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Hagqvist, E., Vinberg, S., Landstad, B. & Nordenmark, M. (2018). Is the gap between experienced working conditions and the perceived importance of these conditions related to subjective health?. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 11(1), 2-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is the gap between experienced working conditions and the perceived importance of these conditions related to subjective health?
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 2-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the gaps between experienced working conditions (WCs) and the perceived importance of these conditions in relation to subjective health in Swedish public sector workplaces.

Design/methodology/approach

In total, 379 employees answered questions concerning WCs and health. Nine WC areas were created to measure the gap between the experienced WCs and the perceived importance of each condition. These WC areas were: physical work environment, social relationships, communication, leadership, job control, recognition, self-development, workplace culture and work/life satisfaction. Subjective health was measured using mental ill health, well-being and general health.

Findings

The results indicated relatively large gaps in all nine WC areas. Leadership, physical work environment and work/life satisfaction in particular seemed to be problematic areas with relatively large gaps, meaning that employees have negative experiences of these areas while perceiving these areas as very important. Additionally, all WC areas were significantly related to subjective health, especially regarding mental ill health and well-being; the larger the gaps, the worse the subjective health. The WC areas of work/life satisfaction, self-development, social relationships, communication and recognition had the highest relationships and model fits. This indicates that it is most problematic from an employee’s point of view if there are large gaps within these WC areas.

Originality/value

This study improves the understanding of workplace health by exploring the gap between experienced WCs and the perceived importance of these conditions.

Keyword
Dissonance, Health, Public sector, Sweden, Working conditions
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33311 (URN)10.1108/IJWHM-08-2017-0067 (DOI)2-s2.0-85044208068 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-20 Created: 2018-03-20 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Vinberg, S., Hansen, E., Hedlund, M. & Landstad, B. (2017). Ambiguity among Managers in Small-Scale Enterprises: How to Handle Business and Workplace Health Management. Societies, 7(4), 1-17, Article ID 31.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ambiguity among Managers in Small-Scale Enterprises: How to Handle Business and Workplace Health Management
2017 (English)In: Societies, ISSN 1090-9389, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 1-17, article id 31Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite extensive research on health in working life, few studies focus on this issue from the perspective of managers in small-scale enterprises (SSEs). To gain deeper knowledge of managers’ perceptions and strategies for dealing with workplace health management, 13 Norwegian and Swedish SSE managers were interviewed after participating in a workplace health development project. The methodical approach was based on Grounded Theory with a constructivist orientation. The main theme that emerged was ‘ambiguity in workplace health management and maintaining the business’, which was related to the categories ‘internal workplace settings’, ‘workplace surroundings’,and ‘leadership strategies’. The managers experienced ambiguity due to internal and external demands. These requirements were linked to the core challenges in dealing with multitasking leadership, financial decision-making, labour legislation, staff development and maintaining business. However, the managers developed new skills and competence and thereby a more reflexive approach and readiness to create a health-promoting workplace from being part of a development project. The implications are that managers in SSEs need to exchange experiences and discuss workplace health issues with other managers in networks. It is also important that occupational health services and social and welfare organizations use tailor-made models and strategies for supporting SSEs.

Keyword
small-scale enterprises; managers; workplace health management; interviews; Grounded Theory
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32043 (URN)10.3390/soc7040031 (DOI)000419182300004 ()
Projects
Modeller för företagshälsovård i mindre företag
Funder
AFA Insurance, Dnr 130190
Available from: 2017-11-13 Created: 2017-11-13 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
Vinberg, S., Torsdatter Markussen, L. & Landstad, B. (2017). Cooperation Between Occupational Health Services and Small-Scale Enterprises in Norway and Sweden: A Provider Perspective. Workplace Health & Safety, 65(8), 355-364
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cooperation Between Occupational Health Services and Small-Scale Enterprises in Norway and Sweden: A Provider Perspective
2017 (English)In: Workplace Health & Safety, ISSN 2165-0799, Vol. 65, no 8, p. 355-364Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although small-scale enterprises (SSEs) dominate the private enterprise sector, knowledge about support for these organizations from occupational health services (OHSs) is insufficient. The aim of this research was to study OHS services provided and staff cooperation with SSEs in Norway and Sweden. In total, 87 Norwegian and 51 Swedish OHS providers answered a survey on their experiences providing requested services from and cooperation with SSEs. Based on survey questions and constructed indices, providers in the two countries were compared using independent sample t tests and non-parametric tests. Open-ended questions were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The results showed that SSEs, particularly in industrial, construction, and trade sectors, commonly contract for Norwegian and Swedish OHSs, and these contracts have increased in the last 12 months. Norwegian providers state that SSEs request broader organizationallybased services; their Swedish counterparts request more individual-based health-related services. Improvements concerning specific strategies for OHS collaboration with SSEs may be needed.

