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  • Public defence: 2018-12-05 10:15 L111, Sundsvall
    Lavassani, Mehrzad
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Systems and Technology.
    Reliable Information Exchange in IIoT: Investigation into the Role of Data and Data-Driven Modelling2018Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is the tangible building block for the realisation of the fourth industrial revolution. It should improve productivity, efficiency and reliability of industrial automation systems, leading to revenue growth in industrial scenarios. IIoT needs to encompass various disciplines and technologies to constitute an operable and harmonious system. One essential requirement for a system to exhibit such behaviour is reliable exchange of information. In industrial automation, the information life-cycle starts at the field level, with data collected by sensors, and ends at the enterprise level, where that data is processed into knowledge for business decision making. In IIoT, the process of knowledge discovery is expected to start in the lower layers of the automation hierarchy, and to cover the data exchange between the connected smart objects to perform collaborative tasks.

    This thesis aims to assist the comprehension of the processes for information exchange in IIoT-enabled industrial automation- in particular, how reliable exchange of information can be performed by communication systems at field level given an underlying wireless sensor technology, and how data analytics can complement the processes of various levels of the automation hierarchy. Furthermore, this work explores how an IIoT monitoring system can be designed and developed.

    The communication reliability is addressed by proposing a redundancy-based medium access control protocol for mission-critical applications, and analysing its performance regarding real-time and deterministic delivery. The importance of the data and the benefits of data analytics for various levels of the automation hierarchy are examined by suggesting data-driven methods for visualisation, centralised system modelling and distributed data streams modelling. The design and development of an IIoT monitoring system are addressed by proposing a novel three-layer framework that incorporates wireless sensor, fog, and cloud technologies. Moreover, an IIoT testbed system is developed to realise the proposed framework.

    The outcome of this study suggests that redundancy-based mechanisms improve communication reliability. However, they can also introduce drawbacks, such as poor link utilisation and limited scalability, in the context of IIoT. Data-driven methods result in enhanced readability of visualisation, and reduced necessity of the ground truth in system modelling. The results illustrate that distributed modelling can lower the negative effect of the redundancy-based mechanisms on link utilisation, by reducing the up-link traffic. Mathematical analysis reveals that introducing fog layer in the IIoT framework removes the single point of failure and enhances scalability, while meeting the latency requirements of the monitoring application. Finally, the experiment results show that the IIoT testbed works adequately and can serve for the future development and deployment of IIoT applications.

  • Jacobsson, Elin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Environmental Impact Analysis of Flax Fibre Cultivation for Composite Reinforcement2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Searching for environmentally sustainable alternatives for reinforcement of composite materials, flax fibre has one of the most promising potentials due to its desired mechanical properties. The fact that flax is a bio-material, in contrast to conventional synthetic fibres, does not ensure a less environmental impact. One of the major source of environmental impact related to flax fibre as a reinforcement material is the cultivation of flax fibre. In this study the environmental impact of flax fibre cultivation was studied by performing an environmental impact analysis with a life cycle assessment inspired approach.  The result showed that the quantification of the environmental impacts varied to a large extent depending on several parameters such as allocation method and whether carbon sequestration was included in the calculations. One striking example is the results for global warming potential, ranging from 10 000 kg CO2-equivivalents to a negative value per 1 tonne of flax fibre. The study showed the production and use of fertilizers to be the major contribution to the environmental impact by as much as 70-90 %. In order to limit the environmental impact from flax fibre cultivation suggested environmental improvements are to optimise the fertiliser use according to the flax type and soil conditions, improving nitrogen fixation as well as using organic fertilizers.

     

  • Jonsson Fjällby, Albin
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Nyström, Joakim
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Kundcentrerad marknadsföring: - En uppskattad hjäl eller oönskat otyg?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative and exploratory study which relies on a social constructionist view where the data might be different in the future. The purpose is to describe and analyze the consumers’ perceptions regarding the customer centric marketing including internet surveillance. A second purpose of the study is to contribute to the marketing science by analyzing the surveillancecomplication through a critical perspective. We were interested in finding out what our respondents’ stand on the marketing phenomenon. Prior research is mostly based on the external actors’ point of view; it is an effective marketing strategy based on the consumers’ activities. Since it is based on the consumers’ previous activities, the companies can provide relevant ads of what they believe the consumers to be wanting; hence it should be seen as a desired service. In our data, we found that the majority of respondents’, whether or not theyliked it, believe this to be an effective marketing tool, since it affects them, but also a tool that put them in a state of discomfort. The surveillance that has to take place to make the customer centric marketing effective is seen as i.a. intrusive and nosy. This study should work as a foundation and inspiration for future research where a larger sample is studied.

  • Carlsund, Åsa
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences. Swedish Family Care Competence Centre, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Johansson, Pauline
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre, Kalmar, Sweden; Linneus University Kalmar, Sweden.
    Hammare, Ulf
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre, Kalmar, Sweden; Ersta Sköndal University College Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre, Kalmar, Sweden; Linneus University Kalmar, Sweden.
    Support for Children as Next of Kin and Systematic Follow up -Group Leaders’ and Managers’ Perspectives Within Non-profit Organizations in Sweden2017In: Open Family Studies Journal, ISSN 1874-9224, Vol. 9, p. 49-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:Method:The aim of this study was to explore the systematic follow up of supportive activities in non-profit organizations targeted at childrenas next of kin. Managers and group leaders were interviewed, and findings were content analysed.Result:The findings indicated that a child focus, education, safety and trust were important. These factors were observed as the primarytasks and the key reason for being involved in supportive activities. Managers expressed concern about not retaining funding, if theorganization was unable to demonstrate the effects of their activities. Namely, to enhance the health and wellbeing of children. Inorder to continuously develop their work most organisations explained that they used some form of system for follow up. However,there was a wide variation in how non-profit organizations worked with follow ups.Conclusion:Overall, it was evident that there was a major need for education and support in this area.

  • Karlsson, Lena
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Lindström, Larsåke
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences.
    Professioner i akademin och akademins professioner2017In: Mitt, ditt och vårt universitet: Att förstå något gemensamt / [ed] Giritly Nygren, K. & Gidlund, K. L., Sundsvall/Östersund: Mid Sweden University , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Public defence: 2018-11-30 12:15 111, Sundsvall
    Casales Morici, Belén
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
    Corporate Entrepreneurship: A Comprehensive Field Review and Assessment of the Internal Organizational Environment Supportive of Strategic Entrepreneurship2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to expand current knowledge on the development of corporate entrepreneurship and to contribute new theoretical and empirical insights into strategic entrepreneurship. To those ends, the thesis attempts to answer two research questions. First, how has the field of corporate entrepreneurship research evolved in terms of main themes, applied methods and theory, and what do these developments reveal about the future trajectories of the field? Second, what is the relationship between internal organizational factors and strategic entrepreneurship in the form of sustained regeneration, organizational rejuvenation, and strategic renewal? To answer the first question, a systematic and comprehensive review of 344 articles addressing the development of research on corporate entrepreneurship during 1969–2017 was conducted. To answer the second question, a survey was administered at a major financial services company to examine the relationship among four internal organizational factors and three forms of strategic entrepreneurship. The overall conclusion of the literature review is that corporate entrepreneurship is a growing and, in several respects, maturing field of research. Signs of its maturity are undermined, however, by the lack of commonly applied theories and theoretical frameworks. Those findings take support from the overall conclusion of the second study, which highlights the need to develop and further test empirically existing frameworks, constructs, and theoretical connections within literature on strategic entrepreneurship.

    Taken together, the findings of the thesis suggest that corporate entrepreneurship faces the difficult challenge of developing a set of more distinct, unifying theories and conceptual frameworks. Concerning strategic entrepreneurship, it is concluded that research on this topic should consider specific organizational structures and conditions of the company and, at the same time, it should also develop greater sensitivity to the effects of industry and institutional settings. The findings also highlight that internal organizational factors could have differentiated effects on the main forms of strategic entrepreneurship.

