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Danielsson, E., Johansson, R., Olofsson, A. & Öhman, S. (Eds.). (2019). Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans. Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans
2019 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2019. p. 169
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37884 (URN)978-91-88947-30-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-05 Created: 2019-12-05 Last updated: 2019-12-05Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, A. & Öhman, S. (2019). Sverige och gentekniken - hur gick det sen?. In: Erna Danielsson, Roine Johansson, Anna Olofsson, Susanna Öhman (Ed.), Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans (pp. 137-156). Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sverige och gentekniken - hur gick det sen?
2019 (Swedish)In: Festskrift till Björn Fjæstad: Utvecklingen av en forskningsmiljö: Ett verksamhetsnära engagemang på distans / [ed] Erna Danielsson, Roine Johansson, Anna Olofsson, Susanna Öhman, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2019, p. 137-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, 2019
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37899 (URN)978-91-88947-30-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-05 Created: 2019-12-05 Last updated: 2019-12-05Bibliographically approved
Öhman, S., Olofsson, A. & Giritli Nygren, K. (2018). A Methodological Strategy for Exploring Intersecting Inequalities: An Example from Sweden. Zhurnal Issledovanii Sotsial'noi Politiki / The Journal of Social Policy Studies, 16(3), 501-516
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Methodological Strategy for Exploring Intersecting Inequalities: An Example from Sweden
2018 (English)In: Zhurnal Issledovanii Sotsial'noi Politiki / The Journal of Social Policy Studies, ISSN 1727-0634, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 501-516Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article explores the complex patterns of inequality in Sweden from an intersectional standpoint by developing a methodological strategy using data from quantitative national survey material. Intersectionality stands in contrast to the inductive and hypothesis-testing approaches, which tend to reproduce categories as having an essential and stable meaning. It is generally acknowledged that quantitative approaches to intersectionality are rare or in development. Quantitative analyses tend to disregard some of the theoretical cornerstones of intersectionality: in particular, the relational and fluid character of categories. This may be why intersectionality researchers tend to reject quantitative approaches altogether. To address this dilemma, Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) is applied as a means of linking objective structures to subjective experiences, and it is argued that this methodology is well suited to detecting and capturing social spaces of privilege and oppression. The result shows that this kind of quantitative approach to intersectional analysis can facilitate the exploration of inequalities and positions of privilege across populations and globally at particular times, as well as contributing to ontological and epistemological perspectives on intersectionality. By exploring what the category is said to describe and how these parts relate to other sub-categories, especially about time and place settings and their intersections, we were able to identify relationships between structures of oppression and subjective experiences at a particular time and in a particular place, which is important in understanding both inequalities and positions of privilege. These analyses not only illuminate the hegemonic structures of power that create subordinated and privileged positions but also help us to theorize the non-linear and stochastic relations between and within these positions. This methodological advance also has important implications for social policy.

