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Öhman, S., Olofsson, A. & Giritli Nygren, K. (2018). A Methodological Strategy for Exploring Intersecting Inequalities: An Example from Sweden. Zhurnal Issledovanii Sotsial'noi Politiki / The Journal of Social Policy Studies, 16(3), 501-516
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A Methodological Strategy for Exploring Intersecting Inequalities: An Example from Sweden
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Zhurnal Issledovanii Sotsial'noi Politiki / The Journal of Social Policy Studies, ISSN 1727-0634, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 501-516Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The article explores the complex patterns of inequality in Sweden from an intersectional standpoint by developing a methodological strategy using data from quantitative national survey material. Intersectionality stands in contrast to the inductive and hypothesis-testing approaches, which tend to reproduce categories as having an essential and stable meaning. It is generally acknowledged that quantitative approaches to intersectionality are rare or in development. Quantitative analyses tend to disregard some of the theoretical cornerstones of intersectionality: in particular, the relational and fluid character of categories. This may be why intersectionality researchers tend to reject quantitative approaches altogether. To address this dilemma, Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) is applied as a means of linking objective structures to subjective experiences, and it is argued that this methodology is well suited to detecting and capturing social spaces of privilege and oppression. The result shows that this kind of quantitative approach to intersectional analysis can facilitate the exploration of inequalities and positions of privilege across populations and globally at particular times, as well as contributing to ontological and epistemological perspectives on intersectionality. By exploring what the category is said to describe and how these parts relate to other sub-categories, especially about time and place settings and their intersections, we were able to identify relationships between structures of oppression and subjective experiences at a particular time and in a particular place, which is important in understanding both inequalities and positions of privilege. These analyses not only illuminate the hegemonic structures of power that create subordinated and privileged positions but also help us to theorize the non-linear and stochastic relations between and within these positions. This methodological advance also has important implications for social policy.

