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Tjulin, Å., MacEachen, E., Larsson, R., Bigelow, P., Vinberg, S., Selander, J. & White, D. (2019). An International Online Work Disability Policy Course: How a University Partnership Became a Facilitator. In: : . Paper presented at The Work Disability Prevention and Integration (WDPI) 2019, Odense, Denmark, June 4-7, 2019.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An International Online Work Disability Policy Course: How a University Partnership Became a Facilitator
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37386 (URN)
Conference
The Work Disability Prevention and Integration (WDPI) 2019, Odense, Denmark, June 4-7, 2019
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Toivanen, S., Härter Griep, R., Mellner, C., Nordenmark, M., Vinberg, S. & Eloranta, S. (2019). Hospitalization due to stroke and myocardial infarction in self-employed individuals and small business owners compared with paid employees in Sweden—a 5-year study. Small Business Economics, 53(2), 343-354
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hospitalization due to stroke and myocardial infarction in self-employed individuals and small business owners compared with paid employees in Sweden—a 5-year study
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2019 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 343-354Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Analysing Swedish population register data, the aim of the present study is to investigate differences in acute cardiovascular disease (CVD) in terms of stroke and myocardial infarction incidence between selfemployed individuals and paid employees and to study whether the associations vary by gender or across industrial sectors. A cohort of nearly 4.8 million employed individuals (6.7% self-employed in 2003) is followed-up for hospitalization due to stroke and myocardial infarction (2004–2008). Self-employed individuals are defined as sole proprietors and limited liability company owners according to legal type of their enterprise. Negative binomial regression models are applied to compare hospitalization rates between the self-employed and paid employees, adjusted for socioeconomic and demographic confounders. Two- and three-way interaction are tested between occupational group, industrial sector, and gender. Limited liability company owners have significantly lower hospitalization for myocardial infarction than paid employees. Regarding two-way interaction,sole proprietors have higher myocardial infarction hospitalization in trade, transport and communication, and lower in agriculture, forestry, and fishing than paid employees. Limited liability company owners have lower hospitalization rate for myocardial infarction than employees in several industries. The results highlight the importance of enterprise legal type and industrial sector for CVD among self-employed individuals.

Keywords
Self-employment, Cardiovascular disease, Hospitalization, Sweden
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33522 (URN)10.1007/s11187-018-0051-3 (DOI)000482385700003 ()2-s2.0-85045440601 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-0615
Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-24 Last updated: 2019-09-23Bibliographically approved
Tjulin, Å., Landstad, B., Vinberg, S., Eriksson, A. & Hagqvist, E. (2019). Managers’ learning process during a health-promoting leadership intervention. Health Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managers’ learning process during a health-promoting leadership intervention
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2019 (English)In: Health Education, ISSN 0965-4283, E-ISSN 1758-714XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Purpose

The increasingly demanding psychosocial working conditions in Swedish public sector workplaces call for implementation of workplace health promotion (WHP) interventions. There is a need to increase first-line public sector managers’ capacities for health-promoting leadership. The purpose of this paper is to investigate first-line managers’ experiences of participating in an intervention aimed at strengthening health-promoting leadership. More precisely, the aim is to study what obstacles and prerequisites the intervention have for their learning processes to become health-promoting managers.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative study in Northern Sweden at workplaces in the county council and municipalities was conducted. The data were gathered through individual interviews with 18 participating first-line managers. Inductive-content analysis was used to analyse the data.

Findings

The results identify time for reflection and collegial discussions about leadership as prerequisites for learning about health-promoting leadership. Managers experienced the intervention as a confirmation of the leadership behaviours already gained. However, the health-promoting leadership intervention was seen as a contradiction, since organisational prerequisites to implement WHP measures were perceived to be lacking. The managers were not involved in the planning of the intervention and questioned why the organisation did not involve them more when the educational activities were created.

Originality/value

When the organisation understands how and when its managers learn, what they need and want to learn about WHP, and what they already know, tailored participatory interventions can be facilitated that consider the unique prerequisites for the particular organisation.