  • Lidén, Gustav
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Integrationspolitik i lokala valkampanjer2018In: Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Nord, Lars, Grusell, Marie, Bolin, Niklas & Falasca, Kajsa, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, DEMICOM , 2018, p. 77-78Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • Danielski, Itai
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    Fröling, Morgan
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Ecotechnology and Sustainable Building Engineering.
    In situ measurements of thermal properties of building fabrics using thermography under non-steady state heat flow conditions2018In: Infrastructures, ISSN 2412-3811, Vol. 3, no 3, article id 20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes a quantitative method using thermography to measure the thermal properties of building fabrics that are subjected to non-steady state heat flow due to consistently changing meteorological conditions. The method includes two parts. First, the convection heat transfer coefficient is measured by thermography and heat flux meters on a small segment of the examined building fabric with uniform surface temperature. Then, thermal properties of large building fabrics are evaluated by thermography. The two parts are measured simultaneously. The method was tested on 140/160/190 mm thick massive laminated spruce timber walls of a test facility cabin located in Östersund, Sweden. The results varied by only a few percent in comparison to validation measurements performed with heat flux meters and in comparison, to values from the literature. Due to rapid changes in weather conditions the measured values had large disparity, but still a linear regression with low confidence interval was obtained. Obtaining an accurate value of convection heat transfer was important for achieving high measurement accuracy and, therefore, the value of this parameter should be measured. Other important factors to consider are solar radiation, reflected infrared (IR) radiation from nearby objects and the number of thermal images.

  • Engström, Daniel
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Lindelöf, Belle
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Handdesinfektion: Sjuksköterskans följsamhet av gällande riktlinjer2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I genomsnitt drabbas 10,1% av alla patienter som vårdas på sjukhus av en vårdrelaterad infektion. Detta medför stort lidande för patienten och stora kostnader för samhället. Den enskilt effektivaste metoden att förhindra smittspridning är att vårdpersonalen konsekvent följer de riktlinjer som finns för handdesinfektion. Syfte: Att belysa sjuksköterskans följsamhet av de gällande riktlinjer som finns för handdesinfektion i omvårdnadsarbetet på sjukhus. Metod: En litteraturöversikt som baserades på 16 vetenskapliga originalartiklar. Resultat: Det fanns brister i sjuksköterskans följsamhet till befintliga riktlinjer i handdesinfektion. Följsamheten främjades respektive motverkades av olika faktorer. Faktorer som motverkade följsamheten var; hög arbetsbelastning, brist på kunskap, arbetsklimat och negativa förebilder samt överskattad följsamhet. Faktorer som främjade följsamheten var; tillgänglighet, utbildning, riskmoment, omgivningens förväntningar samt belöningssystem. Diskussion: Att öka följsamheten i handdesinfektion av gällande riktlinjer kräver olika metoder eftersom icke följsamhet är ett komplext problem. Tillgängligheten av ett alkoholbaserat handdesinfektionsmedel visade sig vara den enskilt viktigaste faktorn för god följsamhet. Arbetsgivaren har en viktig uppgift att skapa förutsättningar så att god följsamhet kan uppnås. Chefens engagemang och goda förebilder på arbetsplatsen har betydelse för följsamheten. Att inneha kunskap som tillägnats genom utbildning gör att sjuksköterskan förstår konsekvenserna av sitt handlande och detta kan bidra till ökad följsamhet. Slutsats: Kunskap om vilka faktorer som påverkar följsamheten kan vara till nytta för sjuksköterskan i sitt omvårdnadsarbete. Studier med kvalitativ metod och studier med färre kombinerade interventioner kan bidra till fortsatt kunskapsutveckling.

  • Karlsson, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Humanities.
    A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Race Segment of Clinton’s and Trumps’ first Presidential Debate2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Falasca, Kajsa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Media and Communication Science.
    Nya mediedieter när vertikala och horisontella medier möts2018In: Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Nord, L. , Grusell, M. , Bolin, N. & Falasca, K, Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University, DEMICOM , 2018, p. 103-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • Malyuchenko, Inna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Institution of education.
    Knack, knack får man komma in och måla?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om pedagogers uppfattningar om förskolans fysiska ateljémiljö2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt syfte med denna uppsats är att i form av intervjuer undersöka pedagogers uppfattningar om de möjligheter som ges, och de begränsningar som finns, i förskolans fysiska ateljémiljö, den konkreta plats där barns bildskapande sker och genomförs, oberoende av om det är ett speciellt rum i form av en ateljé eller om det är ett hörn i matrummet. Studiens syfte har utvecklats vidare till att försöka få förståelse om pedagogers uppfattningar om barns rätt till inflytande i den fysiska ateljémiljön. Med syfte att genomföra en kvalitativ intervjustudie så samlas data in med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer av sju stycken pedagoger, en pedagog i taget, från fyra olika förskolor. Jag har upplevt min studie som intressant och ständigt aktuell eftersom forskningsobjektet som jag undersökt har varit den fysiska ateljémiljön, ur ett demokratiperspektiv. Resultatet har visat att yngre barns inflytande är ganska begränsat i jämförelse med de äldre barnens möjligheter till inflytande, när det gäller den fysiska ateljémiljön. Resultatet visar också att pedagogers uppfattningar om de möjligheter som ges, och de begränsningar som finns, i förskolans fysiska ateljémiljö, beror på sorteringen av barn och i klassificeringen av det material som erbjuds i den fysiska ateljémiljön. Därför kommer maktaspekten att belysas i studien. I slutet av studien så diskuteras resultatet mot vad teoretiker och forskare säger, för att skapa goda förutsättningar för ett demokratiskt förhållningssätt i frågan om barns inflytande i utformandet av den fysiska ateljémiljön. Jag har dessutom testat Basil Bernsteins teori som ofta använder sig av rumsliga beskrivningar för att definiera olika begrepp kring kontroll och makt.

  • Danestad, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Markovic, Dragana
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Framgångsfaktorer och hinder vid införande av e-tjänster i kommunal verksamhet: Hur förbättrar man e-tjänster genom offensiv kvalitetsutveckling med kunden i centrum?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitization is currently considered to be the most important factor of change affecting all parts of society, including the public sector. E-government is used to create more open public administration that supports innovation and participation, facilitates people's daily lives, providing higher quality and efficiency in the activities. In addition, e-government is expected to lower cost and maximize benefits for both citizens and companies as well as society at large.

    The goal of the Government has since 2012 been to make Sweden the leading country in the world in terms of utilizing the potential of digitization. Sweden has also been at the forefront in comparison with other countries in terms of internet use and citizens' use of e-government services. International comparisons show, for example, that Sweden is in sixth place, see the UN's latest compilation of e-government development in the world (UN-E Government survey 2016). However, in the same year, the Swedish National Audit Office (NAO) in its report (RIR 2016: 14) also found that public actors do not pursue this work according to Government objectives and that more can be done to develop e-government. According to the NAO, work on e-government has been short-term, overly delegated and characterized by a lack of overall responsibility and not managed in a cost-effective way.

    This case study sets out to investigate these conditions more closely, with a view to provide new knowledge about what is needed for a more successful introduction of e-services. A medium-sized municipality that introduced an e-service for the application for building permission, called "MittBygge", in 2015 was chosen as case study.

    Like previous research, this study identifies a number of crucial success factors that need to be taken into account when planning, introducing and following up the benefits of e-services. These success factors are: internal and external customer focus, education, leadership, communication, stakeholder response, the importance of measuring and defining success, sufficient resource allocation, employee involvement and commitment. The study's results also show the obstacles and challenges that may appear along the way towards more efficient and high-quality e-services. These are the absence of effective metrics, time constraints, low priority, insufficient educational efforts, difficulties with finding and understanding information, and the overall experience of e-service accessibility by the residents of the municipality. The results also show that the values behind offensive quality development, i.e.  putting the customer at the heart of the process, basing decisions on facts, working with processes, continuously working on improvements and creating conditions for stakeholder involvement, not only offers a good theoretical base for development and continuous improvement of activities but it is also an essential prerequisite for successful work.