Emneord
Intersectionality, Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA), Quantitative intersectional analysis
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34737 (URN)10.17323/727-0634-2018-16-3-501-516 (DOI)000445954700008 ()2-s2.0-85055174575 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-10-18 Laget: 2018-10-18 Sist oppdatert: 2018-12-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Giritli Nygren, K., Olofsson, A., Pramanik, R. & Öhman, S. (2018). Mapping of Risk Perception and Assessment: Inspiring Methods for National Level Risk Mapping in Sweden. Stockholm: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Mapping of Risk Perception and Assessment: Inspiring Methods for National Level Risk Mapping in Sweden
2018 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Our modern society is exposed to multiple hazards and risks. To manage these successfully, it is important to have a good overview of the risks that potentially affect our society and how they are perceived and valued. This pilot study investigated possible ways of mapping and analysing risks that Swedish society and its inhabitants are exposed to and aware of. The aim was to capture complementary perspectives on accidents and crises, and to provide a point of departure for future planning and data collection strategies. To achieve this, previous studies are mapped and critically assessed and an example of a method of analysis is presented. The following questions have guided the work: 1) What methods are currently available to describe risks at a broader societal level? 2) What are the limitations, advantages and disadvantages of these existing methods? 3) Which of these methods are of relevance to Sweden? Summarizing previous studies, the report includes examples of methods, structures and data visualizations for mapping risks nationally or in larger regions. The report analyses 11 types of existing study or report as a source of inspiration and to scope existing gaps for potential improvement. The report makes recommendations for national level risk mapping in a Swedish context, supported by an empirical example.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, 2018. s. 44
Serie
MSB
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32761 (URN)978-91-7383-786-6 (ISBN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 20161001-20170131
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-31 Laget: 2018-01-31 Sist oppdatert: 2019-01-31bibliografisk kontrollert
Öhman, S. & Olofsson, A. (2018). Quantitative analysis of risk positions: An exploratory approach. In: A, Olofsson & J, Zinn (Ed.), Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies (pp. 265-286). Palgrave Macmillan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Quantitative analysis of risk positions: An exploratory approach
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies / [ed] A, Olofsson & J, Zinn, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, s. 265-286Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
Serie
Critical Studies in Risk and Uncertainty
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34549 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-95852-1 (DOI)978-3-319-95851-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-95852-1 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-09-27 Laget: 2018-09-27 Sist oppdatert: 2018-10-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Olofsson, A., Giritli Nygren, K. & Öhman, S. (2018). Teoría interseccional de riesgo en un mundo ambivalente. In: Rubio Carriquiriborde, Ignacio (Ed.), Sociología del riesgo: Marcos y aplicaciones (pp. 81-99). Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Teoría interseccional de riesgo en un mundo ambivalente
2018 (spansk)Inngår i: Sociología del riesgo: Marcos y aplicaciones / [ed] Rubio Carriquiriborde, Ignacio, Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México , 2018, s. 81-99Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2018
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34119 (URN)978-607-30-0577-7 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-07-06 Laget: 2018-07-06 Sist oppdatert: 2018-10-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Giritli Nygren, K., Öhman, S. & Olofsson, A. (2017). Doing and undoing risk: The mutual constitution of risk and heteronormativity in contemporary society. Journal of Risk Research, 20(3), 418-432
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Doing and undoing risk: The mutual constitution of risk and heteronormativity in contemporary society
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 418-432Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper develops the concepts of ‘doing’ and ‘undoing’ risk, a new approach to risk research that echoes the ‘doing gender’ of gender studies. In this way, we combine intersectional and risk theory and apply the new perspective to empirical material. To better explore the doing and undoing, or the performance, of risk, we will refer to practices that simultaneously (re)produce and hide socio-political norms and positions, played out in contemporary, hierarchical relations of power and knowledge. The aim is to develop a theoretical understanding of doing and undoing risk. The study makes use of transcripts from five focus group interviews with men and women, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people of different ages living in Sweden to develop a theory of ‘doing risk’. The doing of risk of our informants takes place within the frame of a hegemonic heteronormativity. The way that risks are perceived and done in everyday life therefore always needs to be read within a frame of prevailing structures of power. This counts for all of us as we are all part of the hegemonic power structures and thereby are both subject to the intersecting doings of risk and performatively reproducing these power structures in practice.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis Group, 2017
Emneord
doing risk, inequality, intersectionality, risk theory
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26707 (URN)10.1080/13669877.2015.1088056 (DOI)000393801500007 ()2-s2.0-84945205806 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Published online: 01 Oct 2015

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-21 Laget: 2015-12-21 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-01bibliografisk kontrollert
Giritli Nygren, K., Olofsson, A. & Öhman, S. (2017). Media Portrayals of Unaccompanied Child Refugees: Exploring the security/migration nexus through the gendering and racialization of risks in Sweden.. In: : . Paper presented at (Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities 13th ESA Conference ,Athens, Greece, 29.08.2017 – 01.09.2017.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Media Portrayals of Unaccompanied Child Refugees: Exploring the security/migration nexus through the gendering and racialization of risks in Sweden.
2017 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to develop a theoretical understanding of how the discursive construction of risk in relation to the migration/security nexus is entangled with processes of othering. Within the Swedish discourse about unaccompanied refugee minors, and its relation to masculinity, racism, and nationalism, risk framing practices are playing a central role. In the Swedish context the word ‘immigrant’ is frequently discussed in terms of risk, and is often associated with discourses of integration, segregation, and ‘Outsiderhood’, especially for people with an origin in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. This type of discourses act through moral norms; however, the imperative of security measures as a response to risk is carried out in relation to collective subject positions of dangerous ‘others’ and/or (un)precarious lives.

