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Holt, K., Shehata, A., Strömbäck, J. & Ljungberg, E. (2013). Age and the effects of news media attention and social media use on political interest and participation: Do social media function as leveller?. European Journal of Communication, 28(1), 5-18
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Age and the effects of news media attention and social media use on political interest and participation: Do social media function as leveller?
2013 (English)In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 5-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates how media use differs across age groups- and whether this matters for people's inclination to participate politically. More specifically, the study investigates the impact of social media use for political purposes and of attention to political news in traditional media, on political interest and offline political participation. The findings, based on a four-wave panel study conducted during the 2010 Swedish national election campaign, show (1) clear differences in media use between age groups and (2) that both political social media use and attention to political news in traditional media increase political engagement over time. Thus, this study suggests that frequent social media use among young citizens can function as a leveller in terms of motivating political participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: , 2013
Keywords
Media use, political participation, social media, young citizens
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18478 (URN)10.1177/0267323112465369 (DOI)000317355200003 ()2-s2.0-84873915135 (Scopus ID)DEMICOM (Local ID)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Available from: 2013-02-13 Created: 2013-02-13 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. (2012). Authentic Journalism?: A Critical Discussion about Existential  Authenticity in Journalism Ethics. Journal of Mass Media Ethics, 27(1), 2-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Authentic Journalism?: A Critical Discussion about Existential  Authenticity in Journalism Ethics
2012 (English)In: Journal of Mass Media Ethics, ISSN 0890-0523, E-ISSN 1532-7728, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 2-14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Authenticity as an ideal is construed in general as an expression of existentialist unhappiness with the perceived dehumanization of man in modern society. Existential journalism can be seen as rejection of the demands of conformism and compromise of personal convictions that many journalists face. Ethically, existential journalism calls on journalists to live authentic lives, as private individuals as well as in their profession. This means to resist external pressures and to choose to follow a path that can be defended by the individual journalist’s inner conscience. Existential journalism, in general, has been more debated in the field of mass media ethics than authenticity. Authenticity is, however, a contested concept, and this essay applies a critical discussion about authenticity as an ethical guide to the field of journalism. Weaknesses in the idea of existential authenticity problematize the existential construal of authenticity as a route to heightened ethical awareness for contemporary journalists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2012
Keywords
authenticity, existential journalism, John Calhoun Merrill, Theodor Adorno, Charles Taylor
National Category
Humanities Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-15809 (URN)10.1080/08900523.2012.636244 (DOI)000302063100002 ()2-s2.0-84865819396 (Scopus ID)DEMICOM (Local ID)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Projects
Media and authenticity
Available from: 2012-02-01 Created: 2012-02-01 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. (2012). New Media, New Participants – New Ethics?: Is there a chance for ethics in a world of prosumers?. Paper presented at South - North Conversations. IAMCR annual conference, Durban South Africa.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>New Media, New Participants – New Ethics?: Is there a chance for ethics in a world of prosumers?
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

At a time when not only journalists reach large audiences with news and commentary, new ethical questions arise.  In the paper, two opposing views are discussed critically: a) the traditional elitist view, that tends to be suspicious of UGC in participatory journalism on account of the lack of solid ethical guidelines and b) participatory ethics related to the ideal of “collective intelligence”. It is argued that both views are problematic, in their own ways.

In search of an ethical framework that can appropriately be applied to participatory journalism, in a liquid modernity, and globalised media reach, the paper discusses Zygmunt Bauman’s and Roger Silverstone’s readings of Immanuel Levinas, and his notion of “I-for-the-Other”.

Keywords
journalism ethics, participatory journalism, collective intelligence, liquid modernity, postmodern ethics
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16936 (URN)DEMICOM (Local ID)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Conference
South - North Conversations. IAMCR annual conference, Durban South Africa
Projects
New Media, New Participants – New Ethics?
Available from: 2012-08-31 Created: 2012-08-31 Last updated: 2012-09-04Bibliographically approved
Holt, K., Shehata, A., Strömbäck, J., Ljungberg, E. & Nord, L. (2012). Political Motivation and Participation: Social Media as Leveler?. Paper presented at International Communication Association.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political Motivation and Participation: Social Media as Leveler?
Show others...
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Keywords
political participation, social media, media effects, digital media, election campaigns
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16323 (URN)DEMICOM (Local ID)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Conference
International Communication Association
Available from: 2012-05-30 Created: 2012-05-30 Last updated: 2014-05-30Bibliographically approved
Holt, K., Shehata, A., Strömbäck, J. & Ljungberg, E. (2012). Social Media as Leveller?: Effects of Traditional News Media Attention and Social Media Use on Political Participation Among Younger and Older Citizens. Paper presented at South - North Conversations. IAMCR annual conference, Durban, South Africa.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Media as Leveller?: Effects of Traditional News Media Attention and Social Media Use on Political Participation Among Younger and Older Citizens
2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article investigates how media use among young citizens differs from older generations, and whether this matters for their inclination to participate politically. More specifically, this study investigates the causal impact of social media use and attention to political news in traditional media, on political interest and offline political participation. The findings, based on a four-wave panel study conducted during the 2010 Swedish national election campaign, show a) clear differences in media use between age groups, and b) that both political social media use and attention to political news in traditional media increase political engagement. The results also indicate that both types of media use have a causal impact on political interest and offline participation. Thus, this study suggests that frequent social media use among young citizens can function as a leveller in terms of motivating political participation.

