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Dahlgren, P. M., Shehata, A. & Strömbäck, J. (2019). Reinforcing Spirals at Work?: Mutual Influences between Selective News Exposure and Ideological Leaning. European Journal of Communication, 34(2), 159-174
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reinforcing Spirals at Work?: Mutual Influences between Selective News Exposure and Ideological Leaning
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 159-174Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The growth of partisan news sources has raised concerns that people will increasingly select attitude-consistent information, which might lead to increasing political polarization. Thus far, there is limited research on the long-term mutual influences between selective exposure and political attitudes. To remedy this, this study investigates the reciprocal influences between selective exposure and political attitudes over several years, using a three-wave panel survey conducted in Sweden during 2014–2016. More specifically, we analyse how ideological selective exposure to both traditional and online news media influences citizens’ ideological leaning. Findings suggest that (1) people seek-out ideologically consistent print news and online news and (2) such attitude- consistent news exposure reinforces citizens’ ideological leaning over time. In practice, however, such reinforcement effects are hampered by (3) relatively low overall ideological selective exposure and a (4) significant degree of cross-cutting news exposure online. These findings are discussed in light of selective exposure theory and the reinforcing spirals model.

Keywords
Political ideology, political polarization, reinforcing spirals model, selective exposure
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35868 (URN)10.1177/0267323119830056 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-26 Created: 2019-03-26 Last updated: 2019-04-15Bibliographically approved
Bergström, A., Strömbäck, J. & Arkhede, S. (2019). Towards rising inequalities in newspaper and television news consumption?: A longitudinal analysis. European Journal of Communication, 34(2), 175-189
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards rising inequalities in newspaper and television news consumption?: A longitudinal analysis
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 175-189Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The transformation from low- to high-choice media environments has triggered concerns of rising inequalities in news media use. This concern has been buttressed by research showing that motivational factors have become more important predictors of news media use. Less attention has been paid to how changes in media environments have altered the impact of socioeconomic status on news media use. Hence, the purpose of this study is to investigate the changing impact of socioeconomic status on newspaper and television news consumption, empirically focussing on Sweden between 2000 and 2016. Among other things, results suggest that the impact of socioeconomic status on news media use has increased with respect to reading morning newspapers but decreased for reading tabloids and watching television news.

Keywords
Democracy, longitudinal analysis, news media use, political equality, socioeconomic status
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35971 (URN)10.1177/0267323119830048 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-04-15Bibliographically approved
Strömbäck, J. & Theorin, N. (2018). Attityder till invandring: En analys av förändringar och medieeffekter i Sverige 2014–2016.. Stockholm: Delegationen för migrationsstudier
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attityder till invandring: En analys av förändringar och medieeffekter i Sverige 2014–2016.
2018 (Swedish)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Delegationen för migrationsstudier, 2018. p. 121
Series
Delmi Rapport ; 2018:4
Keywords
Attityder till invandring, invandringsopinion, medieeffekter, selektionseffekter
National Category
Social Sciences Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33654 (URN)978-91-88021-29-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-05-22 Created: 2018-05-22 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
Tryggvason Oleskog, P. & Strömbäck, J. (2018). Fact or Fiction?: Investigating the Quality of Opinion Poll Coverage and Its Antecedents. Journalism Studies, 19(14), 2148-2167
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fact or Fiction?: Investigating the Quality of Opinion Poll Coverage and Its Antecedents
2018 (English)In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 19, no 14, p. 2148-2167Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the key democratic functions of the media is to provide people with the kind of information they need to be free and self-governing. This is equally important when it comes to the coverage of opinion polls. Thus far, there is however only limited research on the quality of the media’s coverage of opinion polls, including factors that might help to explain variation in the quality of opinion poll coverage. Against this background, the purpose of this study is (1) to investigate the extent to which news media take statistical uncertainties into account when covering opinion polls and making causal interpretations based on opinion polls, and (2) to explore some factors that might help to explain variation in the quality of opinion poll coverage. Among other things, the results show that journalists very often fail to take statistical uncertainties into account and that they, in about half of the cases, provide explanations for changes that are within the margin of error. The results also show that the quality of opinion poll coverage varies between different types of media organizations and between election campaigns and off-election periods.

Keywords
journalism; opinion polls; political communication; public opinion
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35869 (URN)10.1080/1461670X.2017.1330665 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-26 Created: 2019-03-26 Last updated: 2019-04-05Bibliographically approved
Geers, S. & Strömbäck, J. (2018). Patterns of Intra-Election Volatility: The Impact of Political Knowledge. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns of Intra-Election Volatility: The Impact of Political Knowledge
2018 (English)In: Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties, ISSN 1745-7289, E-ISSN 1745-7297Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

One key trend changing political environments across advanced industrial democracies is increasing electoral volatility. Despite extensive research, at the individual level we still know relatively little about the mechanisms behind electoral volatility during election campaigns, including the impact of political knowledge. Against this background and based on a four-wave panel study in the context of the 2014 Swedish national election, the purpose of this paper is to investigate (a) patterns of intra-election volatility and the impact of (b) political knowledge on patterns of electoral volatility. Distinguishing between party alienation, crystallization, wavering, reinforcement, and conversion, among other things, findings show some effects from political knowledge on patterns of electoral volatility but only for acquired political knowledge.

