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Warne, M. & Gillander Gådin, K. (2019). Challenges when Photovoice is used as a research method in the school setting. In: : . Paper presented at The 9th Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference at Roskilde University. Health: Societal responsibility or individual obligation? 12-14 June, 2019. Roskilde, Denmark.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges when Photovoice is used as a research method in the school setting
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There is growing body of research about visual methods in health promotion. Photovoice (PV), a community based participatory research method, is one of these methods that being used more and more frequently in health promotion (HP) interventions and research with young people. The aim of PV is to increase empowerment and participation among vulnerable groups. PV is often used together with so-called at-risk youth in after- school settings, more seldom in the school setting, as a part of the curriculum, with youth with varied background. The purpose of this study was to highlight dilemmas and discuss challenges when photovoice was used in the school setting as a part of the curriculum. The participants were girls and school staff at a vocational program in an upper secondary school in the Northern part of Sweden. A thematic content analysis was used to analyse data from observations, student workshops, focus groups and face-to face interviews with school staff, with focus on the PV method. The result is on progress but shows challenges that needs to be handled: hierarchies limiting the dialogue, the slow pace of the process creates frustration, and finally the method is likely to reinforce previous mistrust against adults when the participants' proposals are not implemented. The conclusions is that scholars using photovoice as a research method at school need to be aware of challenges when they use PV.

Keywords
Challenges, high school, Photovoice, qualitative method, youth
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36332 (URN)
Conference
The 9th Nordic Health Promotion Research Conference at Roskilde University. Health: Societal responsibility or individual obligation? 12-14 June, 2019. Roskilde, Denmark
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Warne, M. (2019). ”Supported Education” - en förstudie om en metod för ökade möjligheter för studenter att fullfölja sina studier trots psykisk ohälsa.. Östersund: Mid Sweden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Supported Education” - en förstudie om en metod för ökade möjligheter för studenter att fullfölja sina studier trots psykisk ohälsa.
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Östersund: Mid Sweden University, 2019. p. 19
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37858 (URN)
Available from: 2019-12-03 Created: 2019-12-03 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Gillander Gådin, K. & Warne, M. (2018). A participatory visual method for increased knowledge of Swedish high school girls’ wellbeing and school achievement. In: : . Paper presented at The 11th European Public Health Conference EPH, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 28 November - 1 December 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A participatory visual method for increased knowledge of Swedish high school girls’ wellbeing and school achievement
2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35187 (URN)
Conference
The 11th European Public Health Conference EPH, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 28 November - 1 December 2018
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
Lieblein, V. S., Warne, M., Huot, S., Rudman, D. L. & Raanaas, R. K. (2018). A photovoice study of school belongingness among high school students in Norway. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 77(1), Article ID 1421369.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A photovoice study of school belongingness among high school students in Norway
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 77, no 1, article id 1421369Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although high school graduation is important for living conditions and health throughoutlife, many students do not complete. In Norway’s northern most county, Finnmark, up to 45% of students do not complete high school. Contrary to prior research that has primarilyfocused on causes for dropout, this study’s aim was to deepen understanding of factors thatsupport high school attendance. A strengths-based participatory approach using photovoiceaddressed attendance factors as perceived by seven participating students from one highschool in Finnmark. Qualitative content analysis of data generated through group dialogueabout participant-generated photos and individual interviews identified six factors importantfor students’ school attendance: a supportive school environment, a good learningenvironment, recuperation and recreation, family and friends, goals and ambitions, andplace attachment. Related aspects of a supportive environment and belongingness, where school staff made important contributions to promoting a positive environment, were essential.

