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  • Lindström, Mattias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Bildanalys inom Machine Vision: Nyquists samplingsteorem vid digital fotografering2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within Machine Vision, it is very important that the camera can detect the details requested. Aliasing is a problem in all digital photography, and is because the camera's resolution is too low relative to the details it tries to capture. This work analyzes the camera's limitations and the cause of these. A simple camera rig used for Machine Vision tests is re-designed for better control and resolution, and a new control-system is created to this according to the client's specifications. A test pattern for ISO 12233: 2000 is then photographed in this rig. The result is analyzed and compared to Nyquist sampling theorem regarding digital photography. The result shows how the camera's design and way of registering colors through a filter in front of the image sensor and algorithms to calculate the color for each individual pixel increases the sample size by a factor of 3 compared with the original theorem with double sampling frequency.

  • Grönlund, Erik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Emergianalys – en användbar metod för utvärdering av svenska miljömål på systemnivå och i ett scenarioperspektiv?2017Report (Other academic)
  • Ekström, Marcus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Communication tool in virtual reality – A telepresence alternative: An alternative to telepresence – bringing the shared space to a virtual environment in virtual reality2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Videoconferencing is one of the most common telepresence methods today and educational videos is rising in popularity among distance learners. Traditional videoconferencing is unable to convey gestures and mutual eye contact between participants. This study aim to propose a Virtual Reality telepresence solution using game engines. A literature study confirmed the effectiveness achieved in VR is comparable to the effectiveness in face-to-face meetings. The suggested solution implements whiteboard functionality from a real-life perspective, confirming it is possible to include new functionality and directly transfer old functionality to the VR system from the communication systems today. The system was evaluated based on the response time, packet loss, bandwidth, frame rate and through user tests. The evaluation shows it is possible to design a telepresence system with VR capable of passing the Turing Test for Telepresence. The participants of the user tests did not experience discomfort and they were positively inclined to the telepresence system. Though, discomfort may emerge if the VR character is used with a common office workstation. Future studies in this topic would involve modifications of the third person camera, making the head's rotation follow the direction of the camera view and implementing movable eye pupils on the VR character using the upcoming eye-tracking accessory.

  • Hellström, Hellström
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Kris och kapitalstruktur: En studie av SMF i den svenska metallbranschen under åren 2008-20152017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    SMEs have become significantly important for the Swedish economy since they account for 99 % of all the businesses in Sweden. These firms rely heavily on bank credits and are more sensitive to external economic fluctuations relative to larger firms. Regardless of the events in the global economy, firms must be able to finance its operations with capital. Previousresearch on capital structure indicates a difficulty to find a general theory that can be applied for the majority of firms, which provides more scope for further research in the subject. Sweden is a very export-dependent country and is highly integrated into the global economy. The Swedish export decreased substantially due to the financial crisis 2008, which indicates that export-dependent firms was suffering during the given time period. The combination of a decline in credit supply and a financial crisis gives us the assumption of financial problems in these firms. The purpose of this study is to examine whether or not the recent financial crisis had an impact capital structure in the iron- and steel industry. The importance of different determinants that affects the capital structure will also be reviewed.A quantitative method with a deductive approach will be used for the study. To fulfil the purpose of the study, regression-, correlation- and descriptive analysis will be performed in order to analyse the relation between the dependent variables and the independent variables. Several regression analysis and ANOVA-test will be carried out in order to determine whether or not there is a significant difference in the firms capital structure between the two time periods. The study finds a significant change in capital structure between the two time periods. The short-term debt ratio accounted for the greatest change and decreased substantially during the financial crisis. In addition, the result suggests that profitability and tangible assets are the most important determinants explaining the capital structure of Swedish SMEs in the iron- and steel industry. The study finds a negative relation betweenprofitability and leverage, and a negative relation between tangible assets and short-term debt. Contradictory, a positive relation can be observed between tangible assets and long-term debt. Additionally, a small positive relation can be found between growth and leverage during both time periods.

  • Göransson, Rickard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    HMI: Utveckling av gränssnitt med hög användbarhet till stångräknare2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sund Birsta, a company that develop and deliver machines and equipment for the steel industry around the world, are in the process of standardize HMI-panels for all their machines. Their machine, bar counter, don´t have an HMI that follow their new interface regarding appearance and functionality. The goal with this study was to develop an HMI with high usability that´s following the guidelines of Sund Birsta and present all information on 5 screens. A literature study has been done to find answer on the demands for an HMI to reach high usability. The design criteria’s that´s been complied are visibility, feedback, restraints, consistency and affordance. The HMI is created for the panel Siemens KTP1200 in the software Tia Portal. The results show that the sub screens for the HMI has been reduced from 21 to 5 screens. The developed HMI are following the same interface design as the HMI for another machine in the same machine family, with differences in the machines unique functionality. The new HMI are using less memory to load the screen but are using more work memory in comparison to the old HMI.   When less available memory is used it opens for expansion opportunities as the available memory is limited, however, the response time may be affected by the increased work memory usage.