Drawing on Hunt’s argument (2003) about the hybridity of moral discourses and discourses of risk, we argue that morally infused discourses of risk are central in order to understand the migrant/security nexus, used as a means to create difference and distinction. By analysing how risk is intertwined with the processes whereby age, gender and race, are constructed in relation to unaccompanied child refugees our analyses show how logics of risk are intersecting with discourses of the immigrant to produce a particular framing of these children as ‘at risk’ and/or ‘risky’. Unaccompanied refugees (boys) are constructed as potential threats, as terrorists among other things, while unaccompanied girls are seen as at risk of being abused among other things. The migrant/security nexus has specific gendered conceptions that gives rise to particular strategies designed to profile and manage those labelled as ‘risky’ and at risk which also reproduce the racist formations in the Swedish society.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32772 (URN)
Konferanse
(Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities 13th ESA Conference ,Athens, Greece, 29.08.2017 – 01.09.2017
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-31 Laget: 2018-01-31 Sist oppdatert: 2018-02-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Giritli Nygren, K., Öhman, S. & Olofsson, A. (2017). Methods for National Level Risk Mapping . In: : . Paper presented at Risk and Security. Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)3rd Nordic Chapter Conference, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland, November 2-3, 2017..
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Methods for National Level Risk Mapping
2017 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Our modern society is exposed to multiple hazards and risks. In order to manage risks successfully, it is important to have a good overview of potential risks that our society is subject to and how they are perceived and valued. The aim of this paper is to investigate possible ways to map and analyse risks that the Swedish society and its inhabitants are exposed to and aware of. To achieve this, previous studies are mapped and critically assessed. The following questions have guided the work: What are the currently existing methods to describe risks on a broader societal level? What are the gaps of these currently existing methods, their advantages and disadvantages? What methods can be relevant for Sweden? The paper analyses previous studies including examples of methods, structure and visualization of data to map risk nationally or in larger regions. The paper concludes with recommendations applicable in Swedish context to prepare a national level risk mapping.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32774 (URN)
Konferanse
Risk and Security. Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)3rd Nordic Chapter Conference, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland, November 2-3, 2017.
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-31 Laget: 2018-01-31 Sist oppdatert: 2018-02-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Öhman, S. (2017). Previous Experiences and Risk Perception: The Role of Transference. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 23(1), 1-10, Article ID 35101.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Previous Experiences and Risk Perception: The Role of Transference
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, ISSN 2456-981X, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 1-10, artikkel-id 35101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aim of the article is to investigate how experiences of crisis such as accidents, illnesses, violence and natural catastrophes influence perceptions of risk in general. The questions this article poses are whether there are some experiences significant enough to change an individual’s perception not only of the kind of risk experienced but also of other kinds of risks and whether there are certain experiences that are particularly powerful.

Study Design, Place and Duration of Study:The analyses use data from two Swedish national

surveys, ‘Society and Values’, that took the form of mail polls conducted in the winters of 2005 and 2008. Both polls used questionnaires that focus on risk perception, risk communication, risk behavior, experience, and values. The dataset used each year is composed of two representative samples of the Swedish population.

Methodology: The samples consisted of people between the ages of 16 and 75: two national

random samples (n=2000 each) and two random samples of people living in areas with a relatively large population of people with foreign backgrounds (n=750 each). The total number of respondents was 1,472 in 2005 and 951 in 2008.

Results: The results show that previous experience is a strong predictor of higher risk perception even after controlling for gender, origin, income, education and values. Depending on previous experiences of certain hazards and crises, the individual’s perception of risks related to these experiences will vary.

Conclusion: This article has shown that different categories of experiences are powerful to

transfer the feeling of dislike or fear not only to the related risk but also to other kinds of risk. One example is, being the victim of violence increases the level of risk perceived not only for violence but for several lifestyle risks and known risks as well.

