miun.sePublications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (10 of 108) Show all publications
YANG, J., Zasadowski, D., Edlund, H. & Norgren, M. (2019). Biorefining of Spruce TMP Process Water: Selective Fractionation of Lipophilic Extractives with Induced Air Flotation and Surface Active Additive. BioResources, 14(2), 4124-4135
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biorefining of Spruce TMP Process Water: Selective Fractionation of Lipophilic Extractives with Induced Air Flotation and Surface Active Additive
2019 (English)In: BioResources, ISSN 1930-2126, E-ISSN 1930-2126, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 4124-4135Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lignocellulose biomass plays an important role in reducing thedependency on fossil fuels and ameliorating the dire consequences ofclimate change. It is therefore important that all the components oflignocellulose biomass are exploited. These components includehemicelluloses and extractives that are liberated and sterically stabilizedduring the thermomechanical pulping and that form the dissolved andcolloidal substance (DCS) in the process water. Biorefining of this processwater can extract these substances, which have a number of promisingapplications and can contribute to the full exploitation of lignocellulosebiomass. This paper presents a simple treatment of unbleached Norwayspruce (Picea abies) process water from TMP (thermomechanical pulping)production using induced air flotation (IAF) and cationic surfactant,dodecyl trimethylammonium chloride (DoTAC) to refine the extractivesand prepare the waters so that hemicellulose could be easily harvested ata later stage. By applying 80 ppm of DoTAC at a pH of 3.5 and 50 °Cbefore induced air flotation, 94% of the lipophilic extractives wererecovered from process water. Dissolved hemicellulose polysaccharideswere cleansed and left in the treated process water. The process enabledefficient biorefining of lipophilic extractives and purification of the processwater to enable more selective harvesting of hemicelluloses in subsequentsteps.

Keywords
Biorefining; Lipophilic extractives; Thermomechanical pulping; Induced air flotation
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35955 (URN)10.15376/biores.14.2.4124-4135 (DOI)000466449000115 ()
Projects
EU Reginal fund 2
Funder
European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Available from: 2019-04-05 Created: 2019-04-05 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, V., Mašlík, J. & Norgren, M. (2019). Electronic performance of printed PEDOT:PSS lines correlated to the physical and chemical properties of coated inkjet papers. RSC Advances, 9(41), 23925-23938
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electronic performance of printed PEDOT:PSS lines correlated to the physical and chemical properties of coated inkjet papers
2019 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 9, no 41, p. 23925-23938Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PEDOT:PSS organic printed electronics chemical interactions with the ink-receiving layer (IRL) of monopolar inkjet paper substrates and coating color composition were evaluated through Raman spectroscopy mapping in Z (depth) and (XY) direction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Other evaluated properties of the IRLs were pore size distribution (PSD), surface roughness, ink de-wetting, surface energy and the impact of such characteristics on the electronics performance of the printed layers. Resin-coated inkjet papers were compared to a multilayer coated paper substrate that also contained an IRL but did not contain the plastic polyethylene (PE) resin layer. This substrate showed better electronic performance (i.e., lower sheet resistance), which we attributed to the inert coating composition, higher surface roughness and higher polarity of the surface which influenced the de-wetting of the ink. The novelty is that this substrate was rougher and with somewhat lower printing quality but with better electronic performance and the advantage of not having PE in their composite structure, which favors recycling. © 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36895 (URN)10.1039/c9ra03801a (DOI)2-s2.0-85070373982 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved
Costa, C., Mira, I., Benjamins, J.-W., Lindman, B., Edlund, H. & Norgren, M. (2019). Interfacial activity and emulsion stabilization of dissolved cellulose. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 292, Article ID 111325.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interfacial activity and emulsion stabilization of dissolved cellulose
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Liquids, ISSN 0167-7322, E-ISSN 1873-3166, Vol. 292, article id 111325Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Some aspects of the interfacial behavior of cellulose dissolved in an aqueous solvent were investigated. Cellulose was found to significantly decrease the interfacial tension (IFT) between paraffin oil and 85 wt% phosphoric acid aqueous solutions. This decrease was similar in magnitude to that displayed by non-ionic cellulose derivatives. Cellulose's interfacial activity indicated a significant amphiphilic character and that the interfacial activity of cellulose derivatives is not only related to the derivatization but inherent in the cellulose backbone. This finding suggests that cellulose would have the ability of stabilizing dispersions, like oil-in-water emulsions in a similar way as a large number of cellulose derivatives. In its molecularly dissolved state, cellulose proved to be able to stabilize emulsions of paraffin in the polar solvent on a short-term. However, long-term stability against drop-coalescence was possible to achieve by a slight change in the amphiphilicity of cellulose, effected by a slight increase in pH. These emulsions exhibited excellent stability against coalescence/oiling-off over a period of one year. Ageing of the cellulose solution before emulsification (resulting in molecular weight reduction) was found to favour the creation of smaller droplets. 

