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  • Public defence: 2024-03-26 09:00 Q221, Östersund
    Sjöström, William
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Material Development for ElectronBeam-based Powder Bed Fusion2024Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Electron beam powder bed fusion (PBF-EB) is an additivemanufacturing (AM) method based on layer-by-layer melting of apowder bed. The technology is industrialized in certain applicationsbut still considered as immature and is not as widely used as laserbeam-based systems (PBF-LB). PBF-EB can offer several benefits overPBF-LB such as process cleanliness, thermal efficiency, fast beam speed,higher power and energy transfer, low residual stresses in built partsand a good signal environment for process monitoring. This can beadded on top of the general benefits of AM such as geometricalfreedom, manufacturing efficiency, easy design revisions, short leadtimes and so on. This suggests that PBF-EB holds potential as atechnology for the sustainable production of materials andcomponents. This thesis investigates how PBF-EB can be furtherdeveloped to create new and unique materials features. This isachieved by introducing innovative methods for material processingand by further developing the PBF-EB process itself. The thesisintroduces a charge-free heating method for PBF-EB and the resultssuggest an enhanced processability of difficult-to-process materialsand powders. A method for building multi-materials in PBF-EB isintroduced and demonstrated by the manufacturing of direct andlamellar transitions between different alloys. Methods for processmonitoring and powder bed resistivity evaluation are proposed andxiidemonstrated. It is concluded that the results presented in this thesisenabled new PBF-EB processing modes, increased the knowledge ofthe process, and introduced a new material group by demonstratingthat ceramics can be processed at high temperatures (~1600C).

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  • Staunton, Craig A.
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Romann, Michael
    Björklund, Glenn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Born, Dennis-Peter
    Streamlining performance prediction: data-driven KPIs in all swimming strokes2024In: BMC Research Notes, E-ISSN 1756-0500, Vol. 17, no 1, article id 52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ObjectiveThis study aimed to identify Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for men’s swimming strokes using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Multiple Regression Analysis to enhance training strategies and performance optimization. The analyses included all men’s individual 100 m races of the 2019 European Short-Course Swimming Championships.

    ResultsDuration from 5 m prior to wall contact (In5) emerged as a consistent KPI for all strokes. Free Swimming Speed (FSS) was identified as a KPI for 'continuous' strokes (Breaststroke and Butterfly), while duration from wall contact to 10 m after (Out10) was a crucial KPI for strokes with touch turns (Breaststroke and Butterfly). The regression model accurately predicted swim times, demonstrating strong agreement with actual performance. Bland and Altman analyses revealed negligible mean biases: Backstroke (0% bias, LOAs − 2.3% to + 2.3%), Breaststroke (0% bias, LOAs − 0.9% to + 0.9%), Butterfly (0% bias, LOAs − 1.2% to + 1.2%), and Freestyle (0% bias, LOAs − 3.1% to + 3.1%). This study emphasizes the importance of swift turning and maintaining consistent speed, offering valuable insights for coaches and athletes to optimize training and set performance goals. The regression model and predictor tool provide a data-driven approach to enhance swim training and competition across different strokes.

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  • Stamatakis, Nikolaos
    Department of Government and Society, United Arab Emirates University, United Arab Emirates.
    Impact of Religion on Restorative Justice among Female Offenders in Trinidad and Tobago2022In: New Insights Into Emotional Intelligence / [ed] Francisco Manuel Morales Rodríguez, London, UK: INTECH, 2022, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although restorative justice in its variety of practices has garnered considerable academic attention, there remains a gap in the research on the interrelationships between restorative justice, religion and imprisonment, especially among women. This article examines the links between restorative justice and religion in a female custodial setting. Exploratory research conducted in Trinidad and Tobago has tested the hypothesis that religion plays a role in the implementation of restorative justice in prisons in that religious inmates are more likely to have encounters with and/or apologise to their victims and perform reparative activities. However, the present empirical findings do not support this claim.