Keywords
Health promotion, Social interaction, Learning, Qualitative methods, Intervention
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37387 (URN)10.1108/HE-02-2019-0004 (DOI)
Funder
AFA Insurance
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Toivanen, S., Hagqvist, E., Landstad, B., Nordenmark, M., Östergren, P.-O. & Vinberg, S. (2019). Mikroföretagares arbetsmiljö och hälsa med fokus på genus och etnicitet - innovationer för tillsyn. In: Arbetsmiljö och ohälsa i ett genusperspektiv: Uppdragsforskning med relevans för tillsynsverksamheten (pp. 43-55). Stockholm: Arbetsmiljöverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mikroföretagares arbetsmiljö och hälsa med fokus på genus och etnicitet - innovationer för tillsyn
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2019 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmiljö och ohälsa i ett genusperspektiv: Uppdragsforskning med relevans för tillsynsverksamheten, Stockholm: Arbetsmiljöverket , 2019, , p. 43-59p. 43-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Arbetsmiljöverket, 2019. p. 43-59
Series
Rapport 2019:7: Arbetsmiljö och ohälsa i ett genusperspektiv. Arbetsmiljöverket, ISSN 1650-3717
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37317 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-09-27Bibliographically approved
Vinberg, S. (2019). Sickness presence among Swedish female and male managers. In: Working for the greater good: . Paper presented at 19th EAWOP conference, Turin, Italy, 29th May – 1st June, 2019 (pp. 643-644).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sickness presence among Swedish female and male managers
2019 (English)In: Working for the greater good, 2019, p. 643-644Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The study investigates sickness presence, health and work-related factors among female and male managers in Swedish public and private organizations. Research indicate that managers have demanding and conflicting psychosocial working conditions and low replace ability,which may contribute to ill health and high sickness presence. Design/Methodology: The data consists of questionnaire answers from 1173 managers (50% women, 50% men) at different Swedish workplaces. The data makes it possible to compare managers at public and private workplaces and different workplace sizes. Results: The managers express high job satisfaction – 86% of public sector managers and 78% of private sector managers. However, 78% of male managers and 81% of female mangers report sickness presence with different time lengths. In addition, the results indicate differences in sickness presence related to manager positions and workplace sizes. Limitations: The study used self-assessments in a cross-sectional design, which does not allow for causal analyses. However, the data covers different workplaces in different Swedish regions. Research/Practical Implications: In politically ruled public sector organizations, the lack of clarity surrounding a manager’s role,responsibility, and decision latitude may create conflicting demands that contribute to highlevels of job strain and stress. Based on these facts, it is of relevance to contribute to knowledge about differences concerning sickness presence among different manager groups. Based on the results, practical implications at a societal and organizational level will be presented. Originality/Value: This research focus is of importance due to that research shows relations between managersand employees health and working conditions.