     

  • Public defence: 2018-11-16 10:15 L111, Sundsvall
    Sandström, Jennie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Old-Growth Forests in the High Coast Region in Sweden and Active Management in Forest Set-Asides2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In today´s intensively managed landscape, very few forests with old-growth characteristics and little human impact exist. One of the rare exceptions is pine forests on rocky soils, a forest type which has probably escaped extensive human use because of its low productivity. Our objective was to investigate the structure, dynamics, and history as well as the abundance and richness of wood-inhabiting fungi in these types of forest. We chose rocky pine forests situated in the High Coast Region to exemplify this forest type since the regional County Administration had already made surveys of the conservation value in 26 rocky pine forest stands in this region. We investigated the forests by recording tree species and measuring tree size and age in eight of the stands that were ranked with the highest conservation value. We also sampled dead wood to examine time since death and we sampled living and dead trees with fire scars to date fires. In addition, we made an inventory of wood-inhabiting fruiting bodies and took woodchip samples from logs to learn (by DNA analysis) whether five rare wood inhabiting fungi species were present as mycelia in logs.

    We found that rocky pine forests in the High Coast Region have a multi-sizedand multi-aged structure and old pine trees (approximately 13 ha-1 older than 300 years) are present. Fire has been common (an average of 42 years betweenfires) but they were likely to have been low-intense and small. Although the amount of dead wood is relatively low (4.4 m3 ha-1 on average) compared to many other boreal forests with old-growth characteristics, the share of deadwood of the total tree basal area (18%) was in line with other pine forests with low levels of human impact. The low dead wood volume is therefore likely to be an effect of the low productivity rather than dead wood extraction by humans. We also discovered that dead wood can be present for a really longtime without totally decomposing; we found logs and snags that had been dead for 500 years. This continuity of dead wood might be important for organisms dependent on dead wood as a substrate and even though we found that the species richness of wood-inhabiting fungi was somewhat low, we did find some rare species. Cinereomyces lenis and Hyphodontia halonata were present as fruiting bodies and we also found Antrodia albobrunnea, Antrodiainfirma, Crustoderma corneum and Anomoporia kamtschatica present as myceliain logs.

    The second part of this thesis reports two systematic reviews studying the effects of active management on the biodiversity in boreal and temperate forests. A systematic review follows certain guidelines and aims to compile the evidence base in well-defined topics, so that managers, researchers and policymakers can gain access to a high-quality compilation of current research. In our systematic map, we found almost 800 relevant papers but the set of papers turned out to be too heterogenic (many intervention types, e.g. thinning, burning, grazing and many types of outcomes) to allow any quantitative analysis. However, this map identified knowledge gaps and several detailed research questions that had sufficient data to provide aquantitative statistical analysis.

    One of these questions was: What is the impact of dead wood creation or addition on dead wood-dependent species? We focused on three types of interventions: creation of dead wood, addition of dead wood from elsewhere and prescribed burning. The selected outcomes were: saproxylic insects (rareand pest species), saproxylic fungi (rare species), ground-living insects and cavity-nesting birds. There was no significant negative effect on any of the investigated species groups but a positive effect on the abundance and richness of saproxylic insects and fungi. We also found that, although the amount of dead wood created was much less (50%) with prescribed burning, the abundance and richness of saproxylic insects showed similar positive effects to those of other intervention methods. A likely explanation for this is that burning results in a diversity of dead wood of various levels of quality (e.g. dense and/or charred wood), which creates a heterogeneity of dead woodtypes having a positive effect on the diversity of species dependent on deadwood. In summary, active management generally has a positive effect on biodiversity but the choice of management type should always be made carefully, and in consideration of the effect you want to achieve. In addition, there is a need for more long-term primary studies and more species groups in more geographical areas need to be incorporated so that the systematic reviews in this field will be even more informative in the future.

  • Segevall, Cecilia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Recovery following hip fracture surgery for older people living in rural areas2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • Lindblad, Matilda
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ekonomiskt bistånd: Fyra kommuners arbete för att minska behovet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka orsakerna till att en del kommuner under perioden 2011 till 2016 minskat utbetalningarna av ekonomiskt bistånd med minst tio procent. Vid urvalet av kommuner har Socialstyrelsens statistikdatabas använts för att finna lämpliga kommuner. Av de kommuner som uppfyllde kraven valdes fem ut som kontaktades för intervju, fyra svarade och deltog i studien. De personer som intervjuades var chefer för enheten ekonomiskt bistånd, ordförande för socialnämnden och vice ordförande för socialnämnd. Det framkom att i de undersökta kommunerna fanns det olika bakomliggande faktorer som bidrog till minskade kostnader för ekonomiskt bistånd. För två kommuner handlade det om arbetsmarknadspolitiska insatser riktade mot ungdomar och utlandsfödda, för en var det flera mindre faktorer, bland annat individanpassat stöd, och för den fjärde kommunen var det oklart vad som bidragit till att det skett en minskning.

  • Sjöbom, Amanda
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Dahlén, Sandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Tystnaden är bruten: En jämförande studie om sexuella trakasserier och underminering i arbetslivet utifrån kvinnors #metoo-upprop inom service- och teknikbranschen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the fall of 2017 women all over the world were united in a joint call on social media in the fight against sexual harassment. #metoo broke the silence about how women are being sexually harassed and undermined at home and in the workplace. The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the stories published by women in the so-called #metoo-petitions on sexual harassment and undermining in the workplace. The study is limited to only examining the service- and the technology industry. Previous research shows the unequal working conditions and the vulnerability that women face daily in the service industry. In the technology industry, the hierarchies and stereotypes used to undermine women are brought to light. Based on a qualitative comparative text analysis, we have analyzed and compared these stories based on gender power theories and gender perspectives. The results show how women in the service industry are primarily exposed to sexual harassment while women in the technology industry are also subject to undermining in shape of vertical gender segregation and methods of exclusion. Common to both service- and the technology industry, based on our material, is that the women feel the lack of support from management when they report incidents of offensive treatments.

  • Prekopic, Suzanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    ”Lönsamt ledarskap”: Sambandet mellan ledarskap, TQM, effektivitet och lönsamhet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag står organisationer inför ständiga utmaningar att förändra och effektivisera sin verksamhet, vilket kan förklaras med det ökade kravet på ökad lönsamhet och kostnadsnedskärningar. Detta har bidragit till att företagsledningar oftast löser dessa ökade krav genom kostnadsrationaliseringar. Dock har det visat sig vara mindre framgångsrikt. Ambitionen med examensarbetet har varit att undersöka hur ledarskap kan utövas för att uppnå TQM, effektivitet och lönsamhet.

    Ett svenskt byggföretag har varit föremål för denna fallstudie. Fallstudien har genomförts genom strukturerade djupintervjuer med tre gruppchefer samt enkätfrågor till medarbetare.

    Det huvudsakliga resultatet från den här uppsatsen är begreppet lönsamt ledarskap, vilket är genererat ur det analyserade materialet. Studiens resultat visar att det är flera faktorer som bidrar till det lönsamma ledarskapet. Resultatet visar att hörnstenarna i hörnstensmodellen är en stor bidragande faktor till det lönsamma ledarskapet. Emellertid har studiens resultat kommit fram till att den sjätte hörnstenen “engagerat ledarskap” är mycket viktig för organisationens framgångssaga vad gäller lönsamhet, kortsiktigt som långsiktigt.

  • Anjert, Katarina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Förutsättningar för ett proaktivt arbete i skolan: en systematisk litteraturöversikt av den proaktiva modellen Response to Intervention2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The education system has historically had a reactive rather than a proactive approach to its customers, that is, students' needs and the conditions for achieving the school's goals. A reactive way of working is still the norm, although today we are aware that the effect of reactive improvements is limited. We are in a paradigm shift where the education system seeks to find models that are based on a modern view of quality, which means putting the customer's needs at the center.

     

    The aim of the study is to contribute further knowledge of how we can drive quality improvements, thus increasing customer value within the Swedish education system. The study is conducted with a systematic literature review of articles on the model Response to Intervention. Categorization is based on Bergman and Klefsjö (2012) model for quality development based on customer needs and satisfaction, and Österbergs (2014) structural quality dimension.