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  • Stamatakis, Nikolaos
    et al.
    Department of Government and Society, United Arab Emirates University.
    Burnett, Allan C.
    University of Central Nicaragua.
    An Analysis of Emotional and Psychological Issues among Males at the Correctional Institution in St. Vincent and the Grenadines2021In: Criminology and Post-Mortem Studies - Analyzing Criminal Behaviour and Making Medical Decisions / [ed] Sara Palermo and Raluca Dumache, London: INTECH, 2021, p. 1-27Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent findings suggest that emotional instability and psychological disorder rate in prison is three times higher than in the general population. Prisoners – especially males – are also at increased risk of all-cause victimization including violence and self-harm. This research sought to identify and analyze the emotions that incarcerated males at the Correctional Institutions in St. Vincent and the Grenadines have had and or were encountering, as well as the manner these emotions were being dealt with. It also sets out to ascertain some of the factors that were playing prominent roles in the lives of incarcerated males regarding those emotions. Up to date, there has been no research work done on males and their emotions in St. Vincent and the Grenadines nor any study regarding inmates in the correctional institution. The administration of a short questionnaire formed the quantitative collection instrument, which provided data from 150 inmates. The data analysis was performed via SPSS, and the findings point to a cross-section of relational factors that are relevant to males and their emotions (namely, abuse, crying, bonds, and suicidal thoughts). It was found that males are struggling emotionally with understanding their identity and are inadvertently pressured to adhere to societal directives by restricting their emotional expression.

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  • Stamatakis, Nikolaos
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Domestic Violence, Law Enforcement, and Traditional Practices in Fiji Islands: A Comprehensive Examination2024In: Global Trends in Law Enforcement - Theory and Practice, London, UK: INTECH, 2024Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic violence is a pervasive global issue that transcends geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic boundaries. In the Fiji Islands, domestic violence is a multifaceted problem deeply rooted in cultural traditions, socio-economic factors, and historical influences. This comprehensive essay explores the intricate relationship between domestic violence, law enforcement, and traditional practices in Fiji. It delves into the prevalence of domestic violence, the role of law enforcement, the influence of cultural traditions, and the complexities involved in combating this issue. By examining the cultural and historical context of Fiji, as well as the legal framework in place, support services, and collaborative efforts with traditional practices, this essay seeks to gain a comprehensive understanding of the interplay of these factors in addressing domestic violence in the Fiji Islands.

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  • Smith, Troy
    et al.
    University of Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago.
    Stamatakis, Nikolaos
    United Arab Emirates University, United Arab Emirates.
    Defining Cybercrime in Terms of Routine Activity and Spatial Distribution: Issues and Concerns2020In: International Journal of Cyber Criminology, E-ISSN 0974-2891‎, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 433-459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the last twenty years, there has been an increase in literature on cybercrime due to growing awareness of its impact and economic cost. This literature is filled with debate by authors over the correlation between what has been dubbed cybercrime and ‘terrestrial crime’. Some have claimed that although cybercrime may be a new and distinctive form of crime in principal, it remains essentially like traditional crime. This argument suggests that traditional offenders have merely adjusted their tactics to utilize the advantages that cyberspace offers. However, other scholars argue that the uniqueness of the cyber environment creates key differences between cybercrimes and traditional crimes. These discrepancies can affect the applicability of general criminological theories previously used to explain terrestrial crimes. This research aims to identify the theoretical concerns surrounding the applicability of the Routine Activity Theory (RAT) of crime in cyberspace, highlighting the practical issues related to such application. Prior to this, the present study seeks to define “cybercrime”, as well as provide a comprehensive description of RAT, emphasizing on the correlation between these two concepts.

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  • Stamatakis, Nikolaos
    Centre for the Study of Violence of the University of Sao Paolo, Brazil .
    Obedience and Trust in the Brazilian Police from a Youth’s Perspective: The Preliminary Results2016In: Iberoamericana – Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, E-ISSN 2002-4509, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 51-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, the majority of research has focused on legitimacy, while much less attention has been given to the sources of trust in the police. The current study constitutes one of the first empirical analyses that highlight the importance of examining the relationship between police authority and legitimacy in Brazil while aiming to understand the dynamics among those notions in relation to trust and obedience. The empirical part of the present study is conducted in the district of Jardim Ângela (São Paulo); once considered as the most violent urban region in the world. The final contribution lies in its focus on early adolescence as the particular age forms a crucial period in people’s legal socialization (Dirikx & Van den Bulck, 2014). Finally, the statistical analysis shows significant relationships between the frequency of obedience in laws and trust in the police.

