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  • Björklund, Anna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    En litteraturöversikt med vårdhunden i fokusVilka hälsofrämjande effekter har den visat i omvårdnaden och betydelsen för patientens hälsa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Prince, Solene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Science and Culture in the Kerguelen Islands: a relational approach to the spatial formation of a subantarctic archipelago2018In: Island Studies Journal, ISSN 1715-2593, E-ISSN 1715-2593Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Kerguelen Islands are devoid of a permanent population, but are nonetheless interlinked to past and current human activities that have shaped their subantarctic landscape. In the past decades, the archipelago has become a French outpost for scientific research where scientists, support staff, research assistants, and travelers assemble during temporary missions. In this article, I present the spatial formation of islands as relational in order to explore how the material and the cultural converge to make the Kerguelen Islands a place of both mundane practice and global interconnection. These spatialities intertwine the features of the landscape with pre-departure preparations, animal encounters, scientific rigour, daily routines, and past human activities. I advance these narratives by analyzing 18 blogs of French sojourners who have spent extensive time on the Kerguelen Islands. I ultimately give islands without a permanent population a character unlike that of isolation and contemplation as is usually attributed to cold-water islands of the (sub) polar seas.

  • Public defence: 2018-06-13 13:00 L111, Sundsvall
    Gustavsson, Klas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Stochastic Modeling and Management of an Emergency Call Center: A Case Study at the Swedish Emergency CallCenter Provider, SOS Alarm Sverige AB2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A key task of managing an inbound call center is in estimating its performance and consequently plan its capacity, which can be considered a complex task since several system variables are stochastic. These issues are highly crucial for certain time-sensitive services, such as emergency call services. Waiting times affect the service quality of call centers in general, but various customers may place different waiting time expectancies depending on the need. Call center managers struggle to find the relationship between these expectations to their strategical, tactical and operational issues. They are assisted by queueing models that approximate the outcome. Simple setups use analytical approximations while a network of multi-skilled agents serving several customer classes is dependent on computer simulations. Regardless of simple or complex setups, models assume that the system components are homogenous, that the components have some parametric distribution, and that they remain the same regardless of the setup. Human resource and marketing research show that such status quo assumptions are not highly reliable. As an example, customer experience is often affected by the skill of the agent, and agents themselves are affected by their workload and duties, which inter alia affect their efficiency. This thesis aim to assist the Swedish emergency call center with a strategical issue, which require detection of some causalities in the set of system components. The overall aim is to design a simulation model, but such model requires a lot of detailed system knowledge, which itself adds to the knowledge gap in the research field. Findings that contribute to the scientific knowledge body include the burst model that addresses some of the non-stationarity of call arrivals, since some rapid rate increments derives from a latent emergency event. Other contributions are the introduction of stochastic agent behavior, which increases the uncertainty in queueing models; and the service time relationship to geographical distance. The latter may involve general evidence on how area-specific understanding and cultural differences affect the quality of service. This is important for organizations that consider off-shoring or outsourcing their call center service. These findings, along with several undiscovered and unknown influencers, are needed in order to design a reliable simulation model. However, the proposed model in this study cannot be rejected, in terms of waiting time replication. This robust model allowed traffic routing strategies to be evaluated and also assisted managers of the emergency call center into a strategical shift in the late 2015.

  • Public defence: 2018-06-15 13:00 L111, Sundsvall
    Dima, Elijs
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Multi-Camera Light Field Capture: Synchronization, Calibration, Depth Uncertainty, and System Design2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The digital camera is the technological counterpart to the human eye, enabling the observation and recording of events in the natural world. Since modern life increasingly depends on digital systems, cameras and especially multiple-camera systems are being widely used in applications that affect our society, ranging from multimedia production and surveillance to self-driving robot localization. The rising interest in multi-camera systems is mirrored by the rising activity in Light Field research, where multi-camera systems are used to capture Light Fields - the angular and spatial information about light rays within a 3D space. 

    The purpose of this work is to gain a more comprehensive understanding of how cameras collaborate and produce consistent data as a multi-camera system, and to build a multi-camera Light Field evaluation system. This work addresses three problems related to the process of multi-camera capture: first, whether multi-camera calibration methods can reliably estimate the true camera parameters; second, what are the consequences of synchronization errors in a multi-camera system; and third, how to ensure data consistency in a multi-camera system that records data with synchronization errors. Furthermore, this work addresses the problem of designing a flexible multi-camera system that can serve as a Light Field capture testbed.

