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  • Hagerud, Sanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Personsäkerhet vid översvämning av lågspänningsanläggningar: Inledande undersökningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As a part of the work by the Swedish Electrical Safety Authority to adapt rules and regulations to future climate changes, this thesis investigate the present knowledge about personal safety during flooding of low voltage distribution systems and private electrical utilities. It also investigate if common electrical equipment and distribution boxes leak current when immersed in water. Information seeking was done by searches in article databases. The search results mainly concerned personal safety in other types of  environments with water and electric facilities, mostly boats and marinas. Measurements on a selection of electric equipment and distrbution boxes immersed in water, representative of surface water, showed that all but one produced leak current in the water to a ground electrode at a distance of 1,2 m. Only a metal distribution box with grounded casing and closed door did not produce leak current in the water. Most of the leak currents exceeded limits for dangerous current levels. Dangerous potenatials where recorded in the water surrounding the equipment. Simulations with computer programs showed that the distribution of the electrical field could be greatly affected by the particular environment, consisting of different metal structures common in buildings and different conductivity in walls and floor. It confirms that current split and distribution of electric fields i real flooded environments are hard to predict.

  • Hagsmyr, Emelie
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Larsen, Christoffer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    "Man kan aldrig vara riktigt säker": En kvalitativ studie om informationsinhämtning under dagen för terrorattentatet på Drottninggatan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Engvall, Tove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Fear, Greed and Lack of Trust in Online Financial Trade2017In: Journal of Administrative Sciences and Technology, ISSN 2165-9435, article id 106163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trust is a crucial component in business relations, and also a precondition for people’s adoption of electronic services. This study addresses challenges regarding trust in online financial trade. Results indicate that brokerage companies acting in a dishonest way, along with dominant patterns of fear, greed and lack of knowledge and awareness among clients, lead to frequent losses of money. Which leads to a lack of trust in brokers, brokerage companies and the business domain. The way technology is used increases the challenges of risk and an unequal relation between client and brokerage companies. Self-ethnography has been used as a method, where observations, interviews and conversations were performed. Suggestions are to do further research in order to identify how mechanisms for trustworthiness, accountability and transparency can be created in the business domain, in which management of records will play a central role.

  • Engvall, Tove
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    In-equalities, Regulation, Ethics & Records - reflections from a case in Online Trade2018In: Archives of Business Research, ISSN 2054-7404, Vol. 6, no 8, p. 135-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an ethnographic study in online trade at the financial market, different forms of inequalities in client-broker/business relations have been found. It takes expression in for example design of technology, control of and access to information, competence and misuse of trust. Trust is at the center of concern, since that is crucial both to success and a risk for being taken advantage of. This relates to power between actors, responsibilities and accountability. This is where records role as evidence of human acts and conducts have a central role, both in relation to regulation and business ethics. As established structures for ensuring rights and obligations throughout societies are challenged by digitalization and globalization, this has to be recreated in the online context. The article conclude that both regulation and ethics are crucial in forming common values, behaviours and understanding of trust. If not, trust is easily violated which set people in trouble.

    In order to ensure trust, accountability is an important factor to consider, as well as informal means for ensuring fair behaviours that promotes the building and maintenance of trust among actors. As the technological development challenge processes and means for trust and accountability, new tools ought to be developed. As well as people-related aspects at both personal, business and societal level have to be considered.

  • Mooshtak, Benjamin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
    Inverkan av laddstolpar för elfordon i Jönköpings Energi elnät2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to Global EV forecasts, a sharp increase in electric cars is ex-pected by 2030, both of which will increase in Sweden and the rest of the world. In Sweden, the number of electric vehicles are expected to increase to 2.5 million, which means that 50% of the vehicles in traffic will be elec-tricall vechiles. According to our calculations and taking into account the population growth, the city Jonkoping will have 36,000 electric cars by 2030. This means that approximately 50% of motorists in 2030 will need to access to electrical charging outlets.

    This predicted increase in electric vehicles implies that more car owners will need to charge their vehicles and this need implies an increased strain on the electricity grid. Load instability can result in poor electrical quality in the form of overtones, flickering, voltage changes, interruptions, tran-sients and unsymmetrical voltage.

    This study analyzes Jonkoping Energi's electricity network and how the electricity grid is affected by an increase in electric vehicles. The survey focuses on multi-dwelling buildings, rural areas and residential areas in Jönköping and in so far as to be able to compare the electricity grid ca-pacity in these areas. The study assumes that the electricity grid is ex-pected to be affected when the charging power reaches 3.7 KW.

    In order to find a solution to the problem, simulations have been made using NIS-oriented software dpPower. Then, using calculation method that is suitable in the different stations is selected. This is done by study-ing load calculations, voltage levels and the load on transformers and the line currents in that area, to see how a 50% usage of electrically powered vehicles affects the power grid.

    The results from the measurements and simulations of the charging sta-tions in all four areas show that Jönköpings Energi should take into ac-count the charging of electric cars when redimensioning their electricity networks. It is also necessary that the phases be distributed among cus-tomers during charging in order to reduce overload in 2030.

    Alternative methods for examining the charging of electric vehicles are as follows:

    • By monitoring how electric car charging behavior looks at different times in order to reduce it by using different solution methods, like the pricing methods used in California and Norway.

  • Ferreira de Melo Filho, Alberto
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Predicting the unpredictable - Can Artificial Neural Network replace ARIMA for prediction of the Swedish Stock Market (OMXS30)?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During several decades the stock market has been an area of interest forresearchers due to its complexity, noise, uncertainty and nonlinearity of thedata. Most of the studies regarding this area use a classical stochastics method,an example of this is ARIMA which is a standard approach for time seriesprediction. There is however another method for prediction of the stock marketthat is gaining traction in the recent years; Artificial Neural Network (ANN).This method has mostly been used in research on the American and Asian stockmarkets so far. Therefore, the purpose of this essay was to explore if ArtificialNeural Network could be used instead of ARIMA to predict the Swedish stockmarket (OMXS30). The study used data from the Swedish Stock Marketbetween 1991-07-09 to 2018-12-28 for the training of the ARIMA model anda forecast data that ranged between 2019-01-02 to 2019-04-26. The forecastdata of the ANN was composed of 80% of the data between 1991-07-09 to2019-04-26 and the evaluation data was composed of the remaining 20%. TheANN architecture had one input layer with chunks of 20 consecutive days asinput, followed by three Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) hidden layers with128 neurons in each layer, followed by another hidden layer with RectifiedLinear Unit (ReLU) containing 32 neurons, followed by the output layercontaining 2 neurons with softmax activation. The results showed that theANN, with an accuracy of 0,9892, could be a successful method to forecast theSwedish stock market instead of ARIMA.

