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Andersson, Henrik, DrORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2965-0288
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Publications (10 of 65) Show all publications
Engholm, M., Hammarling, K., Andersson, H., Sandberg, M. & Nilsson, H.-E. (2019). A Bio-Compatible Fiber Optic pH Sensor Based on a Thin Core Interferometric Technique. Photonics, 6(1), Article ID 11.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Bio-Compatible Fiber Optic pH Sensor Based on a Thin Core Interferometric Technique
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2019 (English)In: Photonics, ISSN 2304-6732, Vol. 6, no 1, article id 11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is an increasing demand for compact, reliable and versatile sensor concepts for pH-level monitoring within several industrial, chemical as well as bio-medical applications. Many pHsensors concepts have been proposed, however, there is still a need for improved sensor solutionswith respect to reliability, durability and miniaturization but also for multiparameter sensing. Here wepresent a conceptual verification, which includes theoretical simulations as well as experimentalevaluation of a fiber optic pH-sensor based on a bio-compatible pH sensitive material not previouslyused in this context. The fiber optic sensor is based on a Mach-Zehnder interferometric technique,where the pH sensitive material is coated on a short, typically 20-25 mm thin core fiber splicedbetween two standard single mode fibers. The working principle of the sensor is simulated by usingCOMSOL Multiphysics. The simulations are used as a guideline for the construction of the sensorsthat have been experimentally evaluated in different liquids with pH ranging from 1.95 to 11.89. The results are promising, showing the potential for the development of bio-compatible fiber optic pH sensor with short response time, high sensitivity and broad measurement range. The developedsensor concept can find future use in many medical- or bio-chemical applications as well as inenvironmental monitoring of large areas. Challenges encountered during the sensor developmentdue to variation in the design parameters are discussed.

National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35646 (URN)10.3390/photonics6010011 (DOI)
Note

MDPI Photonics Special Issue "Advanced Optical Materials and Devices"

Available from: 2019-02-14 Created: 2019-02-14 Last updated: 2019-02-18Bibliographically approved
Olsen, M., Zhang, R., Örtegren, J., Andersson, H., Yang, Y. & Olin, H. (2019). Frequency and voltage response of a wind-driven fluttering triboelectric nanogenerator. Scientific Reports, 9(1), Article ID 5543.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frequency and voltage response of a wind-driven fluttering triboelectric nanogenerator
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2019 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 5543Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENG:s) are used as efficient energy transducers in energy harvesting converting mechanical energy into electrical energy. Wind is an abundant source of mechanical energy but how should a good triboelectric wind harvester be designed? We have built and studied a TENG driven by air flow in a table-top sized wind tunnel. Our TENG constitutes of a plastic film of size10 cm × 2 cm which is fluttering between two copper electrodes generating enough power to light up a battery of LED:s. We measured the voltage and frequency of fluttering at different wind speeds from zero up to 8 m/s for three electrode distances 6 mm, 10 mm and 14 mm. We found that the frequency increases linearly with the wind speed with a cutoff at some low speed. Power was generated already at 1.6 m/s. We seem to be able to explain the observed frequency dependence on wind speed by assuming excitation of the film into different harmonics in response to von Kármán vortices. We also find that the voltage increase linearly with frequency. We anticipate that TENG:s of this design could be useful both as generators and speed sensors because they work at low air speeds.

National Category
Natural Sciences Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35936 (URN)10.1038/s41598-019-42128-7 (DOI)
Funder
J. Gust. Richert stiftelseSwedish Energy AgencyKnowledge FoundationEuropean Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Note

Forskningsfinansiär: Länsstyrelsen Västernorrland

Available from: 2019-04-03 Created: 2019-04-03 Last updated: 2019-04-05Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Hummelgård, M., Örtegren, J., Olsen, M., Andersson, H. & Olin, H. (2019). Interaction of the human body with triboelectric nanogenerators. Nano Energy, 57, 279-292
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interaction of the human body with triboelectric nanogenerators
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2019 (English)In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 57, p. 279-292Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) is a new technique for energy harvesting at both small and large scales. Almost all types of mechanical energy can be harvested with TENGs by using four modes of operation that cover almost all mechanical motions. The interactions of the human body with TENGs range from energy harvesting, motion sensing, and biomedical applications to human-computer communications. Different types of TENGs have been developed to directly or indirectly involve the human body. This review will summarize the recent advances in the interaction of the human body with TENGs.

