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  • Hoppstadius, Helena
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Olofsson, Niclas
    Västernorrland County Council, Sundsvall.
    Espvall, Majen
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Professional Knowledge on Violence in Close Relationship in Swedish Social Services2020Inngår i: Journal of social service research, ISSN 0148-8376, E-ISSN 1540-7314Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Violence in close relationships (VCR) is a major social problem, and calculations indicate that every third woman globally has been subjected to VCR at some point in her life. Given the extent of the problem, it is likely that many social workers will meet victims of violence in their daily work. Their knowledge on VCR are therefore of great importance. The aim of this study was to examine the professional knowledge on VCR among social workers in the Swedish social services. The results are based on a survey answered by 153 social workers in three Swedish municipalities. The results revealed that in social workers’ acquisition of knowledge, they value professional experience and education the most. Around 70 percent stated that they lack knowledge on several topics related to VCR, such as the special needs of targeted groups. In order for social workers to maintain a high professionalism in their work with VCR educational efforts are required, it is also necessary to provide time and conditions for supervision and critical reflection in ongoing work. An important area for future research is to examine how social work education addresses these issues, the conditions for continuing education and training in the social service. 

  • Mehtiyeva, Aydan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Prince, Solene
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism. Linnaeus University, Kalmar.
    Journeys of research, emotions and belonging: an exploratory analysis of the motivations and experience of ancestral tourists2020Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 85-103Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ancestral tourism and amateur genealogy are popular phenomena, driving members of diasporas to reconnect with their ancestral roots and discover family histories. Tourism researchers have not yet paid much attention to Scandinavian countries as ancestral destinations. After waves of emigration, there are now millions of individuals with Scandinavian roots in countries like the United States. We explore the demand-side of American ancestral tourism to Sweden. Our findings stem from nine interviews with Swedish-Americans who have been ancestral tourists in Sweden. Ancestral tourists live highly emotional experiences dependent on factors occurring prior to and during travels and involving many sites and stakeholders beyond the control of the destination. Our study reveals the importance for ancestral tourists of establishing a network of allies through genealogy research for their experience in Sweden to be positive. The accumulation of family memories and of information gained through genealogy research makes ancestral travels to Sweden a highly personal endeavor, rather than an elusive reconnection to a distant heritage. Yet reconnecting with the ancestral homeland and establishing a sense of belonging to its society also matters to these tourists, though cultural stereotypes influence this experience. We conclude with recommendations for destination development and future research. 

  • Malm, Birgitte
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    On the complexities of educating student teachers: Teacher educators' views on contemporary challenges to their profession2020Inngår i: Journal of Education for Teaching, ISSN 0260-7476, E-ISSN 1360-0540Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research emphasises significant interconnections between teacher educators’ normative beliefs, their relations with student teachers and their teaching methods. In an attempt to better understand how teacher educators perceive of their work task, interviews were conducted with twelve Early Childhood teacher educators at a Swedish University. Four dimensions are in focus: (1) What in your work situation are you most satisfied with? (2) Describe your approach to students. (3) Describe any personal or professional dilemmas you may have experienced. (4) How do you think we can best maintain quality in teacher education? Results of the study show that teacher educators’ professional development is largely determined by intrinsic motivation. Positive aspects relate to feelings of self-esteem, nurturing meaningful relationships, and caring for students; negative aspects relate to concerns about a heavy workload, professional ambiguity and a lack of time for scholarly pursuits. Developing a professional identity involves a conscious choice of pedagogical methods (teaching), self-cultivation and sharing of knowledge through research (scholarship), and administrative responsibilities (service). The complexities and challenges involved in being a teacher educator are many.Understanding how teacher educators’ normative beliefs influence their work and relationships is an essential component for future research on teacher education professionalism.

     

     

     