Keywords
Adsorption, Amphiphilicity, Cellulose molecules, Emulsions, Interfacial activity, Oil-water interface
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-36838 (URN)10.1016/j.molliq.2019.111325 (DOI)2-s2.0-85069688256 (Scopus ID)
Note

Available under a Creative Commons license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-08-13 Last updated: 2019-08-13Bibliographically approved
Eivazihollagh, A., Svanedal, I., Edlund, H. & Norgren, M. (2019). On chelating surfactants: Molecular perspectives and application prospects. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 278, 688-705
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On chelating surfactants: Molecular perspectives and application prospects
2019 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Liquids, ISSN 0167-7322, E-ISSN 1873-3166, Vol. 278, p. 688-705Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Chelating agents, molecules that very strongly coordinates certain metal ions, are used industrially as well as in consumer products to minimize disturbances and increase performance of reactions and applications. The widely used sequestering agents, nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) belong to this branch of readily water-soluble compounds. When these chemical structures also have hydrophobic parts, they are prone to adsorb at air-water interfaces and to self-assemble. Such bifunctional molecules can be called chelating surfactants and will have more extended utilization prospects than common chelating agents or ordinary ionic surfactants. The present review attempts to highlight the fundamental behavior of chelating surfactants in solution and at interfaces, and their very specific interactions with metal ions. Methods to recover chelating surfactants from metal chelates are also described. Moreover, utilization of chelating surfactants in applications for metal removal in environmental engineering and mineral processing, as well as for metal control in the fields of biology, chemistry and physics, is exemplified and discussed.

Keywords
Chelating surfactants, Metallosurfactants, Amphiphiles, Self-assembly, Metal-coordination, Sequestering agents, Complexing agents, Remediation, Flotation, Metal recovery, Recovery, Catalysis, Metalloenzymes, Contrast agents, Nanoparticle synthesis, Applications
National Category
Mineral and Mine Engineering Nano Technology Bioremediation Water Treatment Environmental Management Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology Bio Materials Biocatalysis and Enzyme Technology Chemical Engineering Other Chemical Engineering Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35610 (URN)10.1016/j.molliq.2019.01.076 (DOI)000461526600074 ()2-s2.0-85061119211 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-02-08 Created: 2019-02-08 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Yang, J., Dahlström, C., Edlund, H., Lindman, B. & Norgren, M. (2019). pH-responsive cellulose–chitosan nanocomposite films with slow release of chitosan. Cellulose (London), 26(6), 3763-3776
Open this publication in new window or tab >>pH-responsive cellulose–chitosan nanocomposite films with slow release of chitosan
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 3763-3776Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cellulose–chitosan films were preparedusing a physical method in which cellulose andchitosan were separately dissolved via freeze thawingin LiOH/urea and mixed in different proportions, theresulting films being cast and regenerated in water/ethanol. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transforminfrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectroscopy verifiedthe composition changes in the nanocomposites due todifferent mixing ratios between the polymers. Tensilestress–strain measurements indicated that the mechan-ical performance of the cellulose–chitosan nanocom-posites slightly worsened with increasing chitosancontent compared with that of films comprisingcellulose alone. Field emission scanning electronmicroscopy revealed the spontaneous formation ofnanofibers in the films; these nanofibers were subse-quently ordered into lamellar structures. Water uptakeand microscopy analysis of film thickness changesindicated that the swelling dramatically increased atlower pH and with increasing chitosan content, thisbeing ascribed to the Gibbs–Donnan effect. Slowmaterial loss appeared at acidic pH, as indicated by aloss of weight, and quantitative FT-IR analysisconfirmed that chitosan was the main componentreleased.Asample containing 75% chitosan reached amaximum swelling ratio and weight loss of 1500%and 55 wt%, respectively, after 12 h at pH 3. Thestudy presents a novel way of preparing pH-responsivecellulose–chitosan nanocomposites with slow-releasecharacteristics using an environmentally friendlyprocedure and without any chemical reactions.