Keywords
Energy harvesting, Healthcare, Human body, Human-robot interactions, Sensors, Triboelectric nanogenerators
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35386 (URN)10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.12.059 (DOI)000458419000028 ()2-s2.0-85059038089 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-01-06 Created: 2019-01-06 Last updated: 2019-03-18Bibliographically approved
Ahmad, J., Andersson, H. & Sidén, J. (2019). Screen Printed Piezoresistive Sensors for Monitoring Pressure Distribution in Wheelchair. IEEE Sensors Journal, 19(6), 2055-2063
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Screen Printed Piezoresistive Sensors for Monitoring Pressure Distribution in Wheelchair
2019 (English)In: IEEE Sensors Journal, ISSN 1530-437X, E-ISSN 1558-1748, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 2055-2063Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Prolonged sitting inadequacies cause pressure ulcer to many individuals, especially to disadvantaged with reduced mobility. The measurement of distributed pressure and detection of irregular sitting postures is essential for preventing the risk of developing pressure ulcer. In this paper, a pressure sensing system capable of recognizing sitting postures by means of measuring interface pressure through printed pressure sensors is presented. A thin and flexible large area sensor is screen-printed using silver flake and carbon particle inks and comprises 16 sensing elements. For the evaluation of practical usability, the sensor characterization is carried out by conducting stability, repeatability, drift and bending tests. The performance of the sensor is checked under varying environmental conditions. Sitting posture detection accuracy above 80 % is achieved using a classification algorithm for four different sitting postures. Pressure distribution is monitored at a scanning rate of 10 Hz. A low power and small form factor of read-out electronics enables a compact packaging inside the seat cushion. The presented sensor design targets smart wheelchairs, but it is extendable to much larger areas, for example to be used in beds. The proposed sensing system would be of a great assistance for caregivers and health professionals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2019
Keywords
Pressure sensors, wheelchair, conductive inks, sitting posture recognition, pressure mapping, screen-printing
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35133 (URN)10.1109/JSEN.2018.2885638 (DOI)000459513100009 ()
Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2019-03-19Bibliographically approved
Li, X., Sidén, J., Andersson, H. & Schön, T. (2018). A Paper-Based Screen Printed HF RFID Reader Antenna System. IEEE Journal of Radio Frequency Identification, 2(3), 118-126
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Paper-Based Screen Printed HF RFID Reader Antenna System
2018 (English)In: IEEE Journal of Radio Frequency Identification, ISSN 2469-729X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 118-126Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Screen printing is a stencil process where conductive inks are patterned onto substrates through a fine mesh of threads. Nowadays, screen printing can be used to print RFID antenna structures onto flexible and ultra-low-cost substrates such as pa-per. In this manuscript, we present an HF RFID reader antenna system, operating at 13.56 MHz, using screen printed Ag particle ink as conductor and using HP photo paper as substrate. The proposed antenna system comprises four loop antenna elements, matched to 50 Ω, and one I2C addressed SP4T multiplexer circuitry, controlled through an exterior embedded system. The geometries, designs and characterizations of the antenna system are described in the manuscript in details. Measurement results show that the antenna system has low power reflections and a suitable Q factor. It has a maximum 11.1 cm RFID tag read range at an antenna system input power of 33 dBm. 2D RFID tag positioning can be enabled by utilizing the RFID tag interrogation zones formed by the four loop antenna elements. In addition, a parametric study is carried out to investigate the effect of loop antenna element DC resistance on the antenna element performance. It can be concluded that the proposed method can be used to create low-cost and large-area HF RFID reader antenna systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
445 Hoes Lane Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA: IEEE, 2018
Keywords
HF reader antenna system, 13.56 MHz, screen printed, paper substrate
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34384 (URN)10.1109/JRFID.2018.2869494 (DOI)
Projects
IDPOS
Available from: 2018-09-12 Created: 2018-09-12 Last updated: 2018-10-12Bibliographically approved
Hammarling, K., Engholm, M., Andersson, H., Sandberg, M. & Nilsson, H.-E. (2018). Broad-Range Hydrogel-Based pH Sensor with Capacitive Readout Manufactured on a Flexible Substrate. Chemosensors, 6(3), Article ID 30.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Broad-Range Hydrogel-Based pH Sensor with Capacitive Readout Manufactured on a Flexible Substrate
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2018 (English)In: Chemosensors, ISSN 2227-9040, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 15article id 30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Environmental monitoring of land, water and air, is an area receiving greater attention because of human health and safety concerns. Monitoring the type of pollution and concentration levels is vital, so that appropriate contingency plans can be determined. To effectively monitor the environment, there is a need for new sensors and sensor systems that suits these type of measurements. However, the diversity of sensors suitable for low, battery powered- and large area sensor systems are limited. We have manufactured and characterized a flexible pH sensor using laser processing and blade coating techniques that is able to measure pH between 2.94 and 11.80. The sensor consists of an interdigital capacitance with a pH sensitive hydrogel coating. Thin sensors can reach 95% of their final value value within 3 min, and are stable after 4 min. Good repeatability was achieved in regard to cycling of the sensor with different pH and multiple measurements from dry state. We have also studied the relation between an interdigital capacitance penetration depth and hydrogels expansion. We believe that our passive sensor is suitable to be used in low power and large area sensor networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel, Switzerland: MDPI, 2018. p. 15
Keywords
interdigital, hydrogel, penetration depth, pH, sensor, coating, thin film, laser ablation, oligo (β-amino esters)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34203 (URN)10.3390/chemosensors6030030 (DOI)000448395400006 ()2-s2.0-85052627188 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-07-25 Created: 2018-07-25 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Li, X., Sidén, J. & Andersson, H. (2018). Flexible Circuits and Materials for Large-Area UHF RFID Reader Antenna Systems. IOP Flexible and Printed Electronics, 3(1), Article ID 015005.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flexible Circuits and Materials for Large-Area UHF RFID Reader Antenna Systems
2018 (English)In: IOP Flexible and Printed Electronics, ISSN 2058-8585, Vol. 3, no 1, article id 015005Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