    The first problem is solved by conducting a comparative assessment of widely available multi-camera calibration methods. A special dataset is recorded, giving known constraints on camera ground-truth parameters to use as reference for calibration estimates. The second problem is addressed by introducing a depth uncertainty model that links the pinhole camera model and synchronization error to the geometric error in the 3D projections of recorded data. The third problem is solved for the color-and-depth multi-camera scenario, by using a proposed estimation of the depth camera synchronization error and correction of the recorded depth maps via tensor-based interpolation. The problem of designing a Light Field capture testbed is addressed empirically, by constructing and presenting a multi-camera system based on off-the-shelf hardware and a modular software framework.

    The calibration assessment reveals that target-based and certain target-less calibration methods are relatively similar at estimating the true camera parameters. The results imply that for general-purpose multi-camera systems, target-less calibration is an acceptable choice. For high-accuracy scenarios, even commonly used target-based calibration approaches are insufficiently accurate. The proposed depth uncertainty model is used to show that converged multi-camera arrays are less sensitive to synchronization errors. The mean depth uncertainty of a camera system correlates to the rendered result in depth-based reprojection, as long as the camera calibration matrices are accurate. The proposed depthmap synchronization method is used to produce a consistent, synchronized color-and-depth dataset for unsynchronized recordings without altering the depthmap properties. Therefore, the method serves as a compatibility layer between unsynchronized multi-camera systems and applications that require synchronized color-and-depth data. Finally, the presented multi-camera system demonstrates a flexible, de-centralized framework where data processing is possible in the camera, in the cloud, and on the data consumer's side. The multi-camera system is able to act as a Light Field capture testbed and as a component in Light Field communication systems, because of the general-purpose computing and network connectivity support for each sensor, small sensor size, flexible mounts, hardware and software synchronization, and a segmented software framework. 

  • Public defence: 2018-06-07 10:00 Akvariet J 503, Sundsvall
    Appelberg, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Gilla oss!: En studie av fyra svenska medieföretags arbete med sociala medier2018Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation contains an exploratory study of how four Swedish media companies has decided to use social media in their daily work, and also how they in fact use them. What are the goals with implementing social media, how do they differ between different companies and do the goals transfer into the newsrooms?

    The four companies studied are Sveriges Radio, Aftonbladet, Dalarnas Tidningar and Gotlands Media. Media companies that differ from one another both in size, geographical coverage and economy. They range from small local newspapers to national public service radio and the biggest tabloid on the Swedish market. The methods used are qualitative research interviews and field studies as well as quantitative data analysis. The theoretical chapter helps define traditional journalism and journalistic practice. The concepts of boundaries, participatory cultures and normalizing of work methods are also discussed and helps build a context for the analysis of the empirical data.

    Some key findings from the study are that there are more similarities than differences between the various companies in both how they aim to use social media and how they in fact use them. That the digital development in the surrounding society are much faster than the implementation of new technologies in the newsrooms. Also, that there are differences between how the companies aim to use social media and the actual usage. For instance, all companies strive for a more active dialog with the audience in their visionary work, but has a hard time turning this into reality.

    There is also notable that social media in this study do not change the journalistic fundamental routines and traditions. The studied journalists are still in control of their own content and they aim to meet the same standard in journalistic quality when working in social media. It is also evident that Facebook is invaluable for all the studied companies, which gives Facebook an interesting indirect power over the journalistic work process and product. Finally, the study finds that it is hard to engage the audience in an active collaboration even when working with social media.