Keywords
Upper secondary school, school dropout, high north, youth, health promotion
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32637 (URN)10.1080/22423982.2017.1421369 (DOI)000423205900001 ()29292677 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85051584619 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-02 Created: 2018-01-02 Last updated: 2019-03-27Bibliographically approved
Warne, M., Wall, E., Carlerby, H. & Vinberg, S. (2018). Alcohol- and drug prevention among seasonal employees at a Swedish ski resort. In: Siw Tone Innstrand, Geir Arild Espnes and Bjarne Bruun Jensen (Ed.), 10th IUHPE European Conference and International Forum for Health Promotion Research: Implementing Health Promotion in the Life Course - User Involvement in Practice and Research. Paper presented at The 10th IUHPE - Health Promotion in the Life Course Conference hosted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 24 - 26 September 2018..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alcohol- and drug prevention among seasonal employees at a Swedish ski resort
2018 (English)In: 10th IUHPE European Conference and International Forum for Health Promotion Research: Implementing Health Promotion in the Life Course - User Involvement in Practice and Research / [ed] Siw Tone Innstrand, Geir Arild Espnes and Bjarne Bruun Jensen, 2018Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Seasonal employees at ski resorts represent a high-risk population for the use of alcohol and drugs, as well as other negative lifestyle behaviours. These employees work and live in a context where the customers are on holiday and hence alcohol is used frequently. To our knowledge there is a gap in the literature regarding alcohol and drug consumption among seasonal employees. Particularly studies in the context of ski resorts are lacking. The overall purpose of our study was to evaluate a policy-based intervention at a ski resort area in Sweden. The intervention was led by a project leader together with managers from different tourism industries, the health sector, social service and police. Components in the intervention were e.g. policy development and implementation, education of managers and creation of a manager network.  In total, 48 enterprises participated. A questionnaire, concerning alcohol and drug use and social aspects, was distributed before and after the intervention. The firs questionnaire was answered by 611 (47%) respondents and 423 (34%) respondents the follow-up questionnaire after two years. In addition, five persons in the project group was interviewed after the intervention.  Based on survey data, comparisons before and after the intervention showed several positive results. The  results show a significant reduction of hazardous drinking and an  increased awareness of the companies’ alcohol- and drug policies among the employees. No significant effects on drug consumption were found. The project group reported better knowledge about alcohol and drugs. However, most important was the increased collaboration between managers in tourism industries. The intervention also resulted in new norm breaking ideas such as a sober end of the season instead of the traditional “drinking the bar dry” and managers taking employees out on hiking instead of going out for a beer.

 

The conclusion is that seasonal tourism industries need to work with hazardous alcohol- and drug consumption from a “whole village perspective”. Successful health promotion work among seasonal employees, needs collaboration between private and public sector and should be related to cultural norms as well as working- and living conditions in the particular context, in this case the tourist resort.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35287 (URN)
Conference
The 10th IUHPE - Health Promotion in the Life Course Conference hosted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 24 - 26 September 2018.
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Warne, M., Gillander Gådin, K., Costenius, C. & Raanaas, R. K. (2018). Challenges and possibilities with participatory visual research methods in health promotion. In: Siw Tone Innstrand, Geir Arild Espnes and Bjarne Bruun Jensen (Ed.), 10th IUHPE European Conference and International Forum for Health Promotion Research: Implementing Health Promotion inthe Life Course - User Involvementin Practice and Research. Paper presented at the 10th IUHPE - Health Promotion in the Life Course Conference hosted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 24 - 26 September 2018. Trondheim
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges and possibilities with participatory visual research methods in health promotion
2018 (English)In: 10th IUHPE European Conference and International Forum for Health Promotion Research: Implementing Health Promotion inthe Life Course - User Involvementin Practice and Research / [ed] Siw Tone Innstrand, Geir Arild Espnes and Bjarne Bruun Jensen, Trondheim, 2018Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this workshop is to discuss pros andcons using participatory visual methods in health promotion research. The interest of visual research is growing and it is time to look more critical to this increasingly popular research focus. The first part of the session, we shortly introduce visual methods in health promotion by giving examples and experiences from our research. In the second part of the session, we will discuss experiences and reflections about, e.g. vulnerable groups, power relations, ethical problems and the use of photographs together with the participants. The goals for the session are to expand the dialogue about the need for high ethical standards when using visual methods in health promotion research, to share experiences and to create contact between researchers within this field.