     

    The prerequisites for driving quality improvements using the RTI model can be summarized with; competent staff, the right equipment for carrying out and analyzing screenings of the students, as well as time and support for the work. All the values in the quality management model are mentioned in the articles, which allows us to assume that the RTI model can be used to develop quality and create customer value in the school.

     

    It also requires a culture that values measurement and working with data in order for the RTI model to contribute to quality development. Since the US school system, where the RTI model has been applied so far, is more result-oriented than the Swedish, we assume that the US system is more beneficial for the implementation of the model to be successful.

     

  • Velander, Torbjörn
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Politiska system: - En jämförande uppsats mellan de politiska systemen i Nederländernaoch Sverige utifrån idealstaten.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • Sundqvist, Petra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kommunernas digitalisering: - en jämförande studie mellan Sundsvall och Malmö2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitization, which in its most classical form means switching from analogue to digital management and communication, has for many years been popular in public administration. This paper aims to compare the two Swedish municipalities of Sundsvall and Malmö with regard to implementation of the policy regarding digitization of public activities, with particular focus on communication with citizens.

    The aim of the paper is to try to answer two questions:

    - What policies in the field of digitalization has the municipalities I chose to study           implemented?

    - Does the municipalities take into account that some of its residents do not have access to  and / or habits to IT equipment and the Internet?

    The theoretical framework of the essay focuses primarily on e-governance and policy transfer. I mainly use qualitative content analysis to investigate this by studying the policies of both municipalities. To supplement this with statistics that help me get a better picture of the problem, I have also done quantitative analysis, more specifically bivariate regression analysis. It is mainly in my second question that they fill a function. The conclusion is that both municipalities are working on digitization, but the policies chosen to implement differ. Malmö has a policy aimed primarily at the citizens, while Sundsvall focuses primarily on its own operations. Furthermore, it is noted that policy transfer in this topic occurs.

  • Gàal, Ahmed
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Katrineholms kommun: Implementering av policy och strategi kring företagsklimat: En kvalitativ studie med fyra inblandade aktörer i näringslivspolitiken2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning handlar om att belysa vilka policyer som implementerats för de uppnådda resultaten näringslivspolitiken i Katrineholms kommun. Det kommer undersökas enbart de bidragande faktorer ur kommunens politiska perspektiv. För att genomföra detta, har man applicerat en kvalitativ studie med fyra inblandade aktörer i näringslivspolitiken i Katrineholms kommun. Dessutom har man analyserat kommunens policydokument kring näringslivspolitiken för att stärka materialet. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter vilar på både implementering- och governance teorier för att kunna förklara bättre näringslivspolitiken i Katrineholms kommun. Både teorierna har fungerat och bidragit med att åstadkomma besvara syftet och frågeställningen. Undersökning avgränsas från 2010 till 2017. Resultat visar utifrån intervjupersonernas perspektiv att man har genomfört vissa beslut som påverkade det positiva näringslivet i Katrineholms kommun, detta har även förekommit bland de dokument som analyserats för att granska ytterligare vad som förekommit i intervjuerna. Både intervjuerna och dokument påvisas ett antal faktorer som bidrog denna utveckling. Bland annat innebär goda relationer mellan aktörerna och den politiska stabiliteten, S och M gjorde möjligt för att förbättra näringslivspolitiken i Katrineholms kommun. Den samlade informationen har granskats och bearbetats utifrån teorier till ett slutresultat. Eftersom studien behandlar en kommun och fyra aktörers perspektiv inom en kommun kan inte ge hög extern validitet. Däremot skulle det vara intressant att forska vidare ämnet, exempelvis genom att jämföra två kommuner som har likande utveckling. Det skulle även vara intressant att andra forskare studerar djupt ämnet, genom att undersöka vidare om andra faktorerna som kan ha bidragit till att en kommuns näringsliv utvecklats positivt, exempelvis sådana faktorer som inte är direkt kopplat till politiska faktorer såsom entreprenörerna eller företagarna.

  • Sehlstedt, Mikaela
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Blanka röster: Påverkar inkomsten blankröstandet?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I ett demokratiskt styrt land är en av det viktigaste inslagen ett aktivt deltagande föratt hålla demokratin levande. Fastän deltagandet är en viktig indikator för demokratin finns det andra aspekter som kan hota demokratin. Av den anledningen ligger studiens syfte i att studera andelen blanka röster i Sveriges kommunalval 2014. Studien har vidare prövat Mcallister och Makkis teori om den socioekonomiska modellen, för att undersöka om det fanns ett samband mellan andelen blanka röster och medelinkomst. Detta för att kunna besvara forskningsfrågan: påverkar socioekonomiska standarder andelen blanka röster? Till följd av den teoretiska utgångspunkten bygger studien på insamlad statistik och utmynnar i en kvantitativ studie. Resultatmässigt framkom det ett starkt samband mellan medelinkomsten och andelen blanka röster. Slutsatsen som kan dras utifrån det resultat som framgick istudien är att socioekonomiska standarder påverkar andelen blanka röster i Sveriges kommunalval 2014.

  • Pjanic, Sara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Det (o)rättvisa betyget: En kvalitativ studie om implementering av det nya betygsystemet i samband med Gy112018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om politiska mål och implementeringen av det nya betygsystemet utifrån lärares perspektiv. Den 1 juni 2011 började den nya gymnasiereformen att gälla i alla svenska gymnasieskolor. Gymnasiereformen innebar en rad olika ändringar för både lärare och gymnasielever som började arbeta utifrån reformen under terminsstarten 2011. En av de större ändringarna var det nya betygsystemet, vars syfte var att genom ett sexskaligt betyg ge mer rättvisa, hårdare, motiverande och informationsgivande betyg till elever. Genom en kvalitativ metod har tio gymnasielärare intervjuats där de har fått berätta om sina erfarenheter av arbetet med det nya betygsystemet. Deras svar har analyserats och jämförts i en fallstudie. Analysen av det insamlande materialet visar på att det utifrån lärares erfarenheter inte har uppnått de politiska målen med betygsystemet. Betygen uppfattas inte som informationsgivande, motiverade eller rättvisa. Betygen uppfattas dock som hårda men det innebär i sin tur inte att det är motiverande. Anledningen till att de politiska målen med nya betygsystemet inte uppnåtts beror utifrån lärares erfarenheter på att implementeringsproblem uppstår på grund av bland annat otydliga styrdokument från beslutsfattare och närbyråkrater obegränsade handlingsfrihet.

  • Enakeyarhe, Omafume Matthew
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Leadership perspectives for Continuous Improvement: A Case study on leaders’ consistency for organizational transformation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The changes experienced in society presents challenges that demands for reciprocal approach on continuous improvement within organizations. This entails fashioning work ways and standards that can adapt to these changes; a task that leaders or prospective leaders should be conversant with. Thus, this study investigates and present results that could assist leaders in understanding the importance of their engagement in continuous improvement as well as the relationship with partners.

    Investigation through means of interview, survey, observation and documents analysis were conducted at LBS Creative Senior High School (LBS Kreativa Gymnasiet). The research presented description of how the school through its various leaders work consistently with improving the school and its students.

    The result showed that the school, through relational leadership perspective operates with transparency, openness and the engagement of teaching and non-teaching staffs, which have enabled the transformation of work-culture to one that is consistence with improvement. The result also showed that the transformation has contributed to satisfaction as experienced by teachers, parents/guardians and partners, however partnership with companies was based on an order-deliver relationship and thus was not necessary to be part of the school’s continuous improvement plan.