Keywords
Electoral volatility; campaign effects; political knowledge; election campaigns
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35920 (URN)10.1080/17457289.2018.1531010 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Meltzer, C. E., Eberl, J.-M., Theorin, N., Lind, F., Schemer, C., Boomgaarden, H. G., . . . Heidenreich, T. (2018). Perceptions of the Impact of Immigration and Attitudes Towards Free Movement Within the EU: A Cross-National Study.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of the Impact of Immigration and Attitudes Towards Free Movement Within the EU: A Cross-National Study
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2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Freedom of movement is a fundamental right for EU-citizens. This right is essentially related to immigration, as EU citizens are allowed to travel, work, and reside in any part of the Schengen area. This study analyses the relation between immigration attitudes and attitudes toward free movement. This is done with a special focus on the perceived impact of different migration groups from inside and outside of the EU.

Using an online survey in seven EU countries (Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, and the UK) we assed attitudes toward freedom of movement in the EU in relation to perceived impact from immigrants of Africa, the Middle East, as well as Eastern and Western Europe. Results show that immigration is rather perceived as a threat than a benefit, especially concerning crime and safety impacts. Perceived impact from the four migration groups are negatively associated with attitudes toward freedom of movement, with small differences between the countries under study.

Publisher
p. 41
Keywords
Free movement, Immigration, Perceptions of Immigration, Impact of Immigration, Immigration Attitudes, Public Opinion, Comparative Research
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35877 (URN)
Available from: 2019-03-26 Created: 2019-03-26 Last updated: 2019-04-05Bibliographically approved
Hameleers, M., Bos, L., Fawzi, N., Reinemann, C., Andreadis, I., Corbu, N., . . . Weiss-Yaniv, N. (2018). Start Spreading the News: A Comparative Experiment on the Effects of Populist Communication on Political Engagement in Sixteen European Countries. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 23(4), 517-538
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Start Spreading the News: A Comparative Experiment on the Effects of Populist Communication on Political Engagement in Sixteen European Countries
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2018 (English)In: The International Journal of Press/Politics, ISSN 1940-1612, E-ISSN 1940-1620, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 517-538Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although populist communication has become pervasive throughout Europe, many important questions on its political consequences remain unanswered. First, previous research has neglected the differential effects of populist communication on the Left and Right. Second, internationally comparative studies are missing. Finally, previous research mostly studied attitudinal outcomes, neglecting behavioral effects. To address these key issues, this paper draws on a unique, extensive, and comparative experiment in sixteen European countries (N = 15,412) to test the effects of populist communication on political engagement. The findings show that anti-elitist populism has the strongest mobilizing effects, and anti-immigrant messages have the strongest demobilizing effects. Moreover, national conditions such as the level of unemployment and the electoral success of the populist Left and Right condition the impact of populist communication. These findings provide important insights into the persuasiveness of populist messages spread throughout the European continent.

Keywords
populism, populist communication, internationally comparative research, experimental research, political engagement, social identity framing
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35872 (URN)10.1177/1940161218786786 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-26 Created: 2019-03-26 Last updated: 2019-04-04Bibliographically approved
Strömbäck, J. (2018). (S)trategiska (M)isstag bäddade för (SD). In: Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca (Ed.), Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare (pp. 38-38). Sundsvall: Demicom
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(S)trategiska (M)isstag bäddade för (SD)
2018 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin & Kajsa Falasca, Sundsvall: Demicom , 2018, p. 38-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Demicom, 2018
Keywords
politisk strategi, politiska kampanjer, sakägarskap, dagordningsteorin, gestaltningsteorin, invandring
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-35870 (URN)978-91-88025-99-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-03-26 Created: 2019-03-26 Last updated: 2019-04-05Bibliographically approved
Nord, L. & Strömbäck, J. (2018). Svenska valrörelser: Väljare, medier och partier under 2000-talet. Stockholm: Santérus Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Svenska valrörelser: Väljare, medier och partier under 2000-talet
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2018. p. 206
Keywords
valrörelser, politisk kommunikation, väljarbeteende, politiska kampanjer, politisk journalistik, medialisering, professionalisering, marknadsorientering
National Category
Media and Communications Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33295 (URN)978-91-7359-125-6 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-16 Created: 2018-03-16 Last updated: 2018-04-11Bibliographically approved
Eberl, J.-M., Meltzer, C. E., Heidenreich, T., Herrero, B., Theorin, N., Lind, F., . . . Strömbäck, J. (2018). The European Media Discourse on Immigration and Its Effects: A Literature Review. Annals of the International Communication Association, 42(3), 207-223
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The European Media Discourse on Immigration and Its Effects: A Literature Review
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2018 (English)In: Annals of the International Communication Association, ISSN 2380-8985, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 207-223Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To understand public opinion about immigration in Europe, one has to understand the media’s role in it. We present a literature review on research on media discourse on immigration and their effects. Despite differences in the way immigration and migrant groups are represented in European media, we can observe common patterns. Migrants are generally under-represented and shown as delinquents or criminals. Although, media framing differs based on specific migrant groups the discourse is focusing on, immigration coverage is often negative and conflict-centred. Frequent exposure to such media messages leads to negative attitudes towards migration, may activate stereotypical cognitions of migrant groups, and even influence vote choice. In addition to discussing these issues in depth, the present review also focuses on comparative findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2018
Keywords
Migration; media coverage; content analysis; media effects; framing; Europe
National Category
Social Sciences Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34201 (URN)10.1080/23808985.2018.1497452 (DOI)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 727072
Available from: 2018-07-21 Created: 2018-07-21 Last updated: 2018-08-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5964-102X

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