RF electronics commonly incorporate PCB-materials with low loss tangents, which limits its use for large-area applications due to its high cost. This work verifies one alternative solution how non-conventional flexible circuit materials can be used to manufacture large functional surfaces for RF-based applications. Laminated Al foils are used for conducting layers and a flexible foam material is used for substrate. An RFID reader system has been developed to demonstrate the functionality, comprising of eight microstrip antenna elements arranged in a SP4T switching structure covering an area of 1.2 m × 0.6 m. Each antenna element is individually addressable with aid of distributed digital and analogue multiplexer circuitry and it is shown how these components can be soldered directly onto the Al conductors. The constructed system shows good RF performance, both with regards to the materials and to the interconnections with the distributed multiplexer circuitry. It can perform far-field RFID tag reading above its surface without dead zones and the system characterization implies that the concept can be further expanded to cover geometrical areas up to 1000 square meters.

Keywords
UHF RFID, large-area reader antenna system, flexible circuits and materials
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32307 (URN)10.1088/2058-8585/aaa1f3 (DOI)000424097500002 ()2-s2.0-85045646881 (Scopus ID)
Note

Accepted Manuscript online 15 December 2017

Available from: 2017-12-06 Created: 2017-12-06 Last updated: 2018-10-12Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Örtegren, J., Hummelgård, M., Olsen, M., Andersson, H. & Olin, H. (2018). Harvesting triboelectricity from the human body using non-electrode triboelectric nanogenerators. Nano Energy, 45, 298-303
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Harvesting triboelectricity from the human body using non-electrode triboelectric nanogenerators
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2018 (English)In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 45, p. 298-303Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Triboelectrification has been known and discussed since antiquity. Triboelectrification occurs in the human body due to friction between human skin and other materials such as clothing. However, charges on the body have not been harvested to power small electronics. Here, we report for the first time that the electricity generated on the human body due to triboelectrification can be measured and harvested using human body-based non-electrode triboelectric nanogenerators (H-TENGs). The H-TENGs can have an output of up to 3.3 W/m(2) and can spontaneously harvest energy from several people. The functions of the human body in the H-TENGs are analyzed and experimentally proven to be those of a triboelectric material, conductor and capacitor. Our results demonstrate that the triboelectricity generated on a human body can be harvested using H-TENGs and provide scientific insights into body functions that will promote further studies of TENGs.

