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Danielsson, E., Johansson, R., Olofsson, A. & Öhman, S. (Eds.). (2019). Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans. Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans
2019 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2019. p. 169
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37884 (URN)978-91-88947-30-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-05 Created: 2019-12-05 Last updated: 2019-12-05Bibliographically approved
Petridou, E., Danielsson, E., Olofsson, A., Lundgren, M. & Große, C. (2019). If Crisis or War Comes: A Study of Risk Communication of Eight European Union Member States. Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research, 2(2), 207-232
Open this publication in new window or tab >>If Crisis or War Comes: A Study of Risk Communication of Eight European Union Member States
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2019 (English)In: Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research, ISSN 2576-0025, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 207-232Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How do European Union (EU) member states communicate risks to their citizens? In this study, we define risk communication as the information provided by different levels of government to citizens regarding possible future crises to which the general public might be subjected. We seek to answer the following questions: Are there any patterns in the risk communication strategies among EU member states in terms of the sender of information, the message conveyed, the method used, and the intended audience? Finally, to what extent is the state involved in ensuring the safety of its citizens? To tackle these questions, we examine the risk communication strategy of eight countries: Sweden, Finland, Germany, England, France, Estonia, Greece, and Cyprus. Our data consist of governmental web sites, publications, campaigns, and other modes of communication, such as videos posted on YouTube, with questions centering on institutional actors, methods of delivery, content, and effectiveness. We find that the institutional architecture of risk communication aligns with the broad administrative system of each member state. Countries tend to focus on risks that are specific to their context, with Sweden and, to a lesser extent, Germany having a special focus on consequences and providing guidelines to the public on how to survive for a certain period of time in the absence of the state. Especially in Sweden, though the state is a salient actor in risk communication through the dissemination of information at the agency level, the state retreats while urging the resilient citizen to take control of his or her own crisis management.

Keywords
Risk communication; comparative studies; European politics; resilience; public policy
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37688 (URN)10.30658/jicrcr.2.2.3 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-11-15 Created: 2019-11-15 Last updated: 2019-11-19Bibliographically approved
Danielsson, E. & Sjöstedt Landén, A. (2019). Leader Normativity in Crisis Management: Tales From a School Fire. Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leader Normativity in Crisis Management: Tales From a School Fire
2019 (English)In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study examines the handling of a school fire in a rural Swedish community and the role of the normalized narratives of leaders in crisis management. The article claims that leader normativity legitimizes certain positions and actions in a crisis management narrative and marginalizes others. The study uses theories on gender, boundary work and space to illuminate this claim. To explore such processes in narratives, we use feminist theory and critical management studies. The study shows that leader normativity creates gendered differences that result in both inequalities and the marginalization of any parts of crisis management that do not apply to leader normativity. The study shows that there is a strong norm of crisis management as an individualistic perspective that focuses on heroes and higher-level management as the people managing a crisis. Support for describing crisis management as a collective achievement and caring perspectives become marginalized. 

Keywords
crisis management, gender, leader normativity
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38233 (URN)10.1002/rhc3.12182 (DOI)000500746900001 ()
Note

First published: 05 December 2019

Available from: 2020-01-15 Created: 2020-01-15 Last updated: 2020-01-21Bibliographically approved
Danielsson, E., Nyhlén, J. & Olausson, P. M. (2019). Strategic planning for power shortages. Energy Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategic planning for power shortages
2019 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Electricity is critical to almost all other critical infrastructure. Disturbance in the power supply would likely have devastating effects on all areas in society. Assurance of electricity to vital societal functions requires policies to manage power shortages. Such policies exist in only a handful of countries. This study focuses on one of those countries. In Sweden, the policy for power shortages, Styrel, includes all levels of society, all responsible institutions, and expert organisations. The policy is governed from the top down. We are primarily interested in how Styrel affects municipalities in their planning processes and supports decision making at the local level. The study is an interview study with key informants at the municipal level. The results show that the policy is supportive under certain conditions, depending on how the actors carried out previous processes. Lack of knowledge and support, and time pressure, characterise the process, although participants also have a sufficiently positive attitude to allow a more relaxed method of handling the process. The study provides insights on challenges that municipalities must manage in their work with policies for critical infrastructure protection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kidlington, Oxford, UK: Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Electricity supply, Critical infratsructure, Network governance
National Category
Public Administration Studies Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-38159 (URN)10.1016/j.enpol.2019.111186 (DOI)
Projects
Från myndighet till medborgare och tillbaka: En studie av samverkan och kommunikation inom ramen för STYREL
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 40307-1
Available from: 2019-12-19 Created: 2019-12-19 Last updated: 2020-01-10Bibliographically approved
Danielsson, E. (2019). Vägen till framgång. In: Erna Danielsson, Roine Johansson, Anna Olofsson, Susanna Öhman (Ed.), Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans (pp. 159-169). Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vägen till framgång
2019 (Swedish)In: Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans / [ed] Erna Danielsson, Roine Johansson, Anna Olofsson, Susanna Öhman, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2019, p. 159-169Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2019
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37900 (URN)978-91-88947-30-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-05 Created: 2019-12-05 Last updated: 2019-12-05Bibliographically approved
Johansson, R., Danielsson, E., Eriksson, K., Kvarnlöf, L. & Karlsson, R. (2018). At the external boundary of a disaster response operation: The dynamics of volunteer inclusion. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 26(4), 519-529
Open this publication in new window or tab >>At the external boundary of a disaster response operation: The dynamics of volunteer inclusion
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 519-529Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present article, practices of inclusion of different types of volunteers in the response to a large-scale forest fire in Sweden are studied. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three types of voluntary actors. The volunteers were organized to different degrees, from members of organizations and participants in emergent groups to organizationally unaffiliated individuals. Organized volunteers were the most easily included, particularly if they were members of voluntary emergency organizations. It was difficult for volunteers lacking relevant organizational affiliation to be included. Disaster response operations are dynamic, conditions change over time, and tensions between different modes, degrees, and levels of inclusion may arise. However, irrespective of changing conditions, practices of inclusion of highly organized volunteers work best.