Keywords
Intersectionality, Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA), Quantitative intersectional analysis
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34737 (URN)10.17323/727-0634-2018-16-3-501-516 (DOI)000445954700008 ()2-s2.0-85055174575 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2018-12-07Bibliographically approved
Giritli Nygren, K., Olofsson, A., Pramanik, R. & Öhman, S. (2018). Mapping of Risk Perception and Assessment: Inspiring Methods for National Level Risk Mapping in Sweden. Stockholm: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mapping of Risk Perception and Assessment: Inspiring Methods for National Level Risk Mapping in Sweden
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our modern society is exposed to multiple hazards and risks. To manage these successfully, it is important to have a good overview of the risks that potentially affect our society and how they are perceived and valued. This pilot study investigated possible ways of mapping and analysing risks that Swedish society and its inhabitants are exposed to and aware of. The aim was to capture complementary perspectives on accidents and crises, and to provide a point of departure for future planning and data collection strategies. To achieve this, previous studies are mapped and critically assessed and an example of a method of analysis is presented. The following questions have guided the work: 1) What methods are currently available to describe risks at a broader societal level? 2) What are the limitations, advantages and disadvantages of these existing methods? 3) Which of these methods are of relevance to Sweden? Summarizing previous studies, the report includes examples of methods, structures and data visualizations for mapping risks nationally or in larger regions. The report analyses 11 types of existing study or report as a source of inspiration and to scope existing gaps for potential improvement. The report makes recommendations for national level risk mapping in a Swedish context, supported by an empirical example.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, 2018. p. 44
Series
MSB
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32761 (URN)978-91-7383-786-6 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, 20161001-20170131
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2019-01-31Bibliographically approved
Öhman, S. & Olofsson, A. (2018). Quantitative analysis of risk positions: An exploratory approach. In: A, Olofsson & J, Zinn (Ed.), Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies (pp. 265-286). Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quantitative analysis of risk positions: An exploratory approach
2018 (English)In: Researching Risk and Uncertainty: Methodologies, Methods and Research Strategies / [ed] A, Olofsson & J, Zinn, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 265-286Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
Series
Critical Studies in Risk and Uncertainty
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34549 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-95852-1 (DOI)978-3-319-95851-4 (ISBN)978-3-319-95852-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2018-10-05Bibliographically approved
Olofsson, A., Giritli Nygren, K. & Öhman, S. (2018). Teoría interseccional de riesgo en un mundo ambivalente. In: Rubio Carriquiriborde, Ignacio (Ed.), Sociología del riesgo: Marcos y aplicaciones (pp. 81-99). Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teoría interseccional de riesgo en un mundo ambivalente
2018 (Spanish)In: Sociología del riesgo: Marcos y aplicaciones / [ed] Rubio Carriquiriborde, Ignacio, Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México , 2018, p. 81-99Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2018
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-34119 (URN)978-607-30-0577-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-07-06 Created: 2018-07-06 Last updated: 2018-10-04Bibliographically approved
Giritli Nygren, K., Öhman, S. & Olofsson, A. (2017). Doing and undoing risk: The mutual constitution of risk and heteronormativity in contemporary society. Journal of Risk Research, 20(3), 418-432
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Doing and undoing risk: The mutual constitution of risk and heteronormativity in contemporary society
2017 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 418-432Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper develops the concepts of ‘doing’ and ‘undoing’ risk, a new approach to risk research that echoes the ‘doing gender’ of gender studies. In this way, we combine intersectional and risk theory and apply the new perspective to empirical material. To better explore the doing and undoing, or the performance, of risk, we will refer to practices that simultaneously (re)produce and hide socio-political norms and positions, played out in contemporary, hierarchical relations of power and knowledge. The aim is to develop a theoretical understanding of doing and undoing risk. The study makes use of transcripts from five focus group interviews with men and women, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people of different ages living in Sweden to develop a theory of ‘doing risk’. The doing of risk of our informants takes place within the frame of a hegemonic heteronormativity. The way that risks are perceived and done in everyday life therefore always needs to be read within a frame of prevailing structures of power. This counts for all of us as we are all part of the hegemonic power structures and thereby are both subject to the intersecting doings of risk and performatively reproducing these power structures in practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2017
Keywords
doing risk, inequality, intersectionality, risk theory
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-26707 (URN)10.1080/13669877.2015.1088056 (DOI)000393801500007 ()2-s2.0-84945205806 (Scopus ID)
Note

Published online: 01 Oct 2015

Available from: 2015-12-21 Created: 2015-12-21 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Giritli Nygren, K., Olofsson, A. & Öhman, S. (2017). Media Portrayals of Unaccompanied Child Refugees: Exploring the security/migration nexus through the gendering and racialization of risks in Sweden.. In: : . Paper presented at (Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities 13th ESA Conference ,Athens, Greece, 29.08.2017 – 01.09.2017.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Media Portrayals of Unaccompanied Child Refugees: Exploring the security/migration nexus through the gendering and racialization of risks in Sweden.
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to develop a theoretical understanding of how the discursive construction of risk in relation to the migration/security nexus is entangled with processes of othering. Within the Swedish discourse about unaccompanied refugee minors, and its relation to masculinity, racism, and nationalism, risk framing practices are playing a central role. In the Swedish context the word ‘immigrant’ is frequently discussed in terms of risk, and is often associated with discourses of integration, segregation, and ‘Outsiderhood’, especially for people with an origin in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. This type of discourses act through moral norms; however, the imperative of security measures as a response to risk is carried out in relation to collective subject positions of dangerous ‘others’ and/or (un)precarious lives.