  • Bazyan Pihl, Saloume
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Andraspråkselevers upplevelser, deras svårigheter och frånvaro i biologi-/naturkunskapsämnet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan början av 1980-talet har Sverige haft Europas största flyktinginvandring per capita. Den ökade invandringen har lett till stor inverkan på den svenska skolan. I varje skola och varje klass sitter några som har utländsk bakgrund och ett annat modersmål än svenska. Därför krävs ändrade förutsättningar i klasserna. Läraren, skolpolitiker och skolledaren behöver diskutera djupare och förbereda nya undervisningsmetoder, förhållningssätt, lämplig pedagogik etc. Det kräver ett tydliggörande av vilka faktorer som är betydelsefulla i språkinlärningen av andraspråkselever och hur lärarna kan anpassa sin undervisning till elevens behov och svårigheter. I denna uppsats granskas problemen för andraspråkselever i undervisningen av biologiämnet på gymnasieskolan. Genom en enkätundersökning lyfts problem och hinder som både lärare och andraspråkselever står inför i undervisningen av biologi-/naturkunskapsämnet. En gynnsam relation med elever, anpassade undervisningmetoder och kravet på ett bedömningssystem som inte bara är baserat på svenska språket, är sådan professionell hjälp som påverkar andraspråkselevers studieframgång. Elevernas svårigheter i biologi-/naturkunskapsämnet, vilket är ett begreppsbaserat ämne, visar hur språkförståelse påverkar elevernas prestation och frånvaro. Biologiämnet innebär både praktiska undersökningar och en teoretisk del. Analysen av resultatet i de två delarna och av resultaten i fråga om elevernas delaktighet, visar att brister i språket begränsar deras studieframgång och ökar andraspråkselevers frånvaro. Dessutom visar analysen att praktiska undersökningar och ett väl planerat grupparbete kan motivera andraspråkselever i utvecklingen av kunskaper och förbättring i skolresultat. Därtill spelar en trygg miljö i skolan och klassrummet en stor roll för att höja intresse och motivation hos andraspråkselever inför vidare studier samt ger en minskning i långvarig frånvaro. Andraspråkselevers framtid, kultur och kunskap är knutna till framtiden för Sverige, och deras aktiviteter kan senare ha både positiv och negativ påverkan på samhället. Brist i språkkunskap utestänger människor med utländsk bakgrund från den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Svårigheten att komma in på arbetsmarknaden leder till att deras barn presterar sämre i skolan och får därmed svårt att komma in på arbetsmarknaden senare. Med hjälp av högre utbildning och utveckling av deras tankar, insikter och kunskaper kan vi skapa ett bättre samhälle, med en blandning av olika kulturer.

  • Nilsson, Samuel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Att skriva och producera en lovsång2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är en lovsång, hur låter det och vad kännetecknar soundet för en lovsång idag? Är det en egen genre som har egna kännetecken idag? Målet med detta projekt har varit att ta reda på och få en förståelse för hur en lovsång är skriven och producerad och utifrån de kunskaper och insikter jag fått under projektet skriva och producera en egen lovsång för att praktisera resultatet.

  • Pojskic, Haris
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Erik, Åslin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Krolo, Ante
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia.
    Jukic, Ivan
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Uljevic, Ognjen
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia.
    Spasic, Miodrag
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia.
    Sekulic, Damir
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Croatia.
    Importance of Reactive Agility and Change of Direction Speed in Differentiating Performance Levels in Junior Soccer Players: Reliability and Validity of Newly Developed Soccer-Specific Tests2018In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 9, article id 506Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Agility is a significant determinant of success in soccer; however, studies have rarely presented and evaluated soccer-specific tests of reactive agility (S_RAG) and non-reactive agility (change of direction speed – S_CODS) or their applicability in this sport. The aim of this study was to define the reliability and validity of newly developed tests of the S_RAG and S_CODS to discriminate between the performance levels of junior soccer players. The study consisted of 20 players who were involved at the highest national competitive rank (all males; age: 17.0 0.9 years), divided into three playing positions (defenders, midfielders, and forwards) and two performance levels(U17 and U19). Variables included body mass (BM), body height, body fat percentage,20-m sprint, squat jump, countermovement jump, reactive-strength-index, unilateral jump, 1RM-back-squat, S_CODS, and three protocols of S_RAG. The reliabilities of theS_RAG and S_CODS were appropriate to high (ICC: 0.70 to 0.92), with the strongest reliability evidenced for the S_CODS. The S_CODS and S_RAG shared 25–40% of the common variance. Playing positions significantly differed in BM (large effect-size differences [ES]; midfielders were lightest) and 1RM-back-squat (large ES; lowest results in midfielders). The performance levels significantly differed in age and experience in soccer; U19 achieved better results in the S_CODS (t-test: 3.61, p < 0.05, large ES)and two S_RAG protocols (t-test: 2.14 and 2.41, p < 0.05, moderate ES). Newly developed tests of soccer-specific agility are applicable to differentiate U17 and U19players. Coaches who work with young soccer athletes should be informed that the development of soccer-specific CODS and RAG in this age is mostly dependent on training of the specific motor proficiency.