  • Viklander, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Örnstedt, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Risker och riskhantering i svenska små företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Risks and risk management is a topic that has gained great importance today, not least because of the financial crisis. There are several studies on the field but unfortunately, there are far fewer studies on risk management that target smaller companies today, even though around 96 percent of Sweden's 1,2 million companies are in fact small companies. The purpose of this study is to describe how Swedish small companies deal with risks and to explain connections between variables such as size, age, line of business and internationalization. 

     

    To accomplish this, a quantitative method has been applied, with a deductive approach. A survey has been constructed and sent out to 867 small companies in Sweden whom were chosen out of a database (Retriever Business) with a systematic sampling. The survey consisted of 23 questions and the authors of this study received answers from 121 companies. The data that has been collected were processed and analysed in Microsoft Excel and SPSS. The statistically methods used are descriptive statistics and a binary logistics regressions test. 

     

    The results of this study are that statistically significant connections between importing companies and exchange risks, which provides support for what previous studies in the field have come up with. No significant correlations were found for importing/exporting companies and market risks, which is the contrariety of the results of previous studies in the field. Furthermore, no statistically significant correlations were found between market risks and IT-risks with various independent variables, which were some of the study’s hypothesis.

     

    The results and conclusions of this study could be used especially by smaller companies in risk assessments and such. This applies above all to companies that trade much internationally. Also, banks could find the results useful, since banks usually are very interested in how companies handle risks, for instance when a loan is to be given. Insurance companies could also find this study useful, as they could be interested in seeing how risks are managed and how risk aware their clients are. 

  • Jarnkvist, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Intersectional perspectives of house owner narratives on climate risks2019In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to investigate the construction of climate risks and to identify how it intersects with different forms of discursive categories in house owner narratives. Interviews with 44 house owners in four regions exposed to climate risks in Sweden were analyzed using the narrative method. I use intersectional risk theory, in which risk is constructed in relation to different forms of power structure, to interpret the narratives. The results indicate that narrators do risk in different ways in relation to the master narratives of the climate threat and individual environmental responsibility, which dominate the official rhetoric in Sweden. Three risk narratives are revealed in the interviews: (1) the master narrative of ‘the responsible house owner,’ (2) the alternative narrative of ‘the vulnerable house owner’, and (3) the counter-narrative of ‘the safe house owner.’ The climate risks talked about could relate to the narrator’s own house or to risks at a local or global level. The results indicate that different intersections of class, gender, age, and place shape different ways of positioning in relation to risk, by describing oneself as more or less aware of and exposed to climate risks. The analysis also reveals that different intersections of social structures lead to shifting prerequisites for house-owner preparedness towards preventing and managing climate risks. Such an understanding is important when trying to comprehend why some house owners adapt their homes to a changed climate while others do not. Aspects like these are necessary to consider while, e.g. deciding on policy and writing information and guidelines on adaptation to climate change. 

  • Conti, Eugenio
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism. Dalarna University, Falun.
    Heldt Cassel, Susanna
    Dalarna University, Falun.
    Liminality in nature-based tourism experiences as mediated through social media2019In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intersection between social media, liminality and nature-based tourism experiences hasn’t been the focus of previous tourism research. Such intersection, on the other hand, is illustrative of how social media relate to the constitution and performance of tourism spatialities, tourist identities, storytelling and place-making, and can lead to relevant theoretical contributes. We aim to investigate how liminality is expressed in relation to nature-based experiences by tourists on social media, and what role social media plays in mediating liminality during nature-based tourism experiences. The analysis is based on a participatory netnography of images and text posts, as well as online interviews with users of the popular social media Instagram. Findings show that the expression of tourism experiences in nature is closely related to specific notions of liminal otherness as opposed to the urban life and the everyday, where nature and wilderness are expressed as related to the genuine, the authentic and a true inner self. Creative combinations of pictures, captions and hashtags make it easier for tourists to express the contrast between the natural landscape and the everyday landscape once they returned home. These combinations also relate closely to performances of resistant and alternative selves and communities. At the same time, such performances are mediated and contested between freedom of self-expression, surveillance and social norms, an aspect that makes their liminal nature ambiguous. 

  • Kastberg, Lars
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Modin, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    E-handel och fysiska mellanhänders hantering av butiksdöden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid technology advancement has led to more and more physical stores closing down or backing in profit figures. In turn, this has led the classical intermediaries into a problematic situation. Store managers have noticed this change of events, and also top management within larger groups, such as H&M, are aware of this. Therefore, this study aims to find out why stores have not changed to e-commerce to a greater extent, and how store managers look to the future of the physical clothing stores.Previous research has shown that many factors affect a consumer’s shopping habits in today's consumer society, how these shopping habits change over time, and how a deeply rooted corporate culture can make necessary organizational changes difficult. In this study, we have done in-depth interviews with store managers, and then interpret and analyze whatthese managers said, to get a good overview how these store managers deal with the changes that are occurring in the clothing industry due to e-commerce. In total, 8 store managers were interviewed and whose responses were analyzed with an analysis model formed in a thematic order in contrast with the theories we used in the study.We can conclude that the store managers have high faith in their own business despite the development of e-commerce. The store managers firmly believe that e-commerce cannot compete with the value that services provides in stores. Our assumption is that the organizations as a whole have lived with this belief, and that this may be the reason why the intermediaries have not switched to e-commerce earlier.