  • Pavlovic, Aleksandar
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    En kvantitativ studie om några faktorer som påverkar konsumenters e-lojalitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digital development has resulted in a greater degree of interaction between customers and retailers. The change from physical store, with interaction between vendors and consumers, to a digital store where the vendor is non-existent, has shaped new trading conditions. In today's society, consumers can make a purchase through e-commerce with a few keystrokes. Electronic commerce or e-commerce, in Sweden, has grown from SEK 70.5 billion (2012) to SEK 100.5 billion (2016), a growth of 43%. Consumers can shop through the internet using a connected device without having to move. This affects time and space in terms of flexibility and accessibility, which can be a reason why consumers choose e-commerce shopping instead of traditional retail shopping (SCB, 2016).This study investigates what underlying factors may affect e-loyalty. In this study, e-loyalty is described as consumer repetitive purchase on a specific e-commerce site. Based on previous service quality models SERVQUAL, E-S-QUAL, WEBQUAL and SITEQUAL, four factors (response, ease of use, reliability and security/privacy) were chosen to investigate if they had any impact on e-loyalty. The data was gathered through Facebook and e-mails. In total 234 respondents participated in the study’s survey, which showed that ease of use and security/privacy has an impact on e-loyalty among young and computer experienced consumers.

  • Backerholm, Martin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Österlund, Mattias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Förhållandet mellan aktiemarknaden och den ekonomiska tillväxten i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time, there has been an interest for the relationship between the stock market and economic growth. Previous research has shown mixed results, some researchers concluded that there is a positive relationship, while others concluded that there is no or a negative relationship between the stock market and economic growth. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between the stock market and the economic growth in Sweden. The study was limited to examining quarterly data from Sweden during the period 1987-2016, this gave a population of 120 measurement points. Data was collected and analyzed in a statistic program by a correlation analysis and a regression analysis. The result showed that there is a positive significant correlation between the stock market and the economic growth in Sweden. The result also showed that there is a negative significant relationship between the inflation and the economic growth in Sweden, and that there is a positive significant correlation between investment and the economic growth in Sweden.

  • Nyström, Alexander
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Strandlund, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Små och medelstora företags val av kapitalstruktur under ekonomisk kris2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Capital structure is how a business selects their mixture of debt and equity, and the financial theories that touches upon this subject is mostly developed from the larger corporations point of view. Small and medium sized enterprises (SME) constitutes approximately 99 % of all enterprises in Sweden, and therefore it’s important to understand how these businesses selects their capital structure. A period of economic crisis is problematic for enterprises to achieve capital in several aspects. The population in that said country is likely to be restrictive with their transactions, which implies a lesser flow of capital to the businesses. The lenders of capital tend to be more conservative in regards to the lending of credit. To this extent, SMEs will have less access to capital, and this is more problematic for small firms due to their relationship with lenders are often connected to larger agency costs and information asymmetry. How the capital structure for these small and medium sized firms affects during a period of economic crisis is a research area that is relatively uncharted – specially in the context of Sweden. Thus, the focus of this study is to examine how a period of crisis affects the capital structure of these small and medium sized enterprises during a period of crisis.The study involved 79 916 SMEs in Sweden during the period 2007 to 2015, and the examined period of crisis was the financial crisis that lasted through 2008 and 2009. To be able to determine how the crisis affected the capital structure several determinants that has a relationship with capital structure was problematized. The capital structure contains the firms total debt, which was divided into short- and long term debt. The determinants relationship with the short- and long term debt were the basis to study possible changes during economic crisis. The total debts were used to give support to the analysis. The determinates that were included in this study was: liquidity, profitability, asset structure, growth opportunities, size, the non-debt tax shield, term spread and finally the primary interest of this study – economic crisis. To test this empiricly, models were created using two different methods of linear regression, and one of these had fixed effects. The models with the fixed effects was the decisive models for the outcome. The study empirically shows that the crisis affected the capital structure of SME’s in regards to that they exhibited a higher debt ratio though the crisis. More specific, the results indicated that SME’s had a higher short-term debt ratio during the crisis than the rest of the macroeconomic periods. Furthermore, the results shows that several of the capital structure determinants had an effect on both short- and long-term debt.

  • Snäll, Anders
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Tingelöf, Erika
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Skillnader i revisionskvalitet: revisorers kön och byråtillhörighet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the audit profession there is a shift in the gender balance, where more and more women are entering the industry. Previous research, mainly from other countries than Sweden, indicates that female auditors have a higher quality in their auditing than male auditors. The purpose of this study is therefore to describe and analyze possible differences in audit quality between male and female auditors in Sweden. Likewise, previous research indicates that big audit firms may have a higher quality in their auditing than small audit firms. The purpose is therefore also to describe and analyze if audit quality is affected by audit firm size.Accuracy in going concern opinions, wording in going concern-opinions and other audit opinions in the audit report were used to measure audit quality. The study is conducted on data from 1407 limited companies, which filed for bankruptcy in 2014. The information comes from financial statements and audit reports from the year before bankruptcy. The data was later on tested by chi-2 tests and analyzed together with previous research in the area.The result provides no significant differences between male and female auditors when it comes to accuracy, wording and other audit opinions. However, the result shows significant differences between Big 4 and non Big 4 audit firms. Big 4 firms are not only more accurate, but also use a clearer wording in their going concern opinion. Regarding other audit opinionsthere are no significant differences but the result still indicate that Big 4 audit firms issue less other opinions than non Big 4 firms.