  • Public defence: 2018-06-08 10:00 C326, Sundsvall
    Abbasi, Seyed
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Determinants of social inequalities in cardiovascular disease among Iranian patients2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and objectives: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the single largest cause of mortality in the world. Similar to other health issues, CVD is generally affected either by individual risk factors, which may influence the risk for developing an illness or its complications, or by social indicators (social determinants of health). There is evidence from developed countries which shows that the so-called "upstream factors"—including social determinants such as political, social, spiritual, cultural, and economic factors—may affect the prevalence and incidence of CVD. Scarce evidence from studies in low- and middle-income countries also suggests that social factors may affect the distribution of CVD across population groups. However, there is a dearth of such data in Iran, where only a few small-sizedstudies have focused on the social determinants of health. Therefore, the present thesis sought to fill this gap by assessing the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on the distribution of CVD and the relevant inequalities within the Iranian context.

    Methods: This thesis is based on four studies, which used data from the Tehran Heart Center’s Databases. In Study I, a total of 44,820 patients who underwent coronary angiography at Tehran Heart Center between 2005 and 2010 were recruited. Then, their pre- and post-procedural data—including demographics, CVD risk factors, symptoms, and laboratory tests—were compared between men and women. In Study II, 6,246 patients with acutecoronary syndrome who were hospitalized between March 2004 and August 2011 were included and, based on their education and their employment status, were divided into high- and low-SES groups. Thereafter, the effect of SES on the in-hospital death of the patients was evaluated. In Study III, 20,165 patients with documented coronary artery disease who underwent coronary angiography at Tehran Heart Center were enrolled and CVD risk factors and severity (measured by the Gensini score) were assessed among the six major Iranian ethnic groups. In Study IV, 9,088 patients with acute coronary syndrome who were hospitalized at Tehran Heart Center between May 2007and June 2014 were recruited and the association between in-hospital death due to acute coronary syndrome and place of residence (rural/urban) was assessed using logistic regression adjusted for potential confounders.

    Results: In this thesis, the data analyses were based on the hypothesis that there is a potential association between the different socioeconomic indicators and the selected cardiovascular outcomes. In Study I, among the recruited participant, 25,363 men and 11,995 women had coronary artery disease and the women not only were significantly older, less educated, and more overweight but also had higher blood levels of triglyceride, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, and fasting blood sugar than the men. Moreover, hypertension and diabetes mellitus showed the strongest association in the women with coronary artery disease (OR=3.45, 95% CI: 3.28to 3.61 and OR=2.37, 95% CI: 2.26 to 2.48, respectively). In addition, the frequency of post-procedural recommendations for non-invasive procedures was higher in the women than in the men (20.1% vs 18.6%; P<0.001). In StudyII, of the 6,246 recruited patients with acute coronary syndrome, 3,290individuals were considered low-SES and 2,956 high-SES individuals. In-hospital death occurred in 79 (1.26%) patients: 1.9% in the low-SES and 0.6% in the high-SES groups. After adjustment for the possible cofounders, our multivariate analysis demonstrated a significant effect of the patients’ SES on their in-hospital death and a lower in-hospital mortality rate was shown in the high-SES patients (OR=0.30, 95% CI: 0.09 to 0.98; P=0.046). In Study III, the Fars (8.7%) and Gilak (8.6%) ethnic groups had the highest frequency of having at least four simultaneous risk factors. Additionally, the mean Gensini score was lowest in the Lurs (67.5±52.8) and highest among the Gilaks (77.1±55.9). The multivariable regression analysis indicated that the Gilaks showed the worst CVD severity (β: 0.056, 95% CI: 0.009 to 0.102; P=0.018), followed by the Turks (β: 0.032, 95% CI: 0.005 to 0.059; P=0.020), and the lowest CVD severity, was detected in the Lurs (β: -0.087, 95% CI: -0.146 to -0.027;P=0.004). Study IV showed that while smoking (P=0.002), positive family history of coronary artery disease (P=0.003), higher body mass index (P=0.013),and hyperlipidemia (P=0.026) were more prevalent in the urban patients, the rural patients showed lower educational levels (P<0.001) and higher frequency of unemployment (P=0.009). Meanwhile, in-hospital death occurred in 135 (1.5%) patients: 125 (1.5%) urban and 10 (1.2%) rural. To adjust the effects of the possible confounders, we utilized the Firth regression model, which showed no significant difference regarding in-hospital death betweenthe rural and urban patients (OR=1.57, 95% CI: 0.376 to 7.450; P=0.585).