  • Forsberg, Viviane
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences. KTH, Stockholm; Wallenberg Wood Science Centre, Stockholm.
    Mašlík, Jan
    Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Zlín, Czech Republic.
    Norgren, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Electronic performance of printed PEDOT:PSS lines correlated to the physical and chemical properties of coated inkjet papers2019In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 9, no 41, p. 23925-23938Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PEDOT:PSS organic printed electronics chemical interactions with the ink-receiving layer (IRL) of monopolar inkjet paper substrates and coating color composition were evaluated through Raman spectroscopy mapping in Z (depth) and (XY) direction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Other evaluated properties of the IRLs were pore size distribution (PSD), surface roughness, ink de-wetting, surface energy and the impact of such characteristics on the electronics performance of the printed layers. Resin-coated inkjet papers were compared to a multilayer coated paper substrate that also contained an IRL but did not contain the plastic polyethylene (PE) resin layer. This substrate showed better electronic performance (i.e., lower sheet resistance), which we attributed to the inert coating composition, higher surface roughness and higher polarity of the surface which influenced the de-wetting of the ink. The novelty is that this substrate was rougher and with somewhat lower printing quality but with better electronic performance and the advantage of not having PE in their composite structure, which favors recycling. © 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

  • Tarberg, Anett Skorpen
    et al.
    Helse Møre og Romsdal Hospital Trust, Ålesund, Norway; Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Kvangarsnes, Marit
    Helse Møre og Romsdal Hospital Trust, Ålesund, Norway; Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Ålesund, Norway.
    Hole, Torstein
    Helse Møre og Romsdal Hospital Trust, Ålesund, Norway; Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Thronæs, Morten
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway; Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Madssen, Torfinn Støve
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Landstad, Bodil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences. Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Hospital Trust, Levanger, Norway.
    Silent voices: Family caregivers' narratives of involvement in palliative care2019In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To explore how family caregivers experience involvement in palliative care. Design: A qualitative design with a narrative approach was used. Methods: Purposive sampling and narrative interviews were conducted. Eleven bereaved family caregivers for patients with cancer receiving palliative care were interviewed in Mid-Norway between November 2016–May 2017. Results: We identified four themes related to family caregivers' experiences of involvement in the early, middle, terminal and bereavement phases of palliative care: (a) limited involvement in the early phase; (b) emphasis on patient-centred care in the middle phase; (c) lack of preparation for the dying phase; and (d) lack of systematic follow-up after death. Family caregivers experienced low level of involvement throughout the palliative pathway. Conclusion: The involvement of family caregivers in palliative care may not be proportional to their responsibilities. The needs of family caregivers should be addressed in nursing education to give nurses competence to support family caregivers in providing home-based care. 

  • Petridou, Evangelia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Olausson, Pär M.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Ioannides, Dimitri
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Nascent island tourism policy development in Greenland: A network perspective2019In: Island Studies Journal, ISSN 1715-2593, E-ISSN 1715-2593Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following its achievement of Self-Rule status in 2009 Greenland embarked on a series of measures to diversify its economy with an eye towards eventually gaining full independence from Denmark. Tourism was underlined as a key sector for reaching this goal and, consequently, over the last few years there has been a concerted effort to develop the island as an important polar destination. Significantly, the Greenlandic government created the tourism development policy for 2016-2020, which it views as a key instrument for shaping the sector’s future. In this paper, we adopted a policy network approach to determine the relational architecture among various stakeholders from the public and private sectors who are seen as relevant to tourism’s development. Inter alia, we examined how these actors were linked to each other while examining what kind of tourism networks existed in Greenland and what obstacles might hinder or foster their formation. A thematic analysis of qualitative data on Atlas.ti reveals that though there exist networks in the Greenlandic tourism sector, they are not policy networks and that the Greenlandic government’s approach to developing this tourism policy has been top-down, reflecting a ‘government’ rather than a ‘governance’ approach. Barriers to the formation of policy networks included lack of a shared image for the future; lack of trust among actors; lack of time and spatial fragmentation hindering iterative interactions, and lack of institutional enabling of information and knowledge sharing. 

  • Tillberg, Emil
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Controller Area Network: Möjlig CAN-buss lösningar inom entreprenadbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The   company engcon Nordic AB produces equipment for the construction industry,   where the product called tiltrotator is the heart of their business. To   improve the use and simplify the installation, a literature study has been   made that looks at two parts, first the function around CAN bus as the basis   for a communication system and secondly various higher layer protocols (HLP)   built on top of CAN. Why CAN bus was created and how the system works is   important to understand in order to look at these overlying layers, called   HLP (Higher Layer Protocol), which provides a kind of machine-human interface   to work with. Different types of HLP can be J1939, ISOBUS or other. CAN bus   is the de facto standard for vehicle networks where ECUs (Electronic Control   Unit), called nodes, communicating on a common communication network, called   bus. To do this, an ingenious technique has been developed to prioritize   messages between nodes, which provides data loss-free arbitration. In CAN an   advanced technique for error detection on the communication has been applied,   and gives CAN the robustness to be applied in tough environment. As for various   HLPs, a large number of these are available in different industries. Every   one of these HLP has a common that they try to build a more or less user-friendly   interface that can be implemented on top of CAN. For example, in the   agricultural industry, the use of ISOBUS is common, which is an industrial   standard that goes beyond competition to build a simple, user-friendly system   that benefits the customer to the best possible extent. In automation,   instead, CANopen is used, which is an open system that allows high   interoperability between different units with so-called profiling. One last   system used in a number of industries is called CanKingdom and is the most   adaptable system in this project. In order to find out more industry-specific   information about solutions and problems, an interview study was also   conducted within the project. Here, various people were interviewed, active   in different companies that are involved in CAN-based systems. This was done to   look at relevant problems in their specific area.

    As a   result, four options are specified which the project owner should look at in   order to find a system that suits them. It is based on alternatives that   either require access to the existing J1939 bus, or to build a more or less   adapted model built on ISOBUS, CANopen or CanKingdom.

  • Sundelin, Niklas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Produktionsoptimering av Fladder-avgradningssystem: Framtagning av layout för materialhanteringen runt   Fladder-avgradningssystem2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The bachelor   thesis was performed to investigate how material handling around the   deburring system Fladder can be developed and automated. The reason is due to   today's manual handling which is inefficient and time consuming and therefore   needs to be optimized.

    The work was   carried out with methodology from the product development process to offer   layout suggestions on how material handling can be improved. First, a   feasibility study was conducted in which a data collection, literature study   and current situation analysis were done to identify the needs. Concepts were   generated based on the requirements of the system and through various   decision matrices, two solutions were chosen for further development. The   solutions were reviewed and analyzed in more detail and calculations of their   efficiency and profitability were made.