  • Stoeggl, Thomas L.
    et al.
    Univ Salzburg, Dept Sport & Exercise Sci, Salzburg, Austria.;Red Bull Athlete Performance Ctr, Salzburg, Austria..
    Hertlein, Markus
    Univ Salzburg, Dept Sport & Exercise Sci, Salzburg, Austria..
    Brunauer, Richard
    Salzburg Res Forschungsgesell MbH, Salzburg, Austria..
    Welde, Boye
    UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Sch Sport Sci, Tromso, Norway..
    Andersson, Erik P.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Swaren, Mikael
    Swedish Olymp Acad, Stockholm, Sweden.;Dalarna Univ, Dept Sports Fitness & Med, Falun, Sweden..
    Pacing, Exercise Intensity, and Technique by Performance Level in Long-Distance Cross-Country Skiing2020Inngår i: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 11, artikkel-id 17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Long-distance cross-country skiing (XCS) has gained increased popularity within the past decades. However, research about long-distance XCS is limited; therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the intensity distribution, technique application, and pacing strategies during long-distance XCS racing. Methods Heart rate (HR) and section skiing speeds of 9 elite (ranked 1-100) and 10 amateur skiers (ranked 101-1,500) during the 90-km Vasaloppet race were collected. In addition, during the first uphill, the first 1,000 skiers were video-recorded to analyze the applied skiing strategy (e.g. grip-waxed skis versus exclusive double poling). Results Mean race intensity was 82% of maximal HR and was not different between performance groups even though elite skiers skied similar to 15% faster than amateurs. There was an interaction effect of section x group with a pronounced decrease in HR in amateurs compared with more even pacing in elite skiers (0.13 vs. 0.04% decrease/km) and skiing at higher percentage in the high-intensity zones in elite compared with amateurs (46 vs. 24%). Ninety-eight percent of the top 100 skiers and 59% of the first 1,000 skiers used exclusively double poling. Conclusion Elite and amateur skiers ski at comparable mean race exercise intensity, but they have clear differences in skiing speed. The difference in the pacing profiles between elite and amateur skiers (more even vs. distinct positive pacing) demonstrate the greater capacity of the former with respect to physiological capacity and highlights that amateurs seem to start too fast according to their capacities. The exclusive application of the double poling technique is no longer a phenomenon of elite skiers but is widely used among the top 1,000 ranked skiers.

  • Kindstrand, Dan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationssystem och –teknologi.
    Illusion eller Verklighet?: En statistisk analys av relationen mellan e-förvaltning och demokrati2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between e-Government and Democracy. The first step in fulfilling this quest was to find indexes which appropriately quantify these very general terms. As e-Government is a diffusely defined concept with applications and functionality spanning the entire spectrum of management, two indexes are used that measure different aspects of the concept; UN e-participation index (EPI) and e-Government Development Index (EGDI). Thus, a broader view of e-government is captured and contrasts are made visible between them. To measure the maturity of democracy in corresponding nations, The Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index (EIU) was chosen. The two indexes for e-government are subjected to three separate statistical tests against the Democracy index; Correlation, Clusters and Linear Regression. The tests are performed using IBM SPSS Statistics software. Results show statistically significant correlation between EGDI and EIU but at the same time points to a negative trend over the 2008-2018 time periods. Significant correlation is confirmed between EPI and EIU as well, although with positive trend over the same period. Cluster analysis identifies four distinct groups within given data, each of which exhibits distinctive character traits. One of which is of particular interest, for it exhibits the traits described by several critics of the indices in question; namely well-developed e-government but corresponding lack of democratic indicators. Finally, linear regression analysis is applied where EGDI and EPI are defined as independent variables. The analysis generates coefficients with which the EIU Democracy index for specific nations can be predicted. EGDI is shown to have a stronger relationship with EIU than EPI has, since a greater proportion of the variance within the dependent variable (EIU) can be explained by EGDI.

     

  • Fasth, Tobias
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Bohman, Samuel
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Larsson, Aron
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationssystem och –teknologi. Stockholms Universitet.
    Ekenberg, Love
    Stockholms Universitet; IIASA.
    Danielson, Mats
    Stockholms Universitet; IIASA.
    Portfolio Decision Analysis for Evaluating Stakeholder Conflicts in Land Use Planning2020Inngår i: Group Decision and Negotiation, ISSN 0926-2644, E-ISSN 1572-9907, Vol. 29, s. 321-343Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban planning typically involves multiple actors and stakeholders with conflicting opinions and diverging preferences. The proposed development plans and actions greatly affect the quality of life of the local community at different spatial scales and time horizons. Consequently, it is important for decision-makers to understand and analyse the conflicting needs and priorities of the local community. This paper presents a decision analytic framework for evaluating stakeholder conflicts in urban planning. First, the stakeholders state their preferences regarding the actions in terms of a set of criteria and estimate the weight of each criterion. Then, a conflict index and overall value for each action is calculated. Next, a set of Pareto efficient portfolios of actions are generated by solving an optimization problem with different levels of conflict as a resource constraint. Finally, a sensitivity analysis of the actions is performed. The framework is demonstrated using real-world survey data collected in the municipality of Upplands Vasby, Sweden.

