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Svensson, J., Baer, N. & Silva, T. C. (2019). Adolescent’s level of knowledge of and supportive attitudes to sexual crime in the Swedish context. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 25(2), 75-89
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Adolescent’s level of knowledge of and supportive attitudes to sexual crime in the Swedish context
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Sexual Aggression, ISSN 1355-2600, E-ISSN 1742-6545, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 75-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was twofold. First, we wanted to quantify the level of knowledge of Swedish young people regarding sexual crime and to evaluate their supportive attitudes, while at the same time we aimed at identifying, through self-report, the sources that most contribute to such knowledge and attitudes. A sample of 245 upper secondary school students was selected from five schools in four Swedish counties. The results indicate that adolescents in Sweden have a high level of knowledge of rape, sexual molestation/harassment, and sexual exploitation of a dependent person. Furthermore, they show non-supportive attitudes to rape, sexual harassment, and sexual crime in general. However, some issues related to these types of crime proved to be confusing to the participants and, therefore, require targeting in education policies, specifically among juvenile males and those born abroad. The results are discussed in the context of the needs for sexual crime prevention.

Emneord
adolescence, attitudes, crime prevention, knowledge, Sexual crime
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34216 (URN)10.1080/13552600.2018.1476600 (DOI)000468766500001 ()2-s2.0-85048365310 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-08-08 Laget: 2018-08-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-07-08bibliografisk kontrollert
Silva, T. C. (2018). A crime prevention approach to an open-air drug market: Preliminary results of the ‘Navet’ project. In: : . Paper presented at 60th Research Seminar of the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology (NSfK), Helsinki, Finland, 14-16th May 2018..
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A crime prevention approach to an open-air drug market: Preliminary results of the ‘Navet’ project
2018 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34217 (URN)
Konferanse
60th Research Seminar of the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology (NSfK), Helsinki, Finland, 14-16th May 2018.
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-08-08 Laget: 2018-08-08 Sist oppdatert: 2018-09-21bibliografisk kontrollert
Silva, T. (2018). Knowledge and skills needed for successful management of crime prevention strategies [Letter to the editor]. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 19(1), 113-114
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Knowledge and skills needed for successful management of crime prevention strategies
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 113-114Artikkel i tidsskrift, Letter (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Emneord
Crime prevention, Strategies management, knowledge and skills
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33242 (URN)10.1080/14043858.2018.1450011 (DOI)2-s2.0-85043696804 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-03-12 Laget: 2018-03-12 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Silva, T. C. & Sandström, P. (2018). Parenting difficult children and adolescents. In: L Benedetto & M Ingrassia (Ed.), Parenting: Empirical advances and intervention resources (pp. 59-82). Croatia: InTech
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Parenting difficult children and adolescents
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Parenting: Empirical advances and intervention resources / [ed] L Benedetto & M Ingrassia, Croatia: InTech, 2018, s. 59-82Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Parenting is generally conceived as a unidirectional construct in which parents arethought to be the direct or indirect cause of different child outcomes. Children whoexhibit problematic behavior, who display hurtful and uncaring behavior toward othersor who are aggressive or turn to delinquency when they reach adolescence are oftenviewed as the product of insufficient parental competence (i.e., nurture) in addition toinherited genetic predisposition (i.e., nature). Competent parental behavior, on the otherhand, counteracts the development of callous-unemotional traits and disruptive conductby promoting the internalization of prosocial and normative behavior. However, empiricalevidence consistently shows that the general behavioral patterns of parents and childrenbecome interdependent and mutually reinforcing during childhood. Parents withlow parental competence, who interact with temperamentally difficult children, consistentlycreate coercive exchanges that produce escalations in child oppositional andaggressive behavior, subsequently increasing the likelihood of continued harsh parentingstrategies. Therefore, early prevention and intervention programs must have a systemicapproach and target the parents, the children, and the interaction process itself. Ifthe cycle of harsh, negative, and confrontational interactions is not broken during earlychildhood, there is a risk that coercion settles as a baseline pattern of conduct for futurerelationships.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Croatia: InTech, 2018
Emneord
Parenting, disruptive behavioral disorders, conduct problems, callous-unemotional traits
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-33130 (URN)10.5772/67319 (DOI)978-953-51-3817-4 (ISBN)978-953-51-3818-1 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-03-02 Laget: 2018-03-02 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-23bibliografisk kontrollert