    The solutions   were refined and resulted in two layouts on how the material handling can be   improved. The first concept is a simple system for the situation today and   the second concept is a more advanced solution for future investments.

  • Medbo, Lisa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Olsson, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Konceptutveckling av ett resväskehandtag: Låsmekanism för steglös justering av Thules teleskophandtag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The telescope handle on a suitcase is probably what the user is

    in contact with most and perhaps also what is touched first

    when choosing a suitcase. This means that it has an important

    role to play in conveying a conception of the suitcase quality.

    This project has been initiated by the company Thule Sweden

    AB, which works with transport solutions for personal items,

    including, among other things suitcases that are the business

    area the project belonged to. The project aims to develop their

    existing telescopic handles to offer greater freedom of choice

    in height adjustment.

    Thule is characterized by, and strives for, to develop functional

    and well-thought-out solutions with high quality and safety.

    They believe that the development of the telescopic handle can

    increase the quality perception of the suitcase in general.

    The project has been carried out as a degree project for the

    mechanical engineering program at the Mid Sweden

    University in Östersund. In the report, the parts of the product

    development process are included in the project and all results

    from the various methods used. The process was divided into

    the three phases: product specification, concept generation and

    concept evaluation.

    The result of the project was two conceptual solutions for

    locking mechanisms for continuous height adjustment. These

    were adapted for integration in Thule's existing telescopic

    handles. One of the mechanisms is based on mechanical

    locking and the other on friction locking. Due to the fact that

    the concepts differ in technology and that Thule considered

    that both had interesting properties, both were chosen as final

    concepts. The solutions are presented both in the form of

    digital solid models and

    3D-printed prototypes.

    The two conceptual solutions need to be further evaluated,

    among other things by examining whether it is possible to

    create a sufficiently high locking resistance with the friction

    solution and whether it is possible to reduce the weight of the

    mechanical solution.

    The most important conclusion of the project is that it should

    be possible to develop a continuous height adjustable

    telescopic handle that fits Thule's brand profile and which

    actually increases the feeling of quality.

  • Lindfors, Linda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    SafePassTM Zone Belysning: Produktutveckling av belysningsfäste2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När mörkret faller är det svenska samhället i behov av belysning   för att underlätta framkomligheten. Belysning har visats öka säkerheten genom   minskad utsatthet för rån, skadegörelse, våldtäkt och andra kriminella   gärningar. Ett problem som uppmärksammades av produktutvecklingsföretaget   inom byggarbetsplatssäkerhet Safety Solutions Jonsereds, var mörka och trånga   passager som uppkom kring arbetsplatsinhägnader i anslutning till   byggarbetsplatser.

     

    Med   syftet att öka säkerheten för oskyddade trafikanter, ville Safety Solutions   Jonsereds konstruera ett belysningsfäste som möjliggör tillfällig montering   av gång- och cykelbanebelysning (GC-belysning) på arbetsplatsinhägnaden SafePassTM Zone System.

    Målet var att utveckla ett belysningsfäste som   uppfyllde de krav och önskemål som förväntades av marknaden och uppdragsgivaren Safety Solutions Jonsereds.   Dessutom var målet även att kunna presentera belysningsfästet genom en   produktbeskrivning och en prototyp av 3D-modell. Genom att följa de   fem projektfaserna från Johannesson et al. kunde önskat belysningsfäste utvecklas åt Safety   Solutions Jonsereds, för att öka säkerheten kring arbetsplatsinhägnader. 

    Det framtagna belysningsfästet utmärker sig genom sina   ergonomiska funktioner vilket bidrar till ett säkert och effektivt montage av   GC-belysning på arbetsplatsinhägnaden SafePassTM Zone System. Belysningsfästet fyller dessutom ett tomrum på   marknaden, samtidigt som den uppnår   marknadens kriterier och Safety Solutions Jonsereds värdegrund. Uthyrning av   belysningsfästet kan i framtiden bidra till ökad säkerhet för oskyddade   trafikanter och ökad lönsamhet för Safety Solutions Jonsereds.

     

    Vidare   arbete med val av belysning, elsäkerhet och omfattande kostnadskalkyler krävs   innan belysningssystemet är färdigt. Om fästet ska användas på statligt   ägda vägar krävs det att hela systemet testas tillsammans enligt standarden   EN1317-2 samt uppfyller ställda kapacitets- och skaderiskklasser.

  • Larsson, Arvid
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Utveckling av elektronisk måltavla: Lägesgivning med akustik och multilateration.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report   presents a bachelor thesis in mechanical engineering. The purpose of the   study is to investigate electronic target systems, also called LOMAH   (Location Of Miss And Hit). The object of the study is to investigate whether   it is possible to develop a system at a lower cost than commercial systems,   using standard tools and standard components. The electronic target systems that currently exist in the market are   in a relatively high price range. The technical platforms used in the study   are an Arduino microcontroller card with the programming language C++ and a   Raspberry Pi computer with the programming language Python. The Arduino is   used for timing and the Raspberry Pi is used for numerical calculations. They   are inexpensive training and development platforms that have a large user   base.

    Multilateration   is the mathematical method used in the study to calculate the point of   impact. Multilateration is using the ”Time Diffrence Of Arrival” and a known   propagation speed to find the location of the signal source. Multilateration is also used at airports for   locating aircrafts and with mobile masts for locating mobile phones. In order   to gain an understanding of how an electronic target system can be   constructed, extensive literature studies are made in the theoretical   background of electronic target systems. Experiments with the components have   been carried out and prototypes have been built to investigate a complete   solution. In the report's results, two prototypes are presented with hit   statistics and oscilloscope images for the different signals of the sensors   after the moment the target is shoot.

  • Granbom, Olle
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Drönare som verktyg för en lavintekniker: Möjligheter och begränsningar för en   lavinprognosdrönare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Naturvårdsverket   erbjuder sedan 2015 lavinprognoser för den svenska fjällkedjan. Genom ett   förebyggande säkerhetsarbete är det naturvårds- verkets mål att minska   tillbud och olyckor i fjällen samt öka kunskapen om laviner hos människor som   vistas i lavinterräng. Prognoserna omfat- tar sex områden i Sverige och   publiceras dagligen under vintersäsongen för de olika områdena. För att   utveckla och förbättra lavinprognoserna samt materialet som publiceras i   naturvårdsverkets sociala kanaler kan eventuellt drönare användas.   Användandet av drönare kan möjliggöra dokumentation av lavinaktivitet eller   frånvaro av lavinaktivitet på svår- tillgängliga platser, samt att   dokumentation från ett större område än vad som dokumenteras idag kan samlas   in, då en drönare kan röra sig över stora områden på kort tid.   Prognosområdena utsätts under perioder för hårt väder och den omgivande   terrängen i områdena är varierande vilket resulterade i att denna studie om   en drönares kapacitet i lavinterräng ge- nomfördes.