  • Conti, Eugenio
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Lexhagen, Maria
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för ekonomi, geografi, juridik och turism.
    Instagramming nature-based tourism experiences: a netnographic study of online photography and value creation2020Inngår i: Tourism Management Perspectives, ISSN 2211-9736, E-ISSN 2211-9744, Vol. 34, artikkel-id 100650Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to explore the role of online photography in creating experience value in nature-based tourism, and what types of experience value are conveyed through photography-based user-generated content. The paper draws from existing literature in defining tourism experience value as a subjective, inter-subjective and inter-contextual construct, performed by situated valuation practices. Consequently, the paper presents interpretive and participatory netnography as an effective method to investigate experience value, and identifies online photography on Instagram as both a valuing practice and a valuing place. Results show the capability of online photography-based UGC to create multidimensional values from strategic combinations of textual and visual content. Simultaneously, new dimensions of experience value are introduced, which exist beyond single tourism experiential encounters, but critically contribute to an iterative experience valuation. Finally, Instagram posts introduce valuation timelines that can elude linear models of pre/in-situ/post-experience valuation, and assume subjective and fluid connotations.

  • Guo, Dongxue
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för elektronikkonstruktion.
    Project on Radon Dosimetry2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The World Health Organization lists radon as one of the 19 most important substances that cause cancer. As a naturally occurring harmful gas, Radon mostly exist in rocks, making caves, mines, etc. However, since Radon gas has great ability to dissolve in water, radon can travel to anywhere. This thesis introduces a newly designed Radon detector and tests its function. The detector is designed base on an alpha particle sensitive diode and the principle of electrostatic capture. The detector’s function is tested in both simulation and experiment. The diode size used in this experiment is 10*10mm2. The measured detection sensitivity is approximately 0.903 (counts/Bq/m3/h) with a channel height of 10mm, which is also verified by simulation.  For a channel height of 12 mm the simulation gives 1.06 (counts/Bq/m3/h) but the measurement gives a much lower value. The reason for that is not yet known. The detector is just a basic model, there are many ways to improve the detector performance in the future.

  • Grimaldi, Simone
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationssystem och –teknologi.
    Martenvormfelde, Lukas
    Ostwestfalen-Lippe University of Applied Sciences, 326 57 Lemgo, Germany.
    Mahmood, Aamir
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationssystem och –teknologi.
    Gidlund, Mikael
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Institutionen för informationssystem och –teknologi.
    Onboard Spectral Analysis for Low-complexity IoT Devices2020Inngår i: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536, Vol. 8, s. 43027-43045Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The lack of coordinated spectrum access for IoT wireless technologies in unlicensed bands creates inefficient spectrum usage and poses growing concerns in several IoT applications. Spectrum awareness becomes then crucial, especially in the presence of strict quality-of-service (QoS) requirements and mission-critical communication. In this work, we propose a lightweight spectral analysis framework designed for strongly resource-constrained devices, which are the norm in IoT deployments. The proposed solution enables model-based reconstruction of the spectrum of single radio-bursts entirely onboard without DFT processing. The spectrum sampling exploits pattern-based frequency sweeping, which enables the spectral analysis of short radio-bursts while minimizing the sampling error induced by non-ideal sensing hardware. We carry out an analysis of the properties of such sweeping patterns, derive useful theoretical error bounds, and explain how to design optimal patterns for radio front-ends with different characteristics. The experimental campaign shows that the proposed solution enables the estimation of central frequency, bandwidth, and spectral shape of signals at runtime by using a strongly hardware-limited radio platform. Finally, we test the potential of the proposed solution in combination with a proactive blacklisting scheme, allowing a substantial improvement in real-time QoS of a radio link under interference.

  • Dylman, Alexandra
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Blomqvist, Emilia
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Champoux-Larsson, Marie-France
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Institutionen för psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Reading habits and emotional vocabulary in adolescents2020Inngår i: Educational Psychology, ISSN 0144-3410, E-ISSN 1469-5820Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has found that reading increases overall vocabulary size, and that reading fiction, specifically, is associated with higher levels of empathy and better perspective-taking skills. The current study investigated a potential link between reading habits and emotional vocabulary in particular, to assess whether the link between reading and empathy could be specifically related to emotion words. A total of 415 Swedish secondary and upper secondary school students were asked to generate words in various emotional categories, and to report their reading habits. Generally, females produced more words than males. For all participants, the largest amount of words was produced in the neutral, followed by positive, then the negative category. Crucially, the frequent readers produced more emotional words than the less frequent readers, suggesting that reading habits are associated with emotional vocabulary. We discuss the implications of these findings for the understanding of the link between reading and emotional competence.