Keywords
Cellulose dissolution, Chitosan dissolution, pH responsive, Gibbs–Donnan equilibrium, Nanocomposite, Slow release
National Category
Other Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35778 (URN)10.1007/s10570-019-02357-5 (DOI)000464849500011 ()2-s2.0-85062686323 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 942-2015-251
Available from: 2019-03-12 Created: 2019-03-12 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved
Andres, B., Dahlström, C., Blomquist, N., Norgren, M. & Olin, H. (2018). Cellulose binders for electric double-layer capacitor electrodes: The influence of cellulose quality on electrical properties. Materials & design, 141, 342-349
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cellulose binders for electric double-layer capacitor electrodes: The influence of cellulose quality on electrical properties
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Materials & design, ISSN 0264-1275, E-ISSN 1873-4197, Vol. 141, p. 342-349Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cellulose derivatives are widely used as binders and dispersing agents in different applications. Binders composed of cellulose are an environmentally friendly alternative to oil-based polymer binding agents. Previously, we reported the use of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) as binders in electrodes for electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs). In addition to good mechanical stability, we demonstrated that CNFs enhanced the electrical performance of the electrodes. However, cellulose fibers can cover a broad range of length scales, and the quality requirements from an electrode perspective have not been thoroughly investigated. To evaluate the influence of fiber quality on electrode properties, we tested seven samples with different fiber dimensions that are based on the same kraft pulp. To capture the length scale from fibers to nanofibrils, we evaluated the performance of the untreated kraft pulp, refined fibers, microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) and CNFs. Electrodes with kraft pulp or refined fibers showed the lowest electrical resistivity. The specific capacitances of all EDLCs were surprisingly similar, but slightly lower for the EDLC with CNFs. The same electrode sample with CNFs also showed a slightly higher equivalent series resistance (ESR), compared to those of the other EDLCs. Graphite dispersions with MFC showed the best dispersion stability. 

Keywords
Cellulose, Electric double-layer capacitor, Graphite, Nanocellulose, Nanocomposite, Supercapacitor
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32766 (URN)10.1016/j.matdes.2017.12.041 (DOI)000424945300031 ()2-s2.0-85040002856 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-30 Last updated: 2018-07-19Bibliographically approved
Eivazihollagh, A., Norgren, M., Dahlström, C. & Edlund, H. (2018). Controlled Synthesis of Cu and Cu2O NPs and Incorporation of Octahedral Cu2O NPs in Cellulose II Films. Nanomaterials, 8(4), Article ID 238.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Controlled Synthesis of Cu and Cu2O NPs and Incorporation of Octahedral Cu2O NPs in Cellulose II Films
2018 (English)In: Nanomaterials, ISSN 2079-4991, Vol. 8, no 4, article id 238Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, Cu and Cu2O nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized through chemical reduction of soluble copper-chelating ligand complexes using formaldehyde as a reducing agent. The influence of various chelating ligands, such as ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), and a surface-active derivative of DTPA (C12-DTPA), as well as surfactants (i.e., hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), dodecyltrimethylammonium chloride (DoTAC), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and dimethyldodecylamine-N-oxide (DDAO)), on morphology and the composition of produced NPs was investigated. In the absence of surfactants, spherical copper particles with polycrystalline structure could be obtained. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed that, in the presence of EDTA, the synthesized NPs are mainly composed of Cu with a crystallite size on the order of 35 nm, while with DTPA and C12-DTPA, Cu2O is also present in the NPs as a minority phase. The addition of ionic surfactants to the copper–EDTA complex solution before reduction resulted in smaller spherical particles, mainly composed of Cu. However, when DDAO was added, pure Cu2O nano-octahedrons were formed, as verified by high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM) and XRD. Furthermore, a hybrid material could be successfully prepared by mixing the octahedral Cu2O NPs with cellulose dissolved in a LiOH/urea solvent system, followed by spin-coating on silica wafers. It is expected that this simple and scalable route to prepare hybrid materials could be applied to a variety of possible applications.

Keywords
copper nanoparticles; cuprous oxide nano-octahedrons; hybrid material; regenerated cellulose; chemical reduction; chelating agent; surfactant
National Category
Nano Technology Chemical Engineering Materials Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33497 (URN)10.3390/nano8040238 (DOI)000434889100059 ()2-s2.0-85045875998 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-04-16 Created: 2018-04-16 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved
Ibrahem, I., Iqbal, M. N., Verho, O., Eivazihollagh, A., Olsén, P., Edlund, H., . . . Johnston, E. V. (2018). Copper Nanoparticles on Controlled Pore Glass and TEMPO for the Aerobic Oxidation of Alcohols. ChemNanoMat, 4(1), 71-75
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Copper Nanoparticles on Controlled Pore Glass and TEMPO for the Aerobic Oxidation of Alcohols
Show others...
2018 (English)In: ChemNanoMat, ISSN 2199-692X, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 71-75Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Herein, we report on the facile synthesis of a heterogeneous copper nanocatalyst and its combination with 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO) for the aerobic oxidation of alcohols to their corresponding carbonyl compounds. This low cost copper nanocatalyst was found to exhibit excellent recyclability, making it a highly attractive catalytic system from an economical and environmental point of view. Extensive characterization of the catalyst by a number of techniques revealed that it was comprised of well-dispersed Cu(I/II) nanoparticles with an average size of around 6nm.