    I studien samlades   information in om drönarens kapacitet samt rådande väderförhållanden, och   sammanställdes under testflygningar i Tarfala och Storulvån. Efter det att   testflygningarna genomförts utfördes en stu- die för att se huruvida ett   objekt kan storleksbestämmas från det material som samlats in från drönaren.   Studien visar på goda förbättringsmöjlig- heter för lavinprognostjänsten och   att god dokumentation kan erhållas från drönarens kamera. Vid för hård vind   och i vindbyar på över 10 m/s bör flygningar undvikas. Flygtiden påverkas   inte nämnvärt av köld och med enkla matematiska formler går det att bestämma   ungefärlig storlek på en lavinkägla.

  • Evander, Manne
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Studie hur Woolpowers sovsäckslakan    påverkar isoleringen och   temperaturgraderingen av olika sovsäckar och hur de förhåller sig till en   konkurrent2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the   help from different standards and articles, tests have been run on a sleeping   bag liner from the company Woolpower, on three different sleeping bags with   different grading for the temperature. Using a thermal manikin, a value for   the total insulation (heat resistance) was defined, and that value was   translated into different scales for temperature, including comfort-,   transition- and extreme temperature limits. All the sleeping bags show a   clear improvement of the insulation value when using the Woolpower liner,   which means that the grading for the temperature limits also changes.

    A liner   from a competitor company was also evaluated, not only to compare how well   Woolpower´s liner holds up on the market and how well the temperature that   the competing liner put on their product holds up to the value from this   test, but also to open up for a discussion how the grading of the products   used today can be changed to better fit its purpose. In this comparison   between Woolpower and the other company’s liner, Woolpower have a higher   insulation value in all the sleeping bags.

    These   questions the reliability of the marking on the liners that are used today,   since the results demonstrated in this study are far from what the product   claims. If Woolpowers liner was tested with the same method, would the result   be any different? It opens the possibility to introduce a separate standard   to determine the heat insulation potentials of the liner so that all the   producers follow the same guidelines.

  • Karlsson, Julia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology and Social Work.
    Barn med sexuella beteendeproblem: En litteraturöversikt om bidragande riskfaktorer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En del barn utvecklar sexuella beteendeproblem vilket kan verka skadligt för dem själva, men även för andra. Det är därmed av vikt att lokalisera riskfaktorer som bidrar till dessa beteenden för att möjliggöra ett preventivt arbete på området. Syftet med studien var att undersöka det aktuella kunskapsområdet som behandlar riskfaktorer till barns sexuella beteendeproblem. Den metod som användes för att besvara studiens syfte och frågeställningar var en litteraturöversikt. 19 primärstudier granskades. Studiens resultat visar att sexuella övergrepp, sexuella attityder, upplevelser av våld, försummelse, föräldrars drogmissbruk, fängslade föräldrar och familjestrukturförändring kan utgöra riskfaktorer vad gäller uppkomsten av sexuella beteendeproblem hos barn. Hur riskfaktorerna kan resultera i sexuella beteendeproblem förklaras med den sociala inlärningsteorin och systemteorin. Vidare kommer alla studier från ”västvärlden”. 

  • Gustavsson, André
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Issa, Nicole
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Hållbara kontra konventionella fonder: En prestationsstudie om passivt och aktivt förvaltade fonder2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every fourth Swede chooses to invest their capital in sustainable funds. There is consensus on the fact that the financial market has been affected by the increased awareness on sustainability which companies have embraced and now manage extensive CSR-work. The goal of this essay is to answer the question whether sustainable funds contributes larger to a portfolios risk adjusted return than conventional mutual funds and if there is a connection between that and passive or active fund management. The report compares 16 funds between the years of 2012 to 2018, whereas 8 funds are conventional and 8 are sustainable. Furthermore, half of each group is passively managed and half is actively managed. The ratios used to measure risk adjusted return in this essay is the Sharpe ratio and the Sortino Ratio. The results show that the conventional funds have a higher risk adjusted return than the sustainable funds. The result is further compared to previous research and discussed towards the hypotheses presented in the theory chapter.

  • Bohlin, Tomas
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Paananen, Fredrik
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Patienter med bröstsmärtor:: Upplevelser i det akuta skedet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Söderquist, Mårten
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System Science.
    Tiny Security: Evaluating energy   use for security in an IoT application2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IoT devices are   increasingly used in the process of gathering scientific data. In   environmental monitoring IoT devices can be used as remote sensing devices to   collect information about e.g. temperature. To keep data reliable, various   security aspects have to be considered. Constrained devices are limited by   memory size and battery life, a security solution has to be developed with   this in mind. In this study an IoT security solution was developed in collaboration   with a research group in environmental science at Umeå University. We   selected commonly used algorithms and compared them with the goal to provide   authentication and integrity for an IoT application, while minimizing energy   use running on an Atmega 1284P. The results showed that the encryption   algorithm AES-256-GCM is a good choice for a total security solution.   AES-256-GCM provides authenticated encryption with additional data while, in   relation to the other tested algorithms, using energy at a low level and   leaving a small program size footprint.