  • Brännström, Lovisa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Törnlund, Therese
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Värdering till verkligt värde i svenska börsnoterade fastighetsbolag: Orealiserade värdeförändringar, börsvärde och resultat2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fair value seems to be both relevant and reliable when markets are efficient and thereby decision useful. Since there is a lack of efficient markets there are arising problems among real estate companies that makes the valuation of investment properties more difficult. The valuation of fair value is characterized by subjective assessments. Since investment propertiesoften make up a large part of total assets, the uncertainty according to the valuation increases, thus, there is a risk that fair value decreases in both relevance and reliability.The aim of the study was to describe and analyze if there is a relationship between unrealized changes in fair value in investment properties and real estate companies market capitalization and earnings. Further, the eventual relationship between earnings and market capitalization. There were 14 real estate companies included in the study, where all of these are involved inthe IAS 40 standard, which regulates how investment properties should be accounted for. The study included the years 2006-2016. Secondary data in terms of companies’ turnover and earnings were collected from Infotorg, while market capitalization and unrealised changes in fair value were collected from annual reports of real estate companies. The collected data were exported to SPSS where descriptive statistics, calculations of Pearson´s correlations andmultiple linear regression analysis were produced for further analysis.The results of the study show that unrealized gains and losses are positively and significantly related to market capitalization. Moreover, unrealized gains and losses and earnings are positively and significantly related to each other. Furthermore, there is a positive and significant relationship between earnings and market capitalization. Finally, the results indicate that there might be other underlying problems than the presentation of unrealised gains and losses in the income statement and earnings volatility. However, the problem may be based on the valuation itself, which implies that the transparency in financial statements is important and also stakeholder’s opinions about fair value´s decision usefulness.

  • Public defence: 2017-09-29 10:00 Östersund
    Prince, Solene
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Tourism Studies and Geography.
    Imagining Tourist Spaces as Living Spaces: Towards a Relational Approach to Alternatives and Morals in Tourism2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many actors are taking advantage of the flexible barriers to entry of the tourist industry to engage in the production of varied forms of tourism closely related to their lifestyle, professional and communal ambitions. With the increased popularity of forms of tourism bringing the guest close to the host, it becomes relevant to ask questions related to lived experiences and close encounters in tourism scholarship. This is a moral conviction that the plurality of human experiences and critical reflexivity matter in the conception of tourist spaces and their management. In this thesis, I look for new ways to conceptually embed local people in their living spaces by approaching forms of tourism displaying non-economic elements as phenomena that create new and complex relations imbued with various implications. Tourism geography highlights the negotiated and fragmented nature of tourism, and its performative and embodied character. I apply relational geography to apprehend the multiple relations that make up local spaces and identities. With its post-structural character, relational geography uncovers voices once neglected in research, and proposes new ways of being in the world. My two qualitative case studies reflect my interest in exploring the northern European context. Firstly, I investigate craft-artists on Bornholm, Denmark and their relation to the tourist season. I do this through interviews and narrative analysis. My second case study, a focused ethnography at Sólheimar eco-village, Iceland, centres on the management of host and guest interactions.  In terms of spatial formation, results show that local actors have the agency to form networks and redefine their identities in the wake of tourism development. They form a hybrid space by fulfilling goals related to their lifestyle, livelihood and professional ambitions simultaneously. Moreover, mundane practices are presented as an integral part of a tourist landscape. In terms of management, results show that the various spatial complexities faced by communities exacerbate host and guest relations. This will require a commitment from local coordinators and managers to promote a reflexive and critical exchange during these close encounters. I ultimately argue for the imagination of tourist spaces as living spaces, where I conceptualize tourism as a mundane, yet complex, material and social experience for those living in tourist spaces. I propose two new discursive anchors that reflect the metaphor of the living space: dwelling in the tourist landscape, and sincere encounters. I contend that researching living spaces finds its moral grounds in its openness to the various ways local people dwell and encounter during tourism, and to the diverse ways researchers make sense of these practices, and of their own.

  • Hallin, Mattias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Elkvalitetsundersökning av solcellsanläggningarna på Sundsvalls sjukhus2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The County Council of Västernorrland has as of today, installed around 2600 square meters of solar panels on their hospitals. There are already plans in place to expand this even further in the future. With ever in-creasing share of their total energy usage being supplied from solar power, the question arises if this will have any negative impact on the electrical power quality at these hospitals.

     

    The purpose of this study is to determine if the electrical power quality is currently within the limits defined by the Swedish regulation EIFS 2013:1, and if the production of electrical power from these smaller photovoltaic plants have any negative effect on the power quality at the measured grid feed-ins. The results showed that the power quality on all measured points passed the requirements for the regulation EIFS 2013:1.

     

    Also, no clear evidence of any negative side effects on the power quality, caused by electrical power production from the solar panels could be determined. This was supported by the measured power quality being better at the psychiatric departments, despite the installed nameplate capacity being about twice as high as on the main hospital building.

     

    The mounting angle of around 15 degrees was found not to be optimal for a single solar panel at the latitude where the installations are located. A simulation ran found the optimal angle to be 44 degrees. Despite this, more investigations are needed to determine if a higher angle is advantageous to all the installations on the investigated hospital area.

    Lastly, the report showed some reason to be concerned about the 15th and 8th relative harmonics, as they both had measured values being close to the regulation limits. In order to improve power quality in the future, and avoid exceeding regulation limits, it is therefore recommended that an investigation is performed to determine the largest sources of 15th and 8th relative harmonics.