Keyword
health promotion, management, occupational
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29829 (URN)10.1177/2165079916668527 (DOI)000406598900006 ()28056210 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85019155599 (Scopus ID)
Funder
AFA Insurance, 130190
Available from: 2017-01-06 Created: 2017-01-06 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved
Warne, M. & Vinberg, S. (2017). Elefanten i rummet – ett interventionsprojekt med utmaningar. In: : . Paper presented at NORDISKE FOLKESUNDHEDSKONFERENCE, AALBORG, 22-25 augusti 2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Elefanten i rummet – ett interventionsprojekt med utmaningar
2017 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Baggrund (kontekst, problembeskrivelse, problemstilling og formål)Alkohol och droger bland säsongsanställda på skidturistorter är ett problem som beskrivits i ringa omfattning. Studier visar att förekomsten av alkohol och droger är högre i denna grupp än i befolkningen generellt. Många säsongsanställda är unga och i dessa år är risken stor att en riskfylld konsumtion av alkohol och droger leder till hälsoproblem i framtiden. Arbetsgivare och företrädare för kommun och landsting uppmärksammade problemet och erhöll finansiering av Folkhälsomyndigheten 2014-2016 för att genomföra en intervention i syfte att minska alkohol och droger bland säsongsanställda. Till projektet knöts forskare på ett universitet som genom följeforskning skulle följa och utvärdera projektet. 

Teoretisk ramme og metodeMed utgångspunkt i systemteoretiskt perspektiv, observationer och samtal under en intervention om alkohol och droger bland anställda, diskuteras aspekter av problemägande, makt, kommunikation och samarbete mellan forskare och projektägare. Vilka hinder och möjligheter finns för sammabete mellan forskning och praktik när en intervention genomförs inom ett område som också är en del av projektägarnas näringsverksamhet? 

Hovedresultater og konklusionerProjektets olika aktörer har olika bakomliggande syften vilka ställs på sin spets när projektresultat kommuniceras externt. Forskningens akademiska frihet, att vara oberoende gentemot marknaden, kan skapa konflikt med andra aktörer som har ett ekonomiskt intresse vilket kan äventyras av att resultat publiceras. Tät kontakt mellan universitet och praktik kan till viss del minska konflikten men metoder behöver utvecklas för att i ett tidigt skede tydliggöra roller, ansvarsområden samt forskarnas akademiska frihet. 

Betydning for videre forskning, policy eller praksisI allt större utsträckning sker en samverkan mellan forskning och praktik och universiteten får uppdrag från det omgivande samhället. Fördelen är att forskningen når ut snabbare i samhället och kan komma till användning men det behövs fler studier som visar de problem som detta samarbete också kan leda till.

Keyword
Alkohol; kommunikation; samarbete; systemteori; uppdrags forskning
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31531 (URN)
Conference
NORDISKE FOLKESUNDHEDSKONFERENCE, AALBORG, 22-25 augusti 2017
Available from: 2017-09-03 Created: 2017-09-03 Last updated: 2017-09-22Bibliographically approved
Julià, M., Ollé-Espluga, L., Vanroelen, C., De Moortel, D., Mousaid, S., Vinberg, S., . . . Benach, J. (2017). Employment and Labor Market Results of the SOPHIE Project: Concepts, Analyses, and Policies. International Journal of Health Services, 47(1), 18-39
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Employment and Labor Market Results of the SOPHIE Project: Concepts, Analyses, and Policies
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2017 (English)In: International Journal of Health Services, ISSN 0020-7314, E-ISSN 1541-4469, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 18-39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article reports evidence gained by the SOPHIE Project regarding employment and labor market-related policies. In the first step, quality of employment and of precarious and informal employment in Europe were conceptualized and defined. Based on these definitions, we analyzed changes in the prevalence and population distribution of key health-affecting characteristics of employment and work between times of economic prosperity and economic crisis in Europe and investigated their impact on health outcomes. Additionally, we examined the effects of several employment and labor market-related policies on factors affecting health equity, including a specific analysis concerning work-related gender equity policies and case studies in different European countries. Our findings show that there is a need to standardize definitions and indicators of (the quality of) employment conditions and improve information systems. This is challenging given the important differences between and within European countries. In our results, low quality of employment and precarious employment is associated with poor mental health. In order to protect the well-being of workers and reduce work-related health inequalities, policies leading to precarious working and employment conditions need to be suspended. Instead, efforts should be made to improve the security and quality of employment for all workers.