  • Hedmark, Alice
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System Science.
    Undersökning av webbsidors säkerhet vid användning avFacebook Login: Vidareutveckling och analys av OAuthGuard2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Single Sign-On (SSO) is an authentication process that allows

    a developer to delegate the authentication responsibility to a

    dedicated service. OAuth 2.0 is an authorization framework

    that often serves as a base for authentication layers to be built

    upon that in turn allows for SSO. An identity provider is the

    service that is responsible for handling user credentials and

    the authentication, two common identity providers are

    Google and Facebook that implement SSO with the

    authentication layers OpenID Connect respectively

    Facebooks own authentication layer. It has been shown that

    many clients using OAuth 2.0 as base for SSO make faulty

    implementations leading to security issues, a number of

    studies has proposed solutions to these issues but faulty

    implementations are continually being made. To create

    various tools to promote security in these contexts is a

    method where OAuthGuard has been developed with the

    vision to also directly protect the common website user

    directly from the browser. OAuthGuard has been used in an

    earlier study to analyze the security of clients using Google

    SSO and discovered that 50% of the analyzed clients had

    flaws, no comparable study has been done for clients using

    Facebook SSO, which is the second largest third party log in

    variant. This study made a comparable investigation for

    Facebook SSO clients with a further developed version of

    OAuthGuard and found that these clients suffer from flaws

    with a similar trend as the previous study with Google-SSO

    clients, although fewer Facebook-SSO clients suffer from

    these flaws. When further developing OAuthGuard a

    dumber of difficulties was discovered and the future of these

    kind of tools needs to be investigated. Further analysis needs

    to be done to assess if Facebook-SSO should be

    recommended over Google-SSO from a security perspective

    and also further exploration of new methods to promote

    security needs to be done.

  • God, Jon
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Investerare & start-ups med fokus på hållbar utveckling: Discrete Choice Experiments för att undersöka investerares benägenhet att investera i hållbar utveckling2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A sustainable development becomes more and more important with an increasing number of catastrophic and long-term changes to the environment due to global warming. This also means that all the actors in the society needs to take their responsibility to combat this development. One of these actors are the private sector where the investors plays a large part in which companies that gets to develop their ideas and make a difference in the world. So, the question is: are investors taking that responsibility today and invest in start-ups with a focus on sustainable development in their business plans. This thesis aims to study how inclined investors are to invest in start-ups with a focus on sustainable development in their business plan. This is tested though Discrete Choice Experiments where 14 investors got to choose between three different companies with different levels of focus on sustainable development. Company A with the least amount of sustainability, company B with some focus and company C with a high focus on sustainable development. The Discrete Choice Experiments were distributed through a survey format where the companies were represented with a Business Model Canvas each and the investors first got to choose between company A & B, then A & C, and then company B & C. The results show that investors chose company A with the least amount of focus on sustainable development in 26 percent of the cases, company B with some focus in 45 percent, and company C with a high amount of focus in 29 percent of the cases. The study also shows a variation between different groups of investors, i.e. the investors who identified themselves as women were more inclined on investing in more sustainable options then men, and angel investors showed a clear willingness to invest in sustainability compared to venture capitals. The conclusions of the study are that its purpose was fulfilled and that the research questions was answered, investors showed an inclination to investing in companies with some focus on sustainable development but not too much. The results of the study can be used by companies in need of investments since they can see what group they should focus on to increase their chances. It is despite this also important to remember that the reliability and the validity of the study can be criticised with flaws for example in the reputability of the results. Future research within the area should study larger populations of investors to see if the same patterns repeat itself in other groups. It should also split the different attributes of the business model to see if different attributes play a larger part when investors decide which company to invest in.

  • Isaksson, Leonard
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System Science.
    En enkätstudie rörande systemutvecklingsansatser och   metodologier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has   focused on system development approaches and system development   methodologies. The purpose of the study has been to present a view on the   current situation of different development approaches (agile, traditional,   iterative and hybrid) and methodologies by highlighting the situation from a   number of perspectives. Questions that are answered are: which system   development approaches and methodologies that can be said to be most   frequently used based on the respondents, if the mentioned approaches can be   given certain characteristics based on a selection of factors and the   respondents' attitude towards the approach they practice. The study has been   conducted as a survey where the answers have been obtained via social media.   The result shows that agile methodologies dominate and that they are often   included in various forms of hybrid and agile approaches. Furthermore, it has   not been possible to create an in-depth knowledge of the approaches based on   the selected factors. Finally, it is noted that project members who practice   an agile approach have a great confidence in the approach and have a strong   conviction that it contributes to increase the quality of the software.

  • Lindberg, Marcus
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System Science.
    Isberg, Joakim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System Science.
    BusinessIntelligence Systems effekter på sjukvården: Utvecklingoch test av modell2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish   healthcare system today has longer queues than before, low treatment rates   and lack of accessibility, treatment and service. Business Intelligence   System (BIS) purpose is to support organizations and businesses in different   types of decision-making that in turn can make the operations more efficient.   The purpose of this thesis is to develop and test a model that describes the   effects that BIS have on the healthcare system according to previous research   on Swedish healthcare staff and their experiences of these systems. The study   has been carried out through qualitative interviews with respondents who work   with BIS in the Swedish healthcare system. A model developed from previous   research has according to the purpose of this study been developed and tested   against the collected empirical data to see if the effects that the previous   research has identified are in line with what Swedish healthcare staff has identified.   The entire model which consists of BIS basic functionality and BIS effects on   healthcare has been tested against another respondent who did not participate   on any interview but instead performed a thorough analysis of the whole   model. What were tested by this respondent were the model’s flow, structure   and constituents. The result of this study came to the conclusion that the   basic functionality of the model developed and the identified effects are in   accordance with the effects identified by the Swedish healthcare staff they   receive from the BIS within their work.

  • Kallin, Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Computer and System science.
    Community Policing with support of digitalcommunication channels2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    While today's   police forces are decreasing in number and their resources are limited,   population is at the same time increasing. This means that other types of   efforts and strategies are needed to fight crime. There are different   strategies to do this, one of which is called community policing that   involves proactive cooperation between citizens and the police to deal with   the problems. Traditionally, community policing meant that a local police in   the neighbourhood called for physical meetings, where citizens and police   together raised problems and discussed solutions to these.

    With today's   limited resources, there is little possibilities for the police to execute   this kind of physical collaboration and meetings. On the other hand, another   meeting place has been added (the one online) and an alternative way to   implement community policing may be online. With digital channels for this   purpose, there may also be an opportunity to reach groups of citizens that   the police have not reached before, but in order to do so, it requires work   and a use of these digital channels in the right way according to community   policing.

    The purpose of   this paper is to investigate what challenges and requirements that needs to   be taken into consideration when implementing community policing with the   support of digital communication channels. For this purpose, qualitative   research in the form of literature studies and semi-structured interviews   were conducted.