  • Pettersson, Joakim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Ökat förtroende genom föreningsliv?: En kvantitativ studie om föreningslivet och förtroende för politiskainstitutionerC-2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har jag gjort en kvantitativ studie, med en multivariat regressionsanalys som metod.Denna uppsats har handlat om föreningslivet och om föreningslivet påverkar individers förtroendeför politiska institutioner (förtroende för riksdag, regering och kommunstyrelserna). Syftet meduppsatsen var att ta reda på föreningarnas roll för individer och vidare om medlemmar i föreningar,antal föreningsmedlemskap i föreningar och om olika föreningstyper har högre förtroende förpolitiska institutioner. Som jag presenterat i tidigare forskning och genom teorier visar jag på attdetta är ett forskningsfält som är väletablerat inom samhällsforskningen.Uppsatsen grundar sig bland annat på de två sidor detta forskningsfält är uppdelat i:demokratiskolor och demokratipooler. Min uppsats prövar fyra hypoteser. Hypoteserna ärinfluerade av tidigare forskning som gjorts inom detta ämne, men då jag inte hittat några av dessahypoteser prövade i en svensk kontext på senare tid, ansåg jag att detta var intressant att studera.Materialet jag använt för denna uppsats kommer från SOM-institutet, 2014.I slutsaten ser vi att tre av fyra hypoteser bekräftas och genom detta bekräftas det mesta i mittteorikapitel. Hypotesen som inte bekräftas handlade om att intresseorganisationer skulle visa högstförtroende för politiska institutioner, vilket inte gick i samma riktning som Van Ingen & Van derMeer (2009). Föreningsmedlemmar har högre förtroende för politiska institutioner än individer sominte är medlemmar i någon förening. Lika så har individer med flera föreningsmedlemskap högreförtroende för politiska institutioner, som bland annat Quintelier (2013) kommer fram till. Hypotes4 som berör sidan av forskningsfältet som ser föreningar som demokratipooler, prövas genom attstudera utbildning som variabel. Nu i efterhand anser jag att jag kunde inkluderat flersocioekonomiska faktorer än endast utbildning för att ge ett tydligare svar på hypotes 4, även omden bekräftades. Jag kunde också ha kodat om min inkomstvariabel till en dummyvariabel, för attlättare undersöka variablernas relevans mot varandra. Detta blev lite svårare i denna uppsats, dåutbildningsvariabeln var kodad 0-1 och inkomstvariabeln var kodad 1-12. Det hade blivit tydligareoch lättare att analysera resultaten om de kontrollvariablerna varit kodade på samma sätt.Något som vore intressant för framtida studier är att studera individer under en längre tid, för att seom förtroendet ökar när de går med i föreningar eller om de är medlemmar i flera föreningarsamtidigt. Quintelier (2013) undersöker ungdomar (16-18 år) mellan åren 2006-2008 och studerar ökningen för politiskt intresse, social tillit, social tolerans och politisk tolerans, kopplat tillföreningslivet (Quintelier 2013: 182). Detta är ett tillvägagångssätt som skulle vara intressant attundersöka under en ännu längre tid, just för att kunna se om förtroendet ökar när man är medlem i en eller flera föreningar.

  • Lundin, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sverigedemokraternas folkhem: socialkonservativa och socialdemokratiska perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats tar utgångspunkt i Sverigedemokraternas erövring av det historiska folkhemsbegrepp som brukar associeras till det socialdemokratiska samhällsbygget. Uppsatsen analyserar Sverigedemokraternas folkhemsvision utifrån två idealtyper av det historiska folkhemsbegreppet, en socialkonservativ idealtyp och en socialdemokratisk idealtyp av folkhemmet. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten i uppsatsen är de historiska idéerna om folkhemmet som sammanställs i dessa idealtyper. Den socialkonservativa idealtypen bygger på de folkhemsidéer som företräddes av Rudolf Kjellén, ledande konservativ nationalist, och Manfred Björkquist, ledande kristen nationalist, i det tidiga 1900-talet. Den socialdemokratiska idealtypen bygger på de folkhemsidéer som företräddes av Per Albin Hansson och hans socialdemokratiska parti omkring 1920- och 1930-talet. Sverigedemokraternas folkhemsidé operationaliseras genom att studera hur SD använder folkhemsbegreppet i partiprogram och tal och vilka principer partiet knyter till sin folkhemsvision.Slutsatserna av idealtypsanalysen är att SD:s koncept på ett övergripande plan liknar båda de traditionella folkhemsbegreppen i sin kombination av höger- och vänsterelement. Konkret delar de tre folkhemskoncepten principer om folklig intressegemenskap, social solidaritet, värnande om den svenska nationen och aversion mot revolutionära metoder. SD:s folkhemsidé liknar mer den socialkonservativa idealtypen i fråga om nationalismen, traditionalismen, det kristna arvet och den reaktionära inställningen till samtiden. SD liknar mer det socialdemokratiska folkhemmet i fråga om ekonomin, välfärden och demokratin. I förhållande till den socialkonservativa idealtypen saknar SD ett antimaterialistiskt perspektiv, ett monarkiskt styre istället för demokrati och ett militant element i nationalismen. I förhållande till den socialdemokratiska idealtypen saknar SD en större framstegsinriktning, social ingenjörskonst, starkare samarbets- och samförståndsanda och starkare jämlikhetstanke. I förhållande till båda idealtyperna saknar SD en starkare korporativ hållning och betoning av allmänintresset. De principer i SD:s folkhemsvision som saknas i båda idealtyperna handlar om lag och ordning, familjen, jämställdheten och miljön. Den generella slutsatsen är att SD:s folkhemsvision till ungefär lika delar både liknar och skiljer sig från båda idealtyperna - till ungefär lika delar vardera.

  • Finnsson, Albin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Omvandlingen av likabehandlingsplaner i praktiken: En intervjustudie med fyra rektorer på grundskolor i Sundsvall2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ek, Jens
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Policyentreprenörers påverkan på arbetet för utsatta EU-medborgare: En jämförande fallstudie i Sundsvall och Örnsköldsvik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study I'm going to look into two municipalities in the region of Västernorrland,Sweden, to evaluate the involvement of policy entrepreneurs in the political standpoint themunicipalities have in the question of exposed EU-citizens that live in these municipalities.This study uses John W. Kingdons theory on policy entrepreneurs to analyze transcribedinterview material via a narrative categorical approach. This study shows that policyentrepreneurs have an actual impact on the policy implemented in these two municipalities innorthern Sweden. With changes and policy being implemented in the municipalities wheremore policy entrepreneurs have been identified and less implementation of policy wherepolicy entrepreneurs are scarce.