    Conclusions: The aim of this thesis was to investigate the effects of social determinants (particularly SES) on CVD and its modifiable risk factors among Iranian patients. Results showed that medical treatment for CVD was more recommended (by treating physicians) to the women than the men, and the low-SES patients with acute coronary syndrome were more likely to die in the hospital than their high-SES counterparts. In addition, the thesis found heterogeneity in the distribution of the traditional risk factors for CVD as well as CVD severity in the major Iranian ethnic groups. Further, there were no differences concerning the in-hospital death rates due to acute coronary syndrome between the urban and rural patients after adjustment for the potential confounders.

  • Lavassani, Mehrzad
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Forsström, Stefan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Jennehag, Ulf
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Zhang, Tingting
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Combining Fog Computing with Sensor Mote Machine Learning for Industrial IoT2018In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 18, no 5, article id 1532Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization is a global trend becoming ever more important to our connected and sustainable society. This trend also affects industry where the Industrial Internet of Things is an important part, and there is a need to conserve spectrum as well as energy when communicating data to a fog or cloud back-end system. In this paper we investigate the benefits of fog computing by proposing a novel distributed learning model on the sensor device and simulating the data stream in the fog, instead of transmitting all raw sensor values to the cloud back-end. To save energy and to communicate as few packets as possible, the updated parameters of the learned model at the sensor device are communicated in longer time intervals to a fog computing system. The proposed framework is implemented and tested in a real world testbed in order to make quantitative measurements and evaluate the system. Our results show that the proposed model can achieve a 98% decrease in the number of packets sent over the wireless link, and the fog node can still simulate the data stream with an acceptable accuracy of 97%. We also observe an end-to-end delay of 180 ms in our proposed three-layer framework. Hence, the framework shows that a combination of fog and cloud computing with a distributed data modeling at the sensor device for wireless sensor networks can be beneficial for Industrial Internet of Things applications.