  • Nickbon, Parisa
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vänster, höger, upp eller ner?: En kvalitativ studie om var Sverigedemokraterna kan placeras på det politiska spektrumet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout the years there has been rise to extensive debate in the media and in the research world about the Swedish Democrats being labeled as a populist radical right-winged party or even leaning towards a centrist position with authoritarian values. With a general election coming up soon this year the aim of this study is with the help of a two-dimensional approach, combining the traditional left/right dimension and the GAL-TAL dimension, to find out where the SD place themselves on the political spectrum. The left/right dimension focuses on socioeconomic interests – the relationship between the state and the market while GAL-TAN considers socio-cultural issues such as independence and the degree of individual freedom. By conducting a qualitative content analysis and an ideal-type analysis in this study, several statements from the party's manifestos from the year 2010, 2014 and 2018 have been analyzed to find out where the party can be placed on the political spectrum. The study shows that the SD can be placed on the two-dimensional scale, where the party combines elements of TAN, some libertarian elements (GAL), where SD positions itself as a centrist-right party in some issues of the economic dimension. In addition, results show that social conservatism has been a prominent ideology in the SD:s manifestos over the years.

  • Karlsson, Alexandra
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Invandrares situation på arbetsmarknaden: - Ett arbetsgivaransvar?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har jag genomfört en kvalitativ studie om invandrares situation på arbetsmarknaden, med fokus på arbetsgivares perspektiv. Syftet har varit att undersöka hur privata och offentliga arbetsgivare ser på sin roll att underlätta nyanländas etablering på arbetsmarknaden, och vilka skillnader som finns mellan privata och offentliga aktörer. Samt att undersöka hur de agerar utifrån hur de uppfattar sin roll. För att undersöka detta har jag genomfört intervjuer med enhetschefer på två äldreboenden, ett privat boende och ett kommunalt. Äldreboenden valdes eftersom vård och omsorg är en av de branscher som sysselsätter flest invandrare. I studien prövas fyra hypoteser, som grundar sig på den tidigare forskningen på området. I slutsatserna ser vi att båda hypoteserna bekräftades i enlighet med förväntningarna som skapats utifrån teorin. Den första hypotesen handlade om att offentliga arbetsgivare anser sig ha större ansvar för invandrares etablering på arbetsmarknaden. Den andra hypotesen handlade om att offentliga aktörer arbetar mer med policys och antidiskrimineringsprogram, för att främja invandrares möjligheter på arbetsmarknaden. Den tredje hypotesen handlade om att offentliga arbetsgivare arbetar mer aktivt med kompetenshöjande insatser för invandrare, än privata organisationer. Den fjärde och sista hypotesen handlade om att offentliga arbetsgivare arbetar mer utanför deras sociala nätverk, än privata arbetsgivare.

  • Jacobsson, Joel
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Vad snackar de om?: – En tematisk textanalys av partiernas innehåll i sinaAlmedalental 2013 och 20172018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Politikerveckan i Almedalen brukar ses som den viktigaste tiden i svensk politik varje år. Den här uppsatsens syfte är att ta reda på hur riksdagspartiernas tal har förändrats mellan två strategiskt valda nedslagsperioder – år 2013 och år 2017. Dessa år valdes eftersom de är åren innan de två senaste valen. Undersökningen begagnade sig av en tematisk textanalys och utgick ifrån Anthony Downs aktörsorienterade modell och Gunnar Sjöbloms teori om hur partier agerar i ett flerpartisystem. De viktigaste fynden i uppsatsen är att stöd hittades för att partierna i stor utsträckning pratar om snarlika frågor; att mindre partier är mer benägna att profilera sig; och att partierna trots att man försöker locka rörliga mittenväljare ändå i hög grad håller fast vid teman som kan kopplas till partiets ideologiska grund. Sverigedemokraterna och Vänsterpartiet sticker emellertid ut i sammanhanget då dessa två partier, trots att de inte ingår i någon officiell allians med andra partier, ändå valde att profilera sig särskilt mycket i vissa ämnen trots att det teoretiska ramverket förskriver att sådana partier bör fokusera på att locka en bred väljargrupp – inte smala sådana. Ansvar var det tema som tillskrevs störst betydelse överlag båda åren. Invandring och främlingsfientlighet var de teman som sett tillalla partier ökade mest i betydelse 2017 jämfört med 2013. Kristdemokraterna var det parti som allra tydligt gjorde en omsvängning mellan åren gällande hur man vinkade temainvandring och främlingsfientlighet.

  • Engström, Klara
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Den deltagande medborgaren: En kvantitativ studie av det politiska deltagandet år 20142018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har det politiska deltagandet undersökts med fokus på det svenska valåret 2014. Studien har således syftat sig till att undersöka vad som påverkar det politiska deltagandet genom att pröva teorin civic voluntarism model (CVM). Med hjälp av tolkade indikatorer för CVM har studien vidare avgränsat sig till att undersöka det politiska deltagandet mellan valen och därav inte inkluderat valdeltagandet i undersökningen. För att fullfölja syftet och för att besvara forskningsfrågan har det insamlade materialet bestått av SOM-institutets enkätmaterial utförd på riksnivå underår 2014. Genom tolkade indikatorer för CVMs tre olika förklaringsfaktorer för det politiska deltagande har fyra stycken multivariata regressionsanalyser genomförts. Prövningarna visar att två av tre hypoteser bekräftas och att sex av sju indikatorer visar på signifikanta samband. Detta medför att CVM lämpar sig för att studera det politiska deltagandet mellan valen i Sverige.

  • Löfqvist, Ninnie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Kundtillfredsställelse inom djursjukvården: En studie av intern och extern kundtillfredsställelse vid en distriktsveterinärmottagning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The work-related ill-health in the country has become a growing problem in general. For veterinarians, the work-load is perceived as strenuous, many vets consider changing their profession, and the suicide incidence is higher than it is for other professions. The purpose of the study was to make a contribution to the knowledge about both internal and external customer satisfaction within veterinary medical care by investigating pet owners’ satisfaction with veterinary appointments and veterinarians’ satisfaction with their working environment, and also to identify possible measures for improvement in these areas. The theoretical framework started out with its base in total quality management, and went on through customer satisfaction and working environment in general, to a more specific description of the working environment and quality in veterinary medical care, as well as communication between veterinarian and pet owner. The scientific strategy for this study was hermeneutics with an abductive approach. In order to answer the research questions, a case study was conducted at a clinic of official veterinarians, a Distriktsveterinärmottagning, with gathering of both qualitative and quantitative data. Pet owner satisfaction was assessed by means of a questionnaire translated from English and phone interviews. Veterinarian working environment satisfaction was assessed by means of focus group interviews and a questionnaire created by the author out of the theoretical framework of the study. Veterinarians working at an additional clinic were asked to complete the questionnaire and functioned as a control group. The collected data were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. The results showed a high degree of pet owner satisfaction with the appointments, except regarding discussion about, and understanding of, the cost for the appointment. Veterinarians showed a high degree of satisfaction with their work and their profession, meanwhile showing dissatisfaction with their work load and some did not manage to work full-time. In addition to their work load, the veterinarians were least satisfied with the feedback regarding their work. Veterinarians showed the highest levels of satisfaction concerning social support and overall satisfaction with their work in the form of challenges faced and the feeling of carrying out meaningful work. Based on the results of the study, a number of possible measures for improving both the internal and external customer satisfaction were identified

  • Eliasson, Markus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sverigedemokraterna: - ett avradikaliserat högerpopulistiskt parti?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Flertalet så kallade radikala högerpopulistiska partier (RHP-partier) har på senare år rönt relativt stora valframgångar runt om i Europa. En förklaring som brukar nämnas är att dessa partier har tonat ned sin ideologi och blivit mindre radikala. Min studie undersökte detta förhållande, huruvida det finns en samvariation mellan grad av radikal högerpopulism och väljarstöd. Leder lägre grad av radikal högerpopulism till ökat väljarstöd? Detta undersöktes med hjälp av en fallstudie av Sveriges ledande RHP-parti – Sverigedemokraterna. Idealtypsanalyser genomfördes av fem sverigedemokratiska parti-/principprogram från de senaste decennierna för att se om graden av radikal högerpopulism i dessa dokument har förändrats över tid. Analysen visade att partiet överlag har blivit allt mindre radikalt högerpopulistiska med åren, samtidigt som partiets väljarstöd har ökat stadigt. Slutsatsen blir därmed att det i det här fallet finns en samvariation mellan grad av radikal högerpopulism och väljarstöd.