Keyword
employment conditions, labor market, employment policies, health inequalities
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29176 (URN)10.1177/0020731416676233 (DOI)000390856700003 ()2-s2.0-85005991800 (Scopus ID)
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 278173
Available from: 2016-10-31 Created: 2016-10-31 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Landstad, B., Hedlund, M. & Vinberg, S. (2017). How managers of small-scale enterprises can create a health promoting corporate culture. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, 10(3), 228-248
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How managers of small-scale enterprises can create a health promoting corporate culture
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 228-248Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – Small-scale enterprises are important for sustainable development in Europe and account for a significant proportion of private enterprises and their large contribution to employment. The overall research aim of the study is to explore workplace health management from the perspective of managers in small-scale enterprises (SSEs) in Norway and Sweden. Methodology – In-depth interviews with 18 managers in SSEs were conducted and a stepwise qualitative analysis was used. Findings – The findings are presented as two main patterns 1) Interorganisational dynamics and 2) Participative leadership. Managers discussed opportunities for workplace health management to foster solidarity and flexibility in the workplace, the potential of employees for self-governance, and a cultural environment at the workplace characterized by safety,trust, care, loyalty and humour. The managers employed a process-oriented communicato style, were all-rounders, and demonstrated dedicated and distinct management. Managers in small-scale enterprises were lonely problem-solvers and experienced high and conflicting work demands and work-family conflicts. Research limitations – The findings should be interpreted with caution concerning representation of small-scale enterprises generally. The enterprises were recruited from an intervention project focusing on workplace health management and might therefore have a positive attitude. Originality – This study adds important knowledge regarding the preconditions for creating health-promoting workplaces in SSEs, an area for which limited research exists. The findings provide insights and knowledge about managers’ possibilities and obstacles in workplace health management. The findings could be transferrable to management in similar contexts if managers develop more awareness and knowledge. Practical implications – The managers obtain recommended information about what to doand how to address workplace health management in SSEs.

Keyword
Small-scale enterprises, workplace health management, managers, Sweden, Norway, qualitative explorative method design
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-30589 (URN)10.1108/IJWHM-07-2016-0047 (DOI)000402918300004 ()2-s2.0-85019140563 (Scopus ID)
Funder
AFA Insurance, 130190
Available from: 2017-04-10 Created: 2017-04-10 Last updated: 2017-08-08Bibliographically approved
Sjöstedt Landén, A., Vinberg, S. & Landstad, B. (2017). Inclusive and sustainable work (and) life: possibilities and critical analyses. Society, health and vulnerability, 8(Sup 1), 1-2, Article ID 1331550.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inclusive and sustainable work (and) life: possibilities and critical analyses
2017 (English)In: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 8, no Sup 1, p. 1-2, article id 1331550Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31535 (URN)10.1080/20021518.2017.1331550 (DOI)000424909600004 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareAFA Insurance
Available from: 2017-09-03 Created: 2017-09-03 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Warne, M., Wall, E. & Vinberg, S. (2017). Managers’ and employees’ views of critical aspects for alcohol abuse prevention at small and medium enterprises: the case of ski resorts in NorthernSweden. Society, health and vulnerability, 8(sup1), 67-79, Article ID UNSP 1355719.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managers’ and employees’ views of critical aspects for alcohol abuse prevention at small and medium enterprises: the case of ski resorts in NorthernSweden
2017 (English)In: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 8, no sup1, p. 67-79, article id UNSP 1355719Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Seasonal workers at tourism resorts, particularly young employees, represent a high-riskpopulation for alcohol abuse and other negative lifestyles. This study explores how managers and employees at ski resorts in Northern Sweden experience critical aspects for hazardous alcohol use at small- and medium-sized enterprises. This analysis is based on one open-ended question about hazardous alcohol use prevention at the workplace answered by 153 employees,and semi-structured interviews about being a manager at a ski resort conducted with 13managers. The analysis showed that managers’ views regarding hazardous alcohol use prevention were double-edged, which was confirmed by the employees’ answers. The managers contribute to the preservation of existing alcohol norms but simultaneously enforce policies and administer tests to control employees’ sobriety at work. Three themes emerged: reproducing existing alcohol norms, an alcohol-controlled working environment and care-taking managers. The results identified a need for early prevention initiatives focusing on the norms and work cultures of small- and medium-sized ski resorts. In relation to the theory of planned behaviour, the analysis illuminates how evaluations of behaviours related to alcohol consumption are communicated in policies and through leadership. In addition, the importance of social pressure regarding alcohol use is clarified in the material.