    Findings show   there are a lot of challenges and requirements to consider and there are   guidelines in the analysis and discussion section, to help begin to implement   this way of working.

    The practical   implications for this thesis may help police improving their relationships   with citizens in vulnerable areas to be able to cooperate according to   community policing to make these areas a better and safer place to live.

  • Boltemo Edholm, Jenny
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Suistainable Building Engineering.
    How can Ecosystem Services be implemented in local Climate Adaptation?: A case study of Arjeplog2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ecosystem services are essential for human climate adaptation. As climate change is a direct driver of change for ecosystem service provisioning, it is of importance to care for our ecosystems to be able to cope with future challenges. Local governance has a central role in climate adaptation due to its responsibility in physical planning. To be able to plan for changes driven by climate change, a flexible, adaptive strategy is necessary. Ecosystem-based Adaptation, EbA, can provide this flexibility to an overall adaptation strategy. In this case study, the potential of EbA to help Nature-based Tourism, NbT, to adapt to a changing climate was spatially mapped to be a useful part of the basis for local physical planning. The mapping includes areas of biodiversity, water infrastructure and features that provide resilience to climate change. The results show that there are areas with potential for EbA that can address adverse effects of climate change for the NbT. These spatial mapped areas provide an instant overview of the key areas to consider when planning for climate adaptation. These mapped areas are also combined with a qualitative assessment of the potential for EbA. By providing decision-makers with information on where and how ecosystem services can assist local climate adaptation, decisions that support both the future of humanity and ecosystems are enabled. However, to reach enforcement of EbA, the knowledge has to be included in binding documents such as detail plans.

  • Persson, Lisa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Små aktiebolags nytta med årsredovisningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Costa, Carolina
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Mira, Isabel
    RISE, Stockholm.
    Benjamins, Jan-Willem
    RISE, Stockholm.
    Lindman, Björn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Edlund, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Norgren, Magnus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Chemical Engineering.
    Interfacial activity and emulsion stabilization of dissolved cellulose2019In: Journal of Molecular Liquids, ISSN 0167-7322, E-ISSN 1873-3166, Vol. 292, article id 111325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some aspects of the interfacial behavior of cellulose dissolved in an aqueous solvent were investigated. Cellulose was found to significantly decrease the interfacial tension (IFT) between paraffin oil and 85 wt% phosphoric acid aqueous solutions. This decrease was similar in magnitude to that displayed by non-ionic cellulose derivatives. Cellulose's interfacial activity indicated a significant amphiphilic character and that the interfacial activity of cellulose derivatives is not only related to the derivatization but inherent in the cellulose backbone. This finding suggests that cellulose would have the ability of stabilizing dispersions, like oil-in-water emulsions in a similar way as a large number of cellulose derivatives. In its molecularly dissolved state, cellulose proved to be able to stabilize emulsions of paraffin in the polar solvent on a short-term. However, long-term stability against drop-coalescence was possible to achieve by a slight change in the amphiphilicity of cellulose, effected by a slight increase in pH. These emulsions exhibited excellent stability against coalescence/oiling-off over a period of one year. Ageing of the cellulose solution before emulsification (resulting in molecular weight reduction) was found to favour the creation of smaller droplets. 

  • Jonsson, Bengt-Gunnar
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Svensson, Johan
    SLU, Umeå.
    Mikusiński, Grzegorz
    SLU, Riddarhyttan/Skinnskatteberg.
    Manton, Michael
    Vytautas Magnus University, Akademija, Kaunas District, Lithuania.
    Angelstam, Per
    SLU, Skinnskatteberg.
    European Union's last intact forest landscapes are at a value chain crossroad between multiple use and intensified wood production2019In: Forests, ISSN 1999-4907, E-ISSN 1999-4907, Vol. 10, no 7, article id 564Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research Highlights: The European Union's last large intact forest landscapes along the Scandinavian Mountain range in Sweden offer unique opportunities for conservation of biodiversity, ecological integrity and resilience. However, these forests are at a crossroad between intensified wood production aimed at bio-economy, and rural development based on multi-functional forest landscapes for future-oriented forest value chains. Background and Objectives:We (1) estimate the area of near-natural forests potentially remaining for forest harvesting and wood production, or as green infrastructure for biodiversity conservation and human well-being in rural areas, (2) review how forest and conservation policies have so far succeeded to reduce the loss of mountain forests, and (3) discuss what economic, socio-cultural and ecological values that are at stake, as well as different governance and management solutions.Materials andMethods: First, we estimated the remaining amount of intact mountain forests using (1) the Swedish National Forest Inventory, (2) protected area statistics, (3) forest harvest permit applications and actually harvested forests, (4) remote sensing wall-to-wall data on forests not subject to clear-felling since the mid-1950s, (5) mapping of productive and non-productive forestland, and (6) estimates of mean annual final felling rate. Second, we review policy documents related to the emergence of land use regulation in north Sweden, including the mountain forest border, and illustrate this with an actual case that has had significant policy implementation importance. Results: There is a clear difference between the proportions of formally protected productive forestland above the mountain forest border (52.5%) and north Sweden in general (6.3%). A total of 300,000 ha of previously not clear-felled mountain forest outside protected areas remain, which can support novel value chains that are not achievable elsewhere. Conclusions: The mountain forests in Sweden provide unique conservation values in the European Union. Since the beginning of the 1990s, policy regulations have been successful in limiting forest harvesting. Currently, however, mountain forests are a battle ground regarding intensification of forest use, including logging of forests that have never been subject to clear-felling systems vs. nature conservation and wilderness as a base for rural development. The ability of mountain municipalities to encourage sustainable rural forest landscapes must be strengthened. 