Keywords
volunteer, disaster, response, inclusion, organization, extending organization, unaffiliated, emergent group
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33467 (URN)10.1111/1468-5973.12228 (DOI)000449821200011 ()2-s2.0-85046276420 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2018-04-10 Created: 2018-04-10 Last updated: 2019-03-26Bibliographically approved
Olausson, P. M., Björkqvist, O., Danielsson, E., Große, C., Larsson, A., Nyhlén, J. & Wallman Lundåsen, S. (2018). Från myndighet till medborgare och tillbaka: En studie av samverkan och kommunikation inomramen för STYREL. Eskilstuna: Energimyndigheten
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Från myndighet till medborgare och tillbaka: En studie av samverkan och kommunikation inomramen för STYREL
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Alternative title[en]
From authority to citizens and back: A study of the interaction and communication in the context ofSTYREL
Abstract [sv]

STYREL är en planeringsprocess som syftar till att säkra elförsörjningen vid ensituation av elbrist. Att STYREL är en viktig planeringsprocess med stor betydelseför att trygga elförsörjningen till samhällsviktiga elanvändare är en uppfattningsamtliga intervjuade uttrycker. Samtidigt råder det också konsensus kring attprocessen är i behov av utveckling och förändring för att uppnå de syften somligger bakom processen.Empirin för undersökningen har utgjorts av centrala dokument och utredningar,65 intervjuer, deltagande observation samt deltagande vid möten ochnätverksträffar inom ramen för planeringsprocessen. Den kritiska granskningen avprocessen visar att det finns flera förbättringsområden som bör beaktas i syfte atthöja kvaliteten och minska risken för att viktiga samhällsfunktioner blir utan elvid en situation av elbrist. De områden som särskilt lyfts fram i studien handlarom nödvändigheten av att integrera löpande feedback i planeringssystemet, attskapa nätverk på både lokal och regional nivå för att tillförsäkra att intesamhällsviktiga privata aktörer eller aktörer inom det civila samhället faller bort iplaneringen samt att ytterligare tydliggöra de olika stegen och de olika rollerna iplaneringssystemet. I detta arbete går det att finna lösningar som redan beprövatsdels i jämförelse med internationella processer kring kritisk infrastruktur, dels inationella processer inom krishanteringssystemet.

Abstract [en]

STYREL is a planning process aiming at ensuring electricity supply to sociallyimportant objects during a situation of power shortage. The fact that STYREL is animportant planning process with great importance for securing the electricitysupply to important users of electricity is an opinion all the interviewees express.At the same time, there is also a consensus that the process is in need ofdevelopment and change in order to achieve the aims behind the process.The empirical study included documents, investigations, 65 interviews,participatory observation and participation in meetings and network meetingswithin the framework of the planning process. The critical review shows that thereare several areas of improvement to consider that could increase the quality andreduce the risk of important social functions becoming without electricity during aperiod of power shortage. The areas that are particularly highlighted in the studyconcern the necessity of integrating recurring feedback into the planning system,creating networks at both local and regional level to ensure that private-sector orimportant civil society actors is excluded and finally, further clarify the varioussteps and the different roles in the planning system. This can be achievedcomparing with international planning systems on critical infrastructure and withnational planning systems within the crisis management systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Eskilstuna: Energimyndigheten, 2018. p. 32
Keywords
Flernivåstyrning, planeringsprocess, krisberedskap, trygg elförsörjning, kritisk infrastruktur, komplex systemstyrning, nätverk-styrning
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35904 (URN)
Projects
Från myndighet till medborgare och tillbaka: En studie av samverkan och kommunikation inom ramen för STYREL
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 40307-1
Available from: 2019-03-29 Created: 2019-03-29 Last updated: 2019-08-06
Danielsson, E., Petridou, E., Lundgren, M., Olofsson, A., Große, C. & Röslmaier, M. (2018). Risk Communication: A Comparative Study of Eight EU Countries. MSB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Risk Communication: A Comparative Study of Eight EU Countries
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2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

