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Wall, Erika, Docent
Publications (10 of 35) Show all publications
Warne, M., Wall, E., Carlerby, H. & Vinberg, S. (2018). Alcohol- and drug prevention among seasonal employees at a Swedish ski resort. In: Siw Tone Innstrand, Geir Arild Espnes and Bjarne Bruun Jensen (Ed.), 10th IUHPE European Conference and International Forum for Health Promotion Research: Implementing Health Promotion in the Life Course - User Involvement in Practice and Research. Paper presented at The 10th IUHPE - Health Promotion in the Life Course Conference hosted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 24 - 26 September 2018..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Alcohol- and drug prevention among seasonal employees at a Swedish ski resort
2018 (English)In: 10th IUHPE European Conference and International Forum for Health Promotion Research: Implementing Health Promotion in the Life Course - User Involvement in Practice and Research / [ed] Siw Tone Innstrand, Geir Arild Espnes and Bjarne Bruun Jensen, 2018Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Seasonal employees at ski resorts represent a high-risk population for the use of alcohol and drugs, as well as other negative lifestyle behaviours. These employees work and live in a context where the customers are on holiday and hence alcohol is used frequently. To our knowledge there is a gap in the literature regarding alcohol and drug consumption among seasonal employees. Particularly studies in the context of ski resorts are lacking. The overall purpose of our study was to evaluate a policy-based intervention at a ski resort area in Sweden. The intervention was led by a project leader together with managers from different tourism industries, the health sector, social service and police. Components in the intervention were e.g. policy development and implementation, education of managers and creation of a manager network.  In total, 48 enterprises participated. A questionnaire, concerning alcohol and drug use and social aspects, was distributed before and after the intervention. The firs questionnaire was answered by 611 (47%) respondents and 423 (34%) respondents the follow-up questionnaire after two years. In addition, five persons in the project group was interviewed after the intervention.  Based on survey data, comparisons before and after the intervention showed several positive results. The  results show a significant reduction of hazardous drinking and an  increased awareness of the companies’ alcohol- and drug policies among the employees. No significant effects on drug consumption were found. The project group reported better knowledge about alcohol and drugs. However, most important was the increased collaboration between managers in tourism industries. The intervention also resulted in new norm breaking ideas such as a sober end of the season instead of the traditional “drinking the bar dry” and managers taking employees out on hiking instead of going out for a beer.

 

The conclusion is that seasonal tourism industries need to work with hazardous alcohol- and drug consumption from a “whole village perspective”. Successful health promotion work among seasonal employees, needs collaboration between private and public sector and should be related to cultural norms as well as working- and living conditions in the particular context, in this case the tourist resort.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35287 (URN)
Conference
The 10th IUHPE - Health Promotion in the Life Course Conference hosted by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 24 - 26 September 2018.
Available from: 2018-12-18 Created: 2018-12-18 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved
Wall, E. (2018). Bilder av risk: Ett nedslag i den samtida samhällsvetenskapliga riskforskningslitteraturen med avseende på visuella metoder för datainsamling och analys. In: Thule: Kungliga Skyttenska Samfundets Årsbok 2018 (pp. 121-135). Umeå: Kungliga Skytteanska Samfundet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bilder av risk: Ett nedslag i den samtida samhällsvetenskapliga riskforskningslitteraturen med avseende på visuella metoder för datainsamling och analys
2018 (Swedish)In: Thule: Kungliga Skyttenska Samfundets Årsbok 2018, Umeå: Kungliga Skytteanska Samfundet , 2018, p. 121-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kungliga Skytteanska Samfundet, 2018
Series
Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundets Årsbok THULE, ISSN 0280-8692 ; 31
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35170 (URN)9789186438616 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-12-11 Created: 2018-12-11 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved
Wall, E. & John, S. (2018). Return to Work After Long-Term Sick Leave: Stories of Employed Women With Common Mental Disorders. International Journal of Disability Mangement Research, 13(e4), 1-7
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Return to Work After Long-Term Sick Leave: Stories of Employed Women With Common Mental Disorders
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Disability Mangement Research, ISSN 1833-8550, E-ISSN 1834-4887, Vol. 13, no e4, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to investigate the perceptions of female employees on long-term sickness absence due to common mental disorders (CMDs), in relation to what they perceive would best help them to return to work. Data were collected through a survey answered by employees at a municipality in Sweden on long-term sick leave. Results of the current study are based on a part of that material, namely from 56 women with CMDs who responded to the final open question. The analysis involves two steps. Initially, we explored themes that form the accounts in the findings. Secondly, based on the themes, collective narratives, storylines were identified. Three different storylines were found to be prominent in the findings. The storylines describe how the participants collectively expressed themselves in relation to the possibilities for return to work, and the following storylines were derived: It feels like too much, Things are moving too fast, and I have to get out of here!. The findings are related to perceived demands, control and support. From a disability management perspective, we have learned the importance of restoring the balance between demands, control and support — not only to prevent absence from work, but also to facilitate return to work after a period of long-term sickness.