Keywords
Human body, Non-electrode TENG, Mechanisms, Charges
National Category
Medical Biotechnology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33301 (URN)10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.12.053 (DOI)000425396400033 ()2-s2.0-85043782783 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-03-19 Created: 2018-03-19 Last updated: 2018-03-28Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Engholm, M., Hummelgård, M., Andersson, H., Örtegren, J. & Olin, H. (2018). High-performance transparent and flexible electrodes made by flash-light sintering of gold nanoparticles. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 1(12), 7191-7198
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High-performance transparent and flexible electrodes made by flash-light sintering of gold nanoparticles
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2018 (English)In: ACS Applied Energy Materials, E-ISSN 2574-0962, Vol. 1, no 12, p. 7191-7198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Metallic nanowire-based transparent electrodes (TEs) are potential alternatives to indium tin oxide (ITO). To achieve a high performance [sheet resistance (Rs) < 100 Ω/sq, transmittance (T%) > 90%], the nanowires must have a high length-to-diameter (L/D) ratio to minimize the number of wire-to-wire junctions. Attempts to produce TEs with gold nanowires have been made, and the results reveal difficulties in achieving the requirements. A successful strategy involves creating templated gold nanonetworks through multiple procedures. Here, we present a simple and efficient method that uses flash-light sintering of a gold nanonetwork film into gold TEs (Rs: 82.9 Ω/sq, T %: 91.79%) on a thin polycarbonate film (25 μm). The produced gold TEs have excellent mechanical, electrical, optical, and chemical stabilities. Mechanisms of the formation of gold nanonetworks and the effect of flash-light have been analyzed. Our findings provide a scalable process for producing transparent and flexible gold electrodes with a total processing time of less than 8 min without the use of heating, vacuum processing, and organic chemicals and without any material loss. This is possible because all the gold nanoparticles have been aggregated and filtrated on the filter membranes. The area density of gold is 0.094 g/m2 leading low material costs, which is very competitive with the price of commercial TEs.

Keywords
transparent electrode, flexible electrode, gold nanoparticles, flash-light sintering, high performance
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35380 (URN)10.1021/acsaem.8b01649 (DOI)000458706800063 ()
Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved
Zhang, R., Hummelgård, M., Örtegren, J., Olsen, M., Andersson, H., Yang, Y. & Olin, H. (2018). Human body constituted triboelectric nanogenerators as energy harvesters, code transmitters and motion sensors. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 1(6), 2955-2960
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human body constituted triboelectric nanogenerators as energy harvesters, code transmitters and motion sensors
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2018 (English)In: ACS Applied Energy Materials, ISSN 2574-0962, Vol. 1, no 6, p. 2955-2960Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Human skin is a dielectric material that can be used as a triboelectric material for harvesting energy from body motions. The output power of such a human skin-based triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) is relatively low. Here, we assembled high-output human body constituted TENGs (H-TENGs) by taking advantage of the unique electrical properties of the human body, such as high skin impedance, low tissue resistance, body capacitance, and conductivity. The output of a H-TENG can reach 30 W/m2, which is enough to drive small electronic devices, such as a timer or a calculator. The unique feature of the H-TENG is that it can perform the four fundamental modes of TENGs, which has not been reported elsewhere. Such a feature allows the H-TENG to act as a code transmitter to send light and electrical signals, such as Morse code. H-TENGs also benefit the development of high-performance, self-powered body motion sensors. Our findings suggest new strategies for harvesting energy from human body motions, as well as new types of motion sensors and signal senders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2018
Keywords
code transmitters; energy harvesting; human body; motion sensors; triboelectric nanogenerators
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34433 (URN)10.1021/acsaem.8b00667 (DOI)000458705800070 ()
Available from: 2018-09-18 Created: 2018-09-18 Last updated: 2019-03-15Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2965-0288

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