  • Säfsten, Pär
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Skolsköterskors upplevelser och utmaningar i hälsofrämjande arbete med elever som har övervikt: en kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Khoshaba, Chamiran
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Skolsköterskors erfarenheter av metoder i hälsosamtalen för ett mer hälsofrämjande förhållningssätt: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Frisk, Johan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Dietisters attityder och åsikter om skatt på sockersötade drycker2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Eriksson, Katherine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hälsocoachers erfarenheter och upplevelser av tillämpbara metoder för bestående livsstilsförändringar: En intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Hildingsson, Ingegerd
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Uppsala University, Uppsala.
    Rubertsson, Christine
    Lund University, Lund.
    Childbirth experiences among women with fear of birth randomized to internet-based cognitive therapy or midwife counseling2019In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Although women with fear of birth often report negative birth experiences, few studies have focused on their experiences in the long term. The aim of this study was to compare birth experiences a year after childbirth in two groups of women receiving treatment for experiencing fear of birth during pregnancy. Methods: As part of the U-CARE: Pregnancy Trial, a prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) and standard care among pregnant women with fear of birth. Women were recruited at three Swedish hospitals following a screening procedure that assessed their fear of birth. Data were collected online with the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ), one question about the overall birth experience, and questions about personal background, collected before randomization. Results: A total of 181 women responded to the follow-up questionnaire a year after childbirth. Approximately half of participants reported a less positive birth experience. Preferred mode of birth, actual mode of birth, marital status and psychiatric history were associated with the domains of the CEQ. However, no statistically significant differences emerged between the treatment groups. Conclusions: Being randomized to receive iCBT or counseling with midwives for fear of birth was not associated with perceptions of the birth experience assessed a year after birth. Most participants reported less-than-positive birth experiences and scored low on the domain of the CEQ reflecting Own capacity. In response, additional research remains necessary to identify the best model of care that might facilitate positive experiences with giving birth among women with fear of birth. 

  • Harman, Muharrem
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Bankfinansiering för nystartade företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Gustafsson, Moa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Economics, Geography, Law and Tourism.
    Värdering till verkligt värde – en ökad risk för earnings management?: En jämförelse mellan skogs- och fastighetsbranscherna och branscher som inte värderar till verkligt värde2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Ramsell, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Improve and optimize search engine: To provide better and relevant content for the customer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report has conducted a research of comparing a few open source search engines. The research contains two evaluation processes, the first evaluation will evaluate each open source search engine found on today’s market. Points will be given between one to five points depending on how well the open source search engine meets the requirements. The open source search engine with the highest score will then be chosen for implementation. The first evaluation resulted in Elasticsearch being the selected open source search engine and will continue to the implementation phase. The second evaluation will be measuring the system performance and the relevance of the SERP (Search Engine Results Pages). This phase will evaluate the system performance by taking time measurements on how long it takes for the search engines to deliver the SERP. The relevance of the search results will be judge by a group of CSN employers. The group will be giving point be-tween one to five points depending on the relevance of the SERP. It will eval-uate Elasticsearch with the search engine CSN are using today on their web-site (www.csn.se). This phase resulted in Elasticsearch being the better in performance measurements but not in the relevance of the SERP. This was discussed and came to the conclusion that most points were lost because of the first search result Elasticsearch delivered. If this search result was re-moved Elasticsearch could deliver as good results as the old search engine. The survey came to the conclusion that Elasticsearch is recommended for CSN if certain problem areas could be corrected before implementation into their systems.

     

  • Hummelblad, Christine
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kariesprevention hos förskolebarn: med fokus på samverkan och samsyn2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Gibson, Karin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Unga kvinnors egna upplevelser av hur sociala medier påverkar det psykiska måendet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Romell, Amanda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Att ta kontroll över sin sexuella hälsa: En intervjustudie med män som valt att ta avstånd från att konsumera pornografi2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nevala, Heidi
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Att med skolan som arena förebygga psykisk ohälsa hos barn: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på tidiga insatser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Lehnert, Ann Marie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    ”Kvinnor i ledande positioner i arbetslivet – deras hälsa, fysiska och psykiska arbetsmiljöförhållanden”2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Nordin, Elise
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Martinsson, Håkan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vägen till egen försörjning - vad hjälpte?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med deltagare i en arbetsmarknadsinsats.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Henriksson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Eriksson, Malin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    En kvalitativ studie om krav, handlingsutrymme och stöd i skiftarbetande ambulanssjuksköterskors arbetsmiljö2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Persson, Kayla
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Roos, Camilla
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
    Arbetsmotivation inom äldreomsorg: En kvalitativ studie om enhetschefens upplevda betydelse för arbetsmotivationen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Mc Neill, Rebecka
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Nästa generation utan representation: En fallstudie av ungas representation i Sundsvalls Kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionRepresentation in politics has been a major debate in political science with various groups being underrepresented in the decision-making assembles, one of these groups has been the youth which is strongly underrepresented. This essay aims to examine youth representation at a municipal level. Few studies have conducted about youth representation but there is widespread study about representation. The already elected politicians are in many ways key factor in order for the youth to even be able get their representation since they possess the power to let them inside the political room. It will be this gap inside political science that is going to be investigated in this essay.

    MethodThis essay methodology is qualitative case study of Sundsvall municipality's politicians approach to youth representation. Four politicians with different backgrounds and party belong have been interviewed and afterwards have a thematic analysis been conducted from their answers. With made it possible to find patterns and connections that are related to research within representation and youth.

    ResultsThe essay concluded that youth representation is much based on the parties and their structured way how to influence society and henceforth complexed to be represented in any other way. Everything that the politicians acts on is what the political parties want with mean the can never express their own agenda and feel like they represent the party voters and ideology more than Sundsvall city. The parties hold a lot of power because aside the mandate in the municipal council they appoint all the positions in various committees and municipal companies that the votes never choose between. Which means that the youth relies on parties including them to grant them these positions. The biggest issue with this is that studies have shown that youth are going away from becoming member of political parties which here becomes issue with young representation with this essay concur. Based on the Hanna Fenichel Pitkin approach to representation the politicians express that they think substantive representation are most important then descriptive representation but with deeper analysis shows more than both are combined rather than separate. The few elected youth can in many ways through symbolic representation developed becoming a symbol for youth represented as a group. The essay found that young politicians argued that they do not consider descriptive as most important but that they themselves had received votes because there are youths and experienced duty to manage youth opinion, which here may drew the conclusion about when a group are underrepresented the descriptive representation became more important and puts more pressure on those who is to belong to their group to represent that particular group. Youth representation in Sundsvall was able to examine by the LUPP resulted there the youth express that I high and much high level want to influence the municipality policy, but few believe that they can actually do it. The politics said that this is an issue but note that they want to know if this only applies to youth or everybody. All politician was, to some extent self-critical and meant that they themselves needed to get better at including youth and not having them on the sideline.