  • Kuisma, Kiia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Continuous Improvement Over the Long Term: A Cross-national Study of How Continuous Improvement Can Be Sustained2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to research, continuous improvement is an essential element of different quality management systems, while work with continuous improvement in organizations has been studied to be frequently too limited in scope and difficult to sustain. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to contribute with knowledge on how organizations can work to sustain continuous improvement.

     

    The empirical data was collected through qualitative, semi-structured interviews of seven leaders representing manufacturing companies either in Sweden or in Finland. The companies have adopted Lean management and work with continuous improvement successfully.

     

    The results showed that the studied organizations have their unique ways of working with and sustaining continuous improvement, even though there are similarities. According to the studied organizations, the most important factors that enable sustaining continuous improvement were related to leadership, leadership attributes, and strategic planning; processes, techniques, and tools; as well as working environment and culture. The results showed that critical for sustaining continuous improvement are leaders prioritizing continuous improvement and manifesting the priority through several ways. Commitment to continuous improvement in the long term is vital and can be trained. While everyone working along with shared practices is important for continuous improvement, involving employees to use their capabilities to develop these practices supports sustaining continuous improvement. The studied organizations have differences in how they see that their work with continuous improvement would look like if they had the best opportunities to work with continuous improvement, even though some similar themes were found.

    The study concluded that continuous improvement has been adapted to the needs and situations of the organizations. Self-developed practices are means of putting the principles supporting continuous improvement into practice and developing the culture towards the values and principles. For a successful work with sustaining continuous improvement, it is important to build and form structures and practices in alignment with the strategic objectives of the organization, taking into account the organizational context.

  • Gyllensvärd, Sofia
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Värdeskapande inom idrottsevenemang: Hur arbetar arrangörer för att främja ett högt upplevt kundvärde hos sina deltagare?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden we have several major sports events and each of them attracts tens of thousands of participants each year. The organizers of these sporting events have the task of meeting the expectations of each participant (customer) and satisfy their needs. Customer value is a key concept in both Total Quality Management (TQM) and marketing and customer value creation is considered an important success factor for all organizations. Not least in the future when consumers increasingly want to be involved in designing the products they buy. The aim of the study was to achieve increased understanding of customer value creation in sports events by examining how organizers work todayand want to work in the future to promote a high level of customer value for their participants. Data was collected through five interviews with organizers of sports events. Analysis of the data showed that the organizers today use strategies and activities within 12 different themes with the aim of promoting a high level of customer value. A conclusion from the analysis was that organizers today offer their participants the opportunity to co-create customer value by adding the three building blocks dialogue, risk assessment and transparency. For future improvements and continued development in customer value creation three areas were identified: expanded/differentiated dialogue with participants, more collaborations and clear social responsibility and giving participants more mandate to participate in development and participate in the design of the events.

  • Edlund, Bill
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Bilden av det ryska ledarskapet.: En undersökning av rysk nyhetsmedias framställning av kandidater i det ryska presidentvalet 2018.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on studying how Russian news media portrayed the two candidates Vladimir Putin and Ksenia Sobchak in relation to the Russian presidential election 2018. The analysis is based on a hermeneutical approach where the source texts are interpreted in order to identify what ideas are being expressed in news texts about either of the two candidates.The analysis also focuses on testing two theories. One is based on the ideas presented in Niccolò Machiavellis text The Prince. The other is based on Max Webers rational-legal authority, presented in his book Economy and Society. The goal is to determine whether the Russian news media portrays the candidates in ways that can be related to either of these theories.The final results shows that the candidates are mainly depicted through ideas that supports Webers theory. The Machiavellian theory is supported when Sobchak and Putin are discussed in news texts relating to ideas regarding authority or exercise of power.

  • Odén Ryhede, Katarina
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Perspektiv på delaktighet: Vad chefer ser som möjliggörande och vad medarbetare upplever2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that leadership is crucial if an organizations quality work is going to be successful. However, a central part of quality work is the coworkers abil-ity to participate. As the majority of theories in this area are leadershipcentered, this study is therefore focused on the coworkers conditions for participation.

    The purpose of this studie has been to understand how managers enable coworkers to participate in the quality work and how the coworkers experience this. The studie has a qualititative approach and has been done with the use of two surveys, one qualitative and one qvantitative. 15 managers with a total of 700 coworkers of two municipalities participated.

    The study shows that the managers coherently values the coworkers participation as to be central in the organizations quality work. There are structures that both include and require the coworkers participation. Three areas were identified as central to participation, leadership, structures for quality work and an organizational culture. From these three areas have two perspectives on participation emerged, a structural and a relational. Even the coworkergroups in the study are relatively coherently regarding participation. In much the same coworkergroups experience most and least positive regarding questions of participation in quality work.The coworkers who are experiencing the most amounts of participation have manangers who emphasizes a relational perspective in his leadership.

    A key conclusion is that, in addition to distinct leadership and quality management structures, it also promotes coworkers experience of participation if the leader has a relational perspective on the leadership.

  • Bruksås, Zebastian
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    En idealtypsanalys av Sverigedemokraterna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since the Sweden Democrats was founded debates regarding the party's ideological affiliation has been debated amongst political scientists. Swedish politicians, journalists and scientists have called the Sweden Democrats a radical right-wing, fascist and populist par This makes it interesting to further investigate what ideological association the party should identify itself with since the Sweden Democrats claims to be a social conservative party with a nationalist ethos. Furthermore the purpose of this study is to examine if the party has fascist ideological fundamentals in its recent policy program through the use of the method idea analysis and through the use of creating an ideal type of the fascist ideology.

  • Pettersson, Emma
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Att leda genom värderingar: Förekomsten av värderingar inom spiritual leadership bland svenska ledare2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate which of the values of spiritual leadership emerges in the leadership of leaders in Sweden, and if there is an indication of spiritual leadership in their leadership. The theoretical framework is based on the importance of leadership in quality management, leadership values and spiritual leadership. The scientific approach is hermeneutic, inductive and the data collection method is a mixed method consisting of both questionnaire and interviews. The resultshows that all values based on spiritual leadership are used by the leaders and are also experienced by the employees. However, there is a discrepancy between the leaders and the employees' views on which ones are the most and least common. There is also a discrepancy around the extent to which values are perceived to occur in leadership. The conclusion is that there are tendencies to some indication of spiritual leadership due to that all values of spiritual leadership are experienced in the conduct of the leader, both from the leaders and the employees perspective. However, more in-depth research is required to fully determine the extent to which a spiritual leadership is used by Swedish leaders.

  • Lauri, Marcus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Mind your own business: technologies for governing social worker subjects2018In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A vast body of research has demonstrated negative effects on social work following from a neoliberalisation of the welfare state. This article explores some of the ways in which such neoliberalisation may be carried out and maintained, by shaping social workers subjects in ways that make them compliant in such a scheme. From interviews with social workers in Sweden, an analysis of budget governing, individual wage negotiations, the client contractor model and social worker supervision shows that such governing technologies may accentuate an individual, competitive and detached subject. This may in turn produce loyalty to individual selves and management, which risks undermining the formation of a social worker subject who is willing to stand shoulder to shoulder with both their co-workers and their clients.

  • Witt, Hanna
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Kontrollerad tillit: Linjechefers syn på tillitsbaserad styrning, uppföljning och kvalitetsutveckling.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Government’s reform to ensure trust based governance aims to create an environment that makes use of employees’ experience and knowledge and balances the need for control against trust. Steering that does not control in detail, but rather allows those conducting operations room for manoeuvre, has much in common with the theory of total quality management. In an organization that delegates responsibility and authority, employees will feel motivated, results will improve and management’s trust in employees will increase. Still, control systems are important since they provide management with information to ensure that employees act and perform in accordance with organizational goals. The aim of the thesis has been to create knowledge about first line managers’ view on the relationship between trust and control, and if that balance can either contribute to, or impede, quality development within governmental authorities. The study involves an exploration of theoretical similarities between trust based governance and total quality management. The research method has been qualitative and the method for data collection has been semi-structured, narrative interviews. The result of the study indicates that the interviewed managers believe that trust contributes to quality development, that a clear framework can promote trust and that trust not is equivalent to absence of steering. The managers emphasize the importance of being available when needed and believe that it is easier for both them and their employees to perform within a clearly defined room for action. The study contributes to a better understanding for government employed first line managers’ views on trust and control.