Drawing on Hunt’s argument (2003) about the hybridity of moral discourses and discourses of risk, we argue that morally infused discourses of risk are central in order to understand the migrant/security nexus, used as a means to create difference and distinction. By analysing how risk is intertwined with the processes whereby age, gender and race, are constructed in relation to unaccompanied child refugees our analyses show how logics of risk are intersecting with discourses of the immigrant to produce a particular framing of these children as ‘at risk’ and/or ‘risky’. Unaccompanied refugees (boys) are constructed as potential threats, as terrorists among other things, while unaccompanied girls are seen as at risk of being abused among other things. The migrant/security nexus has specific gendered conceptions that gives rise to particular strategies designed to profile and manage those labelled as ‘risky’ and at risk which also reproduce the racist formations in the Swedish society.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32772 (URN)
Conference
(Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities 13th ESA Conference ,Athens, Greece, 29.08.2017 – 01.09.2017
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2018-02-02Bibliographically approved
Giritli Nygren, K., Öhman, S. & Olofsson, A. (2017). Methods for National Level Risk Mapping . In: : . Paper presented at Risk and Security. Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)3rd Nordic Chapter Conference, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland, November 2-3, 2017..
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methods for National Level Risk Mapping
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Our modern society is exposed to multiple hazards and risks. In order to manage risks successfully, it is important to have a good overview of potential risks that our society is subject to and how they are perceived and valued. The aim of this paper is to investigate possible ways to map and analyse risks that the Swedish society and its inhabitants are exposed to and aware of. To achieve this, previous studies are mapped and critically assessed. The following questions have guided the work: What are the currently existing methods to describe risks on a broader societal level? What are the gaps of these currently existing methods, their advantages and disadvantages? What methods can be relevant for Sweden? The paper analyses previous studies including examples of methods, structure and visualization of data to map risk nationally or in larger regions. The paper concludes with recommendations applicable in Swedish context to prepare a national level risk mapping.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32774 (URN)
Conference
Risk and Security. Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)3rd Nordic Chapter Conference, Aalto University, Espoo, Finland, November 2-3, 2017.
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2018-02-02Bibliographically approved
Öhman, S. (2017). Previous Experiences and Risk Perception: The Role of Transference. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 23(1), 1-10, Article ID 35101.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Previous Experiences and Risk Perception: The Role of Transference
2017 (English)In: Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, ISSN 2456-981X, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 1-10, article id 35101Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aim of the article is to investigate how experiences of crisis such as accidents, illnesses, violence and natural catastrophes influence perceptions of risk in general. The questions this article poses are whether there are some experiences significant enough to change an individual’s perception not only of the kind of risk experienced but also of other kinds of risks and whether there are certain experiences that are particularly powerful.

Study Design, Place and Duration of Study:The analyses use data from two Swedish national

surveys, ‘Society and Values’, that took the form of mail polls conducted in the winters of 2005 and 2008. Both polls used questionnaires that focus on risk perception, risk communication, risk behavior, experience, and values. The dataset used each year is composed of two representative samples of the Swedish population.

Methodology: The samples consisted of people between the ages of 16 and 75: two national

random samples (n=2000 each) and two random samples of people living in areas with a relatively large population of people with foreign backgrounds (n=750 each). The total number of respondents was 1,472 in 2005 and 951 in 2008.

Results: The results show that previous experience is a strong predictor of higher risk perception even after controlling for gender, origin, income, education and values. Depending on previous experiences of certain hazards and crises, the individual’s perception of risks related to these experiences will vary.

Conclusion: This article has shown that different categories of experiences are powerful to

transfer the feeling of dislike or fear not only to the related risk but also to other kinds of risk. One example is, being the victim of violence increases the level of risk perceived not only for violence but for several lifestyle risks and known risks as well.

Keywords
Previous experience; risk perception; survey results
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-32045 (URN)10.9734/JESBS/2017/35101 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-11-13 Created: 2017-11-13 Last updated: 2017-11-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5355-4280

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