Emneord
Previous experience; risk perception; survey results
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32045 (URN)10.9734/JESBS/2017/35101 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-13 Laget: 2017-11-13 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Olofsson, A., Giritli Nygren, K. & Öhman, S. (2017). Swedish Policy for the Arctic: A Feminist Risk Analysis. In: : . Paper presented at NEW CHALLENGES, NEW THREATS: RESILIENCE AND ADAPTATION IN A RISKY WORLD. The 26th Annual meeting of Society for Risk Analysis Europe (SRA-E) Lisbon, Portugal,19-21 June, 2017.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Swedish Policy for the Arctic: A Feminist Risk Analysis
2017 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Since 2007 there has been an increase in policies for the Arctic from many European and non-European countries. Sweden was the last of the Arctic states to launch a policy for the Arctic in 2011. While policies may be presented in ‘neutral language’ they are fundamentally political. In fact, a key task in order to understand contemporary power structures, is to trace the philosophical underpinnings of policy in order to capture its enabling discourses, mobilizing metaphors, underlying ideologies and uses. Drawing on feminist risk theory the aim is to analyze the Swedish policy for the Arctic to explore risk discourses about the Arctic and their performative practices through policymaking in Sweden. Feminist risk theory has been formulated in order to overcome the dividing lines of risk research and intersectionality. It highlights the need for analysis of the ‘doings’ of risk not only from the perspective of discourses that interpolate individuals into certain subject positions, but also from a perspective that acknowledges the power dimensions in the ‘doings’, and also recognizes that the performativity of risk takes place along lines of difference. It is also difficult not to acknowledge that risk theories are drawn from and, in turn, contribute to a particularly Western conceptualization of risk—one that is progressive, evidence-based, and rational, and situated historically and socially within a post-Enlightenment tradition of modernity, postmodernity, and development discourse. This has led us to question some of the underlying premises in the historical framing of not only risk but also the Arctic as a construct of the post-Enlightenment. Our analyses show the Swedish strategy adapts to and uses the dominant discourses about risks, such as climate change, human security as well as boarder societal security and energy shortage, while simultaneously positioning Sweden as the solution to manage these risks. Using an articulation that echoes the language used in stories about conquests of the Arctic that was written centuries ago, these ‘masculine fantasies’ are embedded in the policy and as a consequence is action and influence the Arctic region are enabled.  

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32773 (URN)
Konferanse
NEW CHALLENGES, NEW THREATS: RESILIENCE AND ADAPTATION IN A RISKY WORLD. The 26th Annual meeting of Society for Risk Analysis Europe (SRA-E) Lisbon, Portugal,19-21 June, 2017
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-31 Laget: 2018-01-31 Sist oppdatert: 2018-02-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Olofsson, A., Öhman, S. & Giritli Nygren, K. (2016). An intersectional risk approach for environmental sociology. Environmental Sociology, 2(4), 346-354
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>An intersectional risk approach for environmental sociology
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Environmental Sociology, ISSN 2325-1042, Vol. 2, nr 4, s. 346-354Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this article is to further develop intersectional perspectives and feminist knowledge in environmental sociology. Environmental sociology has developed a critical theoretical frame with which to describe the social construction of risk, and this article further develops the understanding of the complex multidimensionality of the social relations that shape the lived experience of risk. An analytical and integrating discourse that acknowledges the connectedness of these dimensions and the influence of their interactions on the representation, production and reproduction of risk in society remains an unrealized ambition. Intersectional risk theory shows that risk is constituted and produced in social and geographic spaces, as well as the various power relations that prevail there, and consequently, risk is not only defined and managed differently but also the intersections of privilege and subordination are themselves reproduced through risk management. Using climate risks as a starting point, we propose a perspective for the study of risks that analyses the dynamic, ambiguous character of the doing of risk. Our intent is to investigate how risk discourses are entangled with the doing of class, gender and race, as well as with the differentiation between human and nature.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis Group, 2016
Emneord
intersectional risk theory, climate change, discourse analysis, doing of risks, human and nature
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29310 (URN)10.1080/23251042.2016.1246086 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-11-18 Laget: 2016-11-18 Sist oppdatert: 2016-12-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5355-4280