Keyword
Seasonal employees, alcohol, early prevention, managers, small- and medium-sized enterprises
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31533 (URN)10.1080/20021518.2017.1355719 (DOI)000424909600009 ()
Projects
Trygg i Åre
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2017-09-03 Created: 2017-09-03 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Björk, A., Rönngren, Y., Selander, J., Vinberg, S. & Hellzen, O. (2017). Perspectives on Everyday Suffering among People with Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Concurrent Mental Disorders. Open Journal of Nursing, 7, 583-598
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives on Everyday Suffering among People with Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Concurrent Mental Disorders
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2017 (English)In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 7, p. 583-598Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe the perceptions of everyday suffering among adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid mental disease. Directed content analysis guided by Eriksson’s theory on human suffering was performed on data from 20 individual interviews. Expressions of both suffering and well-being were identified; the former centred on loneliness and related to life, illness, and care, which supported Eriksson’s theory, whereas expressions of well-being related to ADHD diagnosis and supportive social relationships. Nevertheless, results indicate the need to expand those expressions in order to better contribute to developing a supportive rehabilitation regimen that can provide more interpersonal care.

Keyword
Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Directed Content Analysis, Suffering, Supportive Rehabilitation
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-30783 (URN)10.4236/ojn.2017.75044 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-05-28 Created: 2017-05-28 Last updated: 2017-05-29Bibliographically approved
Warne, M., Siandinovic, K., Berman, A. H., Källmén, H. & Vinberg, S. (2017). Risky consumption of alcohol and drugs among employees at ski resorts. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 34(3), 201-216
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risky consumption of alcohol and drugs among employees at ski resorts
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2017 (English)In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 201-216Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To evaluate risky consumption of alcohol and drugs among Swedish men and women who are employed at ski resorts. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 611 employees in 48 small and medium-sized enterprises responded to a questionnaire covering alcohol and drug use, social aspects around work and working conditions. Consumption of alcohol and drugs in the study sample was compared to population data. Data were analysed using Mann–Whitney U-tests and logistic regression analyses. Results: Compared to the general population, the study group of ski resort employees had higher scores on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in all age groups except 35+ for men. Regarding the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) scores, only men in the 18–24 age group had higher scores compared to the general population. The prevalence of risky alcohol and drug use was higher among seasonally employed individuals; 82.9%, compared to 58.0% among other employees for alcohol; 8.3% compared to 2.8% for drugs. The regression analysis indicated that social aspects such as living together with colleagues and having co-workers/friends who are frequently inebriated were the most significant explanatory variables for explaining risk consumption of alcohol (OR 16.82 and OR 4.33). Risky use of drugs was associated with being younger (OR 0.15) and male (OR 0.86), as well as with having co-workers/friends who are frequently inebriated (OR 4.25). Conclusions: The study showed a high prevalence of risky alcohol consumption among ski resort employees compared to the general population, with higher risky drug consumption found only among younger men. Social aspects such as living with colleagues and having co-workers or friends who are often inebriated, were identified as important explanatory factors. Preventive measures should be introduced, targeting norms and work culture surrounding alcohol and drug use among ski resort employees. 

Keyword
alcohol, AUDIT, drugs, DUDIT, seasonal employees, ski tourism, social aspects
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31532 (URN)10.1177/1455072517707879 (DOI)000406313600005 ()2-s2.0-85040835200 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Trygg i Åre
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Note

Article first published online: May 16, 2017

Available from: 2017-09-03 Created: 2017-09-03 Last updated: 2018-02-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5935-5688

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