Silva, T. C. & Stattin, H. (2016). The moderating role of parenting on the relationship between psychopathy and antisocial behavior in adolescence. Development and psychopathology (Print), 28(2), 505-515
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The moderating role of parenting on the relationship between psychopathy and antisocial behavior in adolescence
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Development and psychopathology (Print), ISSN 0954-5794, E-ISSN 1469-2198, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 505-515Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

We aimed to analyze the impact of several parenting factors on the relationship between psychopathy and antisocial behavior. Nine hundred youths and their mothers reported on parent–youth interactions, and youth self-report measures of psychopathy, delinquency and violent behavior were taken. Multiple regression was used to test for the significance of interactions between parenting and psychopathy scores. In terms of delinquency, linear interactions between psychopathy and the level of conflict with parents and parents' knowledge of their youths' whereabouts/youths' willingness to disclose information were found based on the data reported by the youths. Data reported by mothers indicated a linear interaction between psychopathy and parents' knowledge/youth disclosure, and a quadratic interaction of conflict with parents. For violence, we used logistic regression models to analyze moderation. No interaction effects between psychopahy scores and parenting factors were found. Youths' reports of high conflict with parents and parents' knowledge/youth disclosure showed to have an impact on violence regardless of the level of psychopathic traits. Implications for the prevention and treatment are discussed.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26778 (URN)10.1017/S0954579415001121 (DOI)000375012900014 ()2-s2.0-84950265497 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-30 Laget: 2015-12-30 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert
Larm, P., Silva, T. C. & Hodgins, S. (2015). Adolescent substance misusers with and without delinquency: Death, mental and physical disorders, and criminal convictions from age 21 to 45. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 59, 1-9
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Adolescent substance misusers with and without delinquency: Death, mental and physical disorders, and criminal convictions from age 21 to 45
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, ISSN 0740-5472, E-ISSN 1873-6483, Vol. 59, s. 1-9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Little is known about adult outcomes of males who as adolescents sought treatment for alcohol misuse or drug use, and who additionally were engaging or not engaging in other forms of delinquency. Since the rates of negative outcomes vary in the general population, the study determined whether the sub-groups of clinic attendees fared differently as compared to males of the same age who had not sought treatment for substance misuse from age 21 to 45. Adolescent males who consulted the only substance misuse clinic in a Swedish city between 1968 and1971 were divided into four groups: ALCOHOL no drug use, no criminal offending (n = 52); ALCOHOL + D no drug use, plus criminal offending (n = 105); DRUG use, no criminal offending (n = 92); and DRUG + D plus criminal offending (n = 474). These four groups were compared to a general population sample (GP) of males matched on age and birthplace, who did not seek treatment for SM in adolescence. National Swedish registers provided data on death, hospitalizations for substance misuse (SM), mental and physical disorders, and criminal convictions. Compared to the GP, and after controlling for co-occurring adult outcomes, ALCOHOL showed elevated risks for SM hospitalization and convictions for violent crimes, and DRUG showed elevated risks for SM hospitalization, convictions for non-violent crimes, and hospitalization for psychosis. ALCOHOL + D and DRUG + D showed increased risk for SM hospitalization, violent and non-violent convictions, and DRUG + D additionally, for death, and hospitalizations for psychosis and physical illness. Misuse of alcohol without drug use or other delinquency in adolescence was associated with increased risk for convictions for violent crimes during the subsequent 25 years, in addition to SM, while adolescent drug use without other forms of delinquency was associated with increased risks for convictions for non-violent crimes, hospitalizations for SM, and non-affective psychosis. Cannabis use, with and without delinquency, was associated with subsequent hospitalization for non-affective psychosis. Consistent with contemporary studies, most adolescents treated for SM from 1968–1971 presented delinquency that was associated with an increase in risk of all adverse outcomes to age 45.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26779 (URN)10.1016/j.jsat.2015.06.009 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-30 Laget: 2015-12-30 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert
Silva, T., Graña, J. L. & González-Cieza, L. (2014). Self-report physical and emotional abuse among youth offenders and their association with internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. A preliminary study.. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 58(5), 590-606
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Self-report physical and emotional abuse among youth offenders and their association with internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. A preliminary study.