  • Bäckman, Olof
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tro och skrock: En regressionsanalys av korruption, protestantism och sekularism2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I search to explore whether the effect of Protestantism on the level of corruption(understood as the misuse of public power for private gain) withstand when controlled forsecularism. This is done via a series of multiple regression analysis which conclude that theeffect of Protestantism on the perceived level of corruption persists when controlling forsecularism. Though the effect is greatly diminished, even when controlling for classicaleconomic factors. The level of secularization remains statistically significant when predictingthe perceived corruption.

  • Bengtsson, Hampus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Förtroendevalda kvinnors representation och inflytande i Sundsvalls kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker kvinnlig representation och inflytande i Sundsvalls kommun. Det kommer även att presenteras hur fördelningen av platser ser ut i kommunfullmäktige, kommunstyrelsen samt nämnderna som ingår i Sundsvalls kommun. Studien är en mixed-method variant som använder sig av semistrukturerade intervjuer, där respondenterna är kvinnliga förtroendevalda politiker som finns representerade i kommunfullmäktige. Intervjuerna gjordes med hjälp av en intervjuguide som skapades genom ett analysschema där teorier och frågeställningar var utgångspunkten. Det kvantitativa materialet hämtas från kommunens hemsida för att deskriptivt förklara hur representationen ser ut i Sundsvalls kommun.Studien kan presentera att det råder en vertikal och horisontell begränsning för förtroendevalda kvinnor i Sundsvalls kommun. Även om det är en representation i kommunfullmäktige över rikssnittet i Sundsvall, begränsas ändå kvinnornas inflytande i kommunpolitiken i Sundsvalls kommun.

  • Al-Shakarchi, Mouhammed
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Handläggarnas roll i socialförvaltningens implementation: Kvalitativ undersökning om gräsrotsbyråkraters och professionalisters förutsättningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Abbasi, Seyed H
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Sundin, Örjan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Jalali, Arash
    Teheran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Macassa, Gloria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Högskolan i Gävle.
    Ethnic differences in the risk factors and severity of coronary artery disease: a patient-based study in Iran2017In: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, ISSN 2197-3792Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Diverse ethnic groups may differ regarding

    the risk factors and severity of coronary artery disease

    (CAD). This study sought to assess the association between

    ethnicity and CAD risk and severity in six major

    Iranian ethnic groups.

    Methods In this study, 20,165 documented coronary artery

    disease patients who underwent coronary angiography

    at a tertiary referral heart center were recruited. The

    demographic, laboratory, clinical, and risk factor data of

    all the patients were retrieved. The Gensini score (an

    indicator of CAD severity) was calculated for all, and

    the risk factors and severity of CAD were compared

    between the ethnical groups, using adjusted standardized

    residuals, Kruskal–Wallis test, and multivariable regression

    analysis.

    Results The mean age of the participants (14,131

    [70.1%] men and 6034 [29.9%] women) was

    60.7 ± 10.8 years. The Fars (8.7%) and Gilak (8.6%)

    ethnic groups had the highest prevalence of ≥4 simultaneous

    risk factors. The mean Gensini score was the

    highest for the Gilaks (77.1 ± 55.9) and the lowest

    among the Lors (67.5 ± 52.8). The multivariable regression

    analysis showed that the Gilaks had the worst severity

    (β 0.056, 95% CI 0.009 to 0.102; P = 0.018),

    followed by the Torks (β 0.032, 95% CI 0.005 to 0.059;

    P = 0.020). Meanwhile, the Lors showed the lowest

    severity (β −0.087, 95% CI −0.146 to −0.027;

    P = 0.004).

    Conclusions This study found that there was heterogeneity in

    CAD severity and a diverse distribution in its well-known

    traditional risk factors among major Iranian ethnic groups.

  • Söder, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Inventering av olika mätare för Stuguns vattenkraftverk2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are many sensor methods for water level measurement on the market today. The aim of the research study is to present and compare some of the measurement methods available on the market for level measurement. In the study, the models for pressure sensors, flow sensors, ultrasonic sensors and electromagnetic sensors are compared to see which sensor is most suitable for precise measurements of water levels. Through the data collection from the search engines Google scholar and Mid University of Sweden own database Primo, facts have been gathered. The information has since been processed and compared to the needs of Vattenfall, which will do three sensor changes at the Stugun hydropower plant. The result of the study showed that according to the requirement specifications of Vattenfall, a pressure sensor was the best alternative for Stugun. The study resulted in Vattenfall purchasing three Waterpilot FMX21, 22 mm, which were then put in place and calibrated.

  • Dimle Karlsson, Maila
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Blivande föräldrar i ett samhälle utan BB: Synen på ansvar och välfärd i Sollefteå2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur bilden av ett välfärdssamhälle förändrasnär en komponent som BB läggs ner. Vi avsåg också undersöka hur känslan föransvar förändrades med en sådan händelse. Studien använde sig avsemistrukturerade intervjuer för att undersöka hur blivande föräldrar i Sollefteåställer sig till välfärd och ansvar. Som analysmetod valdes innehållsanalys för attkoda och kategorisera de transkriberade intervjuerna för att kunna se sambandoch mönster. Teori om välfärdsmodeller och individualisering användes somstöd när tolkningen av resultaten skulle göras. Det slutliga resultatet visade atttilliten till staten efter nedläggningen av BB hade minskat så pass mycket att densocialdemokratiska välfärdsmodellen vi använt oss av därför inte var adekvat förblivande föräldrar i Sollefteå. Känslan av att själv behöva ta ansvar för sådantsom tidigare inte varit individens skyldighet ökade. Med detta kunde det ocksåkonstateras att otryggheten i Sollefteå ökat.