  • Karlsson, Pär
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Hedman, Jonas
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Utveckling av beräkningsmodell för luftpermeabilitet i textilier: Ett arbete utfört på uppdrag av Klättermusen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport beskriver arbetet med att skapa en ny   modell för att bestämma MFR (massflow resistance) på klädesplagg. MFR är   outdoorföretaget Klättermusens egna mått på luftpermeabilitet, vilket   motsvarar den mängd luft som släpps igenom plaggen. Arbetet har genomgått tre   projektfaser i form av textiltester, analytiska beräkningar samt   vindtunneltester.

    Uppstarten av projektet har innefattat att få   grundläggande kunskap om luftpermeabiliteten i textilier. Men också för att   se vad som tidigare har studerats inom området och använda den kunskapen som   grund för genomförandet av projektet.

    Arbetet har bestått av omfattande textiltester med   standardiserade mätmetoder för att få ökad förståelse för de olika   textiliernas egenskaper. Resultatet från textiltesterna användes sedan i de   analytiska beräkningarna. Utifrån dessa skapades en ny beräkningsmodell med   målsättningen att generera korrekta MFR-nivåer för plaggen.

    Vindtunneltester genomfördes för att verifiera den   analytiska beräkningsmodellen. Utifrån testpersonernas upplevelse gavs   personliga bedömningar på plaggens MFR-nivåer.

    Resultatet från jämförelsen mellan analytiska   beräkningar och de subjektiva bedömningarna från vindtunneltestet, visar att   dessa överensstämmer väl med varandra. Detta visar att beräkningsmodellen   fungerar väl för att kunna bestämma MFR-nivåerna utifrån projektets   förutsättningar.

  • Silverdahl, Viktoria
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Produktutveckling av ett friluftsbestick: Framtagande av nytt produktkoncept åt Trangia AB2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det familjeägda   friluftsvarumärket Trangia är inne i en förändringsfas. Deras nya målsättning   är att fördubbla företagets omsättning på 5 år med bibehållen lönsamhet för   att säkra företagets fortsatta tillväxt. Målstyr-ningen riktas mot att växa   ytterligare på befintliga marknader, utveckla fler produkter och även bredda   sortimentet med nya produkter.

    Målet med examensarbetet har   varit att ta fram ett produktkoncept på ett friluftsbestick åt Trangia. Ett   koncept som om det tas vidare ska kunna bidra till ett hållbart växande för   företaget gällande sociala, ekologiska och ekonomiska aspekter. Detta har   uppfyllts genom framtagandet av produktkoncept Tora 1.0. Tora 1.0 är ett   friluftsbestick i form av en spork där gaffel och sked i vardera änden av   besticket är fullstora ätredskap. Tora 1.0 har utformats till att vara ett   ergonomiskt och hållfast friluftsbe-stick. Produktens formspråk präglas av   dess funktion och är i en stilren, enkel och tidlös design. Detta har   uppnåtts genom omfattande formana-lyser av besticket. Handgrepp och   kontaktpunkter mellan hand och be-stick har studerats. Genom bockning och val   av måttsättning har förstyv-ande geometrier arbetats fram. Hållfastheten och   ergonomin har testats och omarbetats genom många prototyptester.   Idégenereringen har föru-tom genom kreativa och systematiska metoder främst   framskridit genom dessa fysiska prototyper i form av lermodeller,   3D-utskrifter och CAD-modeller. Valen som har gjorts i projektet har tagits   fram genom en be-slutsmatris och diskussion med Trangia om måluppfyllelsegrad   av upp-rättad kravspecifikation.

    Projektet har värnat om   Trangias värden ”trygghet”, ”långsiktighet” och ”kvalitet”. Det har gjorts   genom att ställa höga krav på att tillverkningen ska kunna ske i Trangias   produktion i Trångsviken, Jämtland.

    Innan Tora 1.0 kan sättas i produktion behöver   användartester göras, konstruktionen säkerhetsställas och en omfattande   kostnadskalkyl beräknas.

  • Olofsson, Simon
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Justerbar aluminiumprofil till temporärt skyddsräckessystem för byggnader med större spännvidd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att arbeten ska kunna utföras säkrare på höga höjder   är det lagstadgat att fallskydd ska användas där risk för fall föreligger.   Fallskydd kan konstrueras på olika sätt och i detta arbete avses system för   byggnader med större spännvidder, till exempel en hallbyggnad. Företaget   Safety Respect efterfrågar en design till en detalj till ett nytt system för   dessa typer av byggnader. Den detalj som efterfrågas är en tredelad   teleskopbar aluminiumprofil. Denna ska uppfylla delar av de belastningskrav   som ställs i standardiseringen för temporära skyddsräckessystem.   Projektresultatet ska ligga som grund för ett konstruktionsunderlag för   företaget. För att nå målet har uppdragstagaren arbetat enligt en   milstolpeplanering, utfört förenklade beräkningar och ställt upp   optimeringsproblem för att generera en profil som uppfyller kraven. Under   metoddelens senare del har profilen dimensionerats mot de toleranskrav som   ställs i standardiseringen för strängpressad aluminium. Detta har genererat   en tredelad justerbar profil med dimensioner som skulle kunna erbjuda   infästningar åt externa komponenter samt att profilen har mjuka kanter som   kan göra den behaglig att hantera.

    En jämförelseanalys som utförts i arbetet indikerar på att   det är stor skillnad i utböjningen mellan ett förenklat fall för en profil   med ett konstant tvärsnitt mot en profil med ett varierat. Arbetet visar även   att det behövs utföras precisare beräkningar för att hålla nere vikten på en   profil, där det vore till fördel att ställa upp ett optimeringsproblem som   avser en profil med ett varierat tvärsnitt. Det toleranskrav som ställs gör   att en sammansatt profil får ett glapp som kan påverka utböjningen negativt. Detta   bör lösas med en låsning mellan profilerna.

  • Bengtsson, Robin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Metodutveckling av vidhäftningsbehandling för textila vävar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At   Trelleborg Engineered Coated Fabrics rubber coated fabrics are manufactured.   In order to apply rubber to fabrics it is indispensable to first add a rubber   adhesion to the fabric. At Trelleborg ECF a special calendaring machine is   used for this operation. While it is an effective machine for big production   volumes it is not as effective when new products are developed. Therefore two   new lab machines has been procured so that new products can be developed in   the lab. The intent of this project is to evaluate the new machines, find a   connection between lab and production machines and appraise the factors that   affect the adhesion. This has been done by testing different combinations of   settings in the process when the adhesion is added to the fabric.   Additionally an analysis of the production process has been done to manage   the connection between lab machines and the production machine. Though no   fully complete connection between the machines has been found the factors   affecting the adhesion has been evaluated and based on the knowledge obtained   from the project a proposition on how to improve the production process has   been made.

  • Eriksson, Rasmus
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Discars flygegenskaper: Baserat på aerodynamiska mätningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project   examines the possibilities of rating discs intended for use in discgolf after   a scale based on scientific tests. Tests are conducted in the wind tunnel at   Sportstech Research Centre at Mid Sweden University in Östersund in   collaboration with Kastaplast AB. Successful tests could lead to standardized   and more accurate ratings of disc that would facilitate for both customers   and manufacturers. Intentions are to foremost rate a discs speed rating but   will also examine the possibilities of seeing connections regarding glide and   turn. Tests may also lead to future studies regarding the understanding of   disc flight.