  • Malm, Emma
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Sundberg Hamre, Tekla
    Kvinnors hälsa och välbefinnande efter hysterektomi-En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Selberg, Jannicke
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Olofsson, Amanda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser i mötet med patienter som blivit utsatta för sexuella övergrepp- En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Oskarsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Björk, Sofia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Våld – En del av jobbetSjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att arbeta under våld på akutmottagningen - en litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nordfäldt, Lena
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Lundmark, Eva
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Viktiga aspekter för sjuksköterskan att ta i beaktande vid telefonrådgivning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Martinsson, Felix
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Gonzalez Rebolledo, Angel
    Sjuksköterskans preventiva arbete mot suicidEn litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Landström, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Persson, Towe
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Det finns inget mer vi kan göra: en litteraturöversikt om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av vård i livets slutskede.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Eriksson, Josefin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Gawek Arnabo, Nathalie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Livskvalitet hos personer med multipel sklerosEn litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bromsjö, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Brodin, Emma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Egenvård vid typ 2 Diabetes- Sjuksköterskans perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Bergström, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Rödin, Matilda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    ”Se mig för den jag är”Upplevelser av en Mastektomi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Jaimovich, Dany
    et al.
    Goethe Univ Frankfurt Main, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Gonzalez, Belen
    Univ Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany; Consejo Invest Europeo ERC, Brussels, Belgium.
    Calbucura, Jorge
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Orellana, Nicolas del Valle
    Int Inst Philosophy & Social Studies, Berlin, Germany.
    Graus, Claudia Maldonado
    Free Univ Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
    Conflictos Sociales Y Ambientales En Chile2018In: Iberoamericana: América Latina, España, Portugal, ISSN 1577-3388, E-ISSN 2255-520X, Vol. 18, no 67, p. 205-230Article in journal (Other academic)
  • Ankre, Rosemarie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Kronenberg, Kai
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Möjligheter och utmaningar för tillgänglighet till friluftsliv och naturupplevelser: En fallstudie om Östersunds kommun2017Report (Other academic)
  • Söderlund, Agneta
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Palliativa patienters skäl till önskan om dödshjälp-En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Olsson, Carina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Rosenqvist, Jenny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Omvårdnad av patienter som drabbats av stroke- sjuksköterskans perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lörnell, Sofia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Groth, Michaela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Kvinnors erfarenheter av insjuknande i akut hjärtinfarkt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lindstedt, Madelene
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Stetenfeldt, Sofia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av hot och våld på akutmottagning.En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Kadjo Isaksson, Ann-Marie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Delzendehnejad, Sara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Leva med urininkontinens– En litteraturöversikt om kvinnors upplevelse2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Johansson, Martin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Brunkwall, Pernilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Betydelse av hygienrutiner vid Meticillinresistenta Staphylococcus aureus- en litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Gröndahl, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Mörch, Mikkel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Att vara närstående vid livets slutskede- En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ali, Hana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Hot och våld - en del av sjuksköterskans vardag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nordlander, Annika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Thornberg, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Intensivvårdssjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med noninvasiv ventilation- En intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Janzon, Ludvig
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Åslund, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Intensivvårdssjuksköterskornas upplevelser av attvårda patienter som får andningsstöd med denspecifika andningsmoden NAVA2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hammarling, Krister
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Sandberg, Mats
    RISE Acreo AB, Norrköping.
    Engholm, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Nilsson, Hans-Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Synthesis, Curing Behavior and Swell Tests of pH-Responsive Coatings from Acryl-Terminated Oligo(beta-Amino Esters)2018In: CHEMOSENSORS, ISSN 2227-9040, Vol. 6, no 1, article id 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability of acryl-terminated oligo(beta-amino esters) (AOBAE) to be coated on fibers and printed electronics without solvents and to be cross-linked to a pH-responsive coatings, makes AOBAE-based coatings a potential type of pH-sensor coating. However, there are currently no reports of AOBAEs used as a pH-responsive coating material in sensor applications. Here we present an investigation of the synthesis, curing behavior and swell tests of AOBAEs. AOBAEs were synthesized from reacting an excess of asymmetric diacrylates with piperazine without the use of any solvents. They were then cross-linked to an insoluble network by UV-curing. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to characterize the AOBAEs. NMR was used to clarify the irregular structure of the AOBAE. FTIR was used to monitor the effects of UV-curing dose and air exposure on monomer conversion during curing. An interferometric technique was used to monitor the swelling behavior of the coating in response to pH variations. Swell experiments showed that the AOBAE also responded to pH variations after polymerization. Therefore, AOBAE is an interesting class of material with potential use as a pH responsive coating in optical-and printed electronics pH-sensors applications.

  • Margaryan, Lusine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    A Review of “Tourism and oil: Preparing for the challenge” by Susanne Becken2018In: Journal of Tourism Futures, ISSN 2055-5911, E-ISSN 2055-592XArticle, book review (Refereed)
  • Margaryan, Lusine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    A review of: Heritage, Conservation and Communities. Engagement, Participation and Capacity Building, edited by Gill Chitty2018In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 575-577Article, book review (Refereed)
  • Bäck, Lena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Confidence in Midwifery: Midwifery students and midwives’ perspectives2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A confident midwife has an impact on a pregnant woman’s clinical outcome and birth experience. Knowledge acquisition, competence, and confidence develops over a lifetime and is of great importance in developing and forming personal skills and allowing the personal traits to grow and mature. Previous international studies have shown that midwifery students do not feel confident in many areas in which they are supposed to practice independently. The aim of this thesis was to investigate confidence levels in basic midwifery skills in Swedish midwifery students in their final semester just before entering the midwifery profession. An additional aim was to describe clinical midwives’ reflections about learning and what factors that developes professional competence, and confidence.

    Study I was a cross-sectional survey with Swedish midwifery students (n=238). They assessed their own confidence in all competencies that a midwife should have and could practice independently. The results of study I confirmed that Swedish midwifery students feel confident in dealing with the most common procedures during normal pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum and newborn care. However, they do not feel fully confident in cases in which there are deviations from the normal procedures and obstetric emergencies. When comparing groups of midwifery students, the younger group of midwifery students felt more confident in general compared to the older group. Students at a university with a medical faculty were also more confident than the students at a university without a medical faculty.