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  • Public defence: 2024-03-15 13:00 O212, Östersund
    Thorning, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Sustainable Development in Forest Owner Associations – Stakeholder Roles2024Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest owner associations are co-operative organisations with democratic foundations based on one member -one vote. The members are forest owners who are organised in the associations as owners and also have the roles of suppliers of forest raw materials and customers of forest services. Generally, forest owners are changing from a homogenous to a more heterogeneous group based on socioeconomic and demographic transitions. Therefore, forest owners can be said to have increasingly diverse interests and values. This leads to different ways of viewing their forest ownership in relationship to sustainable development. These changes are also affecting their willingness and motives for participating in the governance of the co-operative organisation. An important aspect of sustainability management in forest co-operatives, is including the forest owners in the process. This thesis aims to increase understanding of how forest owners view sustainability management by analysing their various stakeholder roles in forest co-operatives. The studies compilated in this thesis consist of different perspectives of forest owners in their relation to the association. Study I focus on forest management certification as a sustainability management activity in forest owner associations. Forest owners are here seen as suppliers of sustainability-certified raw materials and customers of a sustainable service offering. Study II takes on the perspective of forest owners as members and owners of the association and how they are viewed to participate in sustainable development in the association. The findings suggest that the stakeholder roles that forest owners have need to be taken into consideration by forest co-operatives in sustainability transitions.

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  • Giske, S.
    et al.
    Gamlem, S. M.
    Kvangarsnes, M.
    Landstad, Bodil J.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV). Östersund Hospital.
    Hole, T.
    Dahl, B. M.
    Mapping interaction quality for nursing and medical students in primary care placement in municipal emergency care units: a systematic observational study2024In: Frontiers in Medicine, E-ISSN 2296-858X, Vol. 11, article id 1181478Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Primary care placement for nursing and medical students is vital for developing the competence to accommodate the increasing number of patients with multimorbid and complex conditions. Prior studies have suggested that interaction quality in primary care placement empowers learning. However, research mapping interaction quality in primary care placements in municipal emergency care units is lacking. This study aimed to systematically map interaction quality for nursing and medical students in primary care placement in two municipal emergency care units. Materials and methods: This study adopted a systematic descriptive observational design. Systematic observations (n = 201 cycles) of eight nursing students (n = 103 cycles) and six medical students (n = 98 cycles) were used to map interaction quality across six learning situations between March and May 2019. Observations were coded using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System-Secondary (CLASS-S). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman correlations. Results: Interaction quality is described in three domains: (I) emotional support, (II) framework for learning, and (III) instructional support, and the overall measure, student engagement. The results indicated middle-quality interactions in the emotional and instructional support domains and high quality in the framework for learning domain and student engagement. Correlations exhibited similar patterns and ranged from non-significant to strong correlations. Conclusion: The interaction qualities indicated a generally positive and supportive learning environment contributing to nursing and medical students’ learning and active participation in work tasks related to their professional roles. Thus, this new form for primary care placement for nursing and medical students in the municipal emergency care units was found to be a positive learning arena. These results may enhance nursing and medical education programs in countries with similar health services and education. Health education, supervisors, peers, and others contributing to students’ learning should recognize which interaction qualities may affect learning and how to improve quality, thus affecting supervisors’ approach to training students. While the CLASS-S showed potential for mapping interaction qualities for nursing and medical students in primary care placement in municipal emergency care units, further studies are needed to validate the CLASS-S for use in clinical placement settings. 

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  • Public defence: 2024-03-22 13:00 C312 and D307, Sundsvall
    Abikari, Masoome
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Young consumers’ emotions towards emerging e-banking technology: A multi-perspective approach2024Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Banks appear to be interested in enhancing their effectiveness and efficiency by developing e-banking technology, i.e., the provision of banking products and services through electronic channels. However, the successful implementation of e-banking technology depends on how consumers perceive such technology and how they are probably provoked to adopt it. Considering emerging e-banking technologies, knowledge of the salient influential factors affecting consumer adoption is crucial for banks. Studies have analysed these factors from different perspectives, such as attribute- and barrier-based perspectives. Attribute-based factors pertain to the perceived or expected characteristics of e-banking technology, whereas barrier-based factors refer to factors that can hinder or delay the adoption of e-banking technology. Despite the absence of consensus on these factors, there is a predominant focus on the functional aspects of this technology, often neglecting the emotional experience of consumers. 

    Consumers’ emotions in the e-banking context mainly refer to hedonic motivation, defined as positive emotions such as fun, pleasure, and enjoyment arising from the usage of e-banking technology. While examining hedonic motivation has provided valuable insights into the adoption of such technology, further studies are required to examine the relationship among consumers’ emotions, particularly negative ones arising from different kinds of appraisals. Accordingly, this thesis aims to examine the influence of consumers’ emotions towards emerging e-banking technology on their intention to adopt such technology, with a specific emphasis on negative emotions from attribute and barrier-based perspectives. 