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, ISSN 0306-624X, E-ISSN 1552-6933, Vol. 58, nr 5, s. 590-606Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-25973 (URN)10.1177/0306624X12474975 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-09-26 Laget: 2015-09-26 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert
Martinez, M., Losa-Iglesias, M., Silva, T., Fuentes, P., Gomez-Arnau, J., Martinez, F., . . . Altieri, P. (2012). Grado de conocimientos y actitudes de la enfermería de la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid (CAM) ante el dolor: Diplomados en enfermería y profesionales. Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor, 19(6), 293-300
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Grado de conocimientos y actitudes de la enfermería de la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid (CAM) ante el dolor: Diplomados en enfermería y profesionales
Vise andre…
2012 (spansk)Inngår i: Revista de la Sociedad Española del Dolor, ISSN 1134-8046, E-ISSN 2254-6189, Vol. 19, nr 6, s. 293-300Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The pain has become the fifth vital sign and is now a critical issue in patient care. Effective treatment of it is still one of the most important and urgent health care system in developed countries worldwide. While pain in patients is a very in vogue these days, however, which is unchallenged is the education of future nursing professionals in the care of such patients. The study and treatment of pain should be instilled in nursing students in their training, both theoretical and practical. The work is very important that teachers also take on the subject. The challenge for the nursing profession in this field would you organize, structure and support a program involving the activation of educational programs for students and practicing nurses. To start our research we made an analysis on the one hand, the current curricula of different schools of nursing in the CAM, with subjects with pain content, analyzing the similarity or not between them, the treated sections, etc. all this curriculum outline compared to the IASP (International Association of Study of Pain) proposed for nursing studies and, secondly, we describe the knowledge and attitudes of both groups in nursing to pain, both professional and qualified nurses. To observe the degree of knowledge and attitudes towards pain in both groups, was introduced as a tool the NKAS-RP (Nurses' Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain). The working group is proposed, therefore, three general objectives: The first description of the curricula of the courses in the career of nursing content in pain, and el2 and 3 goals, define the knowledge and attitudes to pain nursing students and nurses of the CAM. This is a descriptive, observational, multicenter, randomized, which analyzes the current knowledge and attitudes of the nursing staff, both among students (future graduates in nursing) and among professionals. Was carried out between 2008 and 2010, used to publicize the results of the statistical package SPSS version 17.0. As results were obtained, as in previous studies, worldwide, a poor knowledge of pain and a bad attitude before that symptom. It is proposed to improve: in the case of students, changes in the curriculum of the Diploma (future degree) nurses, and in the case of professionals, continuing education and refresher courses in that subject.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-25983 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-09-26 Laget: 2015-09-26 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert
Silva, T., Larm, P., Vitaro, F., Tremblay, R. & Hodgins, S. (2012). The association between maltreatment in childhood and criminal convictions to age 24: A prospective study of a community simple of males from disadvantaged neighbourhoods. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 21(7), 403-413
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The association between maltreatment in childhood and criminal convictions to age 24: A prospective study of a community simple of males from disadvantaged neighbourhoods
Vise andre…
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 21, nr 7, s. 403-413Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

While many studies have observed a positive association between maltreatment in childhood and criminality in adolescence and adulthood, others have failed to detect such an association. Most studies, however, have not examined different types of maltreatment, nor taken account of other family and childhood factors that are predictive of criminality. Using data from a prospective, longitudinal investigation of a community sample of 1,037 males, we calculated hierarchical logistic regression models to estimate the associations of boys' self-reports of neglect, emotional abuse, and physical abuse at ages 10 and 12, with convictions for criminal offenses from age 12 to 24, after taking account of conduct problems, hurtful and uncaring behaviours (HUB), and parent's criminality. At ages 10 and 12, boys' reports of neglect, emotional abuse, and physical abuse, were not associated with criminal convictions for non-violent or for violent crimes from age 12 to 24. Among boys who did not engage in HUB towards others reports of emotional abuse were associated with subsequent criminality, while this association disappeared among the boys engaging in such behaviours. In this community sample of males, levels of each type of maltreatment were low and there were no direct associations with subsequent criminal convictions. The findings add to emerging evidence that the characteristics of the child and parents, as well as the type of maltreatment modify the association with future criminal offending.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-25974 (URN)10.1007/s00787-012-0281-x (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-09-26 Laget: 2015-09-26 Sist oppdatert: 2017-06-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Silva, T., Garrido, V. & López, M. J. (2012). The use of a screening device to assess psychopathy in young offenders. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 15(2), 724-735
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The use of a screening device to assess psychopathy in young offenders
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Spanish Journal of Psychology, ISSN 1138-7416, E-ISSN 1988-2904, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 724-735Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this research was to determine to what extent a psychopath screening device (the APSD) is useful in forensic assessments to predict general and violent offending. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study was done and 238 young people serving a sentence were assessed. The gold standard instrument used to measure psychopathy was the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV; Forth, Kosson & Hare, 2003). The results indicate that the association found between the screening device scores and several indicators of risk is low if compared with those obtained with the PCL:YV, suggesting that it is less useful as a tool in order to predict offending or violent offences. However, an Area Under the Curve of .784 and a validity index of 62.5 support its use as a screening device or as a preliminary approach to assess psychopathy in this population. The usefulness of this instrument to make assessments with young people in the forensic setting is discussed.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-25975 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-09-26 Laget: 2015-09-26 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3955-7688