    In study II, focus group discussions were held with 14 midwives emphasizing the way in which midwives reflect on learning and the development of competence and confidence. Content analysis was used to analyze the focus group discussions. Four categories were identified as a result of study II: 1.) feelings of professional safety evolve over time; 2.) personal qualities affect professional development; 3.) methods for knowledge and competence expansion; and 4.) competence as developing and demanding. The conclusion of this thesis is that more practical and clinical training during education is desirable. Midwifery students need to have access and the opportunity to practice obstetrical emergencies within a team of obstetricians and pediatricians. Learning takes time, and one improvement is to extend midwifery education to include and increase in clinical training. This would strengthen the students theoretical, scientific, and clinical confidence. Clinical midwives claim that it takes time to feel confident and that there is a need to develop professionalism.

  • Åhslund, Ingela
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Boström, Lena
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Teachers’ Perceptions of Gender Differences: What about Boys and Girls in the Classroom?2018In: International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, ISSN 1694-2493, E-ISSN 1694-2116, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 28-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how primary school teachers perceive differences in behaviour and learning between boys and girls in relation to their teaching and methods. A quantitative approach was used in this study, and the analysis was built on descriptive statistics and bivariate correlations. The results show that the teachers had a positive view of their teaching. However, they generally had low expectations of the boys. The teachers also perceived that they made a great effort to adapt the teaching according to the students' prerequisites and needs. Individual work was a frequently used teaching method, although this was perceived as unfavorable for the boys’ learning. The boys’ behaviours were perceived as negative for learning, the boys were described as dependent, idle, and unmotivated. Negative characteristics might affect the teachers’ expectations of high learning outcomes, and may ultimately affect the boys’ school performances. The result of this study emphasizes the importance of that teachers reflect on their teaching methods in relation to boys, and girls’ prerequisites in the classroom.

  • Jönsson, Jessica H.
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Flem, Aina Lian
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    International field training in social work education: beyond colonial divides2018In: Social Work Education, ISSN 0261-5479, E-ISSN 1470-1227, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the influence of and need for a critical and global-oriented social work education on students’ learning and developments in the context of international field training. The study uses mixed methods strategy of web survey, focus groups and document review of field reports. Participants in the study are social work students from social work programs in Norway and Sweden who have conducted their international field training in the Global South. The results of the study show that in order to obtain a critical and postcolonial understanding of global inequalities and the role of social work, students need to be truly prepared for international field training by critical and postcolonial knowledge, which will challenge many students’ West-centric perspectives and facilitate them by a self-reflective positioning throughout their field training. The imagination of traveling to and ‘learning about the others’ should be then replaced by a move beyond ‘us-and-them’ divides in line with the ethical principles and values of social work.

  • Zubak, Zoran
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Mostar; Special Orthopedic Hospital Biograd, Croatia.
    Zenic, Natasa
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split.
    Ostojic, Ljerka
    Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split.
    Zubak, Ivana
    Department for Ecology, Agronomy and Aquaculture, University of Zadar.
    Pojskic, Haris
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    A Prospective Study on the Influence of Scholastic Factors on the Prevalence and Initiation of Illicit Drug Misuse in Adolescence2018In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 15, no 5, article id 874Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study aimed to prospectively investigate the scholastic factors related to illicit drug misuse (IDM) and the initiation of IDM among older adolescents from Bosnia andHerzegovina. Methods: This 2-year prospective study included 436 participants (202 females), who were an average of 16 years old at the beginning of the study (baseline). The participants were tested at baseline and follow-up (20 months later). The predictors included variables of scholastic-achievement (grade point average, school absences, unexcused absences and behavioral grade). The criteria were: (i) IDM at baseline; (ii) IDM at follow-up; and (iii) initiation of IDM over the study course. Results: Logistic regression indicated increased odds of IDM in adolescents who were more frequent absent from school (baseline: Odds Ratio (OR): 3.73, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 2.12–6.57; follow-up: OR: 2.91, 95% CI: 1.90–4.65). The lower grade point average and more unexcused absences were evidenced for adolescents who consumed drugs on follow-up(OR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.11–2.51; OR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.30–2.32 for grade point average and unexcused absences, respectively). Initiation of IDM was predicted by frequent absences from school (OR: 2.2,95% CI: 1.3–3.8), and lower behavioral grades (OR: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.2–3.3). Conclusions: The findings confirmed strong correlations between scholastic failure and IDM. Absences from school and lower behavioral grades at baseline were predictive of the initiation of IDM in older adolescents.