    Applying Structural equation modelling (SEM), the empirical results draw attention to the influential role of different types of negative emotions in the adoption of emerging e-banking technology. From the attribute-based perspective, the empirical results demonstrate an association between loss emotions and consumers’ behavioural intention to adopt emerging e-banking technology, through effort expectancy and performance expectancy. From a barrier-based perspective, the results indicate that deterrence emotions can be positively associated with consumers’ perceived risk. This, in turn, influences their behavioural intention to adopt emerging e-banking technology. The results also reveal the influence of deterrence emotions on consumers’ perceived risk, even in the presence of positive emotions. These results suggest the importance of considering various categories of negative emotions when examining consumers’ intention to adopt emerging e-banking technology. 

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  • Talbot, Nick P
    et al.
    Cheng, Hung-Yuan
    Hanstock, Helen
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Smith, Thomas G
    Dorrington, Keith L
    Robbins, Peter A
    Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction does not limit maximal exercise capacity in healthy volunteers breathing 12% oxygen at sea level.2024In: Physiological Reports, E-ISSN 2051-817X, Vol. 12, no 4, article id e15944Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Maximal exercise capacity is reduced at altitude or during hypoxia at sea level. It has been suggested that this might reflect increased right ventricular afterload due to hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction. We have shown previously that the pulmonary vascular sensitivity to hypoxia is enhanced by sustained isocapnic hypoxia, and inhibited by intravenous iron. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that elevated pulmonary artery pressure contributes to exercise limitation during acute hypoxia. Twelve healthy volunteers performed incremental exercise tests to exhaustion breathing 12% oxygen, before and after sustained (8-h) isocapnic hypoxia at sea level. Intravenous iron sucrose (n = 6) or saline placebo (n = 6) was administered immediately before the sustained hypoxia. In the placebo group, there was a substantial (12.6 ± 1.5 mmHg) rise in systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) during sustained hypoxia, but no associated fall in maximal exercise capacity breathing 12% oxygen. In the iron group, the rise in SPAP during sustained hypoxia was markedly reduced (3.4 ± 1.0 mmHg). There was a small rise in maximal exercise capacity following sustained hypoxia within the iron group, but no overall effect of iron, compared with saline. These results do not support the hypothesis that elevated SPAP inhibits maximal exercise capacity during acute hypoxia in healthy volunteers.

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  • André, Hampus
    et al.
    KTH.
    Nilsson, Louisa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Are second-hand shell jackets better than users think? A comparison of perceived, assessed and measured functionality throughout lifespans2024In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, E-ISSN 1879-0658, Vol. 204, article id 107470Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the case of outdoor shell jackets, this research studies obsolescence and potential lifespan extension by re-examining how product functionality, objectively and subjectively, develops over the course of product lifespans. In particular, the study focuses on second-hand stores for outdoor products. Functionality is indicated by user perceptions, visual assessments, laboratory measurements and price data, collected at first use, second-hand resale and end-of-life. Perceived functionality and price decline more rapidly (5–6 % per year) than assessed and measured functionality (around 3 % per year). This could be explained by properties related to appearance, which are not assessed nor measured but influence user perceptions and price. Discontentment regarding such properties appears more relevant for obsolescence than inadequate performance, suggesting the potential for design for attachment and timeless design. The relative stability of measured functionality over time suggests that a barrier for second-hand sales, concern about performance, could be ameliorated by a potential functionality-label.

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  • Ekdahl, Ann
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Söderberg, Siv
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Rising Holmström, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Being met as a person and not as a diagnosis: meanings of healthcare encounters for women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease grade III or IV2024In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our study seeks to elucidate meanings of healthcare encounters for women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease stage III or IV. We conducted 12 narrative interviews which were analyzed using phenomenological hermeneutic interpretation. Our analysis revealed one theme; being met as a person and not as a diagnosis with three subthemes: getting sufficient time and feeling involved in care; fulfillment of personal needs; and experiencing disrespect and injustice. We found that meanings of healthcare encounters center on the expectation of being seen as a person. Feeling disrespected and injust leaves women unsupported and could pose serious health risks.