Keywords
disability management, return to work, women’s health, common mental disorder
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35165 (URN)10.1017/idm.2018.6 (DOI)2-s2.0-85057756149 (Scopus ID)
Note

Published online: 03 December 2018

Available from: 2018-12-11 Created: 2018-12-11 Last updated: 2019-03-27Bibliographically approved
Warne, M., Wall, E. & Vinberg, S. (2017). Managers’ and employees’ views of critical aspects for alcohol abuse prevention at small and medium enterprises: the case of ski resorts in NorthernSweden. Society, health and vulnerability, 8(sup1), 67-79, Article ID UNSP 1355719.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managers’ and employees’ views of critical aspects for alcohol abuse prevention at small and medium enterprises: the case of ski resorts in NorthernSweden
2017 (English)In: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 8, no sup1, p. 67-79, article id UNSP 1355719Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Seasonal workers at tourism resorts, particularly young employees, represent a high-riskpopulation for alcohol abuse and other negative lifestyles. This study explores how managers and employees at ski resorts in Northern Sweden experience critical aspects for hazardous alcohol use at small- and medium-sized enterprises. This analysis is based on one open-ended question about hazardous alcohol use prevention at the workplace answered by 153 employees,and semi-structured interviews about being a manager at a ski resort conducted with 13managers. The analysis showed that managers’ views regarding hazardous alcohol use prevention were double-edged, which was confirmed by the employees’ answers. The managers contribute to the preservation of existing alcohol norms but simultaneously enforce policies and administer tests to control employees’ sobriety at work. Three themes emerged: reproducing existing alcohol norms, an alcohol-controlled working environment and care-taking managers. The results identified a need for early prevention initiatives focusing on the norms and work cultures of small- and medium-sized ski resorts. In relation to the theory of planned behaviour, the analysis illuminates how evaluations of behaviours related to alcohol consumption are communicated in policies and through leadership. In addition, the importance of social pressure regarding alcohol use is clarified in the material.