How do EU member states communicate risks to their citizens? In this study, we define risk communication as the information provided by different levels of government to citizens regarding possible future crises. The questions serving as departure points for this study are as follows: How is the administrative system for risk communication set up in the countries studied? How the different risk communication campaigns are (provided that they exist) embedded in the larger administrative context? How is risk communication strategy formulated in each country and what kind of threats are emphasized? In order to tackle these questions, we examine the risk communication strategy of eight countries: Sweden, Finland, Germany, England, France, Estonia, Greece and Cyprus. Our data consist of governmental web sites, publications, campaigns, as well as other modes of communication, such as videos posted on YouTube, with questions centering on institutional actors, methods of delivery, content, and effectiveness. We acknowledge that risk communication aims at supporting vulnerable populations and evening out imbalances, but at the same time we flesh out the power dimension of risk. In our analysis, we search for reproduction of norms and social inequality in risk communication practices. The results show that some patterns emerge regarding the way different EU countries convey information to the public, but they do not hold strictly to geography or administrative system. Digital media are the foremost vehicle of risk communication and the message generally conveyed is geared towards traditional, middle class households with the main language of the country as their first language. Volunteer organizations are present in all the countries in question, though not at the same degree. The conveyance of “self-protection” guidelines implicitly places the responsibility of protection to the individual. The results also show that in some countries, materiality has become more prevalent than the social dimension of risk in the message the public sector conveys, and that there is a move from focusing on risk to focusing on security.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MSB, 2018. p. 71
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35027 (URN)978-91-7383-868-9 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved
Olausson, P. M., Danielsson, E. & Nyhlén, J. (2018). Strategic planning for power outages: “With reservation inaccuracies”. In: : . Paper presented at NEEDS 2018, Amsterdam, march 21-23, 2018. Amsterdam
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategic planning for power outages: “With reservation inaccuracies”
2018 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Crises are often characterized as low-probability/high-consequence events (Weick1988), as they typically strike suddenly, are unexpected prior to their occurrence andare difficult to prepare for (Brown and Eriksson 2008). Compared to emergencies, crisesrequire a great deal of effort to cope with (Kendra and Wachtendorf 2003) and thereforewe develop crisis plans.Power supply is vital for the society to function, even more today with our reliance ontechnical inventions in almost all parts of our life. Disturbance in the power supply willmost probably have devastating effects in all areas in society (Rinaldi et al., 2001). Eventhough the power grid is rigid and redundant, it is vulnerable to various impacts, such aswhether conditions, aging of components, demolition, and cyber-attacks. Even if it isunlikely that power outages will occur, there is a need to plan for consequences ofpower shortage.STYREL is the Swedish planning process to manage early consequences of power outages.It is part of the emergency planning to build up preparedness in advance (MSB, 2011). Itintends to locate key consumers for functions of national importance. The processincludes all levels in the society, municipalities, county administrative board, expertorganizations such as Svenska kraftnät and Energimyndigheten, and the Government. Itis top down governed; however, information about what establishments that needs tobe protected comes from the municipality. In this paper, we focus on how STYREL cansupport decision making at the local level in case of power shortage. Since STYREL is atop-down process, we are primarily interested in the planning process at the local level.We focus on the integration of “STYREL” in the municipal emergency planning. How isSTYREL involved in the emergency planning process? How does the STYREL process,defined at higher-level authorities, affect the municipalities in their planning process?and How well do the STYREL process cover the municipality’s needs of support in case ofpower shortage?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: , 2018
Keywords
Crisis management, energy policy, critical infrastructure, public policy, policy network
National Category
Public Administration Studies Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35617 (URN)
Conference
NEEDS 2018, Amsterdam, march 21-23, 2018
Projects
Från myndighet till medborgare och tillbaka:
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-02-25Bibliographically approved
Oscarsson, O. & Danielsson, E. (2018). Unrecognized crisis management-Normalizing everyday work: The work practice of crisis management in a refugee situation. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 26(2), 225-236
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unrecognized crisis management-Normalizing everyday work: The work practice of crisis management in a refugee situation
2018 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 225-236Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine the practices of crisis management adopted by operative staff when facing a crisis situation in their workplace. This research is based on interviews with personnel from social services and staff from homes for unaccompanied youth. The interviewees asked respondents about their actions in caring for young refugees during the refugee situation. The results are structured around three themes: everyday practices, crisis work, and the process of normalization. Three practices for handling the situation-improvisation, prioritization, and creating alternatives-served as crisis management-as-practice. The staff members' everyday practice for solving problems became the basic method employed during the crisis to normalize everyday work.

Keywords
Crisis management, Home for unaccompanied youth, Practices, Staff
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31381 (URN)10.1111/1468-5973.12176 (DOI)000434128600003 ()2-s2.0-85021237847 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-08-11 Created: 2017-08-11 Last updated: 2019-09-23Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6899-4035

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