tested an adult population (n = 183, mean age = 27.7 years) in order to compare different stages in life. Participants generated words based on ten categories, two of which were neutral, and eight of which were emotional categories, covering various aspects of happiness, sadness, and fear. Our results show similar gender differences in the targeted age groups. For the younger population, females produced more words than males in all emotional categories, but there was no difference in the neutral category. Similarly, in the adult population, women generated more words than men in most emotional categories, but no differences were found in the neutral categories. Overall, our results show no gender differences in word generation of neutral words for both the younger and the adult participants, but when it comes to the emotional categories, the female participants generated significantly more words than their male peers. This trend is observable even in children as young as 8-10 years, and persists into adulthood. Our results suggest that gender differences in amount of words generated is specific to, or at least more prominent for emotional words.

National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32166 (URN)
Conference
13th International Symposium of Psycholinguistics, Braga, Portugal, April 5-8, 2017
Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Champoux-Larsson, M.-F., Dylman, A. & Esteves, F. (2017). Identification of facial expressions of emotion in bilingual children with different exposures to their languages. In: : . Paper presented at 13th International Symposium of Psycholinguistics, April 5-8, 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identification of facial expressions of emotion in bilingual children with different exposures to their languages
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We investigated the emotional development of bilingual children by measuring balanced and unbalanced 4-year-old bilinguals’ performance on an identification of emotional facial expressions task. A total of 84 children were divided into three groups: balanced bilinguals, unbalanced bilinguals, and monolinguals. Participants completed a computerized task where photographs of faces displaying anger, happiness, sadness, and fear were presented. The groups generally performed in line with previous research, but slightly differently from each other. For all three groups, the results showed that anger and happiness were more accurately identified, while sadness and fear were still difficult to identify for children at this age. However, there were interesting trends suggesting that balanced bilinguals made more refined judgments than the two other groups. Overall, this study supports the idea that the development of bilingual children is similar to their monolingual peers when it comes to learning to identify facial expressions of emotions, but that proportion of exposure to the bilingual child’s languages may lead to slightly different developmental courses.

National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32163 (URN)
Conference
13th International Symposium of Psycholinguistics, April 5-8, 2017
Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5403-0091

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