National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36815 (URN)
Conference
19th EAWOP conference, Turin, Italy, 29th May – 1st June, 2019
Available from: 2019-08-11 Created: 2019-08-11 Last updated: 2019-08-13Bibliographically approved
Vinberg, S., Nordenmark, M., Hagqvist, E. & Toivanen, S. (2019). Sickness presenteeism among self-employed in Europe. In: : . Paper presented at FALF KONFERENS 2019 Hållbar utveckling i organisationer, Norrköping, 10-12 juni, 2019 (pp. 89-90).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sickness presenteeism among self-employed in Europe
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Health incidents often result in sickness absenteeism, i.e. the failure to report for work as scheduled. However, there is increasing evidence that workers more and more decide for another option: sickness presenteeism, defined as attending work while ill. This can be problematic for the individual and presenteeism creates costs for organizations and the society as well. European policymakers encourage individuals to become self-employed because it is a way to promote innovation and job-creation. The proportion of self-employed individuals in the employed labour force in Europe is around 15 percent. Most of the self-employed choose to become self-employed and have good working conditions and job quality. However, around 20 percent of the self-employed report that they have no alternative for work and they have lower levels of job quality and worse well-being compared to the former group of self-employed. In addition, earlier studies have indicated that self-employed have a high working pace and work many and irregular hours, indicating that it can be problematic and frustrating to stay at home because of illness. It can be assumed that health and well-being among self-employed and managers in small-scale enterprises is particularly crucial in this enterprise group due to that the smallness make them vulnerable. Self-employed is an interesting category when it comes to the phenomenon of sickness presenteeism. To our knowledge, there are few studies of sickness presenteeism among self-employed.AimThe aim of this paper is to study the occurrence of sickness presence among different groups of self-employed in relation to employees, and to analyze if possible differences between the groups can be explained by different psychosocial working conditions related to work demands and time pressure. Method: This study is based on the fifth European survey on working conditions (EWCS) 2015, which has become an established source of information on working conditions and employment in EU Member States. The independent variable – employment type consists of the categories self-employed (with and without employees) and employees. The main independent variable is sickness presence and is measured by the following question: Over the past 12 months did you work when you were sick (1=Yes, 0=No). Several indicators of work demands, time pressure and background variables are used in the description and regression analysis. Results: Results show that self-employed report a higher level of sickness presenteeism than employed; 52.4 verses 43.6 percent. The mean number of working hours is 43.5 among self-employed and 35.4 among employed. Self-employed have worked in the evenings on average nearly 7 days a month, which is more than twice as many times as for employees. It is also twice as usual that self-employed have worked on a Sunday compared to employees. Self-employed have on average worked in the free time once or twice a month and employees have on average worked on their free time less often. All the differences between self-employed and employed are90clearly significant and indicate a higher level of sickness presenteeism and time pressure among self-employed. The results show that self-employed have a significant higher risk for reporting sickness presence than employed have. This difference is explained by the variables measuring time pressure, which indicates that the self-employed have a higher risk of reporting sickness presenteeism because they experience more time pressure. Other results are that sickness presenteeism differ between groups of self-employed related to gender, company size, motives for self-employment and country groups.

National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36301 (URN)
Conference
FALF KONFERENS 2019 Hållbar utveckling i organisationer, Norrköping, 10-12 juni, 2019
Available from: 2019-06-13 Created: 2019-06-13 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Nordenmark, M., Hagqvist, E. & Vinberg, S. (2019). Sickness Presenteeism among the Self-employed and Employed in Northwestern Europe—The Importance of Time Demands. SH@W Safety and Health at Work, 10(2), 224-228
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sickness Presenteeism among the Self-employed and Employed in Northwestern Europe—The Importance of Time Demands
2019 (English)In: SH@W Safety and Health at Work, ISSN 2093-7911, E-ISSN 2093-7997, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 224-228Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: European policymakers encourage individuals to become self-employed because it is a way to promote innovation and job creation. It can be assumed that health and well-being among the self-employed and managers in small-scale enterprises are particularly crucial in this enterprise group because the smallness of the enterprise makes its members vulnerable. Earlier studies have indicated that the self-employed have a high working pace and work for long and irregular hours, indicating that it can be difficult to stay at home because of sickness. The purpose of this study is to investigate the occurrence of sickness presenteeism among the self-employed in relation to the organizationally employed and to analyze whether any differences can be explained by higher work demands among the self-employed. Methods: The study is based on the fifth European survey on working conditions (2010) and includes the northwestern European countries in the survey. The questions cover a wide range of topics designed to meet the European Union's political needs. The main variables in this study are sickness presenteeism and several indicators of time demands. Results: The results show that the self-employed report a higher level of sickness presenteeism than the employed: 52.4 versus 43.6%. All indicators of time demands are significantly related to the risk for sickness presenteeism, also when controlling for background characteristics. Conclusion: The results confirm that the level of sickness presenteeism is higher among the self-employed and that high time demands are a major explanation to this. 

Keywords
Northwestern Europe, Organizationally employed, Self-employed, Sickness presenteeism, Time demands
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35825 (URN)10.1016/j.shaw.2019.01.003 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-19 Created: 2019-03-19 Last updated: 2019-06-20Bibliographically approved
Hagqvist, E., Toivanen, S. & Vinberg, S. (2019). The gender time gap: Time use among self-employed women and men compared to paid employees in Sweden. Time & Society, 28(2), 680-696
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The gender time gap: Time use among self-employed women and men compared to paid employees in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Time & Society, ISSN 0961-463X, E-ISSN 1461-7463, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 680-696Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, the authors set out to study the time use of men and women in Sweden, comparing self-employed and employed individuals. Previous studies indicate that there are reasons to believe that both gendered time use and mechanisms related to time use might differ between the self-employed and employees. Employing time use data, the aim was to study whether there are differences in gendered time use between self-employed individuals and employees in Sweden, and furthermore, which mechanism relates to gendered time use among self-employed individuals and employees. The results show that self-employed men and women distribute their time in a more gender-traditional manner than employees. In addition, relative resources are found to be an important factor related to gendered time use among the self-employed. For employees, gender relations tend to be a mechanism related to gendered time use. The conclusion is that working conditions are important for gendered time use and should be considered in future studies.