There is growing body of research about visual methods in health promotion and the presenting researchers have, together and separately, used participatory visual methods for data collection and participatory action research. The authors have all experience with the PhotoVoice method, developed by Wang and Burris in the late 90th, as well as other visual methods, like cell philms and drawings and participatory research. Examples from different research projects are; non verbal language of drawings and photographs in participatory visual methods when aiming at understanding children’s life worlds, young girls' experiences of daily life at school and girls' views of sexual harassment. However alongside the many opportunities there are equal number of challenges when using nonverbal arts-based research methods in order to go beyond the limits of language to capture the meaning of lived experience in a multimodal and holistic way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim: , 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35288 (URN)978-82-93158-42-4 (ISBN)978-82-93158-43-1 (ISBN)
Conference
the 10th IUHPE - Health Promotion in the Life Course Conference hosted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 24 - 26 September 2018
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Svensson, Å., Warne, M. & Gillander Gådin, K. (2018). Energy drink consumption predicts norm-breaking behavior in Swedish adolescents. Paper presented at 11th European Public Health Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 28 November–1 December, 2018. European Journal of Public Health, 28, 331, Article ID cky214.066.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy drink consumption predicts norm-breaking behavior in Swedish adolescents
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 331-, article id cky214.066Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The health impact of adolescents’ consumption of energy drinks (ED) has been studied; however, previous research mainly used cross-sectional data. The aim of the present study was to describe the consumption of ED in a sample of Swedish adolescents in relation to self-reported health, support and norm-breaking behavior, and to investigate the longitudinal associations between ED consumption and norm-breaking behavior.

Methods: The study was carried out in a municipality in The North of Sweden in 2010-2011 and includes data from 1622 adolescents in grades 6-9 who completed a questionnaire in school. Frequency of ED consumption (never vs. ever) was calculated, and chi-square test and logistic regression were used to compare ED consumption with self-reported health, support and norm-breaking behavior (i.e., truancy, staying home from school to play computer games, the use of alcohol and tobacco, and not eating breakfast or lunch every school day).

Results: Preliminary results showed that boys consumed ED more frequently than girls: 74% of boys and 54% of girls reported to ever consume ED (P < 0.001). Frequency of ED consumption was associated with several variables related to self-reported low health, low support, and norm-breaking behavior. The associations were generally stronger among girls. Furthermore, ED consumption was a predictor of norm-breaking behavior one year later, except for not eating lunch every school day and the use of alcohol (for boys). Adjusted OR ranged from 2.02 (95% CI: 1.31, 3.10) (not eating breakfast every school day) to 4.98 (95% CI: 2.34, 10.63) (staying home from school to play computer games).

Conclusions: In this study, adolescents’ consumption of ED was associated with several undesirable conditions and behaviors. ED consumption may thus be an important target for health promotion in young people, especially since it can predict norm-breaking behavior later on.

Key messages: Adolescents who consume ED are more likely to engage in norm-breaking behavior compared to those who never consume ED, concurrently as well as a year later. The associations between ED consumption and undesirable behaviors and conditions were stronger for girls than boys, suggesting that the relatively smaller group of girls who use ED is more vulnerable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35193 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/cky260 (DOI)000461384201301 ()
Conference
11th European Public Health Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 28 November–1 December, 2018
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Gillander Gådin, K. & Warne, M. (2018). Photovoice as a method for increasing Swedish high school girls' wellbeing and school achievement. Paper presented at 11th European Public Health Conference 2018, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 28 Nov 2018-1 Dec 2018. European Journal of Public Health, 28, 385-385
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Photovoice as a method for increasing Swedish high school girls' wellbeing and school achievement
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, p. 385-385Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36154 (URN)000461384201445 ()
Conference
11th European Public Health Conference 2018, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 28 Nov 2018-1 Dec 2018
Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Warne, M. & Vinberg, S. (2017). Elefanten i rummet – ett interventionsprojekt med utmaningar. In: : . Paper presented at NORDISKE FOLKESUNDHEDSKONFERENCE, AALBORG, 22-25 augusti 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elefanten i rummet – ett interventionsprojekt med utmaningar
2017 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Baggrund (kontekst, problembeskrivelse, problemstilling og formål)Alkohol och droger bland säsongsanställda på skidturistorter är ett problem som beskrivits i ringa omfattning. Studier visar att förekomsten av alkohol och droger är högre i denna grupp än i befolkningen generellt. Många säsongsanställda är unga och i dessa år är risken stor att en riskfylld konsumtion av alkohol och droger leder till hälsoproblem i framtiden. Arbetsgivare och företrädare för kommun och landsting uppmärksammade problemet och erhöll finansiering av Folkhälsomyndigheten 2014-2016 för att genomföra en intervention i syfte att minska alkohol och droger bland säsongsanställda. Till projektet knöts forskare på ett universitet som genom följeforskning skulle följa och utvärdera projektet. 