  • Våge, Lars
    Mid Sweden University.
    Svenskt Pressregister 1903-19111999Data set
  • Åberg, Helga Juno
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Successful Migrants: strategies forovercoming discrimination on the labourmarket.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Discrimination against migrants in the work place is a frequent subject of studies and discussions. Perceptions and experiences of the Swedish labour market are directly connected to where we come from – our skin colour, religion, and gender. These may even be opposite if we compare a native Swedish and a migrant´s experience of job search, career opportunities, salary, and daily work life. The aim of this thesis is to look closer at migrants that were able to fight or stop discrimination after they were exposed to it. The thesis focuses on strategies used by such individuals and what knowledge and/or experiences led them to resist against it. Decoloniality theory makes up the foundation of the analysis of the material collected from interviews, examining different standpoints from dominant Western world perspectives. This study also uses intersectionality in order to tackle the strategies' complexity and help deconstruct discrimination. Each individuals' experience with discrimination in the workplace and their choice of strategies to avoid it are analysed. The thesis shows how decoloniality theory could connect to migrants' positive attitudes towards most of their professional choices and attempts to retake power amidst discrimination.

  • Koudijs, Jip
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Administration automated: How to save time by automating administrative tasks2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om en implementering av standardisering och automatisering i mindre organisationer. Jag skapade ett skript i Python som upptäcker uppladdade kalkylblad i en mapp som i sin tur var kopplad till en molnbaserad lösning. När skriptet upptäcker kalkylbladen samlar den nödvändig information och importerar en mall av en faktura. Skriptet fyller efterhand mallen med tidigare samlad information och sparar det i en separat mapp. Det originella kalkylbladet arkiveras för framtida referenser. Resultatet av en bättre, standardiserad arbetsrutin och automatiserat fakturasystem resulterade i en tidsbesparing på över 60% och i samband med det nya systemet vi såg en minskning på 75% av incidenter orsakade av dokumentslarv och miss kommunikation.

  • Yeqiang, Lin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Visualizing large-scale and high-dimensional time series data2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Time series is one of the main research objects in the field of data mining.

    Visualization is an important mechanism to present processed time series for further

    analysis by users. In recent years researchers have designed a number of

    sophisticated visualization techniques for time series. However, most of these

    techniques focus on the static format, trying to encode the maximal amount of

    information through one image or plot. We propose the pixel video technique, a

    visualization technique displaying data in video format. Using pixel video technique,

    a hierarchal dimension cluster tree for generating the similarity order of

    dimensions is first constructed, each frame image is generated according to pixeloriented

    techniques displaying the data in the form of a video.

  • Holmquist, Annie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Löfvenring, Linus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Individers psykosociala arbetsmiljö vid organisationsförändringar: En kvantitativ studie i ett globalt företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att utifrån en organisationsförändring, studerat anställdas psykosociala arbetsmiljö i en organisation som infört standardiserade arbetssätt på tre olika avdelningar. Tidigare forskning kring industri – och tillverkningsbranschen som infört standardiserade arbetssätt har rapporterat om att standardiseringen har visat på ökade krav i arbetet och en högre arbetsbelastning. Standardiserade arbetssätt har däremot minskat kraven och arbetstakten inom hälso- och sjukvården. Organisationsforskning har betonat att alla människor i en organisation påverkas av en förändring oavsett storleken på förändringen och vilken typ av förändring det är. I denna kvantitativa enkätundersökning har 46 anställdas svar på tre olika avdelningar studerats utifrån väl beprövade arbetsmiljöfrågor som tar fasta på upplevd arbetsmiljö. Resultaten i denna studie visar att kraven som de anställda upplevde i förändringsarbetet hade signifikant samband med arbetsbelastning och tidspress. Den psykosociala arbetsmiljön upplevdes olika på de tre olika avdelningarna. Studiens övergripande resultat visar att standardiseringen i det studerade företaget hade både positiva och negativa effekter på de anställdas psykosociala arbetsmiljö. Standardiseringen medförde överlag ökade krav i förändringsarbetet men också ett högt beslutsutrymme i arbetet och en god bibehållen relation till sin chef under förändringen. Vi välkomnar fler och mer omfattande studier som studerar standardiseringens inverkan på anställdas arbetsmiljö samt om kvinnor och mäns arbetsmiljö påverkas olika av standardiserade arbetssätt utifrån deras förutsättningar i arbetet.

  • Nilsson, Erik
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Rydergren, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Flödeseffektivisering genom metoder för effektivitetsberäkning och processkartläggningar: Undertitel: En fallstudie på ett massproducerande företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today it is important for production companies to create an overview of how the company is conducted to maintain its competitiveness. Mapping processes and material flows visualize production areas that create a direct value for the customer, while remaining areas or activities that do not add a direct value  should be minimized or eliminated. In order to identify material flows and non- value creation activities, complex models are required that can be combined in different ways. The study is based on a case study of an international mass-producing company that is partly located in the middle of Sweden. The factory studies four production lines, each producing the same product type but of different sizes. The aim of this survey is to create a deeper insight in a production process cost and material flows by combining a process-calibration method with methods for calculating the efficiency of processes. The first model used is a mapping process and material flow model to shorten lead times. The 2nd model used is a model that graphically shows which value and non-value creation activities to use the result in an efficiency calculation. The result consists of efficiency calculation, which shows that production Line 1 was streamlined by 19.12%, Line 2 by 6.68%, Line 3 by 18.73% and Line 4 by 4.77%. The goal of efficiency calculations is to achieve an optimal method where the efficiency is 100%.