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  • Malmberg, Fredrik G.
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences. Åbo Akad Univ, Dept Polit Sci, Turku, Finland.
    Saikkonen, Inga A. -L.
    Åbo Akad Univ, Social Sci Res Inst, Turku, Finland..
    Cautious or marginalized?: Perceptions of the riskiness of engaging in corruption and gender differences in corruptness2024In: Politics and Policy, ISSN 1555-5623, E-ISSN 1747-1346Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies suggest that women are often perceived as less corrupt and more risk averse, possibly due to longstanding asymmetries in power and marginalization that reproduce certain gender stereotypes. However, much remains unclear regarding the origins of these perceptions. Why are some individuals and societies more prone to perceive women as less corrupt than men? We present the first cross-country examination of these questions utilizing data from the latest wave of the World Values Survey, covering a total of 49 countries. Our results suggest that both perceived riskiness of corruption and attitude toward gender equality, in addition to the overall level of gender inequality in society, matter in explaining a stronger belief in gender differences in corruptness. However, the positive association between a higher perceived riskiness and the perception that women are less corrupt is mostly limited to societies with high levels of corruption and gender inequality.

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  • Lindquist, Lovis
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    The Prevention of Lethal School Violence: A Literature Study2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This literature study aims at providing an overview of the literature regarding the prevention of lethal school violence. Since the paper aims at providing knowledge that can be used by e.g., institutions and schools in Sweden, there are two case studies from the Nordics included the study: Trollhättan attack and the Jokela shooting. This paper reviews literature from 2013 and forward and only includes literature from the United States and Europe. Most research within the field has been conducted within an American context and literature about Swedish or Nordic cases are rare. Further, many articles focus on the aftermath instead of the prevention and most articles are qualitative rather than quantitative. The conclusions one can draw from this literature study are that zero-tolerance approaches to prevention seldom works and school attackers often feel lonely and therefore seek communities where they risk becoming radicalised, especially online communities. The perpetrators often deal with mental health issues and/or come from a “broken home”. Further, there is a discrepancy between different research fields and institutions that deal with the issue of lethal school violence when it comes to definitions and approaches to prevention. Thereis also a lack of coordination between actors, complicating the prevention and mitigation of lethal school violence. School staff also seldom know when or to whom they should report warnings about lethal school violence due to a lack of organisational coordination and lack of knowledge regarding the prevention. The many gaps provide many opportunities for future research. Some suggestions include focusing on the Nordic countries or prevention specifically but also to conduct more quantitative studies and explore the different definitions of lethal school violence.

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  • Lindström, Stefan B
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Amjad, R.
    Gåhlin, E.
    Andersson, L.
    Kaarto, M.
    Liubytska, Kateryna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-). Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute.
    Persson, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Berg, Jan-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Engberg, Birgitta A.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Nilsson, Fritjof
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-). KTH.
    Pulp Particle Classification Based on Optical Fiber Analysis and Machine Learning Techniques2024In: Fibers, ISSN 2079-6439, Vol. 12, no 1, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the pulp and paper industry, pulp testing is typically a labor-intensive process performed on hand-made laboratory sheets. Online quality control by automated image analysis and machine learning (ML) could provide a consistent, fast and cost-efficient alternative. In this study, four different supervised ML techniques—Lasso regression, support vector machine (SVM), feed-forward neural networks (FFNN), and recurrent neural networks (RNN)—were applied to fiber data obtained from fiber suspension micrographs analyzed by two separate image analysis software. With the built-in software of a commercial fiber analyzer optimized for speed, the maximum accuracy of 81% was achieved using the FFNN algorithm with Yeo–Johnson preprocessing. With an in-house algorithm adapted for ML by an extended set of particle attributes, a maximum accuracy of 96% was achieved with Lasso regression. A parameter capturing the average intensity of the particle in the micrograph, only available from the latter software, has a particularly strong predictive capability. The high accuracy and sensitivity of the ML results indicate that such a strategy could be very useful for quality control of fiber dispersions. 

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  • Abikari, Masoome
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Emotions, perceived risk and intentions to adopt emerging e-banking technology amongst educated young consumers2024In: International Journal of Bank Marketing, ISSN 0265-2323, E-ISSN 1758-5937Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between consumers’ emotions towards emerging e-banking technology, perceived risk and subsequent intention to adopt emerging e-banking technology. Design/methodology/approach: An online questionnaire was used to collect data, which were analysed in a quantitative study. The final sample of 224 educated young consumers, familiar with emerging e-banking technology, allowed testing of the research hypotheses by applying confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling (SEM). Findings: The empirical results indicate that deterrence emotions and hedonic motivation are associated with consumers’ perceived risk and, subsequently, their intention to adopt emerging e-banking technology. Additionally, analysing the moderating role of hedonic motivation in the association between consumers’ deterrence emotions towards emerging e-banking technology and their perceived risk highlights the significant association of deterrence emotions with perceived risk, regardless of the presence of hedonic motivation. Originality/value: This study demonstrates the association between consumers’ emotions, perceived risk and subsequent intention to adopt emerging e-banking technology whilst underscoring the importance of distinguishing between different types of emotions and their corresponding appraisals. 