Keywords
Seasonal employees, alcohol, early prevention, managers, small- and medium-sized enterprises
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31533 (URN)10.1080/20021518.2017.1355719 (DOI)000424909600009 ()
Projects
Trygg i Åre
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden
Available from: 2017-09-03 Created: 2017-09-03 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Warne, M., Wall, E. & Svensson, Å. (2017). Närvarande elever och positiv skolmiljö för ökat välbefinnande och måluppfyllelse i skolan: Slutrapport från forskarna i projekt Hälsofrämjande skolutveckling inom ramen för Skolverkets anslag för 2016-2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Närvarande elever och positiv skolmiljö för ökat välbefinnande och måluppfyllelse i skolan: Slutrapport från forskarna i projekt Hälsofrämjande skolutveckling inom ramen för Skolverkets anslag för 2016-2017
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Elevers närvaro i skolan är viktig både för deras kunskapsutveckling men även för deras hälsa och välmående idag och som vuxna. En betydelsefull faktor för närvaro är de sociala interaktioner som är en del av skolans vardag. Runt 20 000 elever hade 2015 olika formera av upprepad frånvaro och forskning visar att ströfrånvaro kan leda till långa perioder av frånvaro från skolan. Syftet med denna studie var att med utgångspunkt i ett pilotprojekt undersöka hur rutinerna kring rapportering och uppföljning av elevers frånvaro fungerade på två skolor i Östersunds kommun, en kommunal F–5-skola och en kommunal 6–9-skola, samt att identifiera hinder och framgångsfaktorer för elevers närvaro i skolmiljön. Erfarenheterna från projektet förväntades ge ökade kunskaper om orsaker till frånvaro och närvaro samt ge uppslag till interventioner som främjar närvaro och positiva sociala relationer i skolan. De metoder som användes var en analys av närvarorapporteringen och fokusgruppsintervjuer med elever i årskurs 9, vårdnadshavare, elevhälsopersonal på 6–9-skolan samt lärare på de två skolorna.Resultatet visar att det program som används för att rapportera närvaro på skolorna upplevs fungera bra men att det samtidigt skapar avstånd mellan vårdnadshavare och lärare. Sen ankomst och även när elever avviker från en lektion hanteras olika av olika lärare men även olika av samma lärare från gång till gång. Det finns en samstämmighet om ansvaret för elevers skolnärvaro, men eleverna upplever inte att skolan kan bidra med något om en elev inte vill gå till skolan. Det bedrivs enligt skolorna ett strukturerat arbete för likabehandling med elevhälsoplanen, och även andra strategier som syftar till ett närvarofrämjande arbete. Eleverna verkar dock inte så medvetna om det arbete som pågår utan behöver göras mer delaktiga. Relationerna mellan eleverna lyfts fram som viktiga för att främja närvaro i skolan av alla. Eleverna saknar dock en bättre relation mellan elever och lärare och ansvaret för dessa relationer kan inte ges till en annan yrkesgrupp, som till exempel fritidsledarna. Relationen mellan vårdnadshavare och skolpersonal upplevs ha brister och vårdnadshavare och skola verkar kommunicera mer digitalt än via personliga kontakter. Detta riskerar att fördjupa en frånvaroproblematik eller att tidiga signaler inte fångas upp. Också den fysiska miljön har betydelse för hur eleverna trivs på skolan. Slitna skolmiljöer och smutsiga toaletter sänder ut negativa signaler till eleverna och riskerar i sin tur att bidra till fortsatt förstörelse. Tillgång till en avkopplande miljö och återhämtning är viktiga faktorer för att främja närvaro. För ett fortsatta närvarofrämjande arbete behöver de sociala relationerna mellan framförallt elever och lärare förbättras liksom mellan vårdnadshavare och skola. Arbetet med strategier och bemötande kring sen ankomst och närvaro i klassrummet behöver utvecklas.

Publisher
p. 32
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32494 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Bergman, J. & Wall, E. (2017). Ålder och funktionalitet: om vuxna barns ansvarstagande för ensamboende föräldrars trygghet. In: Clary Krekula och Barbro Johansson (Ed.), Introduktion till kritiska åldersstudier: (pp. 183-196). Lund: Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ålder och funktionalitet: om vuxna barns ansvarstagande för ensamboende föräldrars trygghet
2017 (Swedish)In: Introduktion till kritiska åldersstudier / [ed] Clary Krekula och Barbro Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017, p. 183-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

En dominerande diskurs om åldrande innehåller föreställningar om individens avtagande funktionsförmåga. I detta kapitel diskuterar vi hur ålder görs i relation till funktionalitet, risk och ansvarstagande och visar hur äldre identifieras som sårbara och antas ha svårare att agera som ansvarstagande medborgare. Med utgångspunkt i samtal med vuxna barn synliggörs konstruktionen av en omarkerad vuxenhet (jfr kap. 1), men också dilemman som uppkommer då det vuxna barnet försöker ta ett vuxenansvar för sin egen förälder.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017
Keywords
ålder, funktionalitet, ansvarstagande, risk
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-31673 (URN)9789144120942 (ISBN)
Projects
Tryggt boende för äldre - de vuxna barnens perspektiv
Funder
Länsförsäkringar AB, P6/13
Available from: 2017-09-26 Created: 2017-09-26 Last updated: 2017-09-28Bibliographically approved
Wall, E. (2016). Visualizing risk: Using participatory photography to explore individuals sense-making of risk. Journal of Risk Research, 19(3), 347-363
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visualizing risk: Using participatory photography to explore individuals sense-making of risk
2016 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 347-363Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the field of risk research is increasingly alert to new theoretical and empirical perspectives, it is still the case that few studies take a visual approach, despite its obvious worth in capturing peoples experiences of everyday life. This paper considers how a visual approach can be used to deepen our knowledge of sense-making of risk, particularly young peoples views on risk. It presents empirical findings from a study that uses participatory photography to capture what individuals define as serious risks in everyday life and how these risks are expressed (722 participants in Sweden, aged 5-33, mostly children or adolescents). The conclusion is that focusing on stories embedded in images independently contributes new knowledge about how the individual makes sense of risk in everyday life, and especially that visual methods of data collection and analysis illuminate how individual sense-making of risk is intertwined with other aspects of meaning-making in everyday life. In other words, it is time for a visual turn in risk research.