Keywords
Employees, gender, relative resources, self-employed, time use
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29799 (URN)10.1177/0961463X16683969 (DOI)000469875800012 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-0615EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 278173AFA Insurance, 130190
Available from: 2017-01-02 Created: 2017-01-01 Last updated: 2019-08-07Bibliographically approved
Warne, M., Wall, E., Carlerby, H. & Vinberg, S. (2018). Alcohol- and drug prevention among seasonal employees at a Swedish ski resort. In: Siw Tone Innstrand, Geir Arild Espnes and Bjarne Bruun Jensen (Ed.), 10th IUHPE European Conference and International Forum for Health Promotion Research: Implementing Health Promotion in the Life Course - User Involvement in Practice and Research. Paper presented at The 10th IUHPE - Health Promotion in the Life Course Conference hosted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 24 - 26 September 2018..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alcohol- and drug prevention among seasonal employees at a Swedish ski resort
2018 (English)In: 10th IUHPE European Conference and International Forum for Health Promotion Research: Implementing Health Promotion in the Life Course - User Involvement in Practice and Research / [ed] Siw Tone Innstrand, Geir Arild Espnes and Bjarne Bruun Jensen, 2018Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Seasonal employees at ski resorts represent a high-risk population for the use of alcohol and drugs, as well as other negative lifestyle behaviours. These employees work and live in a context where the customers are on holiday and hence alcohol is used frequently. To our knowledge there is a gap in the literature regarding alcohol and drug consumption among seasonal employees. Particularly studies in the context of ski resorts are lacking. The overall purpose of our study was to evaluate a policy-based intervention at a ski resort area in Sweden. The intervention was led by a project leader together with managers from different tourism industries, the health sector, social service and police. Components in the intervention were e.g. policy development and implementation, education of managers and creation of a manager network.  In total, 48 enterprises participated. A questionnaire, concerning alcohol and drug use and social aspects, was distributed before and after the intervention. The firs questionnaire was answered by 611 (47%) respondents and 423 (34%) respondents the follow-up questionnaire after two years. In addition, five persons in the project group was interviewed after the intervention.  Based on survey data, comparisons before and after the intervention showed several positive results. The  results show a significant reduction of hazardous drinking and an  increased awareness of the companies’ alcohol- and drug policies among the employees. No significant effects on drug consumption were found. The project group reported better knowledge about alcohol and drugs. However, most important was the increased collaboration between managers in tourism industries. The intervention also resulted in new norm breaking ideas such as a sober end of the season instead of the traditional “drinking the bar dry” and managers taking employees out on hiking instead of going out for a beer.

 

The conclusion is that seasonal tourism industries need to work with hazardous alcohol- and drug consumption from a “whole village perspective”. Successful health promotion work among seasonal employees, needs collaboration between private and public sector and should be related to cultural norms as well as working- and living conditions in the particular context, in this case the tourist resort.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35287 (URN)
Conference
The 10th IUHPE - Health Promotion in the Life Course Conference hosted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 24 - 26 September 2018.
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Toivanen, S. & Vinberg, S. (2018). Arbete och ojämlikhet i hälsa i vuxenlivet (2ed.). In: Den orättvisa hälsan: Om socioekonomiska skillnader i hälsa och livslängd (pp. 335-360). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arbete och ojämlikhet i hälsa i vuxenlivet
2018 (Swedish)In: Den orättvisa hälsan: Om socioekonomiska skillnader i hälsa och livslängd, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 2, p. 335-360Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2018 Edition: 2
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34233 (URN)9789147113545 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2018-08-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5935-5688

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