     

  • Hanhisalo, Patrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Mikroproduktion med solceller: Användandet av acceptansgränser2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work has estimated the amount of microgeneration that may be installed in a low voltage grid based on hosting capacity limits and presents an overview of a reference area. The work shows that despite a very strong power grid, it is essentially the hosting capacity for voltage increase that will limit microgeneration production. Three proposals are given for measures that facilitate the introduction of microgeneration. Measurements to estimate the remaining margin to the hosting capacity limit, which serves as a decision base to allow more installable effect. Adjustment of the transformer's rated voltage, which increases the hosting capacity and allows more production. Production curtailment during critical hours means that more installable power can be allowed and there is more time for thoughtful investments.

  • Viklund, Anton
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Ahlman, Elias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Systemförvaltning med en agil metod: En fallstudie om Scrum inom systemförvaltning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At present, the area of agile management methods is a relatively unexplored area. The purpose of this study has been to investigate how well suited agile methods are for use in IT-maintenance. This has been done by collecting material on the subject, which acted as a base for a case study. In the study, the collected material from the investigated company, external companies and observations performed at the investigated company has been analyzed against existing theory in the field. Furthermore, conclusions have been drawn from information gathered during the course of the study. Based on this survey, it can be noted that in the activities that were investigated, an implemented agile method can add value to the maintenance operation. These added values present themselves in the form of a better and clearer structure, better communication and more effective working methods. One of the biggest challenges of agile agility in management has proved to be cross-functionality in the team. In this case as well as in other theoretical cases, the lack of cross functionality has been something identified. The theoretical cases show that the introduction of an agile method helps maintenance teams to become cross-functional. In the business investigated in this study, there were only indications stating that the business had started a transition to a cross-functional team. The fact that no definitive link between agile methods and transition to cross-functionality was identified in this case is considered to be due to the fact that the agile work was at an earlier stage. In conclusion, this study shows that agile methods are well-suited for use in maintenance, but some modifications to the agile approach need to be implemented.

  • Public defence: 2017-09-28 13:00 M 102, Sundsvall
    Proitsaki, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    Empowering Strategies at Home in the Works of Nikki Giovanni and Rita Dove2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on the presence of Black women characters in domestic contexts in the early poetry of African American poets Nikki Giovanni and Rita Dove and examines the strategies these women employ, individually and in close relationships, in order to empower themselves and sustain those around them. It provides a joint exploration of the work of two major contemporary poets from a literary and interdisciplinary perspective, mapping instances of the poetic expression of Black feminist politics. The theoretical approach builds on a range of understandings of empowerment, strategy, and the central importance of home in an African American context, as conceptualized primarily in the work of Black feminists, in particular Patricia Hill Collins and bell hooks. Structurally, the study follows the cycle of a woman’s life from girlhood to old age. Thus, poems involving the empowerment strategies of girls at home are explored first. They are followed by poems where the domestic lives of adult women and then elderly women are addressed, with a focus on their respective empowering strategies. Discussed last are strategies of empowerment evident in the interactions of (largely) Black women of different generations in poems depicting intergenerational contacts and relationships.

    Homeplaces created by Black women have historically been experienced as sheltering African Americans from the perils of the dominant white society and thereby Black women’s domestic experiences have generally been linked to privilege rather than to confinement and victimization. In the poems, when at home, Black women utilize different strategies to assert themselves and each other, implicitly or explicitly, emerging strong and resilient, even though sometimes they may merely derive satisfaction from their poor circumstances. Strong connections to the past and a sense of belonging, partaking in legacies and storytelling, as well as memory, imagination, dreaming and hiding, are recurring elements of their empowerment processes. However, their enjoyment of loving bonds and their sharing of African-derived knowledges and ways of being emerge as the most significant aspects contributing to their empowerment.

  • Ma, Jian
    et al.
    Beijing Jiatong University.
    Yang, Dong
    Beijing Jiatong University.
    Zhang, Honke
    Beijing Jiatong University.
    Gidlund, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    A Reliable Handoff Mechanism for Mobile Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks2017In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 17, no 8, 1797Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the prevalence of low-power wireless devices in industrial applications, concerns about timeliness and reliability are bound to continue despite the best efforts of researchers to design Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks (IWSNs) to improve the performance of monitoring and control systems. As mobile devices have a major role to play in industrial production, IWSNs should support mobility. However, research on mobile IWSNs and practical tests have been limited due to the complicated resource scheduling and rescheduling compared with traditional wireless sensor networks. This paper proposes an effective mechanism to guarantee the performance of handoff, including a mobility-aware scheme, temporary connection and quick registration. The main contribution of this paper is that the proposed mechanism is implemented not only in our testbed but in a real industrial environment. The results indicate that our mechanism not only improves the accuracy of handoff triggering, but also solves the problem of ping-pong effect during handoff. Compared with the WirelessHART standard and the RSSI-based approach, our mechanism facilitates real-time communication while being more reliable, which can help end-to-end packet delivery remain an average of 98.5% in the scenario of mobile IWSNs

  • Andersson, Mikael
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Volymberäkning med temperaturgrund: Beräkning av volymändringen i ackumulatortanken med hänsyn till nätets volymändring utifrån temperatur2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work has been carried out on behalf of Sundsvall Energi AB, with the purpose of establishing a link between Sundsvall Energi AB:s accumulator in Granloholm and the urban network with a temperature base, and using this connection to get a better understanding of their leakage.