Keywords
participatory photography, sense-making of risk, visual narrative analysis, visual sociology
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-28868 (URN)10.1080/13669877.2014.983943 (DOI)000374641800006 ()2-s2.0-84913589226 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved
Linnell, M., Johansson, C., Olofsson, A., Wall, E. & Öhman, S. (2015). Enhancing public resilience: A community approach. Planet@Risk, 3(1), 33-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enhancing public resilience: A community approach
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2015 (English)In: Planet@Risk, ISSN 2296-8172, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 33-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the paper is to explore two key areas in crisis management: (a) the role of local communities in crisis preparedness and response, and (b) how to involve the citizens in this task.Specifically we ask: What areas are important to develop in order for public resilience to be enhanced? The study has a broad scope and utilizes a novel design since it takes four stakeholder perspectives into consideration: the perspectives of municipal safety coordinators, members of voluntary organizations, semiorganized individuals, and nonorganized individuals. In total 33 in-depth interviews were undertaken in three different Swedish municiplaities.Seven major themes related to enhanced public resilience were developed in the analytic process: a) Collaboration: formal and informal practices, b) Specific competences and general abilities, c) Collective efforts and individual self help, d) Education and empowerment, e) Traditional communication versus digital media, f) Individual motivation and involvement, and g) Generation and age. From these themes four policy-level recommendations aimed for civil servants and similar public authority representatives. The recommendations consist of four key words, or ‘The four In:s; Inclusive, Interested, Insistent, and Inventive’. The study is part of an extensive research project, Public Empowerment Policies for Crisis Management, funded as part of the European Community's Seventh Framework Program.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Davos: Global Risk Forum, 2015
Keywords
public empowerment, crisis management, resilience, community, collaboration
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-24559 (URN)DEMICOM (Local ID)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 284927
Available from: 2015-03-13 Created: 2015-03-13 Last updated: 2015-03-25Bibliographically approved
Danielsson, E., Wall, E. & Öhman, S. (2015). Ethical Perspectives on Volunteer Participation: Training CBRN Incidents Live (1ed.). In: Lina Svedin (Ed.), Ethics and Risk management: (pp. 141-158). Charlotte: IAP Information Age Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethical Perspectives on Volunteer Participation: Training CBRN Incidents Live
2015 (English)In: Ethics and Risk management / [ed] Lina Svedin, Charlotte: IAP Information Age Publishing , 2015, 1, p. 141-158Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Charlotte: IAP Information Age Publishing, 2015 Edition: 1
Keywords
ethics, training exercie, volunteers
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26220 (URN)9781681230948 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-11-05 Created: 2015-11-05 Last updated: 2015-12-08Bibliographically approved
Wall, E. & Sjöstedt Landén, A. (2014). A narrative about risk management, a narrative about gender. Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, 35(4), 59-74
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A narrative about risk management, a narrative about gender
2014 (English)In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 59-74Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the winter of 2010/2011 the town of Östersund with 60 000 inhabitants was struck by a water crisis. High levels of the parasite Cryptosporidium were discovered in the drinking water. The water delivered by the municipality suddenly constituted a risk for the populations’ health. To consume the infected water could lead to long term stomach illness. This article explores sense-making of risk in everyday life during the time of the Cryptosporidium. The field of risk management constitutes a large part of the risk research conducted within the social sciences. Gender analysis in this body of research is often understood as a background variable among other variables. This article contributes to the field by connecting sociological perspectives on risk theory and performative narrative gender analysis. We think that this is important for illuminating and understanding more about how sense-making of risk is articulated as a gendered narrative. Our analysis shows that intertwined in a narrative about water as a new risk in everyday life, storylines constituting femininity were articulated.

National Category
Sociology Gender Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35166 (URN)
Available from: 2018-12-11 Created: 2018-12-11 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved
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