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  • Larsson Gerdin, Anna
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Hellzén, Ove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Rising Holmström, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences (HOV).
    Nurses’ experiences of encounters in home care: a phenomenological hermeneutic study2023In: Abstraktkatalog, 2023, p. 48-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses working in home care often encounter patients with multiple diagnoses in an unpredictable environment, which can cause ethical and emotional challenges and affect their daily work. However, research about encounters in home care is sparse.

    Aim: To illuminate the meaning of nurses’ lived experiences of encountering patients in home care.

    Method: The study has a qualitative design and adopts a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. This approach was chosen to shed light on the meaning of the nurses’ everyday experiences by interpreting texts transcribed from lived narrations. After obtaining ethical approval participants (n=11) were recruited through purposive sampling.

    Findings: The findings are presented under three main themes:

    1) “Being receptive to the other”, which illustrates the meaning of being open-minded and taking the time to acknowledge the patient.

    2) “Handling the unpredictable”, which illustrates the meaning of encountering the unknown in the patient’s home.

    3) “Managing frustration”, which illustrates the meaning of managing your emotions to highlight the needs of the patients. The variety of encounters made different impressions on the nurses which affected the provided care.

    Discussion: During unpredictable encounters, it was sometimes hard to determine and assess the best care for the patients. The findings highlight that misinterpreting the patients’ needs worried the nurses and caused their consciences to be troubled. Nurses must manage their own and their patients’ vulnerability in order to be receptive to what the patients conveyed. When doing so, nurses will discover a genuine interest in the other and counteract the risk of overlooking the patients. The unilateral ethical demand requires the nurses to take care of the patients’ lives selflessly. We are all in each other’s power because our vulnerability and loneliness will facilitate a natural trust. A trust that we hope will be answered and fulfilled by measures that touch and show care and affection.

    Conclusions: Although encountering patients in home care means relating to the other unconditionally, it is sometimes hard to perceive the wishes and needs of the patient and to respond to the ethical demand. However, this was facilitated by shifting the focus from problem-solving an deficiency to get to know the person. Additionally, management of vulnerability will also increase the ability of the nurse to encounter the patient in home care more perceptively.

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    Poster
  • Dahlström, Christina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Eivazi, Alireza
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Nejström, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Zhang, Renyun
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Pettersson, Torbjörn
    KTH.
    Iftikhar, Haider
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Rojas, Orlando J.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-). Aalto University, Finland; The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
    Medronho, Bruno
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-). Universidade do Algarve, Portugal.
    Norgren, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Engineering, Mathematics, and Science Education (2023-).
    Regenerated cellulose properties tailored for optimized triboelectric output and the effect of counter-tribolayers2024In: Cellulose, ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cellulose has shown great potential in the development of green triboelectric nanogenerators. Particularly, regenerated cellulose (R-cellulose) has shown remarkably high output power density but the structural features and key parameters that explain such superior performance remain unexplored. In this work, wood cellulose fibers were dissolved in a LiOH(aq)-based solvent to produce a series of R-cellulose films. Regeneration in different alcohols (from methanol to n-pentanol) was performed and the films’ structural features and triboelectric performance were assessed. Nonsolvents of increased hydrophobicity led to R-cellulose films with a more pronounced (1–10) diffraction peak. An open-circuit voltage (VOC) of up to ca. 260 V and a short-circuit current (ISC) of up to ca. 150 µA were measured for R-cellulose against polytetrafluoroethylene (as negative counter-layer). However, R-cellulose showed an increased VOC of 175% (from 88.1 V) against polydimethylsiloxane when increasing the alcohol hydrocarbon chain length from methanol to n-pentanol. The corresponding ISC and output power also increased by 76% (from 89.9 µA) and by 382% (from 8.8 W m–2), respectively. The higher R-cellulose hydrophilicity, combined with soft counter-tribolayer that follow the surface structures increasing the effective contact area, are the leading reasons for a superior triboelectric performance.

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  • Håkansson Lindqvist, Marcia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Nehez, Jaana
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Processtödjares praktiska arbete för förbättringskapacitet hos huvudmän och skolor i Samverkan för bästa skola2023Report (Other academic)
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