    During the project, a literature study and a survey of the company's current system, was conducted to gain an understanding of the system and the mission. The lack of similar work forced me to look at leak detection methods that were relevant even though they did not handle the same area altogether. On the other hand, counselors and staff members assisted in obtaining the information requested and gave advice and tips on aspects of the assignment that had not been included in the report before.

    The model was developed piece by piece during the work period, when no other work was found that could provide a proper framework for the work. The model has proven to be more accurate than its predecessor but also more difficult to implement.

    The thesis has shown how different energy systems can be from each other and how different, the different methods that are available to look and solve problems in the system are. The use of existing meters and instruments is not always reliable or available, and assumptions and occurrences must sometimes be made to get an overview picture and a valid basis.

  • Glas, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    SCADA och OPC: Teori och implementering2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Even though you probably first of all would think about industries when you hear about a monitoring system its something that is increasing in building automation today. As today's buildings become more

    intelligent, the need to gain full control of all parts of the system increases.

    By implementing a superiorvisory system, also known as a SCADA system, a property can be monitored from one location, giving the user a full overview of what's happening in the building. The aim of this work is to describe the communication between a supervisory and underlying system and to put togheter a small SCADA system. First of all is a description of how a superior system works and is followed up with an investigation about the chosen communication standard. A standard that underlies how a functional SCADA then can be implemented. Keep in mind of today's use of the Internet, it is at instance a question of how safe a similar system can be implemented in a house without being

    worried about third parties hacking your system. The conclusion is that this sort of system have a big potential when almost everyone has a computer and Internet at home. If you can neglect the security risks and how much the cost may be to buy a similar system is that this is the future in our houses.

  • Malm, Birgitte
    Malmö högskola.
    Exploring gender and subjectivity in Narrative Research2011In: Narrative Works: issues, investigations & interventions, ISSN 1925-0622, Vol. 1, no 2, 1-15 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, Anna’s occupational life history has been chosen to illustrate one woman’s personal and professional struggle for purpose and identity. Subjective construction is an on-going process and roles and identities are in a constant flux of coping with the tensions between continuity and change. By partaking of private as well as professional experiences, strategies used to maintain Anna’s personal integrity in changeable and often demanding contexts become clearer. Based on interviews, reflections, and discussions, Anna’s story provides authentic insights into the ways in which one teacher has learnt to cope with the demands and challenges in her life.

  • Malm, Birgitte
    Malmö högskola.
    Personal reflections on professional practice: A portrayal of Nora2008In: NZ Journal of Teachers' Work, ISSN 1176-6662, E-ISSN 1176-6662, Vol. 5, no 2, 79-92 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • Stöggl, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
    Björklund, Glenn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. The Swedish Sports Confederation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    High intensity interval training leads to greater improvements in acute heart rate recovery and anaerobic power as high volume low intensity training2017In: Frontiers in Physiology, ISSN 1664-042X, E-ISSN 1664-042X, Vol. 8, 562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the current study was to explore if training regimes utilizing diverse training intensity distributions result in different responses on neuromuscular status, anaerobic capacity/power and acute heart rate recovery (HRR) in well-trained endurance athletes.

    Methods: Thirty-six male (n = 33) and female (n = 3) runners, cyclists, triathletes and cross-country skiers [peak oxygen uptake: (VO2peak): 61.9 ± 8.0 mL·kg−1·min−1] were randomly assigned to one of three groups (blocked high intensity interval training HIIT; polarized training POL; high volume low intensity oriented control group CG/HVLIT applying no HIIT). A maximal anaerobic running/cycling test (MART/MACT) was performed prior to and following a 9-week training period.

    Results: Only the HIIT group achieved improvements in peak power/velocity (+6.4%, P < 0.001) and peak lactate (P = 0.001) during the MART/MACT, while, unexpectedly, in none of the groups the performance at the established lactate concentrations (4, 6, 10 mmol·L−1) was changed (P > 0.05). Acute HRR was improved in HIIT (11.2%, P = 0.002) and POL (7.9%, P = 0.023) with no change in the HVLIT oriented control group.

    Conclusion: Only a training regime that includes a significant amount of HIIT improves the neuromuscular status, anaerobic power and the acute HRR in well-trained endurance athletes. A training regime that followed more a low and moderate intensity oriented model (CG/HVLIT) had no effect on any performance or HRR outcomes.

  • Andersson, Joakim
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Bizimana, Mike
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Digitalisering och kundnytta: En undersökning om digitaliserings effekt på ett företag och dess kunder2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society, businesses and organizations are facing increasing challenges to change and adapt to a digitizing world. In order to stay relevant in the market, businesses need to work constantly on developing and improving the efficiency of its various processes. This study is designed as a case study at MittSverige Vatten & Avfall which is a municipal corporation in Sundsvall municipality. Its goal is to be a leader in its sector by the year 2021. The study’s objective was to investigate if the digitization of information gathering could bring benefit to a company and its customers. The investigation has focused on the digitization of information gathering from the customer's water meter. The study's objective has been to identify and analyze how digitization impacts business processes and its financial condition with help from value stream mapping and a customer survey. The study was conducted with the support of written and web based literary sources. A survey as well as interviews was conducted. An investment analysis has been conducted to study and evaluate the benefits that the investment brings the customer and MittSverige Vatten & Avfall regarding cost. The study proved that the digitization of water meters would mean an improvement for both MittSverige Vatten & Avfall and its customers.