Keywords
Alcohol oxidation, Copper nanoparticles, Green chemistry, Heterogeneous catalysis, TEMPO
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32328 (URN)10.1002/cnma.201700309 (DOI)000419237800011 ()2-s2.0-85033664510 (Scopus ID)
Note

Version of record online: 14 November 2017

Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-07 Last updated: 2019-08-06Bibliographically approved
Lundberg, M., Norgren, M. & Edlund, H. (2018). Crill Measurements For Improved Fines Material Control. In: IMPC 2018: . Paper presented at International Mechanical Pulping Conference (IMPC) 2018, May 27-30, 2018, Trondheim, Norway. Trondheim, Norway
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crill Measurements For Improved Fines Material Control
2018 (English)In: IMPC 2018, Trondheim, Norway, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Finding the characterization method that best matches the pulping process is crucial in enabling the monitoring and control of pulp and final-product properties. Control of optimal process parameters in the production line are thus dependent on reliable and valid results. The Crill method is an analogue method based on the relationship between the interactions of lights of two different wavelengths (UV and IR) with the particles in the pulp. By comparing the specific UV and IR surfaces, the crill value is calculated. The crill method has been used in two studies with the aims to validate the crill measurement in a high yield pulping (HYP) process by focusing on refining and control of crill value of different pulp streams. The results indicate that the crill method can be used to monitor fibre treatment in refining processes. Moreover, by controlling pulp streams with regards to crill value, improvements of pulp strength and retention on the paper machine (PM) can be achieved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim, Norway: , 2018
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34678 (URN)
Conference
International Mechanical Pulping Conference (IMPC) 2018, May 27-30, 2018, Trondheim, Norway
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
Fiskari, J., Ferritsius, R., Osong, S. H., Persson, A., Höglund, T. & Norgren, M. (2018). Deep Eutectic Solvent Treatment to Low-Energy TMP to Produce Fibers for Papermaking. In: IMPC 2018: . Paper presented at International Mechanical Pulping Conference (IMPC) 2018, May 27-30, 2018, Trondheim, Norway. Trondheim, Norway
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deep Eutectic Solvent Treatment to Low-Energy TMP to Produce Fibers for Papermaking
Show others...
2018 (English)In: IMPC 2018, Trondheim, Norway, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this research was to gain a better understanding on whether a novel process based on low-energy thermo-mechanical pulp (TMP) process followed by a chemical treatment with deep eutectic solvents (DESs) could produce fibers suitable for papermaking. In full scale production, these fibers could be produced at a much lower capital and operational costs, especially when utilizing existing TMP plants which are under the threat to be shut down or have already been shut down due to a decreasing demand for newsprint and other wood-containing papers.The efficiency of several DES treatments under various temperatures and times were evaluated by carrying out experiments in standard Teflon-lined autoclaves. A few tests were also performed in a unique nonstandard flow extractor. Pulp samples were characterized for their cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin contents. Moreover, tensile index was measured both before and after pulp refining. Depending on the solvent, the response of mechanical pulp varied, especially in terms of hemicellulose dissolution. Lactic acid, oxalic acid and urea, all in combination with choline chloride ([Ch]Cl) as the hydrogen bond acceptor, dissolved about 50% of the lignin of the low-energy TMP fibers under the tested conditions. The mixture of malic acid and [Ch]Cl was less effective in lignin dissolution. The mixture of urea and [Ch]Cl exhibited only a minor loss in hemicellulose content, when compared to the other tested DESs. Although 50% of the lignin was dissolved with minor loss in hemicellulose no improvement in tensile strength was observed, as it was rather the opposite. Another benefit with the mixture of urea and [Ch]Cl was that this DES did not appear to be corrosive to stainless steel. All other tested DESs—which were also quite acidic—were observed to be corrosive. Moreover, this DES-related corrosion was found to intensify at elevated temperatures.When chips were used as starting material with otherwise the same conditions almost no lignin was dissolved. This suggests that low-energy mechanical pulp is likely to be a good starting material for extracting lignin using DESs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim, Norway: , 2018
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34679 (URN)
Conference
International Mechanical Pulping Conference (IMPC) 2018, May 27-30, 2018, Trondheim, Norway
Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-10-09Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3407-7973

Search in DiVA

Show all publications