  • Åsberg, Mathias
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Kvantifiering av simulerat regn i vindtunnel2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The wind tunnel operated by Sport Tech Research Centres,   are a unique facility to conduct research on athletic practitioners and their   equipment. The advanced systems in the wind tunnel allows for research and   testing of materials and product in a realistic environment. Since the   construction of the wind tunnel a rain system was fitted. This system is not   measured for important factors and no knowledge of the simulated rainfall   properties or similarities to naturally occurring rain exists.

    The aim of this work was to perform measurements of   the existing rainfall system with regards to size and falls speed of the   droplets. The purpose was also to compare the measure rain properties to   scientific models describing natural rainfall. The goal of the work was to   get a foundation of the existing rain in the wind tunnel.

    The tests were performed with an optic disdrometer   that measured the falling water particles with a laser. The disdrometer   measured size and fall speed of the droplets. The tests were carried out on   different heights in the wind tunnel, the rain was also investigated at   varying water pressure and wind speeds.

    The result shows that the simulated rainfall had   lower speed relative to the measured drop size high in the tunnel. Fall speed   of droplets low in the tunnel showed more according to the model’s   description of a natural rain fall speed. Drop size distribution was shown   not to be consistent with natural rainfall. The distribution shows a higher   amount of large drops than is naturally occurring. Rainfall intensity was   measured to 62 mm/h as lowest which is very high compared to natural rain.   Based on these parameters the simulated rain is not a naturally occurring   rainfall.

  • Brochs, Christoffer
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Defektidentifieringvid EBM-tillverkning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tillverkning av slutprodukter med additiv tillverkning   blir allt vanligare. Slutprodukter har högre krav på detaljens mekaniska   egenskaper än prototyper gör. Forskning har visat att porositeten är av stor   betydelse för en detaljs hållfasthet. Med additiv tillverkning finns goda   möjligheter för direkt processövervakning och kontrollsystem. Inom electron   beam melting finns sådana system men de saknas en validering av resultatet   från dom systemen. I de här arbetet har prover med designade defekter   tillverkats. LayerQam bilder från tillverkningen har analyserats med Defect   Detector. Data från analysen har visualiserats. Resultatet har studerats samt   att det har tagits fram en Defect Detector-analys med högre precision.   Utvalda prover har undersökts i ett tvärsnitt med optisk mikroskopi samt i 3D   med mikrotomografi. Undersökningarna har jämförts med varandra, de tyder på   att Defect Detector har brister i sin bedömning av densiteten. De designade   defekterna har en överskattad storlek samt brister i kompensation av   förvrängningen i synfältet i bilderna.

  • Bergström, Anton
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Bredhe, Emelie
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Quality Management and Mechanical Engineering.
    Krympstudie inom additiv tillverkning: En fallstudie med elektronstrålesmältning av Ti6Al4V2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This project is a about studying and anylazing shrinkage during the   use of a EBM-machine in the material Ti6A14V. The study is done to anaylze   how prints of diffrent size and printing direction are affected by the   shrinkage. The project is done by two students at Mid Sweden University in   Östersund and the project is requested by the research department of the   university. Research has been made before the start of the project to give   the students a solid understanding in the matter. During the research for   information it was found that the shrink could be minimized by using   supportmaterial in the print. The design for the parts that was going to be   printed have been chosen through earlier studies of the matter where stairs   was recommended to easy be able to see what goes on in the different parts of   a print. Some details was also created so that measurements considering sharp   edges and round details could be checked for deformations if there was enough   time. Those were never measured since all the time of this project was   focused around the stairs. The stairs were printed in three different sizes.   They were also printed with and without supportmaterial and both standing up   and lying down in the printer EBM Arcam S12. When the parts had been printed   they were measured with a microscope called “Dino-Light edge Digital   Microscope”. The information gotten from these measurements were put into a   Microsoft Excel document where tables and graphs were created to make it easy   to spot the tendencies of the prints. The tendencies that were noticeable was   that the first and third step of every print had more shrink than the others.   This occurred no matter the size the stairs were but did not occur in the   parts printed with supportmaterial. No tendencies were noticed in the prints   with supportmaterial and the shrinkage that was noted in these prints might   also be because of the human factor. The trends are clearly visible in the   parts printed without supportmaterial. This might be because of the different   material in the printing plate that is stainless steel instead of Ti6Al4V.   This might cause problem for the layers that are printed closest to the   plate. The reason for shrinking in the details is also because of the fact   that the powder that is being printed gets melted and therefor shrinks. This   results in a thicker layer of powder everytime the powder is applied to the   printing surface. This is a problem that goes on throughout the whole print   no matter if supportmaterial is used or not. The work completed is considered to be well done.

  • Segevall, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Björkman Randström, Kerstin
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    Söderberg, Siv
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Nursing Sciences.
    A spider in a broken web: nurses' views on discharge planning for older patients after hip fracture surgery who live in their own homes in rural areas2018In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 8, no 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The in-hospital rehabilitation of patients who have undergone surgery for hip fracture requires a team-based effort, in which nurses play an all-embracing role throughout the patients’ hospital stays. Although discharge planning has been widely studied, little is known about discharge planning from hospitals to homes in rural settings. Aim: To describe nurses’ views on discharge planning for older patients after hip fracture surgery who live in their own homes in rural areas. Methods: A qualitative method was used. Four focus group interviews were conducted with 18 nurses who work at an orthopaedic clinic. The interview texts were analysed with qualitative content analysis. Findings: Nurses expressed that patients needed support from healthcare personnel as well as relatives in order to prepare for life at home. They also expressed that patients were not supported in all aspects of discharge planning because they faced difficulties in having their voices heard. Nurses described that many of those aspects were beyond their own control, which had left them with little to non-ability to influence discharge planning. Findings additionally indicate that discharge planning seems not affected by occurring in rural settings. Conclusions: Although discharge planning is intended to meet the unique wishes and needs of each patient given the realities of existing resources, nurses’ responsibilities in discharge planning are unclear. This study shows an organisation in which healthcare personnel continue to make decisions for patients. Significance for nurses to perform a discharge planning that support patients’ participation seems to be a communication based on shared understanding.

  • Bilic, Franko
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Kommunalpolitiken och kommunala projekt: En kvalitativ studie om hur kommunalpolitiken påverkar kommunala projekt.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har en inriktning på kommunpolitik och dess påverkan på det kommunala projektet Make Sense. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur kommunpolitiken i Sundsvall påverkar arbetssättet i det kommunala projektet Make Sense samt vad politiken tillför till projektet. Metoden som har använts i studien är kvalitativ. Fem intervjuer har utförts med tjänstemän, personal inom projektet samt en kommunalpolitiker inom socialnämnden. Genom en kvalitativ textanalys har intervjuerna analyserats samt att beslutsprotokoll från kommunfullmäktig har analyserats och sedan presenterats i kapitlet om resultat och analys.Det resultat som studien kommit fram till visar att den kommunala politiken i Sundsvall kommun inte har någon direkt påverkan på arbetssättet i projektet Make Sense. Däremot tillför kommunalpolitiken med bland annat natologi, soppkök, Slink-in stuga samt mötesplats.

  • Mattson, Oliver
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Social Sciences.
    Sysselsättning –en förutsättning för integration?: En studie om lokal integrationspolitik och etableringenav utrikes födda på den svenska arbetsmarknaden.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The employment rate differences between those who are foreign born and those whoare born in Sweden are as high as 15,3 percent in average, which is the largestdifference amongst the member states. There are also big variations amongst the 290Swedish municipalities, with differences ranging from 10,7 percent in Gällivarekommun and 49,3 percent in Ovanåker kommun.The purpose of this study is to contribute to previous studies on the integration ofimmigrants on the Swedish labour market, by exploring the explanations for thesevariations. The main focus of this study is to explore how the integration policies ofthe local municipalities affect immigrant's successes on the Swedish labour marketand their opportunities for employment.Within the limits of a statistical study and through multivariate regressionanalysis, I explore a number of potential factors that could affect the employmentrates of foreign born citizens. The empirical findings are ambiguous, with only partialsupport for two out of three hypotheses, and no support for the third, this studyshows little promise for the purpose of local integration policies for the integration ofimmigrants on the Swedish labour market.