Keywords
Media use, Political participation, young citizens, Internet, Social media
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16951 (URN)DEMICOM (Local ID)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Conference
South - North Conversations. IAMCR annual conference, Durban, South Africa
Available from: 2012-09-04 Created: 2012-09-04 Last updated: 2014-05-30Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. (2012). The Hour och det journalistiska äkthetsidealet. In: Beckman, Svante (Ed.), Kulturaliseringens samhälle: Problemorienterad kulturvetenskaplig forskning vid Tema Q 2002–2012 (pp. 172-176). Linköping: Liu-Tryck
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Hour och det journalistiska äkthetsidealet
2012 (Swedish)In: Kulturaliseringens samhälle: Problemorienterad kulturvetenskaplig forskning vid Tema Q 2002–2012 / [ed] Beckman, Svante, Linköping: Liu-Tryck , 2012, p. 172-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Liu-Tryck, 2012
Series
Skriftserie Tema Kultur och Samhälle, ISSN 1653-0373 ; 2012:1
Keywords
The Hour, autenticitet, journalistik, etik
National Category
Humanities Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-15781 (URN)DEMICOM (Local ID)978-91-977275-2-5 (ISBN)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Available from: 2012-01-26 Created: 2012-01-26 Last updated: 2012-09-17Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. & von Krogh, T. (2011). Citizens as Media Critics in Changing Mediascapes. In: Communication @ the Center: The 61st Annual Conference of the International Communication Association Boston, USA 26-30 May 2011.. Paper presented at ICA. Boston
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Citizens as Media Critics in Changing Mediascapes
2011 (English)In: Communication @ the Center: The 61st Annual Conference of the International Communication Association Boston, USA 26-30 May 2011., Boston, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Boston: , 2011
Keywords
media criticism, expressen, newsmill, participatory journalism
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-14049 (URN)DEMICOM (Local ID)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Conference
ICA
Available from: 2011-06-20 Created: 2011-06-20 Last updated: 2013-02-12Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. (2011). Deltagarjournalistik i det digitala kaffehuset: En analys av Newsmill som kontext för deltagarjournalistik och debatt. Sundsvall: DEMICOM
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deltagarjournalistik i det digitala kaffehuset: En analys av Newsmill som kontext för deltagarjournalistik och debatt
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Sociala medier har på bara några år blivit ett centralt inslag medielandskapet1.  Med- 

ieforskningen har blivit något överrumplad av den snabba hastighet med vilken nya 

sociala medier dyker upp och blir etablerade – därför släpar forskningen efter med 

arbetet att utarbeta metoder, begrepp och modeller för att förstå nya mediefenomen 

och dess konsekvenser. Ett forskningsområde som dock varit tämligen omfattande 

ända sedan introduktionen av WWW, är hur internet påverkar demokratin, och i 

synnerhet hur nya interaktiva kommunikationsmöjligheter kan skapa nya förutsätt- 

ningar för att aktivt involvera medborgare i den demokratiska processen genom att 

göra dem delaktiga i debatten på nya sätt. De sociala medierna och det som allmänt 

kallas ”web 2.0”, ”collaborative culture” och ”participatory culture” har tilldragit sig 

mycket uppmärksamhet och gett upphov till många förhoppningar om en demo- 

kratisering av ett offentligt samtal som i massmediernas tidsålder aldrig lyckades 

göra publiken delaktig. (Van Dijck & Nieborg, 2009; Bruns, 2008; Jenkins, 2006) 

Den forskning som gjorts på området har dock hittills präglats av ett trevande efter 

användbara metoder för att undersöka om det finns något fog för sådana förhopp- 

ningar. (Witschge, 2008) 