  • Bergström, Eirini
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Jag arma människa, vem skall befria mig från denna dödens kropp?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Shaw, Martin
    Umeå universitet, Moderna språk.
    Narrating Gypsies, Telling Travellers: A Sudy of the Relational Self in Four Life Stories2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To say that Gypsy and/or Traveller and/or Romany life stories have existed on the periphery of literary studies can be considered an understatement. In this study of the relational self, Narrating Gypsies, Telling Travellers, examines the discursive and structural complexities involved in the practices of writing and speaking in the production process and narrative trajectories of the life stories of Gordon Sylvester Boswell (1970), Nan Joyce (1985), Jimmy Stockins (2000), and Jess Smith (2002 and 2003).

    The study emphasizes relational aspects of self-construction, which includes links to the national (hi)stories of Scotland, Ireland and England. Beginning with an eighteenth-century scaffold confession and moving through colonial, post-colonial, national and internal colonial narratives, the study follows a discursive path that re-emerges and reverberates in the spoken and/or written words of the story narrators. The study problemetizes the effectiveness of resistance as the historical depth and relationally produced dual-nature of domination is analysed. Above all the study positions modes of domination and self-domination within processes of forgetting forged through consensual, subtle and coercive practices related to points of view and the taken-for-granted.

  • Hedenberg, Björn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    Läromedlets aktualitet: En kvalitativ studie som jämför digitala och tryckta läromedel för samhällskunskap avsedda för årskurs 7-92018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Forslin, Erika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Skalman, Johanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Organisationskulturens gynsamhet för öppen innovation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Carlsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Karlsson, Marie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    ”Det är så företaget vill att man ska vara”: En kvalitativ studie om hur organisationskultur uppfattas av anställda2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Wall-Reinius, Sandra
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Fredman, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Stockholms universitet.
    Svensson, Daniel
    KTH och Chalmers.
    Sörlin, Sverker
    KTH.
    Godtman Kling, Kristin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Vägar till mångfunktionella landskap: En pilotmodell i Jämtlandsfjällen2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Toivanen, Susanna
    et al.
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Stockholm University.
    Härter Griep, Rosane
    Laboratory of Health and Environment Education, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Brazil.
    Mellner, Christine
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University.
    Nordenmark, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Eloranta, Sandra
    Scandinavian Development Services, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hospitalization due to stroke and myocardial infarction in self-employed individuals and small business owners compared with paid employees in Sweden—a 5-year study2018In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analysing Swedish population register data, the aim of the present study is to investigate differences in acute cardiovascular disease (CVD) in terms of stroke and myocardial infarction incidence between selfemployed individuals and paid employees and to study whether the associations vary by gender or across industrial sectors. A cohort of nearly 4.8 million employed individuals (6.7% self-employed in 2003) is followed-up for hospitalization due to stroke and myocardial infarction (2004–2008). Self-employed individuals are defined as sole proprietors and limited liability company owners according to legal type of their enterprise. Negative binomial regression models are applied to compare hospitalization rates between the self-employed and paid employees, adjusted for socioeconomic and demographic confounders. Two- and three-way interaction are tested between occupational group, industrial sector, and gender. Limited liability company owners have significantly lower hospitalization for myocardial infarction than paid employees. Regarding two-way interaction,sole proprietors have higher myocardial infarction hospitalization in trade, transport and communication, and lower in agriculture, forestry, and fishing than paid employees. Limited liability company owners have lower hospitalization rate for myocardial infarction than employees in several industries. The results highlight the importance of enterprise legal type and industrial sector for CVD among self-employed individuals.

  • Pettersson, Olof
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Ljuddesignens påverkan på spelarupplevelse: En utforskande analys av ljuddesigners arbetsmetoder och den resulterande ljudbildens effekter på spelupplevelse2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this study was to research the connection between the methods, goals and thought processes of a sound designer throughout the production of a game and how the soundscape of the final product was received by the public as well as games journalists. A survey with questions about the sound of select games was sent out and received over a hundred answers and reviews of the same games was collected and assessed to get a picture of what the public thought about theses game’s sound. Only one of the seven sound designers that was approached responded and agreed to an interview.

    The information gathered in that interview indicated that the publics opinion of the soundscape of a game is in part determined by the clarity of the goal for the soundscape before production began. The study indicates that if a sound designer has a firm idea of how the world that is being sonically portrayed is supposed to sound then that reflects well in the judgment of journalists and the opinion of the audience. Even so, more studies of the same sort are required to solidify this result and to rule out alternative methods of explanation.