Teoretisk ramme og metodeMed utgångspunkt i systemteoretiskt perspektiv, observationer och samtal under en intervention om alkohol och droger bland anställda, diskuteras aspekter av problemägande, makt, kommunikation och samarbete mellan forskare och projektägare. Vilka hinder och möjligheter finns för sammabete mellan forskning och praktik när en intervention genomförs inom ett område som också är en del av projektägarnas näringsverksamhet? 

Hovedresultater og konklusionerProjektets olika aktörer har olika bakomliggande syften vilka ställs på sin spets när projektresultat kommuniceras externt. Forskningens akademiska frihet, att vara oberoende gentemot marknaden, kan skapa konflikt med andra aktörer som har ett ekonomiskt intresse vilket kan äventyras av att resultat publiceras. Tät kontakt mellan universitet och praktik kan till viss del minska konflikten men metoder behöver utvecklas för att i ett tidigt skede tydliggöra roller, ansvarsområden samt forskarnas akademiska frihet. 

Betydning for videre forskning, policy eller praksisI allt större utsträckning sker en samverkan mellan forskning och praktik och universiteten får uppdrag från det omgivande samhället. Fördelen är att forskningen når ut snabbare i samhället och kan komma till användning men det behövs fler studier som visar de problem som detta samarbete också kan leda till.

Keywords
Alkohol; kommunikation; samarbete; systemteori; uppdrags forskning
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31531 (URN)
Conference
NORDISKE FOLKESUNDHEDSKONFERENCE, AALBORG, 22-25 augusti 2017
Available from: 2017-09-03 Created: 2017-09-03 Last updated: 2017-09-22Bibliographically approved
Gillander Gådin, K. & Warne, M. (2017). Is gender equality an explicit issue in Swedish high schools? Results from a photovoice study with girls in a vocational program. In: : . Paper presented at Girlhood in the turbulent times: Gender equality as a cultural norm and social practices. Moscow, 7-8 April , 2017..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is gender equality an explicit issue in Swedish high schools? Results from a photovoice study with girls in a vocational program
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There is a contradictory picture of Swedish girls; they are talked about as academically successful and winner at the labor market, but at the same time stressed out, have low self-esteem and high as well as increasing mental health problems. The discourse as well as the gender equality politics are (Everyone sort of know) that Sweden is a gender equal society where women and men can both work and have children, take part in society and where there is (supposed to be) freedom from men’s violence against women. This is true for some girls and women, but to fully understand the challenges and possibilities to work for a gender equal society we have to add an intersectional perspective, including several different power orders. This study will focus on high school girls in a vocational program (proxy for working class) who are invited to participate because of their lack of academic success, low self-esteem and lack of belief in the future. They are participants in a photovoice study aiming at wellbeing, academic success, safety and a positive view of the future. Their suggestions for change will guide an analysis of the high school’s role in creating a gender equality supportive environment in line with the Swedish gender equality discourse.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32161 (URN)
Conference
Girlhood in the turbulent times: Gender equality as a cultural norm and social practices. Moscow, 7-8 April , 2017.
Available from: 2017-11-27 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2239-5683

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