Newsmill är ett forum på internet som specialiserar sig på debatt och nyhets- 

artiklar skrivna av läsarna själva. Sajten sjösattes 2008 och har idag ett stort antal 

användare och har publicerat ett antal artiklar som även fått ett stort genomslag i 

de traditionella massmedierna.2  Som medborgarjournalistik (citizen journalism) i 

ett socialt medium är Newsmill intressant att studera, eftersom det är ett konkret 

exempel på ett socialt medium som skapar en offentlig mötesplats där såväl van- 

liga medborgare som etablerade debattörer och politiker publicerar egna texter och 

kommenterar andras på ett sätt som i flera avseenden verkar kunna främja dialog 

och offentligt användande av förnuftet mellan medborgare om gemensamma ange- 

lägenheter och därmed vara ett typexempel på hur web 2.0 skapar nya möjligheter 

för denna typ av kommunikation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: DEMICOM, 2011. p. 38
Series
Studier i politisk kommunikation, ISSN 1652-3865 ; 25
Keywords
deliberativ demokrati, newsmill, web 2.0, participatory journalism
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-14993 (URN)DEMICOM (Local ID)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Projects
Digital Public Discourses
Available from: 2011-12-07 Created: 2011-11-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. & Karlsson, M. (2011). Edited participation comparing editorial influence on traditional and participatory online newspapers in Sweden. Javnost - The Public, 18(2), 19-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Edited participation comparing editorial influence on traditional and participatory online newspapers in Sweden
2011 (English)In: Javnost - The Public, ISSN 1318-3222, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although participatory journalism involves publishing content created by users, editorial influence is an important aspect of participatory online media. Editors shape the conditions under which user generated content is produced, the context of publication and the perceived prominence of the content. It is still unclear how this influence manifests itself, and how it can be related to the discussion about participatory media’s potential for revitalising democracy. In this paper, three online news media in Sweden are analysed comparatively: Sourze – the first Swedish participatory newspaper; Newsmill – a social media focusing on news and debate; and DN – the online version of the largest Swedish morning paper Dagens Nyheter. The question is how participation is affected by editorial influence. The findings suggest that participatory arenas are constrained by the logic of their context of production. People from different categories in society participate on different terms. Furthermore, editors influence the agenda by suggesting topics, and by rewarding articles that follow their suggestions. These fi ndings do not challenge assumptions about participatory newspapers as more accessible channels for citizens and therefore interesting as possible means of allowing a more democratically involved citizenry, but it challenges assumptions about freedom from constraints related to traditional mass media, such as agenda setting, gate-keeping and media logic.

Keywords
participatory journalism, participation, editorial influence, editorial embedding
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-14047 (URN)000292484500002 ()2-s2.0-79959583047 (Scopus ID)DEMICOM (Local ID)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Projects
Digital Public Discourse
Available from: 2011-06-20 Created: 2011-06-20 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
Holt, K. (2011). Participatory culture and the church: Contrasting communicative ideals?. In: Khroul, Victor (Ed.), Religion and new media in the age of convergence: Reading materials on media and religion for students (pp. 57-64). Moscow: Faculty of Journalism Lomonosov Moscow State University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participatory culture and the church: Contrasting communicative ideals?
2011 (English)In: Religion and new media in the age of convergence: Reading materials on media and religion for students / [ed] Khroul, Victor, Moscow: Faculty of Journalism Lomonosov Moscow State University , 2011, p. 57-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the culture of participation that is supposedly emerging, one thing is often stressed: The “people formerly known as the audience”, no longer tolerate to be reduced into passive receivers - they want to interact, customize, interfere and be taken seriously, they want to have a say and be able to influence, and they have the means to pool their resources in collective efforts to promote the changes they see fit. The power of such collectives is widely thought to cause great political and cultural change.

                      The rhetorics of participation and change – surrounding the web 2.0 – has implications that need to be taken into account when an organisation like the church launches new strategies of communication on the web. The fact that the church is (and is widely perceived of as) an organisation, based on a hierarchical structure and upholding a strong tradition of communicating in a disseminatory, one-way, top-down manner should not be obscured in this discussion. Over the last years, the Catholic Church has received much criticism for its alleged inability to communicate with the surrounding world in an up to date manner. This has led to several initiatives that aim at strengthening the Church’s presence on the Internet and creating channels into social media. For example, the Pope has a Facebook page and a Youtube channel.

            In this paper, I discuss the compatibility between the church’s tradition of disseminatory communication and the dialogical and interactive aspects of participatory media.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Moscow: Faculty of Journalism Lomonosov Moscow State University, 2011
Series
Media and Religion volume
Keywords
participatory media, the roman catholic church, dialogue, dissemination
National Category
Social Sciences Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-16044 (URN)DEMICOM (Local ID)978-5-211-06315-0 (ISBN)DEMICOM (Archive number)DEMICOM (OAI)
Projects
Digital public discourses
Available from: 2012-04-02 Created: 2012-04-02 Last updated